JF Ptak Science Books New Catalog
It would be nice to have a physics kiosk like this;
All inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org 828.989.8326
- 75 offprints by astrophysicist T(homas) R(alph) Merton, 'teens-'30's
- 130 offprints by astronomer/astrophysicist J.C. McLennan, '20's-'30s.
- 35 offprints by physicist/astronomer J.W. Nicholson
- 25 offprints by astronomer C.G. Abbot
- Stay tuned!
Newest additions (followed by a longer section of books for late February):
YOUNG, Thomas. Four great papers in optics by Thomas Young, all being the first time they appeared presented to the German scientific community in the German language. All offered in the bound volume of 488pp. Ex-libris Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then Wright Patterson Field Library (USAF), then Library of Congress. Library markings: small gilt-stamped "Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung", page edges stamped "Wright Field Library/Dayton, Ohio" on top and bottom.. Contents quite nice. $750
- Ueber die Theorie des Lichts. Frei übersetzt vom Professor Lüdicke (“On the Theory of Light and Colours”, printed first in 1802, pp 129-244 ).
- Nachricht von einigen Fällen einer bisher noch nicht beschriebenen Entstehung der Farben. ("An account of some Cases of the Production of Colours not hitherto described", first printed in 1802, pp.156-205)
- Beschreibung einer Vorrichtung, um mittelst des Sonnen-Mikroskops die Farben dünner Fläcken darzustellen, (pp 206-220)
- Versuche und Berechnungen zur physikalischen Optik ("Experiments and Calculations relative to physical Optics", first printed in 1804, pp 245-360).
Very Early Contribtuion to Brownian Motion 1863
WIENER, Christian (1826-1896) . “Erkldrwig des atomistischen Wesens des Jiussigen Korperzustandes und Bestatiguny desselben durch die sogennanten Molekularbetvegungen”, in the Annalen der Physik, 1863, volume 118, part 1, pg 79-94, offered in the entire volume of 644pp with 8 folding plates (1 plate split at the fold and detached). Ex-libris Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then Wright Patterson Field Library (USAF), then Library of Congress. Library markings: small gilt-stamped "Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung", page edges stamped "Wright Field Library/Dayton, Ohio" on top and bottom.. Contents quite nice. $750
“The first name which calls for reference in this respect is, perhaps, that of Wiener, who declared at the conclusion of his observations, that the movement could not be due to convection currents, that it was necessary to seek for the, cause of it in the liquid itself, and who, finally, almost at the commencement of the development of the kinetic theory of heat, divined that molecular movements were able to give the explanation of the phenomenon” – Perrin, Jean. Brownian Movement and Molecular Reality, 1910, pg 3.
“...molecular -kinetic explanation of Brownian Motion (first qualitateively proposed by Christian Wiener in 1863)...”--Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge, Deborah G. Mayo, p 218.
"In his studies on molecular physics, Wiener demonstrated by extremely careful observations that Brownian movement is an “internal motion peculiar to the liquid state..."--"Wiener, Ludwig Christian." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 14. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 342-344.
“(Wiener was a) German mathematician who specialized in descriptive geometry. Wiener was also a physicist and philosopher. In 1863, he was the first person to identify qualitatively the internal molecular cause of Brownian motion.”--Wiki <sigh>
"In his studies on molecular physics, Wiener demonstrated by extremely careful observations that Brownian movement is an “internal motion peculiar to the liquid state..."--"Wiener, Ludwig Christian." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 14. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 342-344.
Also bound with: KIRCHHOFF, Gustav. "Zur Geschichte der Spectral-Analyse under der Analyse der Sonnenatmosphaere", same volume, pp 94-111. Kirchhoff (1824-1887) was part of the Bunsen-Kirchhoff teams that developed the spectroscope in 1859 and then detected the first chemical elements in the spectrum of a star (1859 and 1860, respectively). This article ("On the history of spectral analysis and the analysis of the solar atmosphere") is interesting given that it is relatively lengthy for such a short history, though it does reach back into the early 19th century for related developments.
Fine Volume with Schroedinger, Einstein, Hahn, Meitner
The Discovery of Protactinium
HAHN, Otto and Lise Meitner. "Die Muttersubstanz des Actiniums, ein neues radioaktives Element von langer Lebensdauer." in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 1918, volume XIX, No. 10, pp 208-218. Offered in the full issue of pp ii, (201)-224,. iii-iv. The following also included in the same volume XIX, 556pp. The second half of the book has a paper stock of inferior quality to the earlier months, as is common with the Physikalische Zeitschrift in the postwar years. There is so much of interest, including three papers by Schroedinger with two responses by Einstein, as well as numerous other interesting articles. $1000
Offered with: SCHROEDINGER, Erwin. "Notiz über die Ordnung in Zufallsreihen”, pp 218-220, same issue.
And also with a good opening paper by Arthur Korn, “Mechanische Theorien des elektromagnetischen Feldes”.
“...Hahn and Meitner in 1917 discovered the most stable isotope of the element 91, which they named protactinium (the original discoverers of this element, Fajans and Göhring in 1913, had named their short-lived isotope brevium). This parent of actinium helped resolve the uncertain sequence in the actinium series, although recognition that it was entirely independent of the uranium series (descended from U238) did not come until the discovery of actinouranium (U235) (the existence of which was inferred from Aston’s mass-spectrographic work in 1929), the ultimate source of this series. After the discovery of protactinium, Hahn believed that it descended, through uranium Y (Th231), from primordial uranium in a branch parallel with the well-known uranium series. His subsequent examination of uranium and its products turned up in 1921 a small, but persistent and inexplicable, activity in the uranium series’ protactinium isotope. Here was a case of branching, but not the one Hahn was looking for. He had found that the first example of nuclear isomerism, i.e., uranium Z, has the same parent and the same daughter product as uranium X2 and both these protactinium isotopes are formed by, and decay by, beta emission. But their nuclei are at different energy levels and decay with different half-lives.”--"Hahn, Otto." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 6. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 14-17.
SCHROEDINGER, E. “Die Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, January 1 1918, volume XIX, #1, pp 4-7 in the issue of pp 1-16. Also in this issue: Arthur Korn, “Mechanische Theorien des elektromagnetischen Feldes VI, pp 10-13.
SCHROEDINGER, E. “Ueber ein Loesungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen”, in January 15, 1918 issue, pp 20-22.
EINSTEIN, A. “Notiz zu E. Schroedingers Arbeit “Die Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes”, same journal, pp 115—116, volume XIX, no. 6, March 15, 1918, pp 105-128. (Also with in this issue: Ludwig Flamm, “Zum Gegenwartiggen Stand der Quantentheorie, pp 116-128 (a very long article for the PZ.)
EINSTEIN, A. “Bemerkung zu Herrn Schroedingers Notiz 'Ueber ein Loesungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen”, April 15, 1918, same volume, issue no. 8, p 165-166 in the issue of pp 153-176. (Also with Ludwig Flamm, “Bemerkungen zu den statistschen Grundlagen der Quantentheorie”, 166-168.)
EINSTEIN, Albert. “Eine neue elektrostatische Methode zur Messung kleiner Elektrizitaetsmengen”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume 9, no. 7, April 1, 1908, pp 209-240, the Einstein on pp 216-217. removed from a larger bound volume, cleanly, and in very nice condition. $250
CURIE, Marie. (Actually,by “Frau Curie”) “Ueber den radioactiven Stoff 'Polonium' ” in Physikalsiche Zeitschrift, 1903, volume 4, pp 234-235. First edition, appearing original in German (reference Walter Alicke, Interlibrum Vaduz, Catalogue 305, p 170.). This article is followed immediately by:
- RUTHERFORD, E. “Die magnetische und elektrische Ablenkung der leicht absorbierbaren Radiumstrahlen”, same issue, pp 235-241. The issue removed from a larger bound volume. $300
Discovery of Mesothorium
HAHN, Otto. “Ein neues Zwischenprodukt im Thorium”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 1907, volume VIII, pp 277-281. removed from a larger bound volume. In very nice condition. $250
Hahn arrived at Fischer’s institute in the fall of 1906 and in order to continue these investigations he established a mutually profitable relationship with Knöfler and Company, producers of thorium preparations. While in Canada, he had measured a half-life for radiothorium of about two years; but Boltwood— who had tested a number of commercially prepared thorium salts, had found them deficient in radiothorium and had tried unsuccessfully to detect its growth—argued for a much longer half-life. From Knöfler, Hahn obtained samples prepared a number of years earlier and found that their activities decreased at first and then gradually increased. This was proof of his belief in a long-lived radioelement between thorium and radiothorium, which he separated in 1907 and named mesothorium. Because it was chemically inseparable from radium, which was difficult to obtain in Germany, and owing to the rising medical demand for radium, Knöfler marketed high-activity mesothorium as “German radium”. --"Hahn, Otto." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 6. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. pg 16.
Foundation for the Discovery of the Beta-Radiating Substances
HAHN, Otto and Lise Meitner. “Ueber die Absoorption der beta-Strahlen einiger Radioelemente.” in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 1908, May 15, 1908, volume IX, pp 321-333, pp 321-352. All in very good condition, removed from a larger bound volume. $350
_____.“Aktinium C, ein neues kurzlebiges Produkt des Aktiniums”, volume IX, no. 19, October 15, 1908, pp 649-655, in the issue of pp 649-696.
_____. “Ueber die beta-Strahlen des Aktiniums”, October 25, 1908, no. 21, pp 697-702, in the issue of pp 697-728
EINSTEIN, Albert. “Eine neue elektrostatische Methode zur Messung kleiner Elektrizitaetsmengen”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume 9, no. 7, April 1, 1908, pp 209-240, the Einstein on pp 216-217. removed from a larger bound volume, cleanly, and in very nice condition. $250
SOMMERFELD, Arnold. “Ueber die Fortpflanzung elektrodynamischer Wellen längs eines Drahtes”, in the Annalen der Physik, 1899,l series III/67, pp 225-290 (quite a long article for theAnnalen at this point) in thevolume of 900pp. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung, and then on to the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. Very nice copy. $200
Sommerfeld may have been among the last generation of people who “knew everything”--this before thing got to be too enormous and deep. He would wind up his long career as the ehad of the physics department at the University of Berlin, succeeding Max Planck.
Also contains E. Goldstein “Ueber die Struktur des Kathodenlichtes und di Natur der Lenard 'schen Strahlen”, pp 84-93. Also other contributions by Focke, Voigt, Warburg, Drude, Neumann, Konig, William Coolidge, Angstrom, Cantor, Max Abraham, and many others.
Laue on Michelson
LAUE, Max von. “Zur theorie des Michelsonversiches”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume XIII (a, January-June 1912), pp 501-506, offered in the volume of 576pp. Bound in black cloth; an institutional copy, with their bookplate, and with a small rubberstamp owenership mark on most title pages for the weekly issues. Good solid copy. $150
Also bound with:
- PLANCK, Max. “Ueber neuere thermodynamische Theorien, (Nernsches Waermtheorem und Quanthypothese)”, pp 165-175. A significant paper!
- ZEEMAN, P. “Betrachtungen ueber Lichtstrahlung....p 177-183
- HAHN. Otto and O von Baeyer and Lise Meitner, “Das magnetische Spektrum der Beta-Strahlen des Thoriums”, pp 264-266 (and one plate).
- HAHN, Otto and Lise Meitner. “Ueber die Verteilung der beta-Strahlen auf die einzelen Produkte des aktivschlags des Thoriums”, pp 390-393.
- ABRAHAM, M. “Theorie der Gravitation”, pp 1-5
- ELSTER, J and H. Geitel. “Der photoelektrische Effekt am Kalium bei shr geringen Lichstaerken”, pp 468-476
- SEITZ, W. “Absorpiton sehr weicher Roentgenstrahlen in Gasen” (referencing the Rutherford/Geiger paper in 1908 (Royal Society) and 1910 (in this journal) as well as the E. Meyer in AdP 1912 vol 37.
And with Max Abraham, V. Bjerknes, Debye, Goldstein, Boguslawski, and many others (and including a book review of Curie's 1910 Radioactivity).
LENARD, Philipp. “Ueber die Absorption von Kathodenstrahlen verschiedener Geschwindigkeit”, in Annalen der Physik, 1903, series IV/12, pp 714-744 in the volume of vii, 1184pp, with three plates. Fine copy bound in black cloth. Provenance (rubber stamped on the back of the folding plates at rear) Mathematical Society (“Mathematischer Verein”) the Library of the University of Berlin. $375
“The alpha particles were probes for the study of atomic structure vastly superior to anything that could then be produced in the laboratory and it was the study of alpha particle scattering that led Rutherford to suggest the modern picture of the nuclear atom in 1911, just as the study of the scattering of cathode rays led Lenard to suggest a similar structure in 1903” [this paper]. H.D. Smyth, “From X-Rays to Nuclear Fission” in American Scientist, October 1947, p 489.
"Lenard was in fact able to infer from the absorption of the cathode rays by matter the correct conclusion that the effective center of the atom is concentrated in a tiny fraction of the atomic volume previously accepted in the kinetic theory of gases. Lenard’s "dynamide" was an important predecessor of the atomic model of Rutherford, who in 1910-1911, on the basis of the deflections of a particles, drew the same conclusion as Lenard had earlier from the scattering of electrons." --Dictionary of Scientific Biography
Exceptional Paper in the History of the Discovery of Cathode Rays ===> X-Rays
HITTORF, Wilhelm. “Ueber die Electricitatsleitung der Gae. II. Mittheilung” in Annalen der Physik, Jubelband, Lepizig 1874, pp 430-445 in the volume of xix, 685. with 6 plates (some folding). Bound in cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung, and then on to the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. Good copy, the imprint gilt lettering on the spine nearly all faded away. (See Magie's Sourcebook in Physics, pp 561.) $350
This celebratory volume contains 62 other contributions by the leading lights of physics in the mid-19th century including Kohlrausch, Helmholtz, Meyer, Boltzmann, Weber, Angstrom, Clausius, and others.
The Fiedrich Kohlrausch paper “Ueber die Wirkung der Polarisatiojn auf alternirende Stroeme and ueber einem Sinus-Inducttor (pp 290-303) takes these results a step further and reports them in this same volume (See Edmund Hoppe Geschichte der Physik, pp 299 as referenced in Geiger/Sheel Handbuch der Physik volume on the history of physics, 1926.
Also Hermann von Helmholtz “Die Theoretische Grenze fuer die Leistungsfaehigkeit der Mikroskope” on pp 557-584, on the optical limitations and efficiency of the microscope, see here for the first time.
HARNWELL, G.P. “Our Knowledge of Atomic Nuclei”, offprint, Smithsonian Report for 1939, pp 189-202, printed 1940. Original wrappers, half-unopenned. Very Fine copy. $75
The Discovery of Deuterium
UREY, H.C. and F.G. Brickwedde and George Murphy. “A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2”, in the Physical Review, volume. 39, No. 1, pp. 164-5. In the original wrappers, in fine condition save for three neat punch-holes from a makeshift binding. $400 This is the first announcement for th ediscovery of heavy hydrogen--that is, heavy water.
“In 1931 Urey discovered a heavy isotope of hydrogen, later named deuterium, with his colleagues Ferdinand Brickwedde and George Murphy, through spectroscopy of the product of fractional distillation of hydrogen near its tripple point. The discovery had a significant influence on chemistry, physics, and medicine (first tracer used to study physiological changes in the human body).”--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, volume 18, pp 943. Urey was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 "for his discovery of heavy hydrogen". (See Nobel, the Man and his Prizes, p 313; also, Sourcebook in Chemistry II, pp 91.)
HESS, Vicktor. “Uber Beobachtungen der durchdringenden Strahlung bei sieben Freiballonfahrten”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume 13,, 1912, pp 1084-1091, offered in the full volume. This is the work for which Hess would (much) later receive his shared Nobel in physics in 1936. Cloth-backed marbled boards with cloth-tipped corners. Institutional copy with a bookplate and a few rubber stamps on title page, otherwise a fine copy. $750
“Hess took up the problem stated by Wulf in 1911. He first verified the rate of absorption of gamma rays and then, with the help of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Austrian Aeroclub, made ten difficult and daring balloon ascensions, collecting data with improved instrumentation. He reached a height of 5,350 meters, with striking results. He was able to establish that to a height of approximately 150 meters above sea level, radiation decreased according to known laws, while at greater heights radiation increased steadily, following approximately the same laws. He found radiation at 5,000 meters to be several times greater than that at sea level, and also that radiation at all levels was the same night or day, and therefore not the result of the direct rays of the sun. He was thus able to conclude that the radiation he recorded at high altitudes entered the atmosphere from above and was, in fact, of cosmic origin. His results were verified in an extension of his experiments made by W. Kohlhörster in1913—Kohlhörster reached a height of 9,300 meters, and recorded radiation of twelve times that at sea level—but were not acknowledged by other physicists for a number of years. (“Cosmic rays” were so named by R. A. Millikan in 1925.) In 1913 Hess himself equipped the meteorological station on Hoch Obir (2,141 meters) in Carinthia to accommodate further studies of cosmic radiation; these experiments, however, were brought to a halt by World War I. “--"Hess, Victor Franz (Francis)." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 6. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 354-356.
The last of the ascensions was made on August 7, 1912, with the results published in this issue of the PZ. “The results of these observations seem best explained by a radiation of great penetrating power entering the atmosphere from above..' This was the beginning of cosmic-ray astronomy”-- Harwitt, Cosmic Discovery, pg 14.
Also contained in this volume:
- Laue, Max. “Einande gegen die Relativitatstheorie und ihre Widerlegung";
- Meitner, Lisa. "Uber das Zerfallsschema des aktiven Niederschlags des Thoriums”;
- and numerous others.
NEUMANN, Franz. Two “important “--(DSB) papers: “Untersuchung über die spceifisehe Wärme der Mineralien” and the second “Bestimmung der specifischen Wärme des Wassers in der Nähe des Siedpuncktes gegen Wasser von niedriger Temperatur” both in the Annalen der Physik, 1831, volume 23, pp 1-39 and 40-53. Offered in the complete volume of 454pp, bound in black cloth and marbled boards. This is a very nice institutional copy. From the library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. $250
“In the first article Neumann investigated the specific heats of minerals and extended the Dulong-Petit law to include compound substances having similar chemical constitutions. He arrived at what has been termed Neumann’s law, that the molecular heat of a compound is equal to the sum of the atomic heats of its constituents.”
“In the second paper Neumann considered the specific heat of water. In earlier investigations physicists had noticed that when equal quantities of hot and cold water are mixed the temperature of the mixture is lower than the arithmetic mean of the temperatures of the original quantities. This result was generally interpreted as being due to a progressive decrease in the specific heat of water from the point of fusion to that of vaporization, a conclusion that appears to be validated by a number of experiments. Neumann disclosed errors in these experiments and concluded instead that the specific heat of water increases as its temperature increases. He failed to determine, however, that an increase occurs over only a portion of the temperature range from fusion to vaporization.”--"Neumann, Franz Ernst." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 10. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 26-29.
BOHR, Niels and John Wheeler. "Fission of Protactinium". In the Physical Review, 15 November 1939, 56/10, offered in the original bi-weekly edition with the original green wrappers. This is one of the three major papers in this year by Bohr on fission. Also in this issue: Oppenheimer and Schwinger, "On Pair Emission in the Proton Bombardment of Flourine". Solid copy, in the original printed weekly wrappers; the wrappers have a touch of red paint at the very top and very bottom of the spine. $300
BOHR, Niels. "Successive Transformations in Nuclear Fission", in Physical Review, November 15, 1940, volume 58 #10, pp 864-867. In original wrappers. Two small dabs of red paint on spine, otherwise a very nice copy. $250
BOHR, Niels. "Mechanism of Deutron-Induced Fission", in Physical Review, June 15, 1941, vol 50 #12, pp 1042 (Letters to the Editor). Original wrappers, Two small half-inch blotches of red paint on spine. Solid copy. $145
BOOTH, E.T., J.R. Dunning, A.V. Grosse, A.O. Nier. 'Neutron Capture of Uranium (238)", Physical Review, September 1, 1940, volume 58, #5, pp 475-6. Original wrappers. Near-fine copy. $195
NIER, A.O. and E.T. Booth, J.R. Dunning, and A.V. Grosse, " Fission of the Separated Isotopes of Uranium", in Physical Review, April 15, 1940, volume 57 #8, p 748. Original wrappers. Very good copy. $150
ANDERSON, H.L. and E. FERMI, "Simple Capture of Neutron by Uranium", in Physical Review, June 1, 1939, vol 55 #11, p1106-7.Original wrappers. Fine copy. $165 In this same issue:
- Irvine, John. "Concentrating the Uranium Isotope of Twenty-Three-Minute Half-Life", p 1105
- Segre, Emilio. "Unsuccssful Search for Transuranic Elements", p 1104
- Young, Gale. "On the Shape and Stability of Heavy Nuclei", p 1103.
_____. Another copy, this in original wrappers,with a small dash of red paint on the middle of he spine. $110
FLEROV and PETRJAK, "Spontaneous Fission of Uranium", in Physical Review, July 1, 1940, volume 58 #1, p 89. Original wrappers. Fine copy. $137.50
von GROSSE, A.V. and M. Agruss, "Chemistry of Element 93 and Fermi's Discovery", Physical Review, August 1, 1934, volume 46 #3, p241. Original wrappers, this copy with three-ring binding holes in far left margin, otherwise a nice, crisp copy.
DODSON, L.B. and J.W. Brams. "Radioactive Halogens Produced by the Neutron Bombardment of Uranium and Thorium", in Physical Review, 1939, vol 55, May 1. Letter to teh editor, page 880. WITH: KENNEDY, J.W. and Glenn SEABORG, " Search for Beta Particles Emitted During Uranium Fission Process", same issue, page 877. Original wrappers, VG copy. $150
ZINN, W.H. and L. SZILARD, "Emission of Neutrons by Uranium", in Physical Review, 1939, vol 56, October 1#7, pp 619-624. Original wrappers, name in ink on front cover, touch of red pain on spine. Solid copy. $95
ANDERSON, H.L., E. Fermi and L. Szilard, "Neutron Production and Absorption in Uranium", in Physical Review, 1939, volume 56, #3, August 1, pp 284-286. Original wrappers, decent copy though with a little wear to the spine. $125
LADNBBURGH, R. et al, "Study of URanium and THorium Fission Produced by Fast Neutrons of Nearly Homogenous Energy", in Physical Review, July 15, 1939, vol 565, #2, pp 168-169. Stephens #9. With: LANGDORF, Alexander, "Fission Products of Thorium", p 305 (Letters to the Editor). Original wrappers, solid copy, but with a small dab of red paint on the middle of the spine. $125
NIEPCE de Saint-Victor. "Sur des propriétés particulières de l'iode, du phosphore, de l'acide azotique, etc. (Dispose en deux parties a l'Institut, le 22 juin 1846 et le 11 janvier 1847.) (Extrait)." Comptes Rendus, October 25, 1847, vol 25, no. 17, pp 579-585, with the accompanying paper "Snnexe su Memoire precedent, presente a l'Academie le 25 Octobre 1847 (Extrait.)", pp 585-589; thus total pagination of pp 579-589. Offered in the weekly issue of the Comptes Rendus, in the (scarce) original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. $750
This is the great announcement by Niepce on the invention of photographic negatives on glass--finding it spelled out so on page 586, "Photographie sur verre".
"By 1847, the albumen‐on‐glass negative process had been introduced by Claude‐Felix‐Abel Niepce de Saint‐Victor..."-- "Impressed by Light: British Photographs from Paper Negatives, 1840–1860 Visual Resources: An International Journal of Documentation" Volume 24, Issue 4, 2008
--this from Nature, October 22, 1927, p 607.
The Discovery of Radioactivity, Pre-dating the Becquerel Discovery in 1896?
NIEPCE de Saint-Victor, "Memoire sur une nouvelle action de la action de la lumiere", in Comptes rendus, 15 Novenber 1857, volume 45 #20, pp 811-815 in the weekly issue of pp 794-832. Offered without the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. "Beginning in 1857, long before Henri Becquerel's famous serendipitous discovery of radioactivity in 1896, Niépce de Saint-Victor observed that, even in complete darkness, certain salts could expose photographic emulsions...[this paper].--Wiki 4 papers: $500
- "Deuxième mémoire sur une nouvelle action de la lumière" (Second memoir on a new action of light), Comptes rendus … , vol. 46,, 1858, pages 448-452. Offered with the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume.
M.E. Chevreul "Influence de la lumière dans les actions moléculaires" (Influence of light in molecular actions), Comptes rendus … , vol. 47, 1858, pages 1006-1011. Offered with the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume.
Niépce de Saint-Victor "Cinquième mémoire sur une nouvelle action de la lumière" (Fifth memoir on a new action of light), Comptes rendus … , 1861, vol. 53, pages 33-35.Offered with the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume.
In “NIEPCE DE SAINT-VICTOR AND THE DISCOVERY OF RADIOACTIVITY”, the historian of science Fathi Habashi, (Laval University, Quebec, Canada) in Bull. Hist. Chem., VOLUME 26, Number 2 (2001), pp 104-106, concludes:
"In conclusion, the fact that Mellor had pointed out that Niepce de Saint-Victor, an amateur photographer, should be credited with the discovery of radioactivity and not Antoine Henrie Becquerel, prompted the present writer to pursue the matter further. By reviewing the history of uranium salts in photography during the nineteenth century, it could be concluded that Mellor’s point of view is valid." See: http://www.scs.illinois.edu/~mainzv/HIST/bulletin_open_access/v26-2/v26-2%20p104-105.pdf
BORN, Max and E. Schroedinger. "The Absolute Field Constant in the New Field Theory", in Nature, March 2, 1935, p.342. Offered in the weekly issue of pp 321-356, with numerous ads. Original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy,with a half-faded oval rubber stamp of the Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory.
TUKEY, J.W. “Some elementary problems of importance to small sample practice”, offprint, Human Biology, December 1948, volume 20, pp 205-214.Fine copy, original wrappers.
Offered with: “Some elementary problems of importance to small sample practice”, a pre-publication, mimeographed, Office of Naval Research. 11X8, 11pp. Dated August, 1948, from Fine Hall, Princeton.VG copy though the cover page of the stapled document is fading.
The two issues: $200
Very interesting pre-pre print, issued prior to the Human Biology offprint
“The note poses the following problems for research workers in the field i to develop a modified version of the t test with greater resistance to skewness when used as a one sided test ii to develop an analogue to t for variance a statistic is proposed for investigation and iii to study the behavior of t for finite populations...”
On the Early History of Slow Neutrons
MOON, P.B. and J.R. Tillman. "Evidence on the Velocities of 'Slow' Neutrons", in Nature, June 1, 1935, pp 904-905 (Letters to the Editor).
- With McLennan, J.C. and E.F. Burton, "The Slowing Down of Neutrons by Protons" (page 903, same issue)
- Collie, Griffiths and Szilard, "Collisions Between Neutrons and Diplons" (page 903, same issue)
- "Production of Neutrons by Annihilations of Protons and Electrons According to Fermi's Theory" by F. Boch and C. Moller.
- "Absorption of Residual Neutrons" by L. Szilard , December 14, pp 950-1.
- "Influence of the Velocity of Low Neutrons on their Capture by Certain Nuclei" by P. Preiswerk and Hans von Halban, December 28, p. 1027
- "Slowing Down of Neutrons by Collisions with Protons", Hans von Hlaban and Peter Preiswerk, p 951-2, December 28.
- "Quantised Field Theory and the Mass ofthe Proton", by Max Born, p 952-3, December 14.
- "Chemical Detection of Artifical Transmutation of the elements", F Pameth and H. Loleit, 950, December 14.
Four issues from Nature, 1935, all offered in the weekly issue, with wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. $200
[DIRAC] Review of Dirac's The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, "The Quantum Theory", in Nature, September 14, 1935, pp 411-412, offered in the weekly issue. Wrappers, removed from larger bound volume. Excellent review. $50
BABBAGE, Charles. “Note sur la machine suedoise de MM. Schutz pour calculer les Tables mathematiques par la methode des differences, et en imprimer les resultants sur des planches stereotypes”, in Comptes rendus, volume 41, 8 October 1855, pp 557-560,in the volume of pp 537-563. The weekly issue, cleanly removed from a larger bound volume.
"In 1854 Babbage's ideas came to the attention of George and Edvard Scheutz, a father and son from Sweden. After reading a description of the Difference Engine (by Babbage), they designed and built their own version”--the Scheutz Engine No. 1, built in 1843 after having seen a description of the Babbage machine in Lardner's technicalarticle about the Difference Engine, with another more refined machine appeared in 1843 as the Scheutz Engine No. 2. “This machine was smaller and lighter than the engine conceived by Babbage. They used gears and levers that would have been suitable for the mechanism of a clock. In contrast, Babbage used technology that would have been appropriate for a steam engine. Babbage's engine, if completed, would have filled a room. The Scheutz engine sat nicely on a table and looked like a complicated music box. Babbage was pleased with Scheutz's engine and praised it publicly." [In the present paper].Dictionary of Scientific Biography.
“M. Flourens communique la Lettre suivante adresse par M. Charles Babbage”, in Comptes rendus, vol 41, 1 October 1855, three paragraphs on page 528, offered in the weekly issue, removed cleanly from a larger bound volume. The two papers: $600
This selection from Charles Knight's The English Cyclopædia: A New Dictionary of Universal Knowledge, (Volume 5) highlights the presentation of the Babbage (senior) paper above, and describes his presenrtation to the Academy of Science on that day, including the help he received from his youngest son (Henry Prevost) though the later's useful images that were shown at the Academy were not reprinted in the article of 8 October. The second part of this offering is a very short notice briefly describing the work of the younger Babbage, picking up his father's earlier work from 1832.
The First Amplified (Greinacher Multiplier) Geiger Counter
GREINACHER, Heinrich. “Ueber die akustische Beobachtung und galvanometrische Registrierung von Elementarstrahlen und Einzelionen” in Zeitschrift für Physik, 1924, volume 23/1 pp. 361-378. See: Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956, by Bernard Fernandez, Georges Ripka. Greinacher (1880-1974) develop dhe magnetron (1912) and the Greinacher muliplier (1914) (“...a rectifier circuit for doubling voltage”--Wiki). Offered in the entire volume 23, cloth-backed marbled boards, a fine copy. $250
LEMAITRE, G. and M.S. Vallarta. "On COmpton's Lattitude Effect of Cosmic Radiation", January 15, 1933, in Physical Review, volume 43/2, pp 87-92. In the original wrappers, from a colelction that was bound via three-hole-punch--so there are three binding holes in the far left margin. Wrappers are very crisp, spines clean and bright. $175
A Decidedly Important Paper in the Formulation of Einstein's Special Relativity Theory, Fizeau's "Water Tube Experiment"
FIZEAU, H. "Sur les hypothèses relatives à l’éther lumineux...", Comptes Rendus, volume 33, 1851, pp 349-355. Offered in the weekly issue (of pp (329)-360, cleanly removed from a larger bound copy. Very sharp and crisp.) $550
Full text via Gallica; full text in English ("The Hypotheses Relating to the Luminous Aether, and an Experiment which Appears to Demonstrate that the Motion of Bodies Alters the Velocity with which Light Propagates itself in their Interior"). Philosophical Magazine 2: 568–573.
This paper was particularly useful to Einstein in formulating SRT, as noted by Arthur Miller in his excellent Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Emergence (1905) and early interpretation (1905–1911) (1985). Michelson-Morely was evidently post-facto to the 1905 publication, as Einstein stated had he known of the experiment beforehand he definitely would have noted it in the paper. On the other hand, as Galina Weinstein points out in "Albert Einstein and the Fizeau 1851 Water Tube Experiment" (here).
"Many theories have been proposed with view of accounting for the phenomenon of aberration of light according to theundulatory theory. In the first instance Fresnel, and more recently Doppler, Stokes,Challis, and several others have published important researches on the subject"--from the Philosophical Magazine translation.
The Goldstone Boson
GOLDSTONE, J; Salam, Abdus; Weinberg, Steven (1962). "Broken Symmetries". Physical Review 127: 965–970. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Fine copy. $250
"In particle and condensed matter physics, Goldstone bosons or Nambu–Goldstone bosons (NGBs) are bosons that appear necessarily in models exhibiting spontaneous breakdown of continuous symmetries. They were discovered by Yoichiro Nambu in the context of the BCS superconductivity mechanism, and subsequently elucidated by Jeffrey Goldstone, and systematically generalized in the context of quantum field theory for the paper above).”--Wiki.
DeWITT, Bruce. “Quantum Theory of Gravity. I. The Canonical Theory“ in Physical Review, August 25 1967, volume 160, No. 5, pp. 1113-1148. With: “Quantum Theory of Gravity. II" and "The Manifestly Covariant Theory. III.. Applications of the Covariant Theory“ in Physical Review, October 25, 1967, volume 162, No. 5, pp. 1195-1238 and 1239-1256. Both in original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume, without spine covers. Fresh copies, though. $450
Early Paper in Spacetime Singularity//the Einstein-Cartan Theory
CARTAN, Elie. Five papers in the Comptes rendus, volume 174, 1922. Offered in the entire volume 174 of 1404pp. Bound in library cloth, nice copy, sturdy and fresh. $400 Includes the following papers:
- "Sur une définition géométrique du tenseur d'énergie d'Einstein" pp.437-439
- "Sur une généralisation de la notion de courbure de Riemann et les espaces à torsion" 593-595
- "Sur les espaces généralisés et la théorie de la Relativité" 734-737
- "Sur les espaces conformes généralisés et l'Univers optique" 857-60
- "Sur les équations de structure des espaces généralisés et l'éxpression analytique du tenseur d';Einstein" pp1104-1107
ERICSSON, John. Ericsson is more widely known as the inventor of the modern (screw) propeller, the creator of theMonitor, and the invention of a superior solar engine; his work in astrophysics and atmospheric studies are also significant, and below are 12 papers relating to his work on the sun, radiant energy, solar physics, all from Nature.
- “The Temperature of the Sun”, volume 4, pp 204-5, July 13, 1871. Original wrappers, removed.
- “The Temperature of the Sun”, volume 4, pp 449-452, October 5, 1871. Original wrappers, removed.
- “The Temperature Produced by Solar Radiation”, November 16, 1871, pp 46-48. With the original front wrapper, and removed from a larger bound volume.
- “The Solar Atmosphere”, February 8, 1872, pp 287-288, with a large image of the instrument With the original front wrapper, and removed from a larger bound volume.
- “Solar Heat” February 29, 1872, pp 344-347, with two figures of the instrumentation.With the original front wrapper, and removed from a larger bound volume.
- “The Temperature of the Surface of the Sun”, April 25, 1872, pp 505-507, with two images of the instruments. (Also includes a short, single-column obituary of S.F.B. Morse.) With the original front wrapper, and removed from a larger bound volume.
- “Radiation at Different Temperatures”, volume 6, June 6, 1872, pp 106-108, illustrated.
- “The Sun's Radiant Heat”, volume 6, October 3, 1872, pp 458460, big illustration of the instrument. Original wrappers, removed.
- “The Source of Solar Energy”, volume 6, October 31, 1872. Original wrappers, removed.
- “The Difference of Thermal Activity Transmitted to the Earth by Radiation from Different Parts of the Solar Surface”. Volume 12, October 14, 1875, 517-520. No wrappers.
- “The Difference of Thermal Energy Transmitted to the Earth by Radiation from Different Parts of the Solar Surface”. Volume 13, December 9, 1875, pp 114-115. No wrappers.
- “The Difference of Thermal Energy Transmitted to the Earth by Radiation from Different Parts of the Solar Surface”. Volume 13, pp 224-226. No wrappers.
Very nice copies, crisp and clean. 9 of the 12 issues have wrappers of some sort; 3 have no wrappers at all. 12 issues: $650
According to the Catalog of Scientific Papers 1800-1900, vols 2+3 9 (for the years 1864-1883), these seem to be the total number of Ericsson papers published on solar radiation/heat/etc Nature seems to be the journal of choice for Ericsson, though a few of the titles are listed as being published in some unusual American journals like Van Nostrand's Mechanical Journal and American Artisan. I am not an expert on this but surely Nature is legions above these others. I cannot state with authority where priority lies with these publications, but it seems more likely that given that Nature is the only journal that published all of the solar radiation papers that it is probably the 'journal of record”.
THOMSON, J.J. "Electrical Properties of Gases which Enable Important Problems in Physics to be Studied". Parts I-V. All published in Scientific American Supplement, 1917, after his lectures at the Royal Institution. Includes I, July 13, pp 26-7; II, July 21, 38-9; III, July 28, pp 54-5,:IV, August 4, pp 70-1; V, August 11, pp 90-1. Densely printed in three tight columns, the pagination sounds short but the article totals something like 15k words. All sold in their weekly issue, removed from a larger bound volume. $95
[BABBAGE Obituary] Fine obituary of Charles Babbage, appearing in Nature, November 9, 1871, pp 28-29. With the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume, Crisp and clean. $50 With much else of interest:
THOMSON, William (Later Lord Kelvin) "Ripples and Waves", in Nature, November 2, 1871, volume 5, pp 1-3. Original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy of an interesting paper (in which capillary waves are first discussed I believe), one of a continuing number of efforts that Thomson and Stokes made in developing the science of hydrodynamics. (See Wind Over Waves: Forecasting and Fundamentals of Applications, by S G Sajjadi, J C R Hun, pp 2, 6, 7, 17. $75
THOMSON, William (Later Lord Kelvin) "The Internal Fluidity of the Earth", in Nature, volume V, February 1, 1872, pp 257-259, offered in the original issue for the week, with the front wrapper included. The whole of it is removed from a larger bound volume, and is fresh and crisp, neatly extracted. $50 Also included is a fine article and two (!) full page illustrations (one of telescopes) by Norman Lockyer on "The Solar Eclipse".
[SUBMARINE, Anti-, Warfare] Balinski, Michel, et al. Final Report. A Study of Optimal Patrol and Transit Strategies in a Rectangular Barrier Zone Using Mathematical Games. Written and produced by Mathematica, prepared for the Office of Naval Research, 1967. 77pp. "The strategies available to a patrol sub seeking to maximize the probability of detecting a transistor in a rectangular zone are analyzed..." (Keywords identified: Bowtie Patrols, Matrix Games, Stationary Patrols, Optimal Straight Line transits.) WorldCat OCLC locates only one copy. $150
"Three classes of models are treated (1) fixed shape patrol patterns (e.g., Bow Tie with crossover angle to be optimized), (2) linear patrols with delays at a finite number of stations, optimization being over the delay time distribution, and (3) linear patrols with optimization over speed. In all the games analyzed, transitor strategies were also optimal for a suitably restricted class of transit lanes and speeds. The problem of securing first detection is considered where appropriate. The payoff function for most of the games is probability of detecting the transitor during the time interval necessary for a complete transit through the zone. Fixed radius of detection is assumed in the first two classes of model; dependence on speeds of both subs is assumed in the third. All three sets of assumptions point to the strategic merit lf linear patrols which have at least two widely differing speeds: in geometric terms the patrol pattern should be a sequence of localized delay patterns joined by high-speed straight-line segments."-_WorldCat Identities.
BETHE, Hans. "Meson Theory of Nuclear Forces", in Physical Review, volume 55/12, June 15, 1939, pp 1261-1263. Also with Willard Libby's nuclear fission paper, "Stability of Uranium and Thorium for Natural Fission", pp 1269-1270. Original wrappers, VG condition. $200
Two Good Papers on Nuclear Fission
PLESSET, M.S. "On the Classical Model of Nuclear Fission", in American Journal of Physics, February 1941, pp 1-10. Offered in the entire bound volume for 1941, including, oddly, February-December, though still starting with page 1 in February. Amidst much else in this volume is a lovely paper by Dodd & Wiedom "The String Model in Geometrical Optics", using string models to represent mathematical surfaces. Bound in cloth, and an institutional copy with the former owner's initials stamped on the spine bottom, with no other markings. $100
Also: Philip Morrison, "Introduction to the Theory of Nuclear Reactions, June 1941. This is a long contribution, pp 135-161.
BOHR, Niels. "Scattering and Stopping of Fission Fragments", in Physical Review, p 654. ALso bound with K.J. Brostrom, J.K. Boggoild, and T. Lauritsen, "Cloud-Chamber Studies of Fission Fragment Tracks", p 651-2. This is the first instance of misspagination that I have come across in all of these years, the pages going from 650 to 653/4 and back to 655-6. Everything is complete, just slightly misplaced. Fine copy in the original wrappers. $250 See The Penetration of Charged Particles Through Matter (1912 - 1954), edited by J. Thorsen, , p 233-5 ff. for remarks and history of these two papers.Also Work on Atomic Physics (1912 - 1917), edited by U. Hoyer, pg 10 on the Bohr paper.
_____. Another copy, this one in Very Good condition. $175
Bethe, & Nishina on Nuclear Fission
BETHE, Hans. "Continuum Theory of the Compound Nucleus" in Physical Review, June 15, 1940, volume 57/12, pp 1125-1145. ALSO with V. Nishina, T. Yasaki et al, "Induced B-Activity of Uranium by Fast Neutrons", pp 1182-3. Original wrappers, in fine condition. $165
Nuclear Fission in Naturwissenschaften, 1941
Offered here are three good papers in the history of nuclear fission, all in volume 29 of Naturwissenschaften, 1941, the entire year in one volume, of 784 pp, including 52 issues, all with their original wrappers, bound in. All in VG condition. Bound in black cloth. This is an institutional copy, with the shelf numbers gilt stamped on the spine bottom. There are rubber stamps of the library name at the top and bottom of the textblock, and a few library bits on the rear endpapers, and no other markings. Very nice copy, uncommon with all of the wrappers bound in. The volume: $550
HAHN, Otto and Fritz Strassmann. "Ueber die Bildung von Zirkon und Protactinium bei der Bestrahlung des Thoriums mit Neutronen", # 19, 9 May 1941, in the issue of pp 273-288. pp 285-286.
HAHN, Otto and Fritz Strassmann. "Ueber die bei der Uranspaltung auftretenden Molybdan-Isotope", #24/25, 13 June 1941, pp 369-70 in the issue of pp 345-376.
BOIHE, W. and A. Flammersfeld. "Fuer di ekurzen Originalmitteilungen ist ausschliesslich der Verfasser verantwortlich", #13, 28 March 1941, p. 194 in the issue of pp 185-200. ALSO in this issue is C.F. von Weizacher' "Die Physik der Gegenwart und das physikalische Wltbild", pp 185-194, which is very long article indeed for Naturwissenschaften.
Nuclear Fission Papers in Naturwissenschaften, 1942
This is volume 30, 1942 of Naturwissenschaften. the entire year in one volume, of 760 pp, including 52 issues, all with their original wrappers, bound in. All in VG condition. Bound in black cloth. This is an institutional copy, with the shelf numbers gilt stamped on the spine bottom. There are rubber stamps of the library name at the top and bottom of the textblock, and a few library bits on the rear endpapers, and no other markings. Very nice copy, uncommon with all of the wrappers bound in. The volume: $450 Includes, among many other papers:
HAHN, Otto. "Die Transmutation der chemischen elemente, ein Kapitel physikalischer und chemischer Zusammenabeit", pp 245-250
HAHN and Fritz Strassmann. "Ueber die bei der Uranspaltung auftretendenkurzelbigen Barium- und Lanthan-Isotope", pp 324-328
STRASSMANN, and Hahn. "Ueber die Isolierung und einige Eigenschaften des Elements 93, pp 256-260.
Including Max Planck's "Sinn und Grenzen der exacten Wissenschaft", PP 125-133
Nuclear Fission Papers in Naturwissenschaften, 1943
This is volume 31, 1943 of Naturwissenschaften. the entire year in one volume, of 592 pp, including 52 issues, all with their original wrappers, bound in. All in VG condition. Bound in black cloth. This is an institutional copy, with the shelf numbers gilt stamped on the spine bottom. There are rubber stamps of the library name at the top and bottom of the textblock, and a few library bits on the rear endpapers, and no other markings. Very nice copy, uncommon with all of the wrappers bound in. The volume: $275 Includes numerous articles (including M Planck, W. Schottky and dozens of others, plus:
HAHN, O. and Fritz Strassmann. "Einige weitereSaltproduckte des Urans", pp 499-501
Also: R. Bunning, "Quantenmechanik und Biologie", pp 194-197
MEITNER, Lise. 'Capure Cross-sections for Thermal Neutrons in Thorium, Lead and Uranium 238", in Nature, March 16, 1940, volume 14 #3672, pp 422-3 in the issue of pp 399-436. Offered with the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy, with the one-inch oval rubberstamp of the Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory. $95
FERMI, Enrico. "Reactions Produced by Neutrons in Heavy Elements", in Nature, November 16, 1940, volume 140, #3707, pp 640-642 in the issue of pp 627-660. Offered with the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy, with the one-inch oval rubberstamp of the Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory. $75
NOETLING, Fritz. 13 offprints on implements and history of Tasmanian aborigines, from Arch fur Anthropologie, Neuen Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Paelaeontologie, The Tasmanian Naturalist, the Joiurnal of the Tasmanian Field naturalists' Club, “Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie”, Centralblatt fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. All in nice condition, in original wrappers. 13: $350
- “Studien ueber die Technik der tasmanischen Tronatta”. Offprint Arch fur Anthropologie, 1909, 197-207. 4to. Original wrappers.
- “Das Alter der menschlichen Rasse in Tasmanien”, Neuen Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Paelaeontologie, 1911, pp 303-341.
- “Sind die “craquellerten Feuresteine” aus dem Oligocan von Thenay als Artefakte aufzufassen?” offprint Centralblatt fuer Mineralogie....1908, pp 748-753.
- “Notes on the Amorpholithes of the Tasmanian Aborigines”, offprint The Tasmanian Naturalist, the Joiurnal of the Tasmanian Field naturalists' Club, I/2, 1907, pp 14-19.
- “Kannte die tasmanische Sprache spezielle Worte zur Bezeichnung der verschiedenen Gebrauschsart der archaeoithischen Werkzeuge?”, offprint “Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie”, 1909, pp 199-208.
- “Beitrage zur Kenntnis der archaeololithischen Kultur der Tasmanier”, offprint “Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie”, 1911, pp 635-663.
- “Bemerkungen ueber die angebliche Menschenspur im Sandstein von Warrambool (Vic) Australien”, offprint Centralblatt fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, 1907, pp 498-502
- “Weltere Mitteilungen ueber craquelierte Archaeolithen aus Tasmanien”, 1909, Centralblatt fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, pp 73-76.
- “Die Glazialschicten bei Wynyard in Nordwest-Tasmanian”, 1909, offprint Centralblatt fuer Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, pp 163-177.
- “The Manufacture of the Tero-Watta”, offprint Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1911, pp 37-61, 4 plates. Original wrappers.
- “The Food of the Tasmanian Aborigines”, 1910, offprint Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 28pp.
- “Notes on the Hunting Sticks(Lughrana), Spears (Perenna) and Baskets (Tughbrana) of the Tasmanian Aborigines”, offprint Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1911, pp 65-98, 6 plates (very nice!)
- “The Antiquity of Man in Tasmania, pt I and II”, offprint Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1910, 31pp, two plates of folding maps.
Frederick Rockett's Crises Civil Defense and Deterrence makes a curious display of itself on it title page, what with no punctuation and all--same for the title page, though that changes a little to Crisis Civil Defense and Deterrence. With a comma here and there, the title changes meanings a bit. In any event with my little screed over the document was published by the Hudson Institute in 1967 and is actually about how the Soviet Union, China and some other countries could reduce their vulnerability to nuclear attack by undertaking (emergency) civil defense precautions like large-scale evacuations and fallout protection. The author adopts a curious term here--"hostages"--to apply to the civilian population in relation to the nuclear policy of deterrence. And what that means is that with increased numbers of civilians surviving there would be a greater recover capability after a nuclear strike; in deterrence, enemy populations are part of the scheme, being seen as "hostages" to a nuclear strike and therefore a deterrent for that country to initiate an attack. With an increase in the number of survivors to an attack via the civil defense advancements there are fewer "hostages" and therefore the concept of deterrence is weakened, perhaps to the point where countries could begin to think of first-strike capacity with a more-protected population. And so: 11x8", perfect-bound with black cloth spine covering. VG copy, though the spine covering is peeled away in places, the binding is unaffected. $125
And so down the rabbit hole we go, discussing mineshaft gaps. This is five year after Dr. Strangelove, but this was very real stuff--and I imagine that if I were in a position to have to think about nuclear strikes and deterrence and etc., I probably would have been thinking in these terms, too.
PERLIS, A.J. and John Carr, III. "Characteristics of the Small-Scale Computers" looked innocent enough, 12" tall and one folded piece of paper, and published in 1956. The authors--John W. Carr III and Alan J. Perlis--were heavy hitters, and so I really wasn't very surprised to see what they had done "inside", though I was impressed and happy to see the data. Displayed on the 12x16" sheet of paper are 15 data points on 14 computers, many of them classic/famous: the 650 IBM, UNIVAC, Elecom, Alawac. (Remember that when you're looking at purchase price and monthly rental amounts that the 1956 dollar is equal to about $8.70 in 2015 dollars, so that $3275/month for the 650 would be about $30k. The $136k for the Datatron is about a million today.) $225
MASLOW, Abraham. Summer Notes on Social Psychology of Industry and Management at Non-Lineat Systems, Inc, Del Mar, California. Published by Non-Linear Systems, 1962. 11.5x8" 148 leaves. (This is misleading: the pages are single spaced and have 50+ lines/page with 15+words/line, making this document about 100,000 words, or more along the lines of a 250pp book.) [On hold]
Three-ring holed held together with brass holders, with thickish NLS wrappers. Very good copy.
OCLC identifies 12 locations for the work--however, I cannot identify a paper copy, as they all may be electronic copies. For example, St. Andrews, San Diego, and McGill (my school) identify their copies explicitly as e-books; and then the obvious ones are Google, Hathi Trust, and UC Mass Digitalization. Then there are three (like U New MExico) where when you go to the school's records the OCLC number is "not found" or "your OCLC number would be here" but isn't. The remaining three are inconclusive. Obviously someone has an original somewhere, but I'm not sure where that is. The OCLC 12 is therefore misleading. At best there are three cases where maybe-but-probably-not the libraries have a paper copy. I'd say conservatively that the OCLC number is three, but it may actually be one.
This is an interesting document by a major psychology name poking around in a new field. I reproduce the author's statement in (nearly) full because it tell exactly what Maslow was doing.
"I had never before had any contact with industrial or managerial psychology, so the possibilities for psychological theory hit me with great force as I read first the books by Drucker and McGregor that are used as "textbooks" at Non-Linear, and as I began to understand what Andrew Kay was trying to do there.I started dictating my impressions to the tape recorder. They are mimeographed here without editing, addition, subtraction, or other change, beyond correction of typographical and grammatical errors, to be passed out to my friends for discussion, because I don't know if they will ever be published more formally."
"I have been told by enough people that they are interesting and useful to make me
agree to this informal kind of communication. They should be understood as first impressions, unformed, not further worked up, of a theoretical psychologist taking his first look at a new (for him) field of knowledge and realizing that it was of great import for various of his theoretical concerns (and vice versa). I have learned in other contexts that the novice can often see things that the expert overlooks through long familiarization."
And the table of contents:
Notes on Unstructured Groups at Lake Arrowhead 1-20
The Theory of Social Improvement; The Theory of the Slow Revolution 20-28
Experiments on Low Grumbles, High Grumbles, and Meta Grumbles 28-34
Notes on the B-Values 34-35
Notes on Self-Esteem in the Work Situation 35-40
Memo on Existential Psychology 40-44
Notes on Creativeness 44-47
Notes on Synergy 48-58
Eupsychian Management as a Psychological Experiment 59-63
Enlightened Management as a Form of Patriotism 63-66
Memorandum on Syndrome Dynamics and Holistic, Organismic Thinking 67-73
Memorandum on Transition to Eupsychian Management 73-76
Notes on the Relationship between Psychological Health and the Characteristics 76-80;
of Superior Managers (Notes from Likert) 114-117
The Necessity for Enlightened Management Policies --80-81
Memorandum on the Redefinition of Profit, Taxes, Costs, Money, Economics, etc. 82-91
The Good Eupsychian Salesman and Customer 91-94;
Notes on Leadership 95-97
The Superior Person 101-107
The Superior Boss 107-114
Notes on Eupsychian Economics, Eupsychian Management; The Assumptions 118-128
Underlying Eupsychian Management Policy; On First Looking Into Drucker
A Ninth Department in Business (In Addition to Drucker's Eight) 128-133
Regressive Forces 133-134
The Attitude of Self-Actualizing People to Duty, Work, Mission 134-141
The Goals of Enlightened Management and of Organization Theory 147-148
Full text here via Hathi Trust: http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.l0050327758;view=1up;seq=9
BELLMAN, Richard. "A Markovian Decision Process", offprint from the Journal of Mathematics and Mechanics, vol 6, no. 5, September 1957, pp 679-684. Original wrappers. Fine copy, with the original owner's name in ink on front right corner wrapper. $200 Very highly cited paper, and the first use of the phrase "Markovian decision process" (R.P. Sen, Operations Research, Applications and Algorithms, 2010, p 665.)
MICHELSON, A.A. "On the Application of Interference Methods to Astronomical Measurements", National Academy of Sciences, fifth memoir; folio, pp 579-590, with 7 plates, including one folding (and that with a repair to the fold. With the original front wrapper. Good copy only, the binding coming apart. $75
MICHELSON, A.A. "On the Application of Interference Methods to Spectroscopic Measurements", Smithsonian Institution Contributions to Knowledge #842, 1892; folio, 24pp, 5 plates. Michelson was the first U.S. scientist to be awarded the Nobel prize for physics, in 1907, "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid." Removed from larger bound volume. $75
LEDERMAN, Leon. "History of the Neutrino", in American Journal of Physics, 38/2, February 1970, pp 129-136 in the issue of pp 129-277. Original wrappers. Great bibliographical resource by the 1988 Nobelist (neutrino research). Fine copy, previous owner's name stamped on the upper right corner front wrapper. $75
The Great Donald Knuth on the History of Programming Languages
KNUTH, Donald and Luis Trabb Pardo. The Early Development of Programming Languages. Computer Science Department, Stanford University, August 1976. 11x8 inches, 107pp, with a nice bibliography. Original paper wrappers. Scarce. Fine copy. $150
This paper describes roughly the first decade-and-a-half of computer programming activity, including the efforts of Zuse (the Plankalkul), Goldstine and von Neumann (Flow Diagrams), Curry (Composition), Mauchley et al. (Short Code), Burks (Intermediate PL), Rutishauser (Klammerausdruke), Bohm (Forumules), Glennie (AUTOCODE), Hopper et al. (A-2), Laning and Zierler (Algebraic Interpreter), Backus et al. (FORTRAN), Brooker (Mark I AUTOCODE), Kamynin and Liubimskii.
MIE, Gustav. Six offprints, all from the Annalen der Physik.
- “Grundlagen einer Theorie der Materie (Zweite Mitteilung” 4/29, 1912, pp 1-40. Bit of chipping on the front outer wrapper cover, incluing a half-inch square missing a the upper-left front cover, removing the “G” in “Gustav”.
- “Grundlagen einer Theorie der Materie (Dritte Mitteilung, Schluss.)” 4/40, 1913, pp 1-66. Outer wrappersin good shape, though he spine is splitting and about half-way in two pieces.
- “Die Einführung eines vernunftgemäßen Koordinatensystems in die Einsteinsche Gravitationstheorie und das Gravitationsfeld einer schweren Kugel.” 4/62, pp 46-74. Plain outer wrappers, mostly blank. Fine copy.
- “Trage und schwere Masse”, IV/69, 1922. pp 1-53. No outer wrappers, as issued.
- “Das elektrische Feld eines schweren, elektrisch geladenen Kuegelchens, das um ein Gravitationszentrum kreist”. 4/70, 1923. Pp 489-557. No outer wrappers, as issued.
- “Untersuchungen zum Problem der Quantenelektrik (Erste Mitteilung), 4/85, 1928, pp 711-729. No outer wrappers, as issued. With a three line signed note at bottom by Mie.
This is an interesting but problematic collection of articles by Mie, lacking the first part of the “Grundlagen” and the second part of “Untersuchungen”. Still, they're nice to have, and the price should reflect their not-complete nature. $250/all
Mie was the first to recognize the necessity of “quantizing” the field variables of the electromagnetic field, long before Heisenberg and Pauli developed the first fundamentals of a rational quantum field theory. This insight aroused the admiration of David Hilbert, who was inspired by the “deep ideas and original concepts on which Mie had built his electrodynamics.” This theory, together with Einstein’s ideas on gravitation and relativity, led Hilbert to develop an axiomatic theory of the foundations of physics, from which he derived the field equations of gravitation (together with their auxiliary conditions as given by the Bianchi identities) and the equations of the electromagnetic field.
Although Mie did not discover the appropriate “world function” that could account for the existence, asymmetry, and stability of the proton and the electron, his investigations later inspired the work of Max Born and Leopold Infeld on “nonlinear electrodynamics,” which corresponded entirely with Mie’s program. Mie’s theory of matter would probably be regarded as his greatest contribution to physics.
J. Mehra, "Mie, Gustav." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 9. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 376-377.Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.
KNESER, Adolf. “Ein Beitrag zur Theorie der Intergralgleichungen”, offpritn from Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo, volume XXII, 1906. 8pp, outer wrappers. Very vertical old fold still evident in pamphlet. VG condition. $50
- “One of the most distinguished German mathematicians of the years around 1900...”
- “Although Kneser appears in the history of mathematics primarily as a master of analysis, he was, at first, more concerned with algebra...” "Kneser, Adolf." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 7. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 407-408
KNIEBES, Walter. Ueber das Hypersoma (Auszug). Dissertation (Dr. phil. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität ), printed 1921, Rhenaia-Druckerei, Bonn. 16pp. Original wrappers. Fine condition. $75
Election to the French Physical Society
Handwritten letter to George Barrows Obear (1879-1944,Brown University, then Case, and Colby; MIT graduate) on his election to the Societe Francaise de Physique, dated 5 May 1906. 15 line note, and then signed by the Secretary General of the society, the great phsicist Max Abraham (though he did not write the text of the letter). On the socity's letterhead. 1 full page, followe dby a blank page. Old quarter folds still evident. This is an unusual document. $125
Personal Files on Failure of the Atlas Able-4 Lunar Probe Rockets, 1960
Formerly the property of H.W. Johnson, of NACA, Space Technology Labs Inc., and NASA. File consisting of the following papers: [SOLD]
“Structural Proof Test, Able-4 Atlas Payload”, 18 January 1960. Space Technology Laboratories interoffice correspondence. Cover, 1pp calculation, and two original photos.
“The Able Space Program”, undated document, gvc binding holes in left margin. Undated section of a larger report, pp 123-148, plus 3pp of images.
“Atlas Able V-B Post-Mortem”, Space Technology Laboratories interoffice correspondence, 13 February 1961, 15pp text, plus 6 leaves of hand-drawn renditions of the stages of the rocket failure, in a strip-like fashion (reproduced by some early-ish photo-mechanical method).
“Design Confirmation Tests of Able-4 (Atlas) Pressure Vehicles”, 19 June 1959, Space Technology Laboratories interoffice correspondence, 10pp. Three-ring punched in left margin, gathered by a paper clip.
“Payload Separation Spring Rate Measurements for Atlas Able-4.” Space Technology Laboratories interoffice correspondence, 19 February 1960. Cover sheet and three pp of blueprint tables.
- 26 original b+w glossy photos of re-assembled wreckage
- 17 original b+w glossy photos of the construction of what I think must be the Able Atlas, some of these images dated 1956.
- 3 large folding schematics, 24x10 3/4” and very cool:
- --Atlas Able 5B recovered wreckage, with the wreckage represented in high relief on the background of the full rocket presented in outline.
- --General Assembly Able 5
- --Exploded View, Able 4 Thor Stages 3&4.
- Also a 2pp document of calculations, initialed “HWS 18 Feb 60”.
No doubt all of the “Space Technology Laboratories interoffice correspondence” items were of very limited distribution.
[PROPELLER Development, Aircraft] Collection of Material Relating to Hans Reissner's design for what I think is a variable propeller. Interesting collection including 39 letters and 40 blueprints, 1932-1934. All bound in a Leitz pressure-binder folder (contemporary to the collection). SOLD
Hans J. Reissner was a leading German pioneer in aeronautics and aeronautical engineering. He was appointed to the chair vacated by Arnold Sommerfeld at the Technische Hochschul at Aachen, where he established the aerodynamics laboratory. He also designed the great experimental wind tunnel at Aachen and was its second director (after T. von Karman). He went on to the University of Berlin where he remained until 1938, when he left Germany for the United States. Reissner held a chair at the Illinois Institute of Technology and in 1944 joined the faculty at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. He became a U.S. citizen in 1944. Van Karman spoke very highly of Reissner and attributed his work in aerodynamics to be as important as those advances made by Prandtl (see von Karman’s Wind and Beyond). Reissner was also celebrated with two anniversary volumes of Applied Mathematiics for his 60th and 75th birthdays (in 1934 and 1949). Includes:
- Reissner Als: 6, plus Reissner Als to Reichsminister for aviation (though not Hermann Goering), (2) and to Bussan (1)
Letters received from
- Deutsche Versuchsanstalt 2 Tls
- Reichminister der Luftfahrt Tls, 4pp
- Propellerwerk Gustav Schwarz 17 mostly Tls
- Folke-Wolf Flugzeubau A.G. Tls (2)
- Deutsche Bussan A-G (4)
- Deutsche Lufhansa (1)
- Muller Luftfahrtministerium (2)
- Junkers-Flugzeugwerk A.G. (1)
Folding blueprints: 12 large and folding (some very large) plus aseries of mostly single-page blueprints numbered 1-24 and 1-16. (So 12 large folding blueprints and 40 smaller mostly single-page blueprints.
EINSTEIN, A. “Theorie unitaire du champ physique”, in Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare, I/1, Paris, 1931, pp 1-24 in the whole issue of pp 1-74. Good copy only, in original wrappers; the spine has some scuffing and tears at the top and bottom; the wrapper covers also have some wear and rounding at the corners. Still, a pretty nice copy of this scarce journal, especially given its problematic larger size (11x7 3/4”), which was too large to be supported by its binding. $250 Also bound with:
Darwin, C.G. “La theorie ondulatoire de la matiere”, pp 25-52
Fermi, E. “La theorie du rayonement”, pp 53-72.
Interestingly someone goofed and Einstein's name appears as “E. Einstein” on the cover of the inaugural issue!
Original PR Photograph of Enrico Fermi, August 10, 1945
Fermi, Enrico. Original photographic portrait associating Fermi with the atomic bomb, 10 Aug 1945. (Military?), 1945.
Photographic portrait with an attached mimeographed description (of about 400 words) and short bio of Fermi identifying him with the atomic bomb on August 10, 1945--just four days following the first use of the weapon at Hiroshima.
The photograph is definitely original and at the very least an issue of either a news photo service agency or the U.S. Government. Given how quickly the image was released with its association to the atomic bomb (just four days after Hiroshima) I'm guessing that this is a federal source. Our experience with governmental press releases and the atomic bomb leads me to believe that this was indeed issued on 10 August--the government no doubt had prepared documents like this for pre-release (as we have seen with the initial Trinity tests and documents associated with that), but I feel confident that this photo and description are in fact in the first wave of "publicity" following the use of the bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
+++ The typed annotations at the bottom of the mimeographed sheet read "Serviced by New York to List A/Not for use in Western Hemisphere/Approved by appropriate U.S. Authority/".
Early Work on Color and Music
TAYLOR, Sedley. "Analogy of Colour and Music", in Nature, volume 2, February 24, 1870, in the letters to the editor section, p. 430, with two figures and a table. On the harmony in color and the harmony in music. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very crisp copy. Fine. $135 In 1875 Taylor published his work on this subject in a book, Sound and Music. According to Cyril Rootham (1920):
“Sound and Music,” was... the earliest general exposition in short compass by a writer competent on both sides of the subject. An event which his characteristic energy rendered prominent was his invention of an apparatus which he named the phoneidoscope. It consisted essentially of a resonant cavity, with an aperture over which a soap-film was stretched: when the operator sang to it a note nearly in unison with the cavity, the aerial vibrations revealed themselves visibly in whirling movement of the coloured striations of the liquid film."--quote via Wiki article on Taylor
Taylor also translated Helmholtz's 1862 sensation of tone, publishing it in 1875.
WALLACE, A.R. "The Measurement of Geological Time", Parts I and II, in Nature, February 17, 1870 pp 399-401 and March 3, 1870, pp 452-455. Both in original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Nature from so early a period in its history in wrappers is pretty scarce. $150/pair
REISSNER, Hans J. "Ueber die Relativitat der Beschleunigungen in der Mechanik", offprint from Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume 15, 1914, pp 371-375. Fine copy. $125 One of everal significant papers in the history of relativity contributed by Reissner. See Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity edited by Julian B. Barbour, Herbert Pfiste; and The Genesis of General Relativity: Sources and Interpretations by Michel Janssen, John Norton, Tilmann Sauer, John Stachel.
OPPENHEIMER, J. Robert. "Einstein", in Reviews of Modern Physics, volume 28/1, January 1956, in the issue of pp 1-98. Odd clear plastic overlay on spine, otherwise a fine copy. $35
SWANN, W.F.G. "Relativity and Electrodynamics", in Reviews of Modern Physics, volume 2, number 3, July 1930, pp 243-304. Bound with: Carl Eckart, "Application of Group Theory to the Quantum Theory of Monatomic Systems, pp 305-380. Original wrappers. Fine copy. $95
Nobel Prize Effort
LAMB, Willis with Robert Retherford, H.A. Bethe, P. Kusch. "Fine Structure of the Hydrogen Atom by a Microwave Method" and "The Electromagnetic Shift of Energy Levels" and "Precision Measurement of the Ratio of the Atomic "g Values in the 2P3/2 and 2P1/2 States of Gallium", on pp 241-243, pp 339-341, and pp 1256-1257, all found in the Physical Review, entire volume 72, July 1-December 15, 1947. Bound in a cloth binding; institutional copy, with occasional markings. Very good, strong copy. $300 (a strong, discount offer)
Additions from Late February:
Including one of the Earliest Retrospectives on Relativity
[Nuclear Physics, Early] Numerous interesting articles in Jahrbuch der Radioaktivitat und Elektronik, edited by Johannes Stark, published in Leipzig: volume 7, 1910. Bound in half-calf and pebbled boards. Rear gutter is separated as is the bottom of the spine (though still attached). In the volume of 660pp. Cloth bound, with original wrappers bound in (for the general title page for the year, not for one of the four individual issues). Ex-libris US Patent Office. $300 Includes:Good copy, only. Includes:
- BARKLA, C. "Erscheinungen beim Durchchgange von Rontgenstrahlen, pp 1-15.
- LEWIS, G.N. "Uber vierdimensionael Vektoranalysis und deren Anwendung auf die Elektrizitatstheorie, pp 329-347. (See: The Genesis of General Relativity: Sources and Interpretation edited by Jürgen Renn).
- HAHN, O. "Uber die Erscheinungen des radioaktiven Ruckstrosses", pp 296-312.
- LAUB, J. "Uber die experimentellen Grundlagen des Relativitatsprinzips", pp 405-463. this is one of the very earliest retrospectives on relativity theory, written by an early contributor/partner of Einstein. the article includes a 127-item bibliography (which interestingly cites two articles by Fizeau from the Annalen!) (See the reference for Laub in Physics Before and After Einstein edited by M. Mamone Cap; also The Scientist as Philosopher: Philosophical Consequences of Great Scientific ...by F. Weinert.)
[Nuclear Physics, Early] Numerous interesting articles in Jahrbuch der Radioaktivitat und Elektronik, edited by Johannes Stark, published in Leipzig: volume 11, 1914. In the volume of 544pp. Cloth bound, with original wrappers bound in (for the general title page for the year, not for one of the four individual issues). Ex-libris US Patent Office. $225 Includes:
- BORN, M. "Die elektronentheoretische Begrundung der Elektrodynamik bewegter Korper", pp 301-307
- PANETH, F. "Ueber die chemischen Reaktionen der Rdaioelemente", pp 451-469
- v. LAUE, M. "Die interferenzerscheinungen an Rontgen strahlen..." pp 308-345
- BRAGG, W.L. "Die Reflexion der Rontgenstrahlen", pp 346-391
- Also in the "Berichte" section is Max Abarahm's "Neuere Gravitationstheorien" (pp 470-520, including a good 38-item bibliography)
- Also works by G von Hevesy, Johannes Stark
Einstein, Minkowski, Nordstrom, Abraham, Planck, Hahn, Meitner, Born, Hilbert, Zeeman, Poincare, Rutherford & Geiger, and others
Physikalische Zeitschrift, volume 10, 1909, published in Leipzig by S. Hirzel, edited by E. Riecke and H.T. Simon. 4to, xii, (2) 1040ppm 26 plates. Bound in maroon-ish cloth, gilt tamped spine, matching marbled boards. Institutional copy with tasteful bookplate, but no exterior markings; there are a few round institutional rubberstamps on an occasional plate and title page of some individual issues, but by and large there are very few of those. On the whole the book is in lovely condition, very tight, and probably rarely ever used. $1500
Also appearing here: Arrhenius, Brillouin, Eder, Foppl, Hallwachs, Korn, Ladenburg, v Mises, Siegbahn, Sommerfeld, Voigt, Wien
- Einstein: "Zum gegenwartigen Stand des Strahluingsproblems" and "Uber die Entwicklung unserer Auschauungen uber das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung
- Born: "Uber die Dynamik des elektrons in dre Kinematik des Relativitatsprinzips"
- Hahn: six papers,including one with Meitner
- Minkowski. 'Raum und Zeit", pp 104-111
- Nordstrom, "Zur Elektrodynamik Minkowskis:", pp 681-687
- Rutherford & Geiger "Eine elektrische Methode, die von radioaktiven Substanzen ausgesandten a-Teilchen zu zahlen"
FIZEAU, H. "Ueber die Hypothesen vom Lichtather und ueber eu=inen Vesuch, welcher zu beweisen scheint, dass die Geschwindigkeit, mit wlecher sich das liccht im Innern der Korper fortpflanzi , durch deren Bewegung geandert wird." Published in the Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1853, Erganzundsband III/3, pp 457-465. First edition in German. Laub #12 $350
Originally in the Comptes Rendus, vol 33, p 349 as the famous "Sur les hypothèses relatives à l éther lumineux et sur une expérience qui parait démontrer que le mouvement des corps change la vitesse avec laquelle la lumière se propage dans leur intérieur", 185l pp 349-355, and then in the Annales de Chimie LVII 1859 pp 385-404, and then in the first German edition in the Annalen.)
Offered in the entire volume of 632pp, with folding plates. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. Very fresh and clean. ALSO with MUCH else of interest, including many classic papers. Including much by
- Faraday, M. 180-page nine-part series "Experimental-Untersuchungen ueber elektricitat"
- Doppler, C. "Ueber die Anwendung der Sirene und des akustisschen Fluggradchens zur Bestimmung des Spannungsgrades der Wasserdampfe und der comprimirten Luft"
FIZEAU, H. "Ueber einen Methode zi untersuchen, ob das Polarisationsazimut des gebrochenen Strahls durch die Bewgung des brechenden Korpers abgeandert werde, Anwendung dieser Methode", in Annalen der Physik und Chemie series II, vol 114/4, 1861, pp 554-586. Offered in the full volume of 668pp, with folding plates. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. $185 Laub #21 Also bound with:
- Angstrom. "Neue Methode, das Warmelleitungsvermoen der Korper zu bestimmen", pp 513-530.
- Helmholtz. "Zur theorie der Zungenseisen", pp 321-326.
Bohr/Kramers/Slater The Quantum Theory of Radiation
BOHR, Niels and H. Kramers and J.C. Slater. "Ueber die Quantentheorie der Strahlung", in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 24, pp 69-87, bound in a volume containing the whole volumes 23+24, 417+412pp total. Very attractive copy, bound in red cloth with matching marbled boards. This is an institutional copy, with a bookplate and three small rubberstamp ownership marks on the title page and next two leaves, but that's it. Fine copy. $500 Also bound in these volumes:
Born, M. and W. Heisenberg. "Ueber den Einfluss der Deformierbarkeit der Ionen auf optische und chemische Konstantin.I."
"After Kramers had succeeded in extending the scope of the correspondence argument to the theory of optical dispersion—thus rounding off a treatment of the interaction of atomic systems with radiation that accounted for all emission, absorption, and scattering processes—Bohr ventured to propose a systematic formulation of the whole theory, in which what he called the virtual character of the classical model was emphasized. In this he was aided by Kramers and a young American visitor, J. C. Slater, and the new theory was published in 1924 under the authorship of all three. The most striking feature of this remarkable paper, “The Quantum Theory of Radiation,” was the renunciation of the classical form of causality in favor of a purely statistical description. Even the distribution of energy and momentum between the radiation field and the “virtual oscillators” constituting the atomic systems was assumed to be statistical, the conservation laws being fulfilled only on the average. This was going too far: the paper was hardly in print before A. H. Compton and A. W. Simon had established by direct experiment the strict conservation of energy and momentum in an individual process of interaction between atom and radiation. Nevertheless, this short-lived attempt exerted a profound influence on the course of events; what remained after its failure was the conviction that the classical mode of description of the atomic processes had to be entirely relinquished."
"This conviction was strengthened by the outcome of the other line of investigation most actively pursued in Copenhagen in these years, the search for the missing dynamic element of the atomic model. Pauli approached this arduous problem by trying to unravel the spectroscopic rules governing the fine structure of the terms and the splitting of the spectral lines in an external magnetic field—the anomalous Zeeman effect. He at length recognized that the entire problem could be simplified by attributing to the individual stationary states of each electron an additional quantum number, susceptible to two values only and combining with the other quantum numbers according to definite rules."--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol 2, p 247.
JEVONS, W. Stanley. "Helmholtz on the Axioms of Geometry", in Nature, October 19, 1871, pp 481-82 in the weekly issue of pp 481-500, with the original wrappers. Removed from a larger bound volume, A nice, clean copy, uncommon with the wrappers. $150
NELSON, David. Recursive Functions and Intuitionistic Number Theory. Reprinted from Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, vol 61/2, March 1947, pp 307-368. Original wrapeprs, good copy. This is Nelson's Ph.D. dissertation, as well. $50
GALTON, Francis. "Terms of Imprisonment", in Nature, June 20, 1895, pp 174-176. Offered in the original wrappers of the weekly issue, removed from a larger bound volume. $85
Helium Discovered on Earth
RAMSAY, William. (and Norman Lockyer) "Terrestrial Helium (?)" which is the header in Nature for two papers by Ramsay: and Lockyer. "On a Gas Showing the Spectrum of Helium, the reputed Cause of D3, one of the Lines in the Spectrum of the Sun's Chronosphere" by Ramsay and "On the New Gas Obtained from Uraninite" by Lockyer. In Nature, May 2, 1895, pp 7-8 in the weekly issue. This is offered in the original wrappers, extracted from a larger bound volume. Nice copy. Five issues of Nature (including the following): SOLD
- Offered with: Ramsay, Helium, a Gaseous Constituent of Certain Minerals" and Lockyer, " On the New Gas Obtained from Uraninite", both short notices appearing on pg 55-56 in Nature, May 16, 1895. Followed by a third note by Lockyer, On the New Gas Obtained from Uraninite", on pg 56. This is offered in the original wrappers, extracted from a larger bound volume. Nice copy.
- Offered with Runge, C. "Terrestrial Helium (?)", in Nature, June 6, 1895, p. 128. This is offered in the original wrappers, extracted from a larger bound volume. Nice copy.
- Offered with Crookes, Sir W. "The Spectrum of Helium", in Nature, August 29, 1895, pp 428-430. This is offered in the original wrappers, extracted from a larger bound volume. Nice copy.
- Offered with Ramsay, W. "Attempt to Liquefy Helium", a two-paragraph letter to the editor, in Nature, October 3, 1895, pg 544. (With another letter by C. Runge and F. Paschen, "Helium and the spectrum of Nova Aurigae", p. 544. This is offered in the original wrappers, extracted from a larger bound volume. Nice copy.
"Ramsay is best known for his discovery and isolation of the family of inert gases of the atmosphere. For this experimental work, along with the theoretical work that situated these elements in the periodic system, he was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in chemistry."--DSB, volume 11.
BOLTZMANN. Four papers in Nature on the Minimum Theory. All have their original wrappers, and all have been removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copies. $145
- Bryan, G.H. "The Assumption in Boltzmann's Minimum Theory", in Nature, May 9, 1895, pp 29-30.
- Burbury, S.H. "Boltzmann's Minimum Function", in Nature, May 30, 1895, pp 104-5
- Culverwell, Edward P. "Boltzmann's Minimum Theorem", in Nature, June 13, 1895. page 149.
- Boltzmann, Ludwig. "On the Minimum Theorem in the Theory of Gases", in Nature, July 4, 1895.
A Series of Papers on Thinking Machines
GEORGE, F.H. "Could Machines be Made to Think?", in Philosophy, 31/118, July 1956, pp 244-252 (in the volume of 384pp). And with
- Ritchie, A.D. Discussion: Could Machines be Made to Think?", pp 65-6, Philosophy 32/120, January 1957
- George, F.H. "Discussion: Thinking and Machines", Philosophy, 32/121. April 1957, 168-169. (Both offered in the same volume of 383pp.
- Ritchie, A.D."Discussion: Thinking and Machines", Philosophy, 32/122, July 1957, pp 258.
- Mays, W. "Discussion: Thinking and Machines", same issue, pp 258-261.
- George, F.H. "Finite Automata" in Philosophy, 33/124, January 1958, pp 57-60.
All offered together in three full volumes, 1956-7-8, with their original front wrappers bound in. Bound in sturdy cloth; institutional copies, with embossed shelf numbers. Very fresh and clean, and I would say probably entirely unread during their time in the library, judging by appearance. This is an unusual and interesting discussion in the early stages of the yet-named singularity. 3vols: $125 "Frank Honywill George (born 1921) was a British psychologist, cyberneticist and former Professor of Cybernetics and Director of the Institute of Cybernetics at the Brunel University, best known for his 1962 book The Brain as a Computer." --Wiki
[APOLLO LEM Engine] Gaylard, P.S. LEMDE Design Conditions and Requirements, prepared by TRW systems, 10 June 1966. 11x8, 37 leaves. Metal-clasp bound, with a TRW Systems stiff wrappers. (LEMDE=Lunar Excursion Module Descent Engine.) $250
[AVIATION] Greenhill, A.G. "The Maxim Flying Machine", in Nature, August 1, 1895, p 321-325, with two full-page photographic illustrations of the (huge brick of an) aircraft. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Provenance, Smithsonian Institution, Astrophysical Observatory. $95 The aircraft was very highly problematic as an aircraft--but the pictures are great.
CHAUDESAIGUES, M. Chaudesaigues, M. (1908). "Le mouvement brownien et la formule d'Einstein" . Comptes Rendus, 1908, volume 147 [Brownian motion and Einstein's formula] Offered in the weekly issue, removed from a larger bound volume, without the original wrappers. $150
On Time and Space Travel and Relativistic Effects
CORBEN, Herbert C. Time Dialatation Effects in Space Travel. Lecture 5-C in the Engineering X series, Space Technology, sponsored by the University of California. Offprint/reprint or some odd printing of the paper, published by Johns Hopkins APL, in connection with the Space Technology Lecture series, January 6-April 29, 1959. Cover and 7 sheets, 11x8.5”, with numerous manuscript notes and additions and one chart. Front wrapper detached. Staple bound. Rare in this format. $350/hold
Born Dorset, England, 18 April 1914. Education Melbourne University (B.A., B.Sc. 1934; M.A., M.Sc. 1936) and Cambridge University (Ph.D. 1939). 1851 Exhibition scholar 1936-39. Commonwealth Fund fellow, University of California, Berkeley, 1939-40; Princeton University: , 1940-41. Lecturer in mathematics & physics University College, Armidale, N.S.W., 1941; Melbourne University 1942-44; senior lecturer 1945-46. Associate professor of physics at the Carnegie Institute Technology, Pittsburgh, U.S.A., 1946-51; professor 1953-56. Fulbright lecturer, Italy, 1951-53. Member technical staff Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation, California, U.S.A., 1956-61. Director of the quantum physics laboratory, T.R.W. Inc., 1961-68. Professor of physics at Cleveland State University: , Ohio, U.S.A., 1968-72; Scarborough College, University of Toronto, 1972-78; visiting professor Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California, 1978-87.
The logic of relativity. Australian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy, 13 (1935), 223-228.
Note on the relation between internuclear distance and group number for diatomic hydrides. Philosophical Magazine, S.7, 22 (1936), 144-145.
The straggling of electrons due to radiation and ionization loss. Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceedings., 34 (1938), 540-549.
(With H.S.W. Massey) The emission and absorption of heavy electrons. Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceedings., 35 (1939), 84-94.
The uncertainty of the reference frame in quantum mechanics. Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceedings., 35 (1939), 195-204.
(With H.S.W. Massey) Elastic collisions of mesons with electrons and protons. Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceedings., 35 (1939), 463-473.
(With J. Schwinger) The electromagnetic properties of mesotrons. Physical Review, 58 (1940), 953-968.
The theory of cascade showers in heavy elements. Physical Review, 60 (1941), 435-439.
(With H.J. Bhabha) General classical theory of spinning particles in a Maxwell field. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, A, 178 (1941), 273-314. Source: Physics in Australia to 1945, here. http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/physics/P002226p.htm
DUFOURCET, Eugene. Two early papers on the telephone:
_____. Deuxieme Rapport sur les Experiences de Telephonie, de Microphone et de Phonographie. Dax: Imprimerie J. Jestede, ca1878. 1st edition. 24pp, 2 plates 8vo. Printed wrappers. Very good copy; some evidence of a small tax stamp on front cover; small rubberstamped owner's mark on rear wrapper. Very scarce, early treatment on Bell's telephone. Faites par Quelques Membres de la Societe de Borda.
Both are signed presentation copy from Dufourcet, President of the Societie de Borda. Nice copies, in Very Good condition. Neither copy is located in WorldCat or RLIN catalogs. $750.00
FEIGENBAUM, , Edward A. Computers and Thought. McGraw Hill, 1962. 535pp. Cloth, with dustjacket. A fine copy. $125
Contributions include: A.M. Turing: Can a Machine Think?/ Allen Newell, J.C. Shaw, and H.A. Simon: Chess-playing programs and the problem of complexity; Empirical Explorations with the Logic Theory Machine; A Case Study in Heuristics/ H. Gelernter: Realization of a Geometry-Theorem Proving Machine/ H. Gelernter, J.R. Hansen, and D.W. Loveland: Empirical Explorations of the Geometry-Theorem Proving Machine/ Fred M. Tonge: Summary of a Heuristic Line Balancing Procedure/ James R. Slagle: A Heuristic Program that Solves Symbolic Integration Problems in Freshman Calculus/ Bert F. Green Jr., Alice K. Wolf, Carol Chomsky and Kenneth Laughery: Baseball: an Automatic Question Answerer/ Robert K. Lindsay: Inferential Memory as the Basis of Machines which Understand Natural Language/ Oliver G. Selfridge and Ulric Neisser: Pattern Recognition by Machine/ Leonard Uhr and Charles Vossler: A Pattern-Recognition Program that Generates, Evaluates and Adjusts its own Operators/ Allen Newell and H.A. Simon: GPS, a Problem that Simulates Human Thought/ Edward A. Feigenbaum: The Simulation of Verbal Learning Behavior/ Earl B. Hunt and Carl I. Hovland: Programming a Model of Human Concept Formulation/ Julian Feldman: Simulation of Behavior in the Binary Choice Experiment/ Geoffrey P.E. Clarkson: A Model of the Trust Investment Process/ John T. Gullahorn and Jeanne E. Gullahorn: A Computer Model of Elementary Social Behavior/ Paul Armer: Attitudes Towards Intelligent Machines/ Marvin Minsky: Steps Toward Artificial Intelligence/ Marvin Minsky: A Selected Descriptor-Indexed Bibliography to the Literature on Artificial Intelligence.
FLETCHER, Harvey. “Verifcation de la theorie du mouvement brownien et determination de la valeur de Ne pour l'ionisation des gaz”, in Le Radium, volume 8, fasc 7, July 1911, pp 281-286 in the issue of pp 241-288. Nice copy, removed from a larger bound volume.
This paper was found in “brief in an earlier” volume of Zeitschrift fuer Physik in 1911 (p 203), “and was printed in full in the July number of Le Radium, VIII, (1911), 279”, found in Millikan , Electron...., p. 150.
“As a graduate student at theUniversity of Chicago, his dissertation research was on methods to determine the charge of an electron. This included the now famous oil drop experiment commonly attributed to his advisor and collaborator, Robert Andrews Millikan. Professor Millikan took sole credit, in return for Fletcher claiming full authorship on a related result for his dissertation. Fletcher's contributions were detail-oriented but necessary for a successful experiment, in which he incorporated, among other things, experience with projection lanterns. Millikan went on to win the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physics, in part for this work, and Fletcher kept the agreement a secret until his death .”--Wiki, citing Harvey Fletcher (June 1982). "My Work with Millikan on the Oil-drop Experiment". Physics Today: 43.
FLETCHER, Harvey. “A Verification of the Theory of Brownian Movements and a Direct Determination of the Value of NE for Gaseous Ionization”, in Physical Review, August 1911, volume 33, number 2, pp 81-111. As above, but noting that a very brief notice of this article appeared in Science earlier in the year, but does not mention the earlier Le Radium appearance. A fbeautiful copy, in fine condition, in original wrappers. BOTH: $450
FOURIER, Jean Baptise Joseph. “Zusammentstellung der Eigenschaften der strahlen Warme.” in Annalen der Physik, series II/volume 2, 1824, Leipzig, Johann Ambrosius Barth. Fourier's paper occupies 359-402, the first German edition of "Résumé théorique des Propriétés de la chaleur rayonnante", (in English as “Summary of theoretical properties of radiant heat” on p.389-424 in Annals of Chemistry and Physics, Series I, Volume XXVII, p. 236; 1824) which extends his great work of 1822 "La Therorie analytique de la chaleur”. Offered in the entire volume. Nice copy. $400
GAMOW, George. “The Energy-Producing Reaction in the Sun”, in Astrophysical Journal, volume 89/1, January 1939, pp 130-133, in original wrappers, removed, the whole issue offered of pp 1-142. Nice copy, $250
GAMOW, George and C.L. Critchfield “The Shell-Source Stellar Model”, in Astrophysical Journal, vol 89/2, March 1939, pp 244-254, in the entire issue of pp 143-322. Original wrappers, removed from larger bound volume. $150
HAHN, Otto and Fritz Strassmann. Six papers announcing the discovery of nuclear fission, including:
"Über den Nachweis und das Verhalten der bei der Bestrahlung des Urans mittels Neutronen entstehenden Erdalkalimetalle" (On the detection and characteristics of the alkaline earth metals formed by irradiation of uranium with neutrons)
____. Nachweis der Enstehung aktiver Bariumisotope aus Uran und Thorium durch Neutronenbestrahlung' Nachweis weiterer aktiver Bruchstucke bei der Uranspaltung.
____. Uebervdie Bruchstucke beim Zerplatzen des Urans
____. Zur frage nach dervEzistenz der "Trans-Urane".
____. Weite Spaltproduckte aus der Bestrahlung des Urans mit Nuetronen.
____. F. Strassmann und S. Fluegge. ueber einige Bruchstuckebeim Zerplatzendes Thoriums.
All in Die Naturwissenschaften volume 27. The volume of 862pp. Bound in half-leather, cloth boards. Some problems with the spine, chipping top and bottom, with the spine cover nearly off. There is an old shelf number on the spine from an institution, though there are no other markings. Good if unpretty binding, sharp and clean interior. $650
HENRI, V. (1908). "Etudes cinematographique du mouvement brownien" In the Comptes Rendus, 1908, volume 146, pp 1024–6. [Cinematographic studies of Brownian motion]. Offered in the weekly issue, removed from a larger bound volume, without the original wrappers. $150
HOFFLEIT, Dorritt. "The Discovery and Exploitation of Spectroscopic Parallaxes", offprint from Popular Astronomy, vol LVIII, nos 9+10, December 1950 and January 1951.45pp Wrappers. Very good. Offered with:
______. "The Quest for Stellar Parallax", offprint, Popular Astronomy, vol LVII, no 6, June 1949. 15pp/ Original wrappers. Very good. Both are excellent short articles on the history of the parallax, with many references. The pair: $75
HUBBLE, Edwin. “A General Study of Diffuse Galactic Nebulae” in Astrophysical Journal, volume 56/3, October 1922, pp 162-199.
HUBBLE. “The Source of Luminosity in Galactic Nebulae”, same volume, number 8, December 1922, pp 400-438.
Both in the same bound volume of the Astrophysical Journal for July-December 1922 totaling 490. Six issues, each with their original front wrappers bound in. Bound in a sturdy black cloth with a library call number at the foot of the spine.
Two significant papers by Hubble, the first more interesting than the second.
Also offered with: BRACKETT, Frederick Sumner. “Visible and Infra-Radiation of Hydrogen”, Astrophysical Journal,Volume 56, No. 3, p. 154-161, September 1922
Classic Papers in the History of Chemistry reproduced at the Leymoyne site: “Frederick S. Brackett: 1922 paper listing new members of the Paschen series of hydrogen spectral lines along with members of a new series (now known as the Brackett series) characterized by Bohr's formulas for hydrogen spectra.”
There is a dampstaining issue at the bottom 1/3 of the text or so, otherwise a very nice volume. $350
HUBBLE, Edwin, and John Charles Duncan. “The Nebulous Envelope Around Nova Aquilae No. 3”, in Astrophysical Journal, pp 59-64, July 1927, volume 66/1. With the original front wrapper, neatly removed from a larger bound volume. Nice crisp copy. $100
HUBBLE, Edwin. “A Spiral Nebula as a Stellar System, Messier 31”, in the Astrophysical Journal, volume 69, number 2, March 1929, 103-158, in the issue of pp 77-172. In the front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Former owner's rubber stamp (U.S. Geological Survey). $500--The Andromeda Galaxy A Guide to the Universe, by Jr., Donald Craig, page 10.
_____. Another copy of the 1929 paper, with some damp staining. $125
HUBBLE, Edwin. “Distribution of Luminosity in Elliptical Nebulae”, in Astrophysical Journal, volume 71,4. May 1930, pp 231-276. Nice crisp copy, with the original front wrapper, removed cleanly from a larger bound volume. $400
HUBBLE, Edwin. “The Distribution of Extra-Galactic Nebulae. In Astrophysical Journal, volume 79/1, pp 8-77, January 1934. Nice, crisp copy, with the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Institutional rubber stamp at front wrapper top. A significant/historical paper in the history of cosmology pertaining to the observational discovery of the expansion law and the isotropy of the universe. $300
HUBBLE, Edwin. “Angular Rotations of Spiral Nebulae”, in Astrophysical Journal, volume 81/4, May 1935, pp 334-335. Nice crisp copy, with the original front wrapper, removed cleanly from a larger bound volume. $135
HUBBLE, Edwin. “Two Methods of Investigating the Nature of the Red Shift”, in Astrophysical Journal, volume 82,/4, November 1935, pp 302-337. Also with: R.C. Tolman, “Kinematics World-Structure”, pp 284-302. Nice, crisp copy, with the original front wrapper, removed from larger bound volume. $300
KLEENE, S.C. "Hierarchies of Number-Theoreitc Predicates", in Bulletin of the American Matheamtical Society, 61/3 pt 1, May 1955, pp 193-213 in the issue of pp 193-276. This would be reprinted in 1956 in the Journal of Symbolic Logic. Fine copy in the original wrappers. $75
LEONTIEF, Wassily. "Mathematics in Economics", in Bulletin of the American Matheamtical Society, 60/3, May 1954, pp 215-233 in the issue of pp 207-302. Original wrappers; the bright green spine has dulled somewhat, but still a very nice copy. $125
Proving Theorems by Machine
MACHOVER, Moise and Abraham Robinson. On the Mechanization of the Theory of Numbers. Jerusalem: US Office Naval Research, Technical Report No. 9, 1962. 1st edition. 37pp 4to. Original printed wrappers. Very good condition. Written with A(braham) Robinson this unusual effort is UNLOCATED in the NUC, and only one copy is found (or one "page" is found) in the OCLC/WorldCat, that being at the Defense Technical Information Center at Fort Belvoir. The book seems to be pretty rare. $450.00
Abstract : "Research is presented on the infant science of theorem proving by machine, which in its turn belongs to the wider subject of artificial intelligence. Number theory is a natural candidate for mechanization and its consideration for this purpose has been suggested by several investigators. The present paper is written in the belief that ultimate success in this field is likely to be achieved only as a result of long and arduous work. The writers know from conversations that other researchers are considerably more optimistic in their assessment of the problem." (Author)
MAREY, E. "Etude sur les mouvements imprimes a l'air par l'aile d'un oiseau. Experience de M. Muller, note de M. Marey", in Comptes rendus, May 24, 1886, volume 102 no. 21, pp 1137-1139 in the issue of (1131)-1190. In the orignal wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Provenance: Library of the Signal Office. Nice copy. $95
PERRIN, J. “Les hypotheses moleculaires”, in Revue Scientifique (Revue Rose), 4th series, vol 15, 13 April 1901, pp 449-461. A full issue, extracted from a larger bound volume. $100
See Mary Jo Nye, The Question of the Atom: From the Karlsruhe Congress to the First Solvay …, introduction, page xxvii, on the very early introduction of the “solar system model” (or planetary system) for the description of an atomic model.
POINCARE, Henri. "Sur la generalisation d'un theoreme elementaire de Geometrie", in the Comptes Rendus, 16 January 1905 4to. Paper wrappers. Good condition. Extracted from a larger bound volume, though only the front wrapper is present. $350
It has been asked: “Is this the real basis for Minkowski's construction of the 4-dimensions space-time structure?” Something interesting to think about, for certain--only 6 months later would appear in these pages Poincare's "relativity" paper (1 June 1905, on the dynamics of an electron), which so many others have (early-on and wrongly, I think, especially if you read Arthur Miller's authoritative work on the subject) claimed to be the inspiration for the Einstein work on relativity.
POINCARE, Henri. “Sur la theorie des quanta”, in Comptes Rendus, 4 December 1911, volume 153, #23, pp 1103-1108, offered in the full weekly issue of pp 1103-1194. Offered in the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. $350
Described as a “major paper” by Richard Staley in his “on the Co-Creation of Classical and Modern Physics” in Isis, vol 96, 4 December 2005, “credited with widening the hold of quantum theory in the research community, Poincare contrasted the new to “classical mechanics”. G Holton points out that this is done without using the word “classical”, addressing qt in terms of classical physics. (see Ciccotti and Ferrari, “Was Poincare a Herald of Quantum Theory?”, European Journal of Physics, April 1983, vol 4, p 110, where they shows that “Poincare remained a classical scientist opposed to the new theory...”Although he failed in avoiding the quantum hypothesis, [he] did not renounce the defence of classical physics”. See also Robert Hudson,. “Classical Physics and Early Quantum Theory: a Legitimate case of Theoretical Underestimation”, in Synthese, February 1979, vol 11/2, pp 217-256.
[RIEMANN] “On the Hypotheses which lie at the Bases of Geometry” translated by William Kingdon Clifford, Nature, 8 (1873), May 1 and May 8, pp 14-17, 36-37, is the first English translation of Riemann's Habilitationsschrift, “Ueber die Hypothesen, welche der Geometrie zu Grunde liegen” published by Richard Dedekind, after Riemann's death, in Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, vol. 13, 1867. The two issues, removed from a large bound volume, with their original outer wrappers. Nice copies. SOLD This may be the first English translation of any of Riemann's works
Also see Beyond Geometry: Classic Papers from Riemann to Einstein edited by Peter Pesic, with a very good introduction—the Riemann paper appears as the first selection.
STRAUSS, William L. The Great Piltdown Hoax. Offprint: Smithsonian Report for 1954, pp363-371, 2 plates. Original wrappers. Fine copy. $20
SYDNEY OBSERAVTORY, History and Progress. Printed by Thomas Richards in Sydney, 1882. 8x5", 16pp. Original wrappers. Good copy, with the front cover nearly detached, and with the Library of Congress de-accession stamp on the front cover. WorldCat locates 10 copies, 8 in Australia, 2 in the U.S. $45
WIENER, Christian. “Erklärung des atomistischen Wesens des tropfbar-flüssigen Körperzustandes und Bestätigung desselben durch die sogenannten Molekularbewegungen,” in Annalen der Physik, 118 (1863), 79–94. From the library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton Ohio" is rubber stamped on the top and bottom edge of the text block. Very fresh and clean. Offered in the full volume of 644pp, with 8 folding plates (one plate is detached at fold). $350
The paper following the Wiener is a significant one: Kirchhoff's "Zur Geschichte der Spectral-Analyse und der Analyse der Sonnenatmosphare", pp 94-111, which is followed by L. Lorenz, "Ueber die Theorie des Lichts", pp111-145.
“In his studies on molecular physics, Wiener demonstrated by extremely careful observations that Brownian movement is an “internal motion peculiar to the liquid state...' “--Dictionary of Scientific Biography
“Perrin cites various causes of motion in a fluid and argues that experiments particularly those of Christian Wiener in 1863 and Gouy in 1888 and 1889, show that Brownian Motion continues unabated when these causes are altered or eliminated” “Motion does not originate either in the particles themselves or in any cause external to the liquid, but must be attributed to internal movements”. --Peter Achenstein, Science Rules, a Historical Introduction to Scientific Method.
(Christian Wiener was the) “First person to give a true explanation of Brownian Motion”--James Tenner, A History of the Study of Human Growth, p 211.
--Einstein, 1905-2005: Poincaré Seminar 2005edited by Thibault Damour, Olivier Darrigol, Vincent Rivasseau
Additions from Late February:
The Discovery of Oxygen in the Sun
ANGSTROM, Anders. "Ueber die Fraunhofer'schen Linien im Sonnenspectrum. (Mitgetheilt vom Hrn. verf. aus d. Oefversigt af K. vet. Acad. Förhandl. 1861, No 8, nebst einem späteren Zusatz)". In: Annalen der Physik, series II, volume 117, #10, pp 290-302. Offered in the entire volume, bound in black cloth spine and marbled boards, ex-library and lightly so, from the library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Very fresh and clean. $500
This is the first German appearance expanded from an appearance the year before (1861) in the journal Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien; it would appear again as “On the Fraunhofer Lines Visible in the Solar Spectrum,” in the Philosophical Magazine, 24 (1862).
"After 1861 Ångström intensively studied the spectrum of the sun, noting the presence of hydrogen in the solar atmosphere and confirming the probable existence there of a number of other elements. In 1868 he published his monumental Recherches sur le spectre solaire, which contained an atlas of the solar spectrum with measurements of the wavelenghts of approximately a thousand lines determined by the use of diffraction gratings. Ångström expressed his results in units of one ten-millionth of a millimeter—a unit of length that has been named the angstrom unit in his honor." -- Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography.
"Then, in 1804, he accompanied Joseph Gay-Lussac on the first balloon trip undertaken for scientific purposes..."--Molecular Expressions
This volume of the Annalen contains the report of Jean-Baptiste Biot (1774-1862) and Joseph Gay-Lussac's first scientific adventure in a balloon (of 1804). It also contains two other associated ballooning and atmospheric items in Alexander von Humboldt and "Akademicus" Sacharow.
[BALLOONING, Scientific] Four papers by Biot, Gay-Lussac, von Humboldt, and Sacharow. All in Annalen der Physik, volume 20, bands 5-8, printed in Halle in 1805. Bound in the full volume of 508pp, All four sections are offered with the original wrappers bound in! The entire volume is offered, formerly from the Library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Stamped "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" on the top and bottom of the textblock. $1010.10
The four papers are actually found in Band 5 (pp 1-128) which contains:
- "Bericht Biot's von einer aerostatischen Reise, welche Gay-Lussac und er am 24sten Aug. 1804 unternommen habe." Pp 1-18
- "Bericht Gay-Lussac's von seiner aerostatischen Reise, am 16ten Sept. 1804." Pp 19-37
- "Versuche über die eudiometrischen Mittel, und über das Verhältniss der Bestandtheile der Atmosphere von Alex. v. Humboldt u. J.F. Gay-Lussac." Pp 38-93
- "Bericht des Herrn Akademicus Sacharow über die Luftfahrt, welche er zu Folge ihres Auftrugs in begleitung des Physicus Robertson am 30sten Junius 1804 unternommen hat."
[From Paul Brockett, Bibliography of Aeronautics.]
There are other articles of interest in the volume, including (and which starts off Band 6):
- "Ueber die Natur der Luft, welche man aus dem Wasser erhalt, und ueber die Wirkung des Wassers auf reine und auf vermischte Gasarcen", by Alexander von Humboldt and J.F. Gay-Lussac. Pp 129-146. this appears in the issue paginated 129-256. Again, the issue is in the original printed wrappers. Very nice copy.
Provenance: the Library of Congress via Deustsche Akadenie der Luftfahrtforschung.
BAND, William. "Is Space-Time Flat?", in Physical Review, volume 61, 11-12, June 1+15, 1942, pp 698-701. WITH: Band, "Comparison Spaces in General Relativity", pp 702-707. Offered in the original wrappers, a fine copy. $150
BAZIN, Henri-Emile. Recherches Experimentales sur l'Ecoulement de l'Eau dans les Canaux Decouvertes. Paris, Memoires...a l'Academie des Sciences, 1858. 4to, 494pp, 28 folding plates. Bound with: Recherches Experimentales sur la Propagation des Ondes. Pp 495-652, 5 folding plates. Half-calf and marbled boards. Very good copy. $350
First editions. Bazin (1829-1917) was the engineer of the Bourgone Canal (which he enlarged to make the canal a profitable venture), then became Head Engineer of Civil Engineering (1875) and then Inspector General (1886)
BELL, John (and David Bohm). "On the Problem of Hidden Variables in Qauntum Mechanics", pp 447-452. Bound with: David Bohm and J. Bub. "A Proposed Solution of the Measurement Problem in Quantum Mechanics by a Hidden Variable Theory". In: Reviews of Modern Physics, July 1966, pp 453-469. Crisp wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume, with library stamps on front cover. $750
BELL, John S. Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University, 1987. Cloth, with dustjacket; 212pp. Fine copy. First edition. $125 In the second edition that appeared a few years later there are an additional 75 pages or so, including a very useful interpretation of Bell by Alain Aspect, as well as two more papers.
"But as a matter of fact, in the 1920s Niels Bohr, the leading quantum physicist of his time, began to advocate the idea that realism is childish and unscientific; he proposed instead what is now called the "Copenhagen interpretation" of quantum physics, a rather incoherent philosophical doctrine, which (according to Richard Feynman) "nobody really understands." Part of this doctrine is the view that macroscopic objects, such as chairs and planets, do exist out there, but electrons and the other microscopic particles do not. Correspondingly, Copenhagen quantum theory refuses to provide any consistent story about what happens to microscopic objects, and instead prefers to make contradictory statements about them. According to the Copenhagen view, the world is divided into two realms, macro and micro, "classical" and "quantum," logical and contradictory—or, as Bell put it in one of his essays, "speakable" and "unspeakable."
"Although it is not clear where the border between the two realms should be, and how this duality could possibly be compatible with the fact that chairs consist of electrons and other particles, Bohr's view became the orthodoxy. That is, it became not merely the majority view among physicists, but rather the dogma. Ever since, being a realist has been rather dangerous for a quantum physicist, because it has been widely regarded as a sign of being too stupid to understand orthodox quantum theory—which, as we've mentioned, nobody really understands..."-- Nino Zanghi, Roderick Tumulka review of John Bell Across Space and Time in American Scientist , 2002
The list of the contents (and all of the papers) on quantum philosophy by J. S. Bell include: 1. On the problem of hidden variables in quantum mechanics; 2. On the Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky paradox; 3. The moral aspects of quantum mechanics; 4. Introduction to the hidden-variable question; 5. Subject and object; 6. On wave packet reduction in the Coleman-Hepp model; 7. The theory of local beables; 8. Locality in quantum mechanics: reply to critics; 9. How to teach special relativity; 10. Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiments; 11. The measurement theory of Everett and de Broglie's pilot wave; 12. Free variables and local causality; 13. Atomic-cascade photons and quantum-mechanical nonlocality; 14. de Broglie-Bohm delayed choice double-slit experiments and density matrix; 15. Quantum mechanics for cosmologists; 16. Bertlmann's socks and the nature of reality; 17. On the impossible pilot wave; 18. Speakable and unspeakable in quantum mechanics; 19. Beables for quantum field theory; 20. Six possible worlds of quantum mechanics; 21. EPR correlations and EPR distributions; 22. Are there quantum jumps?
First Theoretical Calculation of the Lamb Shift in non-Relativistic QED
BETHE, Hans. "The Electromagnetic Shift of Energy Levels", in Physical Review, volume 72, number 4, August 15, 1947, p 339. In the original wrappers, in fine condition. $425
"Dirac devised a workable, non-relativistic theory using a Hamiltonian to describe the dynamical system of an atom amidst "light-quanta". But the devil was in the details: it soon became apparent that attempts at accurate calculation using quantum electrodynamics were beset by divergences. If proper account were taken of all terms in calculating the mass or charge of an electron under the effect of an electromagnetic field, the answer for each was infinite.
"Not until 1947 was the solution found. On the opening day of the Shelter Island conference, in June of that year, Willis Lamb presented his data showing the splitting of the 2S1/2 and 2P1/2electron energy levels of the hydrogen atom, predicted by Dirac to be degenerate. On the train home from Shelter Island, Hans Bethe realized the significance of this 'Lamb shift' — that the electron mass calculated in quantum electrodynamics was not the electron mass measured in experiment, and that a procedure of 'renormalization' was necessary to link the two."--NATURE Milestones 6, Quantum Electrodynamics, here.
David Bohm on the "New" Plasma, 1949
BOHM, David and E.P. Gross. "Theory of Plasma Osciallations A, Origin of Medium-Like Behavior." (pp 1851-1863). "Theory of Plasma Oscialltion B, Excitations and Damping of Oscillations". (pp 1864-1877). Both papers in the same issue of The Physical Review, volume 75/number 12, 15 June 1949. Original printed wrappers. Very good condition. $450
From the PROLA website:
"Received 13 January 1949; published in the issue dated June 1949
A theory of electron oscillations of an unbounded plasma of uniform ion density is developed, taking into account the effects of random thermal motions, but neglecting collisions.
The first problem considered is that of finding the frequencies at which a plasma can undergo organized steady-state oscillations of small enough amplitude so that a linear approximation applies. It is found that long wave-length oscillations of plasmas with a Maxwell distribution of electron velocities are characterized by the steady-state dispersion relation ω2=ωP2+(3κT/m)(2π/λ)2. Here ωP is the plasma frequency, T the absolute temperature of the electron gas, λ the wave-length, and ω the angular frequency of oscillation. It is also shown that organized oscillations of wave-lengths smaller than the Debye length for the electron gas are not possible.
The theory is then extended to describe the processes by which oscillations are set up. It is found that, for a given wave-length, a plasma can oscillate with arbitrary frequency, but that those frequencies not given by the steady-state dispersion relation describe motions in which, after some time, there is no contribution to macroscopic averages. These additional frequencies lead asymptotically only to microscopic fluctuations of the charge density about the organized oscillation of the plasma. In this way, one can describe the manner in which the system develops organized behavior.
The treatment is then applied to large steady-state oscillations for which the equations are non-linear. One obtains solutions in which particles close to the wave velocity are trapped in the trough of the potential, oscillating back and forth about a mean velocity equal to that of the wave. One can also obtain non-linear traveling pulse solutions in which a group of particles, moving as a pulse, creates a reaction on the surrounding charge, which traps the particles and holds them together."
BOHR, Niels. "Zur Frage der Polarisation der Strahlung in der Quantentheorie", in Zeitschrift fur Physik, 1921, vol. 6., pp 1-9, offered in the entire volume of pp iv, 416pp. This is an institutional copy, with (tasteful) bookplate and a few round rubber stamps on the interior--no exterior markings. This is a FINE copy, and it feels as though it was very infrequently used. . A very nice copy. $300
“[T]here was rarely in the history of physics a comprehensive theory which owed so much to one principle as quantum mechanics owed to Bohr's correspondence principle” (Jammer 1966, p. 118), from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, here.
A faint damp stain in right margin. First edition. ".in the hands of Bohr and his school the correspondence principle was like "a magic wand that allowed the results of the classical wave theory to be of use for the quantum theory.but a costly price had to be paid. For taking resort to classical physics in order to establish quantum-theoretic predictions, or in other words, constructing a theory whose corroboration depends on premises which conflict with the substance of the theory, is of course a serious inconsistency from the logical point of view. Being fully aware of this difficulty, Bohr attempted repeatedly to show "the correspondence principle must be regarded purely as a law of quantum theory, which can in no way diminish the contrast between the postulates and electrodynamic theory." The earliest allusion to such a conception may perhaps be found as early as 1921 in a paper (the paper offered) in which Bohr briefly discussed the function of the principle."(Max Jammer).
The First Appearance of "Correspondence Principle"
BOHR, Niels. "Über die Serienspektra der Element", in Zeitschrift für Physik, 1920, volume 2, pp 423-478. Very prettily bound in reddish cloth and matching marbled boards, red cloth tips. This is an institutional copy, with (tasteful) bookplate and a few round rubber stamps on the interior--no exterior markings. This is a FINE copy, and it feels as though it was very infrequently used.
“[T]here was rarely in the history of physics a comprehensive theory which owed so much to one principle as quantum mechanics owed to Bohr's correspondence principle” (Jammer, The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics, p 118, 1966) The correspondence principle was first articulated (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) in 1913 in “On the constitution of atoms and molecules”, Philosophical Magazine, 26: 1–25, 476–502, 857–75, then again in 1918, and then formulated here in the 1920 paper ("On the series spectra of the elements”), In where the terms “correspondence” and “correspondence principle” first appear (Nielsen, “Introduction to Niels Bohr Collected Works, Vol. 3”, in Bohr (1976), pp. 3–46. 1976, p. 21, and Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.)
BOHR, Niels. Ueber die Anwendung der Quantentheorie auf den Atombau. I. Die Grundpostulate der Quantentheorie. In Zeitschrift fur Physik, volume 13, 1923, pp 117-165. (“On the application of the quantum theory to atomic structure,” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (supplement), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–42. First published in Zeitschrift für Physik, 13 (1923)) Very prettily bound in reddish cloth and matching marbled boards, red cloth tips. This is an institutional copy, with (tasteful) bookplate and a few round rubber stamps on the interior--no exterior markings. This is a FINE copy, and it feels as though it was very infrequently used. $350
BOHR, Niels. "Resonance in Uranium and Thorium Disintegration and the Phenomenon of Nuclear Fission". Lancaster: Physical Review, 1939. 1st edition. The Physical Review, 55/4, February 15, 1939 8vo. Original printed wrappers. Very good condition.
- Offered WITH:
BOHR, Niels. "Successive Transformations in Nuclear Fission" in The Physical Review, volume 58 (10), 15 November 1940. Original printed wrappers. Fine condition.
The following abstract is from the PROLA website of the American Physical Society (prola.aps.org):
"If it be assumed that fission of heavy nuclei takes place in competition with the escape of a neutron from the highly excited compound system, we should expect that, for sufficiently high excitation of the system, fission of the residual nucleus left after neutron escape may still occur. Since, in this second stage of the process, the conditions for the competition with neutron escape are in several cases more favorable than in the first stage, such effects may give rise to much increased cross sections for the fission process."
The pair, $750
Two Classic Papers: the Theoretical Working of the Bomb and the Black Hole
BOHR, Niels. "Mechanism of Nuclear Fission" in Physical Review, September 1, 1939, pp 426-449. Foundation paper of nuclear fission, co-written with J.A. Wheeler. This is the uncommon appearance of this paper in the original monthly green wrappers. The spine of the pamphlet has a few problems—namely there's about three inches of missing spine cover, including the middle section which identifies the issue--but the covers are bright and clean. The two papers in one issue: $2350
From the abstract: "On the basis of the liquid drop model of atomic nuclei, an account is given of the mechanism of nuclear fission. In particular, conclusions are drawn regarding the variation from nucleus to nucleus of the critical energy required for fission, and regarding the dependence of fission cross section for a given nucleus on energy of the exciting agency. A detailed discussion of the observations is presented on the basis of the theoretical considerations. Theory and experiment fit together in a reasonable way to give a satisfactory picture of nuclear fission".
- Offered with:
OPPENHEIMER, J.R. And H. Snyder. “On Continued Gravitational Contraction”, same issue, pp 455-459. The earliest appraisal of what would later be known as a black hole. Abstract: “When all thermonuclear sources of energy are exhausted a sufficiently heavy star will collapse. Unless fission due to rotation, the radiation of mass, or the blowing off of mass by radiation, reduce the star's mass to the order of that of the sun, this contraction will continue indefinitely. In the present paper we study the solutions of the gravitational field equations which describe this process. In I, general and qualitative arguments are given on the behavior of the metrical tensor as the contraction progresses: the radius of the star approaches asymptotically its gravitational radius; light from the surface of the star is progressively reddened, and can escape over a progressively narrower range of angles. In II, an analytic solution of the field equations confirming these general arguments is obtained for the case that the pressure within the star can be neglected. The total time of collapse for an observer comoving with the stellar matter is finite, and for this idealized case and typical stellar masses, of the order of a day; an external observer sees the star asymptotically shrinking to its gravitational radius.”
BOHR, Niels. "The Quantum Postulate". In: Nature, vol. 121, no. 3050, pp. 580-590, April 14, 1928. with the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Provenance: Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Very good copy. $1250
First publication in English (though it was published virtually at the same time in German and French) of Bohr's "complementarity" lecture on the state of quantum mechanics presented at the Volta Conference at Lake Como, Italy (1927). This was the first Volta Conference (others would follow, yearly, from 1932-1935, in different subject areas) and was entitled the International Conference on Physics, sponsored by the Royal Academy of Science in Rome, and funded by the Alessandro Volta Foundation, and was held in 1927.
"From 11th to 20th September 1927 in Como, an International Conference on Physics was held to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the death of Alessandro Volta. Niels Bohr presented his idea of complementarity to an illustrious gathering. In the discussion, Max Born, Hendrik Kramers, Werner Heisenberg, Enrico Fermi and Wolfgang Pauli gave their comments on his paper."--ETH Bibliothek, here.
Five weeks later was the Fifth Solvay Conference, another enormous powerhouse of a meeting of the world's leading physicists, and one particularly known for the discussion bteween Bohr and Einstein on the Copenhagen Iterpretation of quantum mechanics:
"The discussions between Bohr and Einstein dominated the conference and although Einstein could not be convinced that the new interpretation of the quantum theory was satisfactory in all respects, Einstein finally had to admit that it was self-consistent and free from contradictions. Pauli also contributed decisively to the results of this conference, in which he frequently rose to speak".--ETH Bibliothek, here.
From the Dictionary of Scientific Biography:
"From the epistemological point of view, the discovery of the new type of logical relationship that complementarity represents is a major advance that radically changes our whole view of the role and meaning of science. In contrast with the nineteenth-century ideal of a description of the phenomena from which every reference to their observation would be eliminated, we have the much wider and truer prospect of an account of the phenomena in which due regard is paid to the conditions under which they can actually be observed - thereby securing the full objectivity of the description" --DSB, pp 249-250
BOLTZMANN, Ludwig. Vorlesungen ueber Gastheorie. 2 volumes bound as one. Leipzig, Barth, 1910. 2nd, expanded edition. Volume I: vi, 204 Theorie der Gase mit Einatomigen Molekuelen deren Dimensionen Geneg die Mittlere Weglaenge Verschwinden pp Volume II: Theorie Van der Waals; Gase mit Zusammengestetzten Molekuelen, Asdissocation; Schlussbemerkungen. x, 265, (1)pp. Bound in half-cloth and marbled boards, lacks the original paper spine label. Very nice opy. $250 According to Stanitz, this is Boltzmann's "masterpiece of theoretical physics, this work can rightly be considered the peak of development achieved in the modern kinetic theory of gases."
A Fundamental Paper in he History of Quantum Mechanics
BOSE, S.N. “Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese”, (Planck’s Law and Light Quantum Hypothesis) in Zeitschrift für Physik , vol. 26, issue 1, pp. 178-181, 1924. Offered in the full volume, bound with volume 27, comprising 401+395pp. Very pretty copy, in period cloth and marbled boards with cloth tips; institutional bookplate, and faded rubber stamp on the title page. About a fine copy. $1750
"Discovery of new statistical counting rules for light quanta and a new derivation of Planck’s radiation law. Known as Bose-Einstein quantum statistics for particles with integer spins.” --Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries
“...the work is of the uttermost significance. As Bose himself put it when writing to Einstein:
"Respected Sir, I have ventured to send you the accompanying article for your perusal and opinion. You will see that I have tried to deduce the coefficient .. in Planck's law independent of classical electrodynamics.'
“Not only did Bose try, but he succeeded spectacularly, deriving the law from which quantum mechanics sprang without any recourse to classical physics.
“When Einstein then extended this idea to describe the monoatomic ideal gas, he deduced the existence of an exotic state of matter that is now know as Bose-Einstein condensate. Neither Bose nor Einstein would live to see this confirmed experimentally. It took until 1995 for technology to catch up to the theoretical insight of these titans of physics.”--from the Wavewatching website, http://wavewatching.net/lost-papers
- FERMI. "Uber die Wahrescheinlichtkeit der Quantenzustande", vol 26, pp 54-57
- HEISENBERG. "Uber den Einfluss der Deforierbarkeit der Ionen auf optisch und chemische Konstantin III." Pp 196-204
- HEISENBERG. "Ueber eine Abanderung der frmalen Regeln der Quantentheorie..." Pp 291-308
- BORN. "Uber Quantenmechanik". pp 379-395.
- Plus other contributions by Hhn/Meitner, Meitner, Gerlach, Frenkel, Freundlich, Schottky, and many others.
- ALSO bound with, in volume 27:
- EINSTEIN. "Zur Theorie der Radioemterkrafte", pp 1-6.
- And other contributions by Geiger, Nordheim, Lande, Gans, Bose and others.
BRASHMAN, Nikolai Dmetrievich. “Note concernant la pression des wagons sur les rails droits et des courants d’eau sur la rive droite du movement en vertu de la rotation de la terre” in Comptes Rendus, 1861, volume 53, pp 370-376. Offered here as an extract from the larger bound volume, but with its (scarce!) front wrapper. Good copy. $200
"More important are Brashman’s memoranda on mechanics. “O prilozhenii printsipa naimenshego deystvia k opredeleniu obema vody na Vodoslive” (“On the Application of the Principle of Minimum Action to the Determination of Water Volume in a Spillway”, 1861), which was published in both Russian and foreign periodicals, drew much favorable attention."
"Also in 1861 Brashman published “Note concernant la pression des wagons sur les rails droits et des courants d’eau sur la rive droite du movement en vertu de la rotation de la terre” (Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences, 53, , 370–376)...
"With the aid of general equations, he tried to prove in this article that the rotation of the earth invariably imposes a pressure on the right rail of a railroad track as a train travels over it and on the right bank of a river as the current moves along it, no matter in what direction the train is moving or the river is flowing, provided this force is a single one (i.e., the motion must be rectilinear and uniform)."--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, volume 2, p 425.
See his biography in MacTutor (from St. Andrews) here.
The Creation of Wave Mechanics // Foundation Paper in Quantum Mechanics
“Louis de Broglie achieved a worldwide reputation for his discovery of the wave theory of matter, for which he received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1929. His work was extended into a full-fledged wave mechanics by Erwin Schrödinger and thus contributed to the creation of quantum mechanics. After an early attempt to propose a deterministic interpretation of his theory, de Broglie joined the Copenhagen school’s mainstream noncausal interpretation of the quantum theory."--Dictionary of Scientific Biography
BROGLIE, Louis de. The following three papers: “Ondes et quanta”, with “Quanta de lumière, diffraction et interférences.” AND “Les quanta, la théorie cinétique des gaz et le principe de Fermat.” In the Comptes Rendus, 1923, volume 177, the articles appearing on pp 507-510, pp. 548-551, . pp. 630-632. All are offered in the entire volume 177 of 1513 pp, bound in a neat green buckram. Very nice copy. Sturdy. Institutional copy, though with no exterior marks. $1950
De Broglie was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1929 "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons".
“Apparently, de Broglie was guided by his desire to interpret the continuously varying energies of the light quanta as corresponding to the various (sublight) velocities these quanta could then have. As such, his light quanta did not differ from ordinary matter particles, so that the stage was set for the final step. In 1923 Louis de Broglie, in a series of three short communications to the Paris Academy, extended the wave-particles duality of light through his bold hypothesis of waves associated with matter particles. His first communication, “Ondes et quanta,” dated 10 September 1923, introduced the idea of a wave associated with a particle, making use of an important observation on the relativistic transformation properties of the frequency of a periodic process as viewed in the rest frame of the corpuscle and in the laboratory frame. “
“In the second communication, “Quanta de lumière, diffraction et inter-férences,” dated 24 September, de Broglie discussed the relationship between the propagation of the particle and that of its associated wave. According to Hamilton’s analogy between ray optics and mechanics, the particle had to follow the trajectories of the rays normal to the phase wave fronts. De Broglie also considered the necessity of modifying the free dynamics of the particle, as the obstacles to the propagation of the wave could curve the trajectories of the particles. He identified this as a possible experimental effect that could corroborate his phase waves. The interplay between the propagation of the particle and of the waves could be expressed in more formal terms as an identity between the fundamental variational principles of Pierre de Fermat (rays), and Pierre Louis Maupertuis (particles) as de Broglie discussed it further in his last communication “Les quanta, la théorie cinétique des gaz et le principe de Fermat” (dated 8 October 1923). Therein he also considered some thermodynamic consequences of his generalized wave-particle duality. He showed in particular how one could, using Lord Rayleigh’s 1900 formula for the number of stationary modes forphase waves, obtain Planck’s division of the mechanical phase space into quantum cells. “--Lacki, Jan. "Broglie, Louis (Victor Pierre Raymond) De." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. 19. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 409-415
Origin of the Brunt-Douglas Equation
BRUNT, D. and C.K.M. Douglas. "The Modification of the Strophic Balance for Changing Pressure Distribution, and its Effect on Rainfall", an offprint from the Memoirs of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol III, no. 22, printed in London by Edward Stanford, pp (29)-51. Original wrappers. Library stamp from the Library of Congress/Smithsonian Deposit, and a de-accession stamp with that. This considered, a very good copy. $100
CARTAN, Elie. Lecons sur la Geometrie des Espaces de Riemann. Paris; Gauthier-Villars, 1951. 2nd edition (considerably enlarged), 378pp. Printed wrappers. Very nice copy. $75
Weighing the Earth in 1799
CAVENDISH, Henry. "Versuche über die Dichtigkeit der Erde zu Bestimmen." Halle, Rengerschen Buchhandlung, 1799, and published in Annalen der Physik, herausgegeben von Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert, band. 2, erstes stück. 120pp in this section, 488pp overall in in the entire volume, with 9 plates. Cavendish's paper occupies pp 1-62, with two plates (the torsion balance of Michell shown on the plates). Condition: Ex-libris Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then Wright Patterson Field Library (USAF), then Library of Congress. Library markings: small gilt-stamped "Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung", page edges stamped "Wright Field Library/Dayton, Ohio" on top and bottom. Contents quite nice. $450
In this experiment--the first appearance in German following the original paper "Experiments to determine the Density of the Earth" that appeared in the Philosophical Transactions in 1798.--the great and somewhat mysterious (and odd) Henry Cavendish determined to, of all things, weigh the Earth. Now there are certain remarkable things to be achieved in the 18th century, and of course the idea of measuring the weight of the Earth was a high intellectual achievement. He set off to measure the force of attraction between large and small lead balls using his dead friend John Michell's torsion balance (which he had created in 1783), and using of course Newton's laws showing that the force of gravity between two objects depends on their masses as well as the distance between them. Michell had thought of the experiment years before but died before he could present; Cavendish carried on and up, and out. Mind he wasn't the first on the spot, or the first with the idea--he was the first to complete it, though, taking the difference in the measures on the very sensitive balance from a distance using a telescope so as to not disturb the readings. It was a lovely idea, and a fantastic piece of work.
“Henry Cavendish had fitful habits of publication that did not at all reveal the universal scope of his natural philosophy. He wrote no books and fewer than twenty articles in a career of nearly fifty years. Only one major paper was theoretical, a study of electricity in 1771; the remainder of his major papers were carefully delimited experimental inquiries, the most important of which were those on pneumatic chemistry in 1766 and 1783–1788, on freezing temperatures in 1783–1788, and on the density of the earth in 1798.” (D.S.B. III, p. 155).
DALTON, John. Three papers in the Annalen der Physik on the air, air circulation, and heat, in \volume 15, 1803, offered in the entire volume of 504pp. Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Stamped "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" on the top and bottom of the textblock. The four sections of the volume (Stuck 1-IV) all have their original wrappers, bound in. Included are:
- Verscuhe ubdie Expansivkrafte der Damp vonWasser und andern Flussigkeiten, sowahl im Insileeren Raume als in der Luft”, 1-24
- “Verscuhe uber die Verdunslung”, pp 122-143;
- “Versuche und Beobachtung.”, pp 243-277
- "Bemerkungen zu Dalton's Untersuchungen ueber die Expansikrafte und die Expansion der Daemofr durch Warme” .pp 25-70
- “Einige Bemerkungen zu Dalton's Untersuchungen uber die Verdungstung,...144-160
- DALTON, J,. “Meteorlogische Beobachtungen”, pp 197-205
DALTON, John. Four papers in Annalen der Physik, 1803, volume 14, (viii), 512pp, and five engraved plates. The four sectrions (Stuck i-IV) each have their original wrappers bound in. First German editions of the following significant papers: $500 Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Stamped "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" on the top and bottom of the textblock.
“Versuche über Wärme Kälte, die bei mechanischer Verdichtung und Verdünnung der Luft entstehen.”, pp 101-111;
“Ueber die Kraft der Flüssigkeiten, Wärme zu leiten, in Beziehung auf des Grafen vonRumford siebenten Essay”, pp 184-198
“Ueber den absoluten Nullpunkt der Wärme und verwandte Betrachtungen”, 287-292
"Versuche über die Ausdehnung des Wasser's durch Wärme, pp 293-296.
Also contains: Olbers "Ueber die vom Himmel gefallnen Steinen",
DALTON, JOHN. "Untersuchungen über das Verhältniss, wonach die elastischen Flüssigkeiten, welche die Atmosphäre bilden, in ihr vorhanden sind; (und die Vertheidigung des Salpetergas - Eudiometers). Frei bearbeitet von Gilbert." Offered with: "Ueber das Bestreben der elastischen Flüssigkeiten, sich durch einander zu verbreiten. Frei bearbeitet von Gilbert." Published in Annalen der Physik. I/27, 1807. Dalton's papers appear on pp. 369-387 and then on pp. 388-399. Offered in the original wrappers! The entire cloth-backed marbled boards volume is offered, formerly from the Library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Stamped "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" on the top and bottom of the textblock.Very well traveled. $750
The announcement of the first example of the Law of multiple proportions, and the first appearance in German of two important papers on the multiple proportions of gases...
"One thing Dalton did in order to provide support for his heavily attacked theory of mixed gases was to begin an experimental inquiry into the proportions of the various gases in the atmosphere. This inquiry accidentally raised the whole question of the solubility of gases in water. By 12. November 1802 he had discovered enough to read to the Manchester Society his paper "On the Proportion of Several Gases or Elastic Fluids..."... "is held in water, not by chemical affinity, but merely by the pressure of the gas...on the surface, forcing it into the pores of water. The researches on solubility thus led to an extension of his mechanical ideas."(DSB III, p. 541).
DAVISSON, C.J. And L.H. Germer. “Test of Polarization of Electron Waves by Redirection”, in Physical Review,volume 33/5, May 1929, pp 760-772. Original wrappers, nice copy. $135
DAVISSON, C. and L.H. Germer. “The Thermionic Work Function of Tungsten”, in Physical Review, 20/4, October 1922, pp 300-331. Original wrappers, though with most of the spine title chipping away. Still, a Good copy. $95
DAVISSON, C. and H. Germer. “The Scattering of Electrons by a Single Crystal of Nickel”, in Nature, April 16, 1927, volume 119. With the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. This is the note published by Davisson and Germer on Davisson's return to the U.S., before publishing fuller accounts of the breakthrough in the Bell Systems Tech Journal and Physical Review. SOLD
Foundation Stone of Electrochemistry
DAVY, Humphrey. "Ueber die chemischen Wirkungen der Electricitat" AND "Ueber die chemischen Wirkungen der Electricitat...Zeite Halfte". Both in Annalen der Physik, volume 28, 1808, Stuck 1 u. 2, appearing on pp 1-43 (part 1) and (161)-202 (part II). Both are offered in the full volume of (vi), 496pp, in four sections, each section with the original wrappers bound in. These are the first appearances in German of Davy's major paper that appeared in November 1806 and December 1807 as the Bakerian Lectures before the Royal Society. Bound in cloth-backed boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; then the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Stamped "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" on the top and bottom of the textblock. Very nice, fresh copy. $950
DEBYE, P. “Zerstreuung von rontgenstrahlen und Quantentheorie”, in Physikalische Zeitschrift, vol 24, no. 8, 15 April 1923, pp 161-166. With: ZWICKY, F. “Das Verhalten von langsamten Elektronen in Edelgasen, pp 171-184. And with: WIEN, Willy. “Uber Kanalstrahlen”, pp 415-420, with two pages of plates. All offered in the original issue. Paper is browning, given the year and the hyperinflation and the lousy condition of the German economy, the paper quality is not very good. $HOLD
DEBYE, P and E. Hueckel. “Zur Theorie der Elektrolyte, II. Das Genzgesetz fuer die elektrische Leitfaehigkeit. In Physikalische Zeitschrift, vol 24, No 15, 1 August 1923, pp 308-325. Very highly cited paper, still, after 90 years. See Charles Oppeheim, “Highly Cited Papers Papers and the Reasons Why They Continue to be Cited” in (Sep 1978): 225 Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Fair copy of a famous paper. $50
DeDONDER, Th. and H. Vanderlinden. "Les nouvelles equations fondamentales de gravitique." In Comptes Rendus, volume 170, May 10, 1920, pp 1107-1109. Offered with the original front wrapper, which is an unusual heavier stock paper, and printed in blue; removed from a larger boud volume. The paper is somewhat browned due to limited paper resources of a poor economic period. $75
DICKE, R.H. “Implications for Cosmology of Similar and Galactic Evolution Rates”, in Reviews of Modern Physics, January, 1962, volume 34, number 1, pp 110-122. Original wrappers. Fine copy. $200
DICKE, Robert H. R. Beringer, R. L. Kyhl, and A. B. Vane, "Atmospheric Absorption Measurements with a Microwave Radiometer", in Physical Review, volume 70/5+6, September 1 and 15, 1946. In the original wrappers, fine copy. See: Henry Stroke, The Physical Review, the First Hundred Years, 1995, reproduced in full in the Gravity Physics and Cosmology section, pp 497-505. $300
EINSTEIN, Albert and Nathan Rosen. "The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity", a paper in The Physical Review, 1935, volume 48, 988pp, with the Einstein/Rosen on pp 73-77.
Brief, swift, and full of life, this paper opened the doors of great possibility over an enormous range of interest by introducing the possibility of a topological bridge across space-time.
A fine copy, from the library of the U.S. Geological Survey, bound in green cloth, with the USGS stamp on the front cover and with their bookplate. A fine copy. $300
DIRAC, P.A.M. "Fixation of Coordinates in the Hamiltonian Theory of Gravitation", in Physical Review, volume 114/3, May 1, 1959. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume, without spine backstrip. Fine copy. See: Henry Stroke, The Physical Review, the First Hundred Years, 1995, reproduced in full in the Gravity Physics and Cosmology section, pp 508-514. $300
DIRAC, P.A.M. "Ueber die Quantentheorie des Elektrons", in the bi-weekly issue of Physikalische Zeitschrift, Nr. 16, 15 August 1928, pp 561-3 in the issue of pp 551-592. The issue cleanly extracted from a larger bound volume. Fine condition. $135 (F. London's "Quantentheorie und chemiche Bindung" also appears in this issue.) From Helge Kragh, "The Genesis of Dirac's Relativisitic Theory of Electrons", Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, volume 24, 1981 (as the text for footnote 134):
Introducing the Photon, and the Core Foundations for the Development of the Maser and Laser
EINSTEIN A. "Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung", in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 1917,volume 18, pp 121-128, the entire volume of 604pp (14 plates) is offered. Very prettily bound in reddish cloth and matching marbled boards, red cloth tips. This is an institutional copy, with (tasteful) bookplate and a few round rubber stamps on the interior--no exterior markings. This is a FINE copy, and it feels as though it was very infrequently used. $500
FAJANS, Kasimir. Ueber di Endprodukte radioaktiver Zerfallsreihrn.["On the end products of radioactive disintegration series".] Offprint: Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. 16 May7, 1914. Near-fine copy: $195
Interesting paper on the law of radioactive displacement of elements.
FARADAY, M. "Ueber electrisch-magnetische Bewegungen und die Theorie des Magnetismus; von Faraday, chem. Assisteneten in d. Roy. Inst. (geschreiben London d. 11 Sept. 1821): mit Anmerkk von einem Freunde des Hrn Ampere. Frei bearbeitet und mit einigen erlauterungen von Gilbert". In Annalen der Physik, series I/71, 1822, pp 121-174, offered in the full volume of 436pp and five plates (several folding). This is the first German edition of his paper “On Some New Electro-Magnetical Motions, and on the Theory of Magnetism” appeared some months earlier in the 21 October 1821 issue of the Quarterly Journal of Science, and it "records the first conversion of electrical into mechanical energy. It also contained the first notion of the line of force.." (DSB, volume 4, p 533). Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: very early 19th c rubber stamped ex-libris of Bernhard Meining, then the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $750
“Four-Dimensional Space”, in Nature, 31/issue 804, p. 481. A fine copy, removed from a larger bound volume. $200 Not only is this a very early article approaching the subject of space-time, appearing in Nature in 1885 (volume 31, issue 804, page 481), but it is also a probable source for H.G. Wells' earliest inspirational source for thinking that would result in such classics as The Time Machine. (See here for an earlier post in this blog for a review of Well's book in Nature.) I bumped into it recently on a graze through the endlessly interesting early-ish volumes of this great journal.
FERMI, Enrico and H.L. Anderson. "Simple Capture of Neutrons by Uranium", in the Physical Review, 1 June 1939, volume 55 #11, pp 1106-1107. In the original wrappers. Just about a fine copy. $750 One of the criitcal papers in the move towards a nuclear chain reaction.
[FERMI] “Memoriam Symposium Held in Honor of Enrico Fermi at the Washington Meeting of the American Physical Society, April 29, 1955”, in Reviews of Modern Physics, volume 27/3, July 1955. Includes articles by Fred Seitz, Emilio Segre, Walter Zinn, Herbert Anderson, and E.J. Konopinski. In the original wrappers, a fine copy. $150
FESHBACH, H., C.E. Porter, V.F. Weiskopf. "Model for Nuclear Reactions with Neutrons", in Physical Review, volume 96/2, October 15, 1954. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume, without spine backstrip. Fine copy. See: Henry Stroke, The Physical Review, the First Hundred Years, 1995, reproduced in full in the Nuclear Physics section, pp 333-349. $150
FRAUNHOFER, Joseph. "Kurzer Bericht von den Resultaten neuerer Versuche über die Gesetze des Lichtes, und die Theorie derselben", in Annalen der Physik, vol 74, 1823, long article on pp (337)-378, offere in the entire volume. . Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $325
"Although David Rittenhouse and Thomas Young had previously noted some effects of crude diffraction gratings,Fraunhofer made the first quantitative study of the phenomena. The presence of the solar dark lines enabled him to note that the dispersion of the spectra was greater with his grating than with his prism. Hence, he examined the relationship between dispersion and the separation of wires in the grating. Utilizing the dark lines as bench marks in the spectrum for his dispersion determinations, he concluded that the dispersion was inversely related to the distance between successive slits in the grating. From the same study Fraunhofer was able to determine the wavelengths of specific colors of light. Somewhat later he also constructed a grating by ruling lines on glass covered by gold foil and, even later, constructed a reflecting grating. The latter prompted him to consider the effects of light obliquely incident to the grating."
"In the paper prepared in 1823, Fraunhofer revealed his continued investigation of diffraction gratings. He continued his study of the effect of oblique rays, developed formulations based on a wave conception, and calculated a revised set of wavelengths for the major spectral lines. Thus, his earlier observations of the dark lines in the solar spectrum enabled him to make the highly precise measurements of dispersion: then his use of the wave theory of light allowed him to derive, with suitable simplifications, the general formulation of the grating equation still in use today" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol 5, p 143)
FRESNEL, Augustin. "Betrachtungen ueber die Polarisation des Lichts" and "Ueber die Gesetzt der Modificationen, welche die Reflexion dem polarisirten Lichte einprägt." Leipzig, in the Annalen der Physik, 1831, volume 22, pp 68-69 and pp 90-125. Offered in the entire volume of 480pp. Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. First edition in German of the The Sine Law and Tangent Law. $400
On the Wave Theory of Light
FRESNEL, Augustin. "Ueber die durch polarisirtes Lichts in homogenen Flüssigkeiten hervorgebrachten Farben" WITH "Ueber die Reflexion des Lichts." Both papers in the Annalen der Physik, 1848, Erganzungsband II, appearing on pp 304-331 and then on p 332-355. Offered in the entire volume of 632pp (and four plates). Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $350
- Also bound with: FIZEAU, H. and L. Foucault, "Ueber das Phaenomen der Interferenz zweier Lichstrahlen im Falle grosser Gangunterschiede (Originally appearing in Comptes Rendus vol 21, p 1153).
- And with: PLATEAU, J. Ueber die Erscheinungen bei einer freien und der Wirkung der Schwere entzogenen flussigen Masse",, pp 249-284.
Establishing the Undulatory Theory of Light
FRESNEL, Augustin. "Ueber die Diffraction des Lichts" AND "Auszug aus einer Abhandlung über die Reflexion des Lichts" In: the Annalen der Physik, 1833, volume 30, pp 100-255 and 255-261, offered in the entire volume of 376pp (with two folding plates). Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $750
Also appearing in this volume:
- AMPÈRE "Bestimmung der krummen Fläche der Lichtswellen in einem Mittel, dessen Elasticität verschieden ist nach den drei Hauptrichtungen, d.h. nach debjenigen, in welchem die von der Elasticität erregte Kraft in desselben Richtung wirkt, in der die Theilchen dieses Mittels verschoben wurden." on pp 262-295.
FULLER, R. W. and J. A. Wheeler, “Causality and Multiply-Connected Space-Time,” in Physical Review, volume 128, pp 919 (1962), in the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume, though lacking its spine cover. $250
“...used wormholes to show how electric charges could be thought of as lines of force trapped in the changing topology of a multiply connected empty space”--P. Nahin, Time Machines: Time Travel in Physics, Metaphysics, and Science Fiction, Springer Verlag, 1998, p 126
“...the wormhole is the maximally extended Schwarzschild solution (the Einstein nd Rosen bridge) constricts too rapidly to be traversed” Rodrigo, E. The Physics of Stargates: Parallel Universes, Time Travel, and the Enigma of Wormhole Physics
Nobel Prize, 1973
GIAEVER, Ivar. "Energy Gap in Superconductors Measured by Electron Tunneling", in Physial Review Letters, 5/147, 1960, pp 147, Physical Review Letters. 5, 147-8 (1960). In the original wrappers, Fine copy. $300
"Ivar Giaever shared the 1973 Nobel Prize with Leo Esaki and Brian Josephson; Esaki for the junction diode based on tunneling in semiconductors, and Josephson for the tunneling of BCS electron pairs between superconductors. The two Letters shown here were the basis for the award to Giaever. In these experiments he demonstrated the change in the electron density of states (the appearance of a gap) on going from the normal to the superconducting state, in agreement with the BCS theory."--Physical Review Letter Milestones
GEIRINGER- von MISES , Hilda. "On Numerical Methods in Wave Interaction Problems. Reprinted from Advances in Applied Mechanics, volume 1, 1948. Original wrappers. Very good copy, signed "with the author's compliments". Geiringer was an extraordinary person, top-to-bottom. An excellent summation of her and her career is found here by Arnold Reisman “A Brilliant Mathematician, a Woman of Strength, Tenacity, and Dignity: Hilda Geiringer”. Women and the Holocaust. $95
The Goldstone Boson
GOLDSTONE, J; Salam, Abdus; Weinberg, Steven (1962). "Broken Symmetries". Physical Review 127: 965–970. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Fine copy. $250
"In particle and condensed matter physics, Goldstone bosons or Nambu–Goldstone bosons (NGBs) are bosons that appear necessarily in models exhibiting spontaneous breakdown of continuous symmetries. They were discovered by Yoichiro Nambu in the context of the BCS superconductivity mechanism, and subsequently elucidated by Jeffrey Goldstone, and systematically generalized in the context of quantum field theory for the paper above).”--Wiki
Great and Prescient Papers in Photochemistry, 1818
"Grotthuss law of photochemical absorption"
GROTTHUSS, Theodor von. "Auszug aus vier Abhandlungen, welche am 6 Nov. 1818 in der Curlandischen Gesellschaft fur litteratur und Kunstfind vorgelsen worden"
- "I. Ueber die chemische Wirksamheit des Lichtes und der Electricität, und einen merkwürdigen neues Gegensatz in der erstern, je nachdem das Licht aus nicht oxydirenden oder aus oxydirenden Mitteln unmittelbar in gewisse Substanzen, oder aus ihnen in jene eindringt."
- "II. Merkwürdie Zersetzung des Wassers im Kreise der Volta'schen Batterie."
- "III. Ueber die Verbindung der Anthrazothionsäure (Schwefel-Blaustoffsäure) mit Kobaltoxyd.
- "IV. Zwei neue und kräftige Heilmittel der Heilkunde vindicirt."
In Annalen der Physik, volume 61, stuck IV, 1819, pp 50-74. Offered in the complete volume of pp 12, 430, 6pp, with 4 engraved plates (plates 1,2,4,5). Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $450
"In the period from 1808 to 1822 Grotthuss discovered experimentally the basic laws of photochemistry (that a chemical reaction can be caused only by the light absorbed by a substance and that the chemical effect of light is proportional to the time of exposure ), produced original theories on the nature of phosphorescence and color (1815), and attempted to develop a unified electromolecular conception of various chemical and physical phenomena (which anticipated certain elements of the modern kineticmolecular theory). In studying the flames of gas mixtures Grotthusscame to the conclusion that components of the mixtures (i.e., individual gases such as H2 and O2) react among themselves only at a certain concentration (pressure), that a gas mixture in a narrow tube will not ignite, and that a spark or an open flame is necessary for an explosion (1811). Humphry Davy used these results in his construction of the miner’s safety lamp (1815). In later years Grotthuss and Davy carried on a polemic concerning the explanation for the action of this lamp."--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, volume 5, p 559.
Introducing matrix mechanics
HEISENBERG, W. "Ueber Quantentheorische Umdeutung Kinemtischer und MEchanischer Beziehungen", in Zeitschrift für Physik, July 25, 1925, volume 33, pp. 879-893. Offered in the entire volume of 950pp. Printing and the Mind of Man 417b.- First edition of Heisenberg's groundbreaking paper announcing the invention of quantum mechanics. Also with: Max Born and Pascal Jordan: "Zur Quantentheorie aperiodischer Vorgänge", pp. 479-508. $1950
"In 1925 Werner Heisenberg published his famous “Umdeutung” paper introducing matrix mechanics. This would be the beginning of modern quantum mechanics, which replaced the old quantum theory. In a supplement to Nature published in December of 1925, Bohr describes what he takes to be the relationship of the new quantum mechanics to his correspondence principle. He begins with a statement of the correspondence principle."
"The demonstration of the asymptotic agreement between spectrum and motion gave rise to the formulation of the “correspondence principle,” according to which the possibility of every transition process connected with emission of radiation is conditioned by the presence of a corresponding harmonic component in the motion of the atom. Not only do the frequencies of the corresponding harmonic components agree asymptotically with the values obtained from the frequency condition in the limit where the energies of the stationary states converge, but also the amplitudes of the mechanical oscillatory components give in this limit an asymptotic measure for the probabilities of the transition processes on which the intensities of the observable spectral lines depend. (Bohr 1925, pp. 848–849; BCW 5, pp. 276–277)"--Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Correspondence Principle", here.
First Appearance of the Uncertainty Principle
“The more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known in this instant, and vice versa.”--Heisenberg, uncertainty paper, 1927 (from the American Institute of Physics website)
HEISENBERG, Werner. Über den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik. Berlin, Julius Springer, 1927. In:Zeitschrift für Physik, Volume 43, p.172-198. The entire volume offered, vii,936 pp. Contemporary cloth-backed marbled boards with cloth tips, nicely gilt stamped. An ex-library copy with only their bookplate and a half-faded-away rubberstamp on the title page. A fine, tight copy. $3000
“The uncertainty principle is certainly one of the most famous and important aspects of quantum mechanics. It has often been regarded as the most distinctive feature in which quantum mechanics differs from classical theories of the physical world. Roughly speaking, the uncertainty principle (for position and momentum) states that one cannot assign exact simultaneous values to the position and momentum of a physical system. Rather, these quantities can only be determined with some characteristic ‘uncertainties’ that cannot become arbitrarily small simultaneously...”--Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
“Heisenberg introduced his now famous relations in an article of 1927, entitled "Ueber den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik". A (partial) translation of this title is: "On the anschaulich content of quantum theoretical kinematics and mechanics". Here, the term anschaulich is particularly notable. Apparently, it is one of those German words that defy an unambiguous translation into other languages. Heisenberg's title is translated as "On the physical content …" by Wheeler and Zurek (1983). His collected works (Heisenberg, 1984) translate it as "On the perceptible content …", while Cassidy's biography of Heisenberg (Cassidy, 1992), refers to the paper as "On the perceptual content …". Literally, the closest translation of the termanschaulich is ‘visualizable’. But, as in most languages, words that make reference to vision are not always intended literally. Seeing is widely used as a metaphor for understanding, especially for immediate understanding. Hence, anschaulich also means ‘intelligible’ or ‘intuitive’
English translation in (Wheeler, J.A. and Zurek, W.H. (eds), Quantum Theory and Measurement (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press). 1983 pp. 62-84.
HEISENBERG OPPENHEIMER PAULI v Laue Meitner A series of interesting papers all in the same volume of Zeitschrift fuer Physik, Berlin, Julius Springer, volume 41, 1927. Offered in the complete volume of 934pp. Fine copy, bound in an attractive brick-red cloth with marbled boards and cloth tips; institutional bookplate and rubber stamped opwnership on the title page. Very fresh. $350
- Heisenberg, W. “Mehrkorperprobleme und Resonanz in der Quantenmechanick. Pp 239-267
- Oppenheimer. Zur Quantentheorie kontinuierlicher Spektre. Pp 268-293.
- von Laue, M. and L. Meitner. “Die Berechnung der Reichweitestrenung aus Wilson-Aufnahmen.
- Pauli, W. “Ueber Gasentariung und Paramagnetismus”, pp 81-102.
HEISENBERG, W. “Wandlungen der Grundlagen der exakten Naturwissenschaft in jungster Zeit”, in Die Naturwissenschaften, October 5, 1934, pp 671-675. Nice copy, the weekly issue removed from a larger bound volume. $75
HEITLER, W. "Physical COncepts of the Meson Theory of the Atomic Nucleus", in Nature, December 6, 1941, volume 148, pp 680-683. Original wappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Good copy.
HERMAN, Frank. "Speculations on the Energy Band Structure of Ge-Si Alloys", in the Physical Review, volume 95/3, August 1, 1954, pp 847-8. In the original wrappers, a fine copy. See L. Brown, 20th Century Physics, p 1328, volume 3, "Electrons in Solids" chapter. $125
[HERTZ-WAVE MODEL] Thompson, Sylvanus P. "A Hertz-Wave Model", in Nature, August 12, 1897, pp 342-343. Thompson (1851-1911) constructed a two-metre-long wooden mechanical wave-motion model for a demonstration before the Physical Society of London, "illustrat(ing) the propagation of a transverse wave". Nice copy, with the ortiginal front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. $125
"At one end is the oscillator a heavy mass of brass hung by two strong cords from arms which project parallel to the longer dimension of the frame. This mass which for the sake of analogy is quite unnecessarily shaped to imitate an orthodox electric oscillator can therefore be set swinging in a transverse direction by a suitable impulse given by hand. At the other end of the frame is the "resonator" a circle of brass wire hung by a tri filar suspension Oscillator and resonator must be adjusted by shortening or lengthening the cords so as to have identical periods of oscillation. The real problem in the construction of the apparatus was to find a mechanical means of transmitting the the energy of the oscillator in visible waves to the resonator. The means finally adopted was a series of inter connected pendulums on a plan somewhat similar to one suggested in 1877 by Prof Osborne Reynolds. Instead of using springs however the requisite inter connection is obtained by simply suspending the leaden bullets which act as pendulum bobs by V suspensions ,which overlap and which as shown in the cut are tied together at a point about 4 centimetres above each of the balls. No ball can be laterally displaced without tending to drag its neighbour also so that a shearing stress is transmitted along the line of balls As Reynolds showed twenty years ago the velocity of propagation of the wave front differs from that of the group of waves owing to the continual dying away of the amplitude of the advancing waves. This effect due to the inertia of the medium is of course equivalent to the presence of dispersion in the medium waves of different frequencies being propagated with slightly different velocities. So far, therefore, as I Prof Fitzgerald remarked when the model was exhibited it illustrates the propagation of the wave in a refracting medium rather than in the ether of space. The waves in the model travel quite slowly and there is a fascination in watching their progress along the row of balls until they arrive at the resonator and set it into responsive vibration. There is of course no attempt made here to represent the magnetic part of the electromagnetic wave at right angles to the electrostatic part the mechanical displacements in the model corresponding to the electrostatic displacements of the Hertzian wave. A row of interconnected pendulums such as this affords a means of illustrating many points in physics For many purposes the elaborate system of suspension by strings may be replaced by a continuous fabric. Thus for example a piece of netting hung on hooks from a horizontal rail and ending below in a short fringe with leaden beads on the fringe tips will also serve to illustrate the propagation of a transverse wave. The structure adopted absolutely refuses to transmit longitudinal disturbances there being no compressional elasticity between the balls to propagate a longitudinal wave."
HOFFMANN, Three offprints, all in original wrappers. $150/all
- "Projective Relativity", offprint from the Physical Review, pp 810-822, September 1, 1930. Fine copy.
- "On General Relativity", offprint, Reviews of Modern Physics, pp 173-204, January 1932. Vol 4/1.Very good copy.
- "A Modification of Levi-Civita's Wave Equations", offprint from Journal of Mathematics and Physics, Vol XIII, no. 3, November 1934.
KIRCHHOFF, Gustav. "Zur Geschichte der Spectral-Analyse under der Analyse der Sonnenatmosphaere". In: Annalen der Physik, Band 118, No. 1, occupying pp 94-111. Offered in the entire volume of 644pp (being the half-year for 1863.) Kirchhoff (1824-1887) was part of the Bunsen-Kirchhoff teams that developed the spectroscope in 1859 and then detected the first chemical elements in the spectrum of a star (1859 and 1860, respectively). This article ("On the history of spectral analysis and the analysis of the solar atmosphere") is interesting given that it is relatively lengthy for such a short history, though it does reach back into the early 19th century for related developments.
Condition: Ex-libris Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then Wright Patterson Field Library (USAF), then Library of Congress. Library markings: small gilt-stamped "Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung", page edges stamped "Wright Field Library/Dayton, Ohio" on top and bottom. Contents quite nice. (See "WIENER, Christian")
KLEIN, O. & Nishina, Y. "Über die Streuung von Strahlung durch freie Elektronen nach der neuen relativistischen Quantendynamik von Dirac." In Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 52, 1929, pp 853-868. Offered in the full volume #52. Fine copy. $800
"In 1929, the Compton effect became among the first phenomena to be modeled using quantum electrodynamics, which would develop into one of the most tested and accurate of all physical theories This model, by Oskar Klein and Yoshio Nishina, applied Paul Dirac's relativistic electron equation, which had been developed only the year before, to reproduce successfully the intensities and energies of Compton-scattered X-rays..."--NATURE, Milestone, The Compton Effect, here.
- Also appearing in #52: Max von Laue, "Notiz sur Quantentheorie des Atomkernes, pp 726-734, 1929,
KORN, Arthur. Six offprints, 1913-1927. $350 Korn (1870-1945) was one of the founders of television working in the field of fax transmission, and on 8th October, 1906 he transmitted the first image via wire of Crown Prince William.
"Ueber telegraphishe Uebertragungen kinematographischer Aufnahmen", offprint from Verhandlungen der Detuschen Physicalishcen Gesellschaft, 23 Sept 1913. Original printed wrappers. Very good copy. Showing two illustrations of the results of Korn's image transfer by wire invention.
- "Das Elektron als pulsierendes Teilchen mit konstantem Pulsationsquantum", offprint fromn Deutschen Physicallischen Gesellschaft, Septmber 1913. Original printed wrappers. Very good.
- "Ueber den gegenwartigen Stand der Bildtelegraphie.... Offprint: Elektrotechnischen Zeitschrift, heft 16, 1914. Signed presentation copy. Good condition. Original wrappers.
- "Ueber die Anwendung der Methode der sukzessiven Naherungen zur Losung von linearen Integralgleichungen mit unsymmetriwchen Kernen.", offprint from Archiv der MAthemaitk und Physik, 25/2, 4 August 1916. Original printed wrappers. Very good.
- "Sulle forze d'attrazione e di repulsione negli atomi" in Atti della Acad. delle Scienze di Torino, vol LX, 1925. Signed presentation copy to Hans Reissner. Very good copy.
- "Wellenmechanik und meine mechanischen Theorien. Beruehrungspunkte und Divergenzen". Verlag von Julius Springer, Berlin, 1927. Offprint: Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 44, heft 9/10, pp 745-753. Signed "uberricht vom Verfasser".
LEHMER, D.H. "A Photo-Electric Number Sieve" in The American Mathematical Monthly, volume 40, 1933, pp 401-406, offered in the bound volume of 616pp. Cloth binding, the printing on the spine is now about half-faded away. $250
"Lehmer sieves are mechanical devices that implement sieves in number theory. Lehmer sieves are named for Derrick Norman Lehmer and his son Derrick Henry Lehmer. The father was a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley at the time, and his son followed in his footsteps as a number theorist and professor at Berkeley... Built in 1932, a device using gears was shown at the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago. These had gears representing numbers, just as the chains had before, with holes. Holes left open were the remainders sought. When the holes lined up, a light at one end of the device shone on a photocell at the other, which could stop the machine allowing for the observation of a solution. This incarnation allowed checking of five thousand combinations a second."--Wiki
LEMAITRE, G. and M. S. Vallarta "On the Allowed Cone of Cosmic Radiation", in the Physical Review, 15 September 1936, volume 50, number 6, pp 493-503. In the original green wrappers. Very good copy. $250
Abstract from American Physical Society's PROLA website:
"Further results of an extensive study of trajectories asymptotic to a known family of unstable periodic orbits in the earth's dipolar magnetic field, carried out by means of Bush's differential analyzer, are presented in this paper. A detailed discussion is given of our methods of determining asymptotic trajectories by means of the differential analyzer and by numerical integration of a whole family at a time; comparison of the results obtained shows the absence of systematic errors of any consequence in the mechanical integrations and exhibits the precision attained with the differential analyzer. The families of asymptotic trajectories are then analyzed systematically in order to determine the main cones for latitudes up to 30°. This leads to the theory of the azimuthal effect and a study of the region in the vicinity of the zenith."
LICK, James. Deed of Trust of James Lick, Esq., of San Francisco, California, Dated September 21, 1875, and Recorded in the Office of he Recorder of he County of San Francisco, State of California...1875. 24pp. This is the deed of the richest man in California who left the bulk of his fortune to the benefit of social and scientific good in California. This is a Good copy only, in original wrappers, with chips here and there on the wrappers. $150
A Fine Run of an Important Journal
[LOGIC] Journal of Symbolic Logic. A continuous bound run from 1936-1965, in 22 volumes. Reprints. Includes vols 1, 2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-11, 12-13, 14-15, then 16-30 in individual volumes. All have their front wrapper bound in. I cannot determine when these reprints were done, except that they were before 1968, as that is when this series was bound (according to a photostat from the binder dated 1968). The Association for Symbolic Logic cannot determine when reprints were made before 1980, so there is no definitive date on this set. Of course there is no printing information to help in this regard--they simply look mostly like the originals, except that they are not quite, well, "right" to be in such fine condition for the age. all are bound in a dark cream cloth with the call number imprinted on the spine bottom; there are two institutional bookplates on the front endpaper and front free endpaper--aside from these, there are no other markings. The text as I said is Very Fine, and judging from the spring in the covers I doubt that they were used hardly at all. Price: 11111010001111110010 binary dollars ($1010.10)
Contributors to this seminal journal include Turing, Church, Kripke,m Nagel, Black, Kleene, Quine, Bernstein, Chomsky, Wang, Goodman, Curry, Rosser, Hinitikka, among many others. This is a fine academic copy of this important and famous journal.
MALENGREAU, Julien. (1) Considerations sur les Fondements de la Mathematique. Lausanne, F. Rouge, ca. 1950. 39pp. Printed wrappers. Very fine. (2) Notice sur les Fondements de la Geometrie. Bruxelles, Boeck, 1939. 48pp. Printed wrappers. Very fine. (3) Notice sur la Fondements de la Geometrie. Montreaux, 1940. "Edition complete". 96pp. Printed wrappers. Fine 3 works: $75.
MAXWELL, James Clerk. "On Colour Vision", in Nature, May 4, 1871, pp 13-16, reprinting the lecture given by Maxwell at the Royal Institution on March 24th. A major paper by Maxwell. "All vision is colour vision..." Offered in the weekly issue, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. $250
MICHELSON, A.A. "Velocity of Light", in Nature, volume 18, #451, June 20, 1878, page 195, with wrappers, including 3 leaves of ads. This is the preliminary announcement of Michelson's great speed of light experiment. Very nice copy, removed from a larger bound copy. This is the first U.K and European announcement. $650
The Michelson bibliography in the Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences (page 142) states the publication on the big paper as so: first appearance occurs "(a) "On a Method of Measuring the Velocity of Light," in the Am. J. Sci. (3) 394-95 (1878) ; (b) "Velocity of Light (Preliminary Announcement)," Nature 18, 195 (1878), differs from (a) in the addition of a paragraph.”
MICHELSON, A.A. "Experimental Determination of the Velocity of Light", in Nature, volume 21, November 27, 1879, pp 94-96, with six figures in text, including two optics plans, two instrument profiles, and another two instrument plans.
With: "Experimental Determination of the Velocity of Light, II", in December 4, 1879, pp 120-122, with two schematics.
NOTE: In the interest of fullness I should say that there is a short addendum/corrigeda to these two papers "Velocity of Light" that appeared in Nature 21, 226-226 (08 January 1880) that I do NOT offer. It seems that the full text is limited to: "IF you can spare the space please state that the corrected result for the velocity of light (NATURE, vol. xxi. p. 94) is— 299944 ± 50 kilometres, or 186380 ± 33 miles per second."
The two papers: $1250
MICHELSON, A.A. "New Measurement of the Velocity of Light", in Nature, December 6, 1924, vol 114, #2875, page 831 in the weekly issue of pp 814-848.This is offered with the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. $125 This is identified in the NAS Biographical Memoirs bibliography (vol XIX, p 146) for Michelson as an "abstract" of a two-page paper that appeared earlier in 1924 in the Journal of the Franklin Institute.
MORITZ, Robert E. Cyclic-Harmonic Curves, a Study in Polar Coordinates. Seattle, Washington, published by the Universtiy, 1923. Seperatum: University of Washington Publications in Mathematics, Vol 1/no 2, pp 1-38, plates 1-21, June 1923. Original paper wrappers. Very fine copy. Lovely. $125
[NUCLEAR WAR and its Aftermath] The Bomb Damage Problem, AFAPA-4-4, published in 1954 by the Directorate of Management Analysis (DCS/Comptroller at the Headquarters of the U.S. Air Force). 11x8 inches. GVC binding. 22pp. Very good condition. RARE. No copies located in WorldCat. $350.
The spoiler answer to this: make sure to account for the nukes dropped on you when figuring out what you've got left to work with.
This seems a tautologically tongue-twisting, not-quite-right title for this post, and indeed it might be. But that's the way the pamphlet I'm reporting on read, a sometimes resilient-to- inspection rubberie beastie whose basis for being written was to report on an great oversight that doesn't really want to be recognized, even if it is the title of the work.
The Bomb Damage Problem, AFAPA-4-4, published in 1954 by the Directorate of Management Analysis (DCS/Comptroller at the Headquarters of the U.S. Air Force) is a pamphlet of discovery–or rather, the discovery of the lack of discovery.
The work is an introduction to some aspects of nuclear exchange post-attack predictive capacity–particularly with the ability of American industry “to support a war plan”.
The anonymous pamphlet gets straight away to the discovery part–that previous predictions of post-attack capacity were “probably completely unrealistic” because “[they] did not take account of the likely bomb damage to the U.S. production facilities”.
I would think that even at this relatively early point of planning for possible Soviet nuclear attack that war game scenarios would have taken bomb damage to industry a”and accompanying manpower losses” into account of how the war machine would react after the bombs began to explode. Though it seems not. I’ve looked to see how I could be misreading this thing because it seems like too monumental an oversight to make. But I can’t find where I’m making my interpretative mistake.
Ultimately the authors focuses on saving the corpus of the overall works, saying that this oversight does not damage the “important thinking” that had gone on it spite of this error.
The word “error: is not used in the text of course. This is how it is described: “In connection with this critical new obstacle to intelligent military planning, it is essential that speculation be minimized.” The error is actually redefined as a “critical new obstacle” the effect of which heightens “speculation”. Which is all true.
I suppose what is really going on his the formation of some bedrock stuff formulating information gathering for creating a computer program for deeper analytical study of the effects of nuke warfare on post-attack industry. 1954 is about right for the time for this to happen, and the DMA–as the home for the creation of linear programming among countless other things–would’ve been the place for this work to happen.
But I keep coming back to what seem to be enormous understatements–even giving plenty of allowance for the time–that keep cropping up in the pamphlet. Perhaps it is just stating the obvious for te first time that makes all of these seem so potentially underwhelming, like this nugget: “numerous measures of the importance of each target may eventually be needed....” (Page 7).
There’s plenty of more detail though that occurs in the pamphlet, as in figuring out damage to structures by the yield of the explosion and distance from the target and the composition of the target’s structure, and so on.
And then we get back to the obvious: “the principal effect of a fire storm following an attack would be to enlarge the area of destruction and to alter the shape of the various damage zones, changing them from concentric rings to irregular patterns. “. As I said, maybe it is just a case of a “Call me Ishmael”, or stating that lines and points in space exist for the purpose of geometry. Still, it rubs me the wrong way, all over.
And just to make this point perfectly clear: the "bomb damage" problem is to take into account bomb damage to U.S. war-making, bomb-producing capacity, in a sort of BIBO (bomb in, bomb out) version of a SISO (shit in, shit out).
[NUCLEAR WAR and its Aftermath]
Describing computer programs "Picnic" for biological/chem weapons damage, and "Dusty" , for radioactive casualties
Mathematics and Computation Laboratory, National Resource Evaluation Center, Analytical Program Compendium NREC Technical Manual No. 119 (Revised) .December 1964. 11x8". 92 pp. GVC-bound, with stiff wrappers of the Executive Office of the President NREC/Office of Emergency Planning. Very good condition. $500
Preface signed by Joseph D. Coker, Chief, National resource Evaluation Center, who writes: "The Analytical Program Compendium gives a brief description of the National Resource Evaluation Center's current general purpose analytical programs and replaces earlier editions of the NREC Glossary of Damage Assessment Programs. It is intended as a guide for users and potential users of these programs to indicate the various programs that are presently available and those that are being produced. Separate Technical Reports or Technical Manuals are available for the standard operating programs and for a number of those which are in preparation. Reference to these manuals and reports can be obtained in the Bibliography of Publications (Technical Manual No. 121) published by the NREC. The Compendium contains descriptions of the computer programs of a substantive nature."
The NREC and the Office of Civil Defense used the UNIVAC scientific programs USE assembly language and 3600 Fortran.
The last section describes programs of manual damage assessment ("developed by agency representatives for use when computer estimates are not available").
The list of the contents of the 92-page work is pretty interesting, the book presented in eight sections (or "casualty classes programs"): (I) Attack Analysis Programs; (II) Vulnerability Analysis Programs; (III) Damage Assessment Programs (Direct Effects, sections dedicated to nuclear shots Dusty III, Flame I, Jumbo III, Streak IV, Dart II, Dart III, Picnic, Ready I.(IV) Resource Evaluation Programs; (V) Economic Analysis Programs ; (VI) Resource Management Programs; (VII) Mapping and Display; (VIII) Manual Procedures for Damage Assessment and Resource Evaluation.
Under section III are described the various other programs computing availability of surviving resources and damages to the rest, and to assess capability and loss. For example: Weapons Edit III (working on an 1103 AS or 1105 computer) calculates missile availability; Dusty III (fallout intensity "...at weapon oriented points"; Flame I ("computes an estimate of the extent of the spread of uncontrolled fire") and can compute fire maps; Jumbo III (a casualty assessment program); Attack Environment III ("determines the blast effect from the dominant weapon and combines the separate effects of fallout and from from all weapons that affect each resource point"); Facility Assessment (Namepoint) III ( for physical damage to facilities); Time-Phased Accessibility ("listing of accessibility of resources in various conditions of damage after an attack"); Population III (summing up casualties in populations after attack; Manpower III (translating population losses into labor losses and how it would affect x,y, and z); Livestock III (keeping tabs on livestock "and livestock products"); Streak IV ('high speed estimate of blast and fallout casualties, estimates of damage and denial of facilities..."); Picnic (!, estimating casualties from biological or chemical weapons), and a number of other programs.
There are some other interesting programs for end game times: Net Inventory ("(a) routine (that) is a balance sheet between supply (inventory and production) and demands (requirements)" and Amounts of Production ("a routine (showing) the production based in facility damage and labor casualties; and of course Survival II, which computes "the total requirements...for regions".
Of course it was necessary to figure all of this stuff out so that in the event of The Big One there is a certain control over what is where and what is left and what is needed and so on.
There is no mention made to where these computers are housed.
First Appearance of Ohm's Law, May 1825
OHM, Georg Simon (1789-1854). "Vorläufige Anzeige des Gesetzes, nach welchem Metalle die Contakteletricität leiten". Contained in: Annalen der Physik, series II vol. 4, pp. 79-83. Offered in the entire volume, , 476 pp, with 4 folding charts, 6 engraved plates (2 folding). Nice condition, crisp and fresh, in cloth-backed marbled boards (ca. 1940). $1300
This is Ohm's first appearance in print, and the first appearance of milestone Die Galvanische Kette Mathematische Bearbeitet (published in 1827, and which was the fully developed presentation of his theory of electricity), known as Ohm's Law.
Formerly from the Library of Bernhard Meining; then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library" is rubber stamped on the text block's top and bottom. Very well traveled.
- AND: LENZ, E. "Bemerkungen ueber di eTemperatur des Weltmeers in verschiedenen Tiefen", pp 616-626.
OHM, Georg S. "Versuch einer Theorie der durch galvaische Krafte hervorgebrachten elektroptischen Erscheinungen", in Annalen der Physik, 1826, series II/volume 6, pp 459-469, offered in the entire volume of (viii), 514, (ii)pp with six folding plates. Bound in black cloth, marbled boards, and with cloth tips. Formerly from the"Provinzil-Gewesschule zu Aachen". then, the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on to the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library" is rubber stamped on the text block's top and bottom. Nice copy. Two volumes: $750
"In February and April 1826, Ohm published two important papers that dealt separately with the two major aspects of his ultimately unified theory of galvanic electricity. The first, “Bestimmung des Gesetzes, nach welchem Metalle die Contaktelektricitä leiten, nebst einem Entwurfe zu einer Theorie des Voltaischen Apparates und des Schweiggerschen Multiplicators,” announced a comprehensive law for electric current that brought order into the hitherto confused collection of phenomena pertaining to the closed circuit, including the solution to the problem of conductibility as he and others had conceived of it.5[n Schweigger’s Journal für Chemie und Physik, 46 (1826), 137–166.] The second paper, “Versuch einer Theorie der durch galvanische Kräfte hervorgebrachten elektroskopischen Erscheinungen,”[offered above] broke new ground in associating an electric tension with both open and closed galvanic circuits." [DSB referencing In Poggendorff’s Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 6 (18260, 459–469; ibid., AND volume 7(1826), 45–54, 117–118 in footnote 6 [offered below].]
OHM, Georg S. "Versuch einer Theorie der durch galvaische Krafte hervorgebrachten elektroptischen Erscheinungen", in Annalen der Physik, 1826, series II/volume 7, pp 45-54.
(OHM) "Ein Nachtrag aus dem vorrstehenden Aufsatz de Hrn Dr. Ohm", same volume, pp 117-118.
OHM, Georg S. "Ueber die Definition des Tones , nebst daran geknupster Theorie der Sirene und oehnlicher tonbildender Vorrichtungen", in Annalen der Physik, volume 59, 1843, pp 513-565. Black cloth-backed marbled boards with cloth tips. Formerly from the library of the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Few interior stamps, plus "Wright Field Library" rubber stamped on the textblock's top and bottom. That all said, a very nice copy. $400 Offered in the full volume of 644pp.
The Bookman's Bus will definitely take you from point A to Point B, though it might not be a direct route, even when the direct route is the only route--there are stops to be made, turns to be taken, and of course turns to be built before they can be taken; eventually though you'll get to your destination, or not. And the destination can change, according to what is found along the way--it can get closer, or farther, as necessary. It is in the getting-there that some real stuff may happen.
I was looking for the Annalen der Physik publication by Gauss and Weber on the first use of an electromagnetic telegraph, but I was looking in 1843 rather than 1833, which is a mistake I often make (which is weird because Morse's telegraph appears in 1837 and his code in 1843, so the date mix-up is a mystery. So with the retrieved volume 59 I realized that I was ten years off from where I wanted to be, but like any practicing reader I browsed--and my general book browsing practice is back-to-front, which is how I found a good article by Clapeyron, almost at the end of the book in the 8th section. I went a little further to see the neighbors for the Clapeyron in the 644-page book and the very paper preceding turned out to be a fairly significant paper in the history of physics and acoustics--Georg Simon Ohm's on what would be known as Ohm's Law of Acoustics. That would be the other Ohm's law. The big Ohm (published in his pamphlet Die Galvanische Kette in 1827) is one of the most powerful of the 19th century, and states "a relationship between the voltage across an electric circuit, the electrical resistance in the circuit, and the current in the circuit."(--Dictionary of Scientific Biography.) Ohm's law of acoustics doesn't take such a big bite out of the not-determined but is significant in the history of acoustics: "The proposition that the human auditory system responds to a complex sound by generating sensations of the separate components of the sound rather than a sensation of a single integrated sound; thus when we listen to an orchestra we hear the separate instruments although the ears receive only a single complex sound wave."(--Oxford Reference) And for the record the paper's title: "Ueber die Definition des Tones , nebst daran geknupster Theorie der Sirene und oehnlicher tonbildender Vorrichtungen", pp 513-565).
There were other interesting papers populating this volume, several of which had to do with early photography, including a work on using the Daguerreotype with the microscope, along with two papers by Moser (one of which was the first German translation of his work on "Invisible Light"), and another on shortening the time of exposures by the soon-to-be-very-famous H. Fizeau. Also there are two not-so famous papers by the famous Lenz (a two-parter, actually, on heat flow). There are others, not the least of which is a paper famous perhaps not for the complicated theory on the development of mountain ranges that was wrong, but for the data that was collected for the construction of the not very good theory--that was the work of Jean-Baptiste Elie de Beaumont, who had a long and distinguished career though not for his mountain theory.
So. There was a lot in this volume, and a lot of it turned out to be very interesting, in spite of teh fact that I had selected the wrong volume to begin with.
OHM, Georg S. "Galvanische Einzelnheiten", in Annalen der Physik, II/63, 1844, pp 389-405. Offered in the full volume of viii, 597, (ii)pp. Black cloth-backed marbled boards with cloth tips. Formerly from the library of the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Few interior stamps, plus "Wright Field Library" rubber stamped on the textblock's top and bottom. That all said, a very nice copy. $500
OHM, Georg S. "Ueber eine Interferenz-erscheinung bei ein axigen Krystallplatten in geradling polarisirtem Lichte", in Annalen der Physik, 1853, series II/volume 90, pp 327-332. Formerly from the library of the Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahtforschung; and on the USAAF library at Wright Patterson, and finally to the Library of Congress. Few interior stamps, plus "Wright Field Library" rubber stamped on the textblock's top and bottom. That all said, a very nice copy. $250
OPPENHEIMER, J.R. and J.F. Carlson. "On Multiplicative Showers", in the Physical Review, February 15, 1937, volume 51/4, pp 220-231, offered in the bi-weekly issue of pp 217-292. Offered in the original wrappers.Fine copy. $250
Abstract: "In I we discuss the status of the quantum theoretic formulae for pair production and radiation in the domain of cosmic-ray energies, and the relevance of these processes to an understanding of showers and bursts. In II we give a qualitative estimate of the course implied by the theory for a shower or burst built up by multiplication from a very energetic primary; we then set up the diffusion equations for the equilibrium of electrons and gamma-rays, and show how these can be simplified. In III we carry through the analytic solution of the diffusion equations, and find the distribution of electrons and gamma-rays as a function of their energy, the primary energy, and the thickness and atomic number of the matter traversed. We treat the effect of ionization losses on the shower, calculate the amount of radiation of low energy to be expected, and treat transition effects in passing from one substance to another. In IV we discuss the results of the calculations, and give a summary of the conclusions to which they lead, and the difficulties."
OPPENHEIMER, J.R. "Are the Formulae for the Absorption of High Energy Radiations Valid?" in Physical Review, January 1 1935, volume 47/1, pp 44-51 pp 1-95. In the original wrappers, which are sharp and bright; the issue though has three punch holes in the far left margin for binding. $75
OPPENHEIMER, J.R. "Note on Charge and Field Fluctuations" and "Note on the Production of Pairs by Charged Particles", both in the Physical Review, January 15, 1935, pp 144-145, and 146-147, in the issue of pp 97-197. Original wrappers, which are sharp and bright; the issue though has three punch holes in the far left margin for binding. $95
[OXFORD UNIVERSITY] The History of the University of Oxford, volumes 1-III 3 volumes, 728, 906, 780pp. Cloth. Very fine copies. $300 (All are still in print for very big amounts.)
Includes: Volume I: The Early Oxford Schools; 728 pages; Edited by J. I. Catto; General Editor: T. H. Aston; Assistant Editor of Volume I: Ralph Evans. [All of the following descriptions and reviews are quoted directly from the Oxford University book sales site, here.] Description, volume 1 "This volume is primarily concerned with the establishment of the University in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and the development of its studies in the high age of scholasticism, up to the great philosophical debate between William of Ockham and his Mertonian opponents in the fourteenth century. Contributors: R. W. Southern, M. B. Hackett, C. H. Lawrence, J. I. Catto, M. W. Sheehan, J. R. L. Highfield, T. H Aston, R. Faith, J. M. Fletcher, P. O. Lewry, J. A. Weisheipl, J. L. Barton, L. E. Boyle, Jean Dunbabin."
Volume II: Late Medieval Oxford; Edited by J. I. Catto and Ralph Evans; General Editor: T. H. Aston; 906 pages; maps, plans, 24 pp plates; Description, vol II:"examines the University during the late Middle Ages, when scholasticism was at its height. The expert contributors explore the academic pursuits of the scholars of Oxford: theology, primarily, but also philosophy, mathematics, law and medicine. They examine the nature of everyday life during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries--the finances and administration of the colleges, their architecture, and the individuals who lived and worked in them. This is the definitive study of the medieval University of Oxford and a major contribution to scholarship."
Volume III:The Collegiate University. Edited by James McConica. General Editor: T. H. Aston, 780 pages, Oct 1986. Description, vol III: "This volume describes a century of rapid and fundamental change. Under the Tudors the University witnessed the dramatic intrusion of successive governments into its affairs by visitations, and by the supplanting of the medieval regime of the regent masters with government by heads of houses. In the background to these violent changes the college evolved into the ordinary home of the undergraduate, displacing the medieval private hall, and Oxford acquired its familiar character as an association of endowed collegiate undergraduate societies. The intellectual counterpart of this institutional change was the spread of humanism, particularly in the faculty of arts. This volume challenges the view that these changes were purely unofficial and extra-curricular, and argues that the statutory curriculum, properly understood, was an integral part of this humanistic, neo-Aristotelian, and cosmopolitan Latin culture. Contributors: James McConica, Carl I. Hammer, jr., Claire Gross, J. M. Fletcher, John Caldwell, Gillian Lewis, John Barton, S. L. Greenslade, G. D. Duncan, Jennifer Loach, Penry Williams, N. R. Ker, G. E. Aylmer, John Newman."
The Pauli Exclusion Principle
PAULI, W. “Ueber den Zusammenhang des Abschlusses der Elektronengruppen im Atom mit der Komplexstruktur der Spektren”in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 31, p. 765, 1925. Offered in the full volume. Very nicely bound in cloth and marbled boards. $2500
"Soon thereafter [after his completion of his doctoral thesis “Über das Modell der Wasserstoffmolekülions”]he began to work on the anomalous Zeeman effect. as he reports in his Nobel lecture, these studies finally culminated in the discovery of the exclusion principle, announced in “Ueber den Zusammenhang des Abschlusses der Elektronengruppen im Atom mit der Komplexstruktur der Spektren” (Zeitschrift für physik. 31 , 765)..." See also NATURE Milestones 3/Spin: "At the moment physics is again terribly confused. In any case, it is too difficult for me, and I wish I had been a movie comedian or something of the sort and had never heard of physics."--W. Pauli, 1925
Also included in this volume: Heisenberg: "Über eine Anwendung des Korrespondenzprinzips auf die Frage der Polarisation des Floureszenzlichtes"; Einstein, "Bemerkung zu P. Jordans Abhandlung "Zur Theorie der Quantenstrahlung"; Pauli: "Über den Einfluss der Geschwindigkeitsabhängigkeit der Elektronenmasse auf den Zeemaneffekt", and others.
Two Major Papers: (1) Pauli's New Mechanics (2) Fermi's effort in Fermi-Dirac Statistics
PAULI, W. "Ueber das Wasserstoffspektrum vom Stanpunkt der neuen Quantenmechanik", in Zeitschrift fer Physik, volume 36, #5, pp 336-364. See Max Jammer, The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics, pp.234-35 And bound with:
E. Fermi, “Zur Quantelung des Idealen Einatomigen Gases” (”On Quantization of Perfect Monatomic Gases“), same issue, pp 902-912, published in May 1927. This is the "more detailed" version of the major result published in the Proceedings of the Accademia del Lincei, following the first public presentation of the statistical calculus of February 7, 1927.
Both papers (and a number of other interesting contributions by Debye, Born, Wiener, and others) bound in the same volume of the Zeitschrift (vii, 951pp). The volume is bound in an attractive period cloth, with a gilt-stamped spine and marbled boards. There is an institutional bookplate and a rubber stamp on the title page; also there are some pressure impressions on the corners of the pages of the Fermi article; otherwise this is a fine and clean copy. $950
PAULI, Wolfgang and M.E. Rose. "Remarks on the Polarization Effects in the Positron Theory", in The Physical Review, volume 49, #6, 15 March 1936. The Pauli/Rose occupies pp 462-466 in the issue of pp 425-480. Offered in the original green wrappers for the bi-weekly issue. Fresh copy. Fine condition. $150 (Abstract: "A simple method of obtaining the induced charge-density four vector on the basis of the subtraction formalism of the positron theory is given. Further, in the general case of time-dependent fields the result is calculated directly without use of the Lorentz invariance of the theory.")
PAULING, Linus. "Rotational Motion of Molecules in Crystals." In: the Physical Review, volume 36, number 3, 1 August 1930. Pauling's article occupied pp 430-434 in the issue of pp 383-607. In the original green wrappers. $350
PEIERLS, R. "Theory of Nuclear Forces", in Nature, May 4, 1940, p 687-690. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. $75
The First Use of a Phonograph to Record Native American Songs & Rituals
(PHONOGRAPHIC ETHNOLOGY) Fewkes, J. Walter. "On the Use if the Edison Phonograph in the Preservation of the Languages of the American Indians", in Nature, April 17, 1890, volume 41, #1068, p 560. Original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice, fresh copy. $145 "Fewkes [1850-1930] was the first man to use a phonograph to record indigenous people for study. He tested its use among the Passamaquoddy in Maine, before traveling to the Southwest to make his recordings of the Zuni (1890) and Hopi (1891). Benjamin Ives Gilman used these recordings to show that they used musical intervals unlike those in the Western tempered scale. In addition to the recordings, he wrote historically valuable descriptions of the music and musical practice."--Wiki
Our Introduction to Quanta
PLANCK, Max. "Ueber irreversible Strahlungsvorgaenge." In: Annalen der Physik, series 4, volume 1, 1900. The Planck article occupies pp 69-122 in the volume of 792pp. Very good copy, in half-cloth and marbled boards. $500.00
_____. Another copy, this bound in half-leather with raised bands. Very good copy as well. $600
POINCARE, Henri. Electricite et Optique la Lumiere et les Theories Electrodynamiques.... Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1901. 2nd edition. 641pp Royal 8vo. Fine condition. Lovely copy in half-morocco and marbled boards, with raised bands. Some browning of the text edges, as is common to this period in French scientific publishing. Tant pis. $325
POINCARE, Henri. "Sur le dynamique de l'electron", in Comptes Rendus, Paris, 1905, volume 140, pp 1504-1508, offered in the entire bound volume for the half year. Bound in bloards and leather spine, the spine cover nearly detached. A good copy. $650 (English translation found here.)
"HENRI POINCARE'S major work on a theory of the electron is "Sur la dynamique de l'electron". It is considered, by some, as evidence that POINCARE, more than anyone else in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anticipated EINSTEIN'S 1905 theory of relativity."
"This study will focus on POINCARE'S attempt in "Sur la dynamique..." to
formulate a purely electromagnetic theory of a deformable electron that is
consonant with his conception of the principle of relativity. POlNCAIRE believed
that if all physical processes could be reduced ultimately to the interaction of
charged particles which move about in LORENTZ'S all-pervasive ether, then such a
theory would be an important step toward a unified description of nature. Thus,
the laws of the various branches of physics, and in particular NEWTON'S second law,
could be derived from those of electromagnetism. This scientific viewpoint (or
Weltbild) will hereafter be referred to as the "electromagnetic world-picture. ''...--From the introduction of Arthur Miller's fine study of this paper in Archive for History of Exact Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3/4/5 (18.IX.1973), pp. 207-328, "A Study of Henri Poincaré's "Sur la Dynamique de l'Électron"."
It has always seemed strange to me that Poincare never followed up on this paper, nor did he seem interested in Einstein's great work of 1905; nor did Einstein show much interest in Poincare's work on this topic (or nearly any other), and was otherwise indisposed when he was approached to write an appreciation of Poincare upon is death six years later.
POWELL, C.F. and J. Chadwick, T.G. Picavance, A.N. May. "Excited States in Stable Nuclei", in Nature, June 8, 1940, pp 893-894. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. $75
POWELL, C.F. "Further Applications of the Photographic Method in Nuclear Physics", in Nature, January 27, 1940, pp 155-157.In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. $75
RASHEVSKY, N. "Mathematical Biology of Learning to Drive and Automobile", in the Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, March, 1963, volume 25/1, pp 51-9, offered in the monthly issue of pp 1-123. Original wrappers. VG copy. WITH: "Automobile Driving as Psychophysical discrimination", same journal, September 1962, vol 24/3, pp 319-327. The pair: $95
_____. "The Geometrization of Biology", in the Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, volume 18/1, pp 31-57. In the full monthly issue of 87pp. Formerly from the library of the Committee on Mathematical Biology, University of Chicago,(mostly blacked-out with magic marker on the front wrapper) the publishers of the Bulletin. This was H.D. Landahl's copy, with his name at top front wrapper. $65
_____. "Mathematical Biophysics of Growth", in The Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, volume 1, number 3, September 1939, pp119-128 in the monthly issue of pp 119-149. Original wrappers. Very nice copy; there's a tear in the upper third wrapper spine. This is a scarce copy of the publication in the original (white) wrappers. $125
RUTHERFORD, Ernst. Radio-activity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1904. 1st edition. 8vo. Cloth. Very good condition. Very nice, bright copy of this massively influential and important book.
_____. Radioactive Substances and their Radiations. Cambridge University Press, 1913. 699 Cloth. Superior copy of this superb work--ostensibly this is the second edition, really, of his 1904 Radio-Activity, but this and the subsequent third edition are such vastly different works that they might as well be considered--at least in my mind--three different works.
SCHLICK, Moritz. A la Theorie de la Relativite et de la Gravitation, translated into French from the fourth German edition by Maurice Solovine. Paris; Gauthier-Villars, 1929. 94pp. Unopenned. Very nice copy. $75
An Important Paper: The First Edition in English of the First Treatment of Wave Mechanics
SCHRODINGER, E. "An Undulatory Theory of the Mechanics of Atoms and Molecules", in the Physical Review, 1926, volume 28, pp 1049-1070 in the monthly issue. Offered in the original wrappers. A GOOD copy, only. First, the faults: in general the issue has been handled quite a bit, with old flattened-out folds in the corners, and, generally, the edges have bumps and are mostly-rounded. There is a tear in the spine-bottom that lifts the paper away from thespine cover, though it is still there. At top of the spine is a different story, with a tear, plus a 1/3"-square of the top of the spine cover missing. Also there is a very faded ownership stamp of the Transylvania University at bottom-center of the front cover. Lastly the first few leaves are pulling away from the spine. All that said the text block is clean and sturdy. And I should point out that this is a scarce number to find in the original wrappers, as no ware most of the pre-1930 issues. Considering all of this, and seeing that a bound volume for the half-year containing this non-wrappered issue is for sale for 1200.00 or so, I think that a decent price for a scarce and problematic original issue would be $750.
Abstract of the paper as it appears in American Physical Society's PROLA: "E. Schrödinger; Received 3 September 1926; published in the issue dated December 1926. The paper gives an account of the author's work on a new form of quantum theory. §1. The Hamiltonian analogy between mechanics and optics. §2. The analogy is to be extended to include real "physical" or "undulatory" mechanics instead of mere geometrical mechanics. §3. The significance of wave-length; macro-mechanical and micro-mechanical problems. §4. The wave-equation and its application to the hydrogen atom. §5. The intrinsic reason for the appearance of discrete characteristic frequencies. §6. Other problems; intensity of emitted light. §7. The wave-equation derived from a Hamiltonian variation-principle; generalization to an arbitrary conservative system. §8. The wave-function physically means and determines a continuous distribution of electricity in space, the fluctuations of which determine the radiation by the laws of ordinary electrodynamics. §9. Non-conservative systems. Theory of dispersion and scattering and of the "transitions" between the "stationary states." §10. The question of relativity and the action of a magnetic field. Incompleteness of that part of the theory."
SCHWINGER, J (1962). “Gauge invariance and mass”, in the Physical Review, volume 125, pp 397-8. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Fine copy. $300
SILBERSTEIN, L. "Radial Velocities and the Curvature of Space-time", in Nature, September 6, 1924, vol 114 #2862, Offered in the weekly issue of pp 347-372, in the Letters to the Editor section, pp 347-8. With the original front wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. $95
The Discovery of Cadmium
STROMEYER, Friedrich. Preliminary announcement: "Noch ein Schreiben ueber das nbeue Metall" by "Herrn Hermann, Administrator der chehmischen Fabrik Schoenbeck". In the Annalen der Physik, vol 59, 1818, pp 113-116, offered in the complete volume of 440pp
- AND With: Stromeyer, "Ueber das Kadmium. (Eine Darstellung der Resultate des ersten Theils seiner Untersuchungen über dieses, vo ihm in dem Zink und den Zinkoxyden entdeckte, neue Metall.)", in Annalen der Physik , volume 60, 1818, with Stromeyer's paper pp. 193-210. This is the first appearance of Strohmeyer's account of his discovery of Cadmium. Both re offered in their full volumes. Ex-libris Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then Wright Patterson Field Library (USAF), then Library of Congress. Library markings: small gilt-stamped "Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung", page edges stamped "Wright Field Library/Dayton, Ohio" on top and bottom. Contents quite nice. $500
SWAN, W.F.G. "Relativity and Electrodynamics", in Reviews of Modern Physics, volume 2, number 3, July 1930. Swan's contribution occupies pp 243-305. Carl Eckart's "Application of Group Theory to Quantum Dynamics of Monatomics Systems" fills the rest of the issue, from pp 305-380. Nice copy in original wrappers. $85.00
W. F. G. SWANN, M.A., D.Sc., A.R.C.S.; Physicist and Philosopher, worked first at the Carnegie Institute of Washington (1913). Then in succession he became Professor of Physics at the University of Minnesota, the University of Chicago and Yale University, where he was Director of the Sloane Laboratory. In 1927 he became Director of the Bartol Research Foundation of the Franklin Institute, from which position he retired in 1959 to become Director Emeritus. He is a member of numerous scientific societies and was President of the American Physical Society in 1931-1932.--from World Academy of Art and Science website, here.
SODICKSON, L.; W. Bowman; J. Stephenson . "Single-Quantum Annihilation of Positrons", in Physical Review, 1961, vol 124 (6), pp1851–1861. In the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. Very fresh and crisp. $150
“If a particle and antiparticle are in the appropriate quantum states, then they can annihilate each other and produce other particles. Reactions such as e− + e+ → γ + γ (the two-photon annihilation of an electron-positron pair) are an example. The single-photon annihilation of an electron-positron pair, e− + e+ → γ, cannot occur in free space because it is impossible to conserve energy and momentum together in this process. However, in the Coulomb field of a nucleus the translational invariance is broken and single-photon annihilation may occur.”.
SZILARD, L. "Ueber die Ausdehnung der phaenomenologischen Thermodynamik auf die Schwenkungserscheinung", in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 32, 1925, pp 753-788. This is Szilard's dissertation (written under teh direction of Max von Laue) and which served as the basis for his later great paper (offered above). A nice copy, in cloth, with the former institution markings only on the front pastedown as a bookmark, a somewhat faded rubber stamp on the title page, and a small gilt-stamped library name at the bottom of the spine.
SZILARD, L. "Über die Entropieverminderung in einem thermodynamischen System bei Eingriffen intelligenter Wesen", in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 53, 1929, pp 840-856. This is the great paper ("On the reduction of entropy in a thermodynamic system by the intervention of intelligent beings") by Szilard (one of the most profoundly original minds of this century"--DSB, page 634) which is one of the major founding paper of information theory and "which established the connection between entropy and information, and foreshadowed modern cybernetic theory” (Dictionary of Scientific Biography, volume 13, p 635).
This is in a solid cloth binding, with the wrappers for this issue bound in at the end (including the 4pp of advertisements). A nice copy, with the former instituion markings only on the front pastedown as a bookmark, a somewhat faded rubber stamp on the title page, and a small gilt-stamped library name at the bottom of the spine. Uncommon with the wrappers present. $4000
THOMSON, J.J. "The Dynamics of a Golf Ball", in Nature, December 22, 1910, from a lecture delivered at the Royal Institution on Friday, March 18, 1910, pp 251-257, with 30 illustrations. This is a long article on a subject with a short history, and that mostly (entirely?) dominated by the great P.G. Tait, who made a number of contributions in the 1880's and 1890's.Offered with the original front wrapper,removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy. $175
(Transatlantic Flight) "From America to England by Balloon", in Nature, September 4, 1873, pp 364-366. Nice copy in the original wrappers, removed from a larger bound volume. $75
Interesting article about the possibilities of sending a balloon across the Atlantic--interesting to note that this discussion took place 10 decades after the first manned balloon flight and it would take another 10 decades for the flight to be accomplished (in 1978).
von NEUMANN, John. "Beweis des Ergodensatzes und des H-Theorems in der neuen Mechanik", in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 57, pp. 30-70, offered in the entire volume of viii, 872 pp. Cloth binding, small institutional gilt-stamped library slug at spine bottom, along with bookplate, and half-faded rubber stamps on the wrapper cover and on the title page. Still, a nice, free copy. $250
von NEUMANN, John. "Einige Bemerkungen zur Diracschen Theorie des relativistischen Drehelektrons", in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, volume 48, 1928, pp 868-881, offered in the original volume of pp 891. The von Neumann section, band 11/12 for the year, comes with the original wrappers, bound in at the end. Cloth binding, small institutional gilt-stamped library slug at spine bottom, along with bookplate, and half-faded rubber stamps on the wrapper cover and on the title page. Still, a nice, free copy. $450
"Von Neumann’s most famous work in theoretical physics is his axiomatization of quantum mechanics. When he began work in that field in 1927, the methods used by its founders were hard to formulate in precise mathematical terms; “operator” on “functions” were handled without much consideration of their domain or definition to their topological properties: and it was blithely assumed that such “operators,” when self-adjoint, could always be “diagonalized” (as in th finite dimensional case), at the expense of introducing “Dirac functions” as “eigenvectors.” Von Neumann showed that mathematical rigor could be restored by taking as basic axioms the assumptions that the states of a physical system were poinds of a Hilbert space and that the measurable quantities were Hermitian (generally unbounded) operators densely efined in that space. This formalism. the practical use of which became available after von Neumann had developed the spectral theory of unbounded Hermitian operators (1929), has survived subsequent developments of quantum mechanics and is still the basisi of non relativistic quantum theory; with the introduction of the theory of distributions, it has even become possible to interpret its results in a way similar to Dirac’s original intuition"--Dictionary of Scientific Biography, volume 14, page 91.
WANG, S.C. "The Problem of the Normal Hydrogen Molecule in the New Quantum Mechanics", in Physical Review, April, 1928, volume 31/4, pp 579-586. 270 citations. In the original wrappers, with three-ring-hole punched in left side, not affecting text. Good copy. $95
WEBER, Henri. Traite d'Algenre Superieure...traduit de l'Allemand sur la Deuzieinme Edition par J. Griess...Principles, Racines des Equations, Gransuers Algebriques, Theoie de Galois. Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1898. x, 765pp. Bound in red morocco with marbled boards. Very good, tight copy. $175.00
WEYL, Hermann. Die Idee der Riemannschen Flaeche. Lipzig, Teubner, 1923. Second (expanded) edition. 183pp. Excellent condition, superior copy, although the pages are browned somewhat given the inferior paper used demanded by the trying economic times. This is Fritz John's copy, with his name on the front free fly. $225
WEYL, Hermann. Gruppentheorie und Quantenmechanik. Verlag von S. Hirzel, Leipzig, 1928. First edition. 288pp. Cloth.
Exceptional copy, at least in fine condition. $250
WEYL, Hermann. Zur quantentheoretischen Berechnung molekularer Bindungsenergien. Offprint: Nachrichten der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. 1930. Pp 285-294. Original printed wrappers. Very good copy.
Also, with Part II. 1931. Pp 33-39. Good copy. Original wrappers.
WEYL, Hermann. "Observations on Hilbert's Independence Theorem and Born's Quantizations of Field Equations", in Physical Review, September 15, 1934, volume 46/6, pp 506-508, in the bi-weekly issue of pp 441-538. Original wrappers. Repaired 1.5" tear in front cover, and an old faded rubberstamp ownership mark on front upper right. Nice copy, otherwise. $85
"Born recently proposed a quantization of the field equations which is based upon Hilbert's independence theorem of the calculus of variations.1 My intention here is to give, in the first purely mathematical Part A, a formulation as simple and explicit as possible of the independence theorem. The agreement between the principle of variation and the independence theorem, complete in the case of one independent variable and one unknown function, fails in two respects in the case of several variables and functions; the independence theorem specializes the extermal vector field on the one hand and it discards the assumption of integrability on the other hand.2 In Part B, I first suggest a modification of Born's scheme without which it would be in disagreement with ordinary quantum mechanics even in the one-dimensional case. After the modification, a comparison with Heisenberg-Pauli's quantization becomes possible under the simplest circumstances. Born's scheme proves to be too narrow. Finally I raise the principal objection that the quantum-mechanical equation should not be of the form: four-dimensional divergence of ψ equals Hψ with a scalar operator of action H but that it should rather consist of four components stating that differentiation of ψ with respect to the four space-time coordinates is performed by means of the operators: energy and momentum."
WEYL, Hermann. Philosophie der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft. Part of the Handbuch der Philosophie seres, published in Munchen and Berlin, Druck and Verlag R. Oldenburg, 1927. 8vo, 162pp. Original printed wrappers. Very good copy. $85
WHEELER, John A. "Some Consequences of the Electromagnetic Interaction Between u--Mesons and Nuclei", in Reviews of Modern Physics, January 1949, volume 21/1, pp 133-142. And with: Wheeler and J. Tiomno, "Energy Spectrum of Electrons from Meson Decay", pp 144-152. And with: Wheeler and Tiomno, "Charge-Exchange Reaction of the u-Meson with the Nucleus", pp 153-165. In the original wrappers, Fine copy. $150
WIENER, Norbert., "Dirac Equation and Einstein Theory", in Nature, June 22, 1929, volume 123, being a letter to the editor, pp 944-5. Offered in the weekly issue of pp 933-968, with the original front wrapper, removed from a larger bound volume. Nice copy.
the first synthesis of an organic compound
WOHLER, Friedrich. "Bildung der Cyansaure auf neuem Wege, und sernere Untersuchungen ueber die Cyanssaure und deren SAlze", in Annalen der Physik, volume 1/73, 1823, pp 157-172, offered in the volume of 444pp, 5 plates. Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $425
WOHLER, Friedrich. "Ueber das Aluminum", in Annalen der Physik, 1827, volume II/11,p 146-161. Offered in the full volume. Bound in black cloth-backed marbled boards. Provenance: Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung, then then to the Wright Field Library (Dayton) and then the Library of Congress. "Wright Field Library, Dayton, Ohio" stamped on top and bottom of text block. Nice, fresh copy. $300
"In 1825 H. C. Oersted showed a specimen of metal, which he believed was aluminum, to the Academy of Sciences in Copenhagen (the specimen is not now available). He certainly prepared aluminum chloride by a new method, but is seems unlikely that the metal was pure aluminum; an alloy of aluminum and potassium seems probable. Oersted, a friend of Wöhler’s, never published a claim and made no objection when Wöhler tacitly assumed priority in 1827 or when he published further details in 1845. Recently, however, claims have been made for Oersted’s priority." Dictionary of Scientific Biography
WOOD, Robert W. Physical Optics. New York, Macmillan Company, 1911. Second edition (expanding the first edition of 1905). xvi, 705pp, folding plate. Cloth. Fine copy. $175
This is the copy of Lyman Briggs, former chief of the National Bureau of Standards, President of the American Physical Society (1938), and chair of the Uranium Committee (1939-1941), as well as vice-chair of NACA. Briggs put his name and address (Wellington, NZ, 1914) on the front free endpaper. ALSO: laid in is a scientific-content hand written letter from Wood to Briggs.
ZEEMAN, P. "Experience sur la propogation de la lumiere dans des milieux liquides ou solides en mouvement", in Archives Neerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, la Haye, Martinus Nijhoff, 1927, series IIIa, tome X, part 2, pp (132)-220, 4 plates (1 folding). With the original wrappers, bound in with part 1 (complete with the wrappers), offering the entire volume of 304pp, bound in buckram, with a paper call slip on spine as well as a gilt stamped name of the institution (U.S. Bureau of Standards) at spine bottom; rubber stamped name of the USBS on wrappers. Very good copy otherwise. $250
In discussing this paper, we find in The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in the History of General Relativity:
--from John Earman, Michel Janssen, John D. Norton, editors: The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in the History of General Relativity, p 174
HOWARD, Luke. I've just written on the blog side here of the bookstore a bit on the naming of clouds--a very late addition to scientific classification--but also not providing illustrations of them. Luke Howard first published on his cloud classifications in his paper "On the Modifications of Clouds and on the Principles of their Production Suspension and Destruction being the Substance of an Essay read before the Askesian Society in the Session 1802-3" (full text here), and his "modifications" (which at the time meant "classifications") were instantly and universally adopted.
It is interesting to note that this very important work wasn't really discussed in the German language for another dozen years, appearing in the Annalen der Physik (series I volume 51) in 1815. It is also interesting to see that--unlike the English original--there are no illustrations, which in some sense provide a scent of defeat in trying to display these groundbreaking classification ideas.
Proceedings of the Aristotleian Society, Containing the Papers rad before the Society. 39 volumes: $225
- Proceedings, Old Series, volume 1-3, 1887-1896. (Johnson Reprint, 1963) Blue and red cloth bindings.
- Proceedings, New Series 1900-1950, in 25 volumes (Johnson Reprint, 1968) Plain black cloth blinding.
- Supplements, New Series, 1918-1952, in 10 volumes. (Johnson Reprint, 1968) Plain black cloth blinding.
- Synoptic Index to the Proceedings of the Aristotleian Society, 1900-1949. Oxford, 1954.
These are all in fine condition, and obviously have not been used very much at all. They are all institutional copies, with call numbers on the spine, and the name of the institution stamped on the textblock top edge. That said, the bindings are very stout, and the text is in very fine condition. Not a set to win a 'pretty” award, but certainly not ugly. These are scholar/reading copies at a good price.
Presidents of the society have included Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, A.N. Whitehead, C.D. Broad, Susan Stebbing, Gilbert Ryle, A.J. Ayer, J.L. Austin, Karl Popper and R.M. Hare among others.
Contributors include Bosanquet, Braithewaite, Broad, Wilson Carr, Haldane, Hodgson, Hicks, Jeans,G.E. Moore, Popper, Russell, Ryle, Schiller, Shadworth, Stebbing, D'arcy Thompson, Webb Weldon, Whitehead,Wittgenstein, Woodger, Whitaker, and others.
Special Offer: 50% off:
Notebook on the Construction of the MIT Cyclotron, 1938-1941, the World's First Accelerator Dedicated Solely for Medical/Biological Use
An Instrument Crucial to the Beginings of Nuclear Medicine
Scott, George W., jr. "Proton Accelerator for Biological Use" Manuscript in Haskins Laboratory ledger, 65pp, (plus 3 graphs and 1 photographic illustration of a drawing schematic of the instrument) written in pen and pencil, around 21,000 words. Entries from October 1938-April 14, 1941. From the estate of Caryl Haskins. Notebook is stamped "Haskins Laboratories" with "Ledger" on the spine, bound in cloth with ledger edges. 136 pages are in the ledger of which pp 1-65 are filled, the rest blank. $3500
George W. Scott (A.M. 1935, Ph.D. 1938 Cornell)1 was awarded a $20002 fellowship by Haskins Laboratories to work on a joint M.I.T. and Harvard project for the construction of (what would be a 500kv3) proton accelerator, among the earliest in the first generations of cyclotrons, and the first for M.I.T. The project was funded by a $30,000 gift from the John and Mary Markle Foundation to M.I.T. to construct a 42" cyclotron dedicated to biological and medical research and therapy. This project was under the direction of Robley Evans who brought aboard M. Stanley Livingstone (another Cornellian, who built a 2MeV machine at Cornell and most famously was co-inventor of the first successful atom-smasher with E.O. Lawrence in 1932, work which brought Lawrence the Nobel in 1939 but not Livingstone) to work on the accelerator. The machine ran successfully in November, 1938, and was completed in November 1940.
Scott was very hands-on in the project, though he makes infrequent references to others working on the project. He does mention John G. Trump (Ph.D. MIT '33, director of the high voltage lab) and Jay Forrester (who at the time was a part-time research assistant in the high voltage lab under Trump). Also LC van Atta makes an appearance in the notes as does Prof. E.S. Lamar.
With the beginning of the war the cyclotron was used by the Office of Medical Research of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) to produce tracers for use in medical experiments.5 I mention this because there are four pages of folded notes found inside the notebook, "Objectives for paper on and satisfactory completion of proton apparatus" (2pp) and "point to check when apparatus is given another trial" (2pp), written in Caryl Haskins hand. The connection between the MIT accelerator and Haskins is made because Haskins (Ph.D. physiology Harvard '35) had a long term interest in radiation, and had served as a research associate at MIT from 1935-1945; more significantly he was a liason officer and senior liason officer at OSRD from 1941-3, and then served as Vannevar Bush's executive assistant from 1943-1945. (Haskins would later succeed Bush as president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, a post he held from 1956-1971 and served as a trustee there from 1949-2001 (!))
So it seems that even though Scott did not continue on with the accelerator, his notebook did.
There is at least one direct reference to Scott and Haskins made in Nye's oral history of Haskins Laboratories, made in 1988, where Scott's arrival is mentioned and the reason for him being there. ("At some place along the line, 1938 or 1939, George Scott, who is covered in, your write up, I think, came in to do the same kind of job on biological materials that Caryl and I had started with electrons, but do it with protons. This was obviously motivated by the growing interest in the neutron in nuclear physics.")6
And it seems to have been useful to Haskins, and memorable enough for him to keep the notebook for 50+ years.
1. According to the Cornell Magazine of November 1993 George Scott died on April 5 of that year in Lancaster, Pa., aged about 70. According to the Cornell Alumni News (15 May 1939) he was manager of Physical Research Center but of no mention where. He worked in some capacity for Armstrong World Industries, and there is evidence that he is there at least by 1944. As the notes by Scott ends in October 1941 it may be assumed that after the beginning of the American involvement in WWII that Scott was sent to Armstrong (floor and tiles and cork and much else in an enormous plant) to help in some way for the company to retool for the war effort.
2. This according to the Citizen-Advertiser of Auburn, NY,
3. 500 kv is mentioned in the notebook on 11/1/1940.
4. "The DOE added that Professor Evans, as a founder of nuclear medicine, "occupies a special place in the history of radiation physics and biology and the development of our understanding of radiation effects today. He has had a unique impact on radiation biology."--MIT News, obituary for Evans, 1993 http://newsoffice.mit.edu/1996/evans
5. "...During World War II, the cyclotron produced isotopes for three dozen research centers in the Boston area. Working with scientists and physicians from MIT and the Harvard Medical School, Dr. Evans attacked the problem of preserving whole blood.
"By using as many as two radioactive forms of iron and one of iodine--a so-called "triple tracer" experiment--doctors could determine how well transfused blood cells remained in a recipient's blood stream. A chemical was found to preserve the blood for up to three weeks, the time it required to reach distant battlefields and subsequently was used in blood banks for several decades."--MIT News, again, as in #4.
6. An Oral History of Haskins Laboratories, by Patrick Nye,, 2006, page 35. http://www.haskins.yale.edu/history/oh/HL_Oral_History.pdf
See Early History of the Use of Radioiodyne in Thyroid Cases, by David Becker, 1983.