JF Ptak Science Books Post 1838

The data and research and linkage below are taken ** entirely **from the Chronology of Milestone Events of Particle Physics, streamlined and adapted and made a little more accessible (for me) for a fast browse--I've had no hand in assembling this data, just re-arranging it.

The links are quite valuable--the scientist's biography is clickable on the name, and the article is reproduced from the original in the pdf.

BECQUEREL 1896B

Evidence for spontaneous radioactivity effect. PDF

BECQUEREL 1896C

Confirmation of the effect of spontaneous radioactivity. PDF

BECQUEREL 1896F

Uranium radioactivity established. PDF

THOMSON 1897

Discovery of the electron, the first elementary particle. PDF

RUTHERFORD 1899

Evidence for the a and b components of uranium radiation. PDF

** **BECQUEREL 1900

Confirmation of the g radioactivity. ** **

PLANCK 1900

Discovery of a new formula for the energy spectrum of the black body radiation, Planck's radiation law. PDF

PLANCK 1900B

Quantum hypothesis and explanation of the black body radiation spectrum. Beginnings of the quantum era in physics. PDF

PLANCK 1901

Quantum hypothesis and final version of Planck's formula for the black body radiation spectrum. PDF

LEBEDEV 1901

First experimental evidence for pressure of the light on the solid bodies. PDF

RUTHERFORD 1903

Observation that a rays are the flow of doubly positive charged particles PDF

EINSTEIN 1905

Explanation of the photoelectric effect with use of the quantum hypothesis of Planck. Light is a flow of corpuscular objects with definite energies - Planck's quanta of energy. PDF

EINSTEIN 1905B

Invention of the theory of special relativity. PDF

EINSTEIN 1905C

Invention of the theory of special relativity, E = mc^{2}. PDF

STARK 1909

First explicit identification of the photon as a genuine elementary particle possessing both energy and momentum. PDF

MILLIKAN 1911

First conclusive measurement of the charge of the electron. PDF

RUTHERFORD 1911

Evidence for the atomic nucleus.

HESS 1912

Conclusive evidence for the cosmic rays.

WILSON 1912

Invention of the cloud chamber to visualize tracks of ionizing particles. PDF

BOHR 1913

Invention of the quantum theory of atomic spectra based on the Rutherford model of atomic structure - Bohr's atom. PDF

BOHR 1913B

Bohr's quantum theory of atomic spectra. Evidence that radioactivity is a nuclear property. PD

RUTHERFORD 1913

Confirmation of the existence of atomic nuclei. First indication of the existence of the proton. PDF

MILLIKAN 1916

First conclusive measurement of energy quantization in the photoelectric effect. PDF

BOHR 1918

Bohr's invention of correspondence principle. PDF

Rutherford

Discovery of the proton. Evidence for the proton as a constituent of the nucleus. PDF

RUTHERFORD 1920

Rutherford neutron hypothesis. PDF

CHADWICK 1921

Evidence for the strong interactions. PDF format

COMPTON 1923

Direct experimental confirmation that the photon is an elementary particle, the Compton effect. PDF

WILSON 1923

Experimental confirmation of the ionization process predicted by Compton for a corpuscular photon. PDF

BOSE 1924

Discovery of new statistical counting rules for light quanta and a new derivation of Planck's radiation law. Known as Bose-Einstein quantum statistics for particles with integer spins. PDF

BORN 1925

Invention of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with one degree of freedom. PDF

BORN 1926

Development of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with arbitrary many degrees of freedom. PDF

FERMI 1926B

Invention of statistics for ensembles of particles obeying Pauli principle - Fermi-Dirac quantum statistics. PDF

DIRAC 1927

First steps in quantum field theory. Invention of the second quantization method.

GAMOW 1928

Explanation of a decay as a consequence of quantum-mechanical tunneling through a potential barrier. PDF

OPPENHEIMER 1930

First evidence of ultraviolet divergences occurring in the theory of quantum electrodynamics - the self-energy of the electron. PDF

DIRAC 1931

Prediction of the anti-electron (*e*^{+}), anti-proton (* anti-*p), and an indication of the possible existence of magnetic monopoles. PDF

LAWRENCE 1931B

Tests of the first cyclotron. PDF

VAN DE GRAAFF 1931

Invention of the Van de Graaff electrostatic accelerator. PDF

CHADWICK 1932

First evidence for the neutron. PDF

UREY 1932

Evidence for the deuteron. PDF

UREY 1932B

Discovery of the deuteron. PDF format

VAN DE GRAAFF 1933

Invention of electrostatic accelerators. in PDF format

ANDERSON 1933

Discovery of the positron, the first antiparticle, predicted by Dirac. PDF

YUKAWA 1935

Yukawa field theory of nuclear forces. Prediction of heavy quanta, the pion particles, as mediators of strong interactions. PDF

BREIT 1936

Breit-Wigner form of the amplitude for resonance reactions. PDF

GAMOW 1936

Extension of Fermi interaction and Gamow-Teller selection rules. PDF

BREIT 1936B

Hypothesis of charge independence of nuclear forces. PDF

CASSEN 1936

Proposal of the isotopic spin (for the nucleon). PDF

WIGNER 1937

Discovery of supermultiplet structure in nuclear spectroscopy

NEDDERMEYER 1937

First evidence for the muon. PDF

CERENKOV 1937

Confirmation of the Frank-Tamm theory of the Vavilov- Cerenkov effect PDF

STREET 1937B

Muon existence confirmation. PDF

NISHINA 1937

Confirmation of the existence of the muon. PDF format

SCHWINGER 1937

Establishment of the neutron spin 1/2. PDF

ALVAREZ 1938

First evidence for the capture of atomic electrons by the weak interaction; K-capture.PDF

LAWRENCE 1939

First cyclotron for medical applications. PDF

KELLOGG 1939

High-precision measurements of proton and deuteron magnetic moments. PDF

ROSSI 1939

First evidence of muon decay and first estimation of its lifetime. PDF

ALVAREZ 1940

First direct measurement of the neutron magnetic moment. PDF

PAULI 1940B

Theorem on the connection between spin and statistics.

KERST 1940

Kerst proposal for betatron accelerator. PDF

RASETTI 1941

First measurement of the muon lifetime, preliminary result. PDF

KERST 1941

First betatron. in PDF

RASETTI 1941B

First measurement of the muon lifetime. PDF

NERESON 1942

Confirmation of the muon exponential decay rate. PDF

FERMI 1943

First Fermi nuclear reactor. Beginning of atomic energy era. PDF

SCHWINGER 1948B

First theoretical calculation of g-2 for the electron. PDF

FEYNMAN 1948C

Invention of the path integral formalism for quantum mechanics. PDF

Covariant quantum electrodynamics: Equivalence between the Tomonaga-Schwinger method and the Feynman method and generalization PDF

Covariant quantum electrodynamics: Equivalence between the Tomonaga-Schwinger method and the Feynman method and generalization. PDF

Development of the covariant quantum electrodynamic theory. Feynman method. PDF

HEISENBERG 1952

Prediction of rising total hadronic cross sections. Full text in PDF

GERSHTEIN 1955

Evidence that strong interactions do not modify the vector coupling constant of beta decay. Analogy between electromagnetic and weak interactions. PDF

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