(For some reason I couldn't find a simple listing of Nobel Prize winners listed alphabetically--so here one is. This is linked to the Nobel site which of course has an exhaustive listing of winners and reasons for the award; this list is a simple thumbnail of the winners.)
Note: about halfway down is a descending list of recipients with the Nobel Foundation's reasons for the awards. All text in the descrption for the award is from the Nobel Foundation site. (This ends/begins in 1997--I'll get this up to date shortly.)
For videos of the recipients' Nobel lectures, see here.
Abrikosov, Alexei A. 2003
Alferov, Zhores I. 2000
Alfven, Hannes 1970
Alvarez, Luis W. 1968
Anderson, Carl David 1936
Anderson, Philip W. 1977
Appleton, Sir Edward Victor 1947
Bardeen, John 1956
Bardeen, John 1972
Barkla, Charles Glover 1917
Basov, Nicolay Gennadiyevich 1964
Becquerel, Antoine Henri 1903
Bednorz, J. Georg 1987
Bethe, Hans Albrecht 1967
Binnig, Gerd 1986
Blackett, Lord Patrick Maynard Stuart 1948
Bloembergen, Nicolaas 1981
Bohr, Aage 1975
Bohr, Niels 1922
Born, Max 1954
Bothe, Walther 1954
Bragg, Sir William Henry 1915
Bragg, Sir William Lawrence 1915
Brattain, Walter Houser 1956
Braun, Carl Ferdinand 1909
Bridgman, Percy Williams 1946
Brockhouse, Bertram N. 1994
Chadwick, Sir James 1935
Chamberlain, Owen 1959
Chandrasekhar, Subramanyan 1983
Charpak, Georges 1992
Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich 1958
Chu, Steven 1997
Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas 1951
Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude 1997
Compton, Arthur Holly 1927
Cooper, Leon N. 1972
Cornell,Eric A. 2001
Cronin, James W. 1980
Curie, Marie 1903 Curie, Pierre 1903
Dalen, Nils Gustaf 1912
Davis, Raymond, Jr. 2002
Davisson, Clinton Joseph 1937
De Broglie, Prince Louis-Victor 1929
De Gennes, Pierre-Gilles 1991
Dehmelt, Hans G. 1989
Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice 1933
Einstein, Albert 1921
Esaki, Leo 1973
Fermi, Enrico 1938
Feynman, Richard P. 1965
Fitch, Val L. 1980
Fowler, William A. 1983
Franck, James 1925
Frank, Il'ja Mikhailovich 1958
Friedman, Jerome I. 1990
Gell-Mann, Murray 1969
Giacconi, Riccardo 2002
Ginzburg, Vitaly L. 2003
Giaever, Ivar 1973
Glaser, Donald A. 1960
Glashow, Sheldon L. 1979
Glauber, Roy J. 2005
Goeppert-Mayer, Maria 1963
Gross, David 2004
Grünberg, Peter 2007
Guillaume, Charles Edouard 1920
Hall, John L. 2005
Hänsch, Theodor W. 2005
Heisenberg, Werner 1932
Hertz, Gustav 1925
Hess, Victor Franz 1936
Hewish, Antony 1974
Hofstadter, Robert 1961
Hooft, Gerardus 't 1999
Hulse, Russell A. 1993
Jensen, J. Hans D. 1963
Josephson, Brian D. 1973
Kamerlingh-Onnes, Heike 1913
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich 1978
Kastler, Alfred 1966
Kendall, Henry W. 1990
Ketterle, Wolfgang 2001
Kilby, Jack S. 2000
Klitzing, Klaus Von 1985
Koshiba, Masatoshi 2002
Kroemer, Herbert 2000
Kusch, Polykarp 1955
Lamb, Willis Eugene 1955
Landau, Lev Davidovich 1962
Laue, Max Von 1914
Laughlin, Robert B. 1998
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando 1939
Lederman, Leon M. 1988
Lee, David M. 1996
Lee, Tsung-Dao 1957
Leggett, Anthony J. 2003
Lenard, Philipp Eduard Anton 1905
Lippmann, Gabriel 1908
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon 1902
Marconi, Guglielmo 1909
Mather, John C. 2006
Meer, Simon Van Der 1984
Michelson, Albert Abraham 1907
Millikan, Robert Andrews 1923
Moessbauer, Rudolf Ludwig 1961
Mott, Sir Nevill F. 1977
Mottelson, Ben 1975
Muller, K. Alexander 1987
Neel, Louis 1970
Osheroff, Douglas D. 1996
Paul, Wolfgang 1989
Pauli, Wolfgang 1945
Penzias, Arno A. 1978
Perl, Martin L. 1995
Perrin, Jean Baptiste 1926
Phillips, William D. 1997
Planck, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig 1918
Politzer, H. David 2004
Powell, Cecil Frank 1950
Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich 1964
Purcell, Edward Mills 1952
Rabi, Isidor Isaac 1944
Rainwater, James 1975
Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata 1930
Ramsey, Norman F.1989
Rayleigh, Lord John William Strutt 1904
Reines, Frederick 1995
Richardson, Robert C. 1996
Richardson, Sir Owen Willans 1928
Richter, Burton 1976
Roentgen, Wilhelm Conrad 1901
Rohrer, Heinrich 1986
Rubbia, Carlo 1984
Ruska, Ernst 1986
Ryle, Sir Martin 1974
Salam, Abdus 1979
Schawlow, Arthur L. 1981
Schrieffer, J. Robert 1972
Schroedinger, Erwin 1933
Schwartz, Melvin 1988
Schwinger, Julian 1965
Segre, Emilio Gino 1959
Shockley, William 1956
Shull, Clifford G. 1994
Siegbahn, Kai M. 1981
Siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg 1924
Smoot, George F. 2006
Stark, Johannes 1919
Steinberger, Jack 1988 Stern, Otto 1943
Störmer, Horst 1998
Tamm, Igor Yevgenyevich 1958
Taylor, Joseph H. Jr. 1993
Taylor, Richard E. 1990
Thomson, Sir George Paget 1937
Thomson, Sir Joseph John 1906
Ting, Samuel C. C. 1976
Tomonaga, Sin-Itiro 1965
Townes, Charles H. 1964
Tsui, Daniel C. 1998
Van Der Waals, Johannes Diderik 1910
Veltman, Martinus J. G. 1999
Vleck, John H. Van 1977
Walton, Ernest Thomas Sinton 1951
Weinberg, Steven 1979
Wieman, Carl E. 2001
Wien, Wilhelm 1911
Wigner, Eugene P. 1963
Wilczek, Frank 2004
Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees 1927
Wilson, Kenneth G. 1982
Wilson, Robert W. 1978
Yang, Chen Ning 1957
Yukawa, Hideki 1949
Zeeman, Pieter 1902
Zernike, Frits 195
Descending List of Awards, from the Nobel Foundation site:
1998 Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui
"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations".
STEVEN CHU, CLAUDE COHEN-TANNOUDJI and WILLIAM D. PHILLIPS for development of
methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.
1996 DAVID M. LEE, DOUGLAS D. OSHEROFF and ROBERT C. RICHARDSON for
their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.
1995 The prize was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to
lepton physics, with one half to: MARTIN L. PERL for the discovery of the tau
lepton. and the other half to: FREDERICK REINES for the detection of the
1994 The prize was awarded for pioneering contributions to the
development or neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter
to: BERTRAM N. BROCKHOUSE for the development of neutron spectroscopy CLIFFORD
G. SHULL for the development of the neutron diffraction technique.
1993 RUSSELL A. HULSE and JOSEPH H. TAYLOR JR. for the discovery of a
new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the
study of gravitation.
1992 GEORGES CHARPAK for his invention and development of particle
detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber.
1991 PIERRE-GILLES DE GENNES for discovering that methods developed for
studying order phenomena in simple systems can be of matter, in particular to
liquid crystals and polymers.
1990 JEROME I. FRIEDMAN, HENRY W. KENDALL and RICHARD E. TAYLOR for
their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of
electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential
importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics.
1989 NORMAN F. RAMSEY for the invention of the separated oscillatory
fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks. and
the other half jointly to: HANS G. DEHMELT and WOLFGANG PAUL for the
development of the ion trap technique.
1988 LEON M. LEDERMAN, MELVIN SCHWARTZ and JACK STEINBERGER for the
neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the
leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino.
1987 J. GEORG BEDNORZ and K. ALEXANDER MÜLLER for their important
breakthrough in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials.
1986 ERNST RUSKA for his fundamental work in electron optics, and for
the design of the first electron microscope. GERD BINNIG and HEINRICH ROHRER
for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope.
1985 KLAUS VON KLITZING for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect.
1984 CARLO RUBBIA and SIMON VAN DER MEER for their decisive
contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field
particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction.
1983 SUBRAMANYAN CHANDRASEKHAR for his theoretical studies of the
physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.
WILLIAM A. FOWLER for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear
reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the
1982 KENNETH G. WILSON for his theory for critical phenomena in
connection with phase transitions.
1981 NICOLAAS BLOEMBERGEN and ARTHUR L. SCHAWLOW for their contribution
to the development of laser spectroscopy KAI M. SIEGBAHN for his contribution
to the development of high- resolution electron spectroscopy.
1980 JAMES W. CRONIN and VAL L. FITCH for the discovery of violations of
fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons.
1979 SHELDON L. GLASHOW, ABDUS SALAM and STEVEN WEINBERG for their
contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction
between elementary particles, including inter alia the prediction of the weak
1978 PYOTR LEONIDOVICH KAPITSA for his basic inventions and discoveries
in the area of low-temperature physics ARNO A. PENZIAS and ROBERT W. WILSON for
their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation.
1977 PHILIP W. ANDERSON, SIR NEVILL F. MOTT and JOHN H. VAN VLECK for
their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of
magnetic and disordered systems.
1976 BUTON RICHTER and SAMUEL C. C. TING for their pioneering work in
the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind.
1975 AAGE BOHR, BEN MOTTELSON and JAMES RAINWATER for the discovery of
the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei
and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based
on this connection.
1974 SIR MARTIN RYLE and ANTONY HEWISH for their pioneering research in
radio astrophysics Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of
the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the
discovery of pulsars.
1973 LEO ESAKI and IVAR GIAEVER , for their experimental discoveries
regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors,
respectively,. BRIAN D. JOSEPHSON for his theoretical predictions of the
properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those
phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects.
1972 JOHN BARDEEN, LEON N. COOPER and J. ROBERT SCHRIEFFER for their
jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory.
1971 DENNIS GABOR for his invention and development of the holographic
1970 HANNES ALFVÉN for fundamental work and discoveries in
magneto-hydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma
physics LOUIS NÉEL for fundamental work and discoveries concerning
antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications
in solid state physics.
1969 MURRAY GELL-MANN for his contributions and discoveries concerning
the classification of elementary particles and their interactions.
1968 LUIS W. ALVAREZ for his decisive contributions to elementary
particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance
states, made possible through his development of the technique of using
hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis.
1967 HANS ALBRECHT BETHE for his contributions to the theory ofnuclear
reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in
1966 ALFRED KASTLER for the discovery and development of optical methods
for studying hertzian resonances in atoms.
1965 SIN-ITIRO TOMONAGA, JULIAN SCHWINGER and RICHARD P. FEYNMAN for
their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing
consequences for the physics of elementary particles.
1964 CHARLES H. TOWNES, with: NICOLAY GENNADIYEVICH BASOV and ALEKSANDR
MIKHAILOVICH PROKHOROV for fundamental work in the field of quantum
electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers
based on the maser-laser principle.
1963 EUGENE P. WIGNER for his contributions to the theory of the atomic
nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and
application of fundamental symmetry principles MARIA GOEPPERT-MAYER and J. HANS
D. JENSEN for their discoveries concerning,nuclear shell structure.
1962 LEV DAVIDOVICH LANDAU for his pioneering theories for condensed
matter, especially liquid helium.
1961 ROBERT HOFSTADTER for his pioneering studies of electron scattering
in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the
stucture of the nucleons RUDOLF LUDWIG MÖSSBAUER for his researches concerning
the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this
connection of the effect which bears his name.
1960 DONALD A. GLASER for the invention of the bubble chamber.
1959 EMILIO GINO SEGRÈ and OWEN CHAMBERLAIN for their discovery of the
1958 PAVEL ALEKSEYEVICH CHERENKOV , IL'JA MIKHAILOVICH FRANK and IGOR
YEVGENYEVICH TAMM for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov
1957 CHEN NING YANG and TSUNG-DAO LEE for their penetratinginvestigation
of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding
the elementary partic les.
1956 WILLIAM SHOCKLEY, JOHN BARDEEN and WALTER HOUSER BRATTAIN for their
researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect.
1955 WILLIS EUGENE LAMB for his discoveries concerning the fine
structure of the hydrogen spectrum POLYKARP KUSCH for his precision
determination of the magnetic moment of the electron.
1954 MAX BORN for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics,
especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction WALTHER BOTHE
for the coincidence method and his discoveries made herewith.
1953 FRITS (FREDERIK) ZERNIKE for his demonstration of the phase
contrastmethod, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope.
1952 FELIX BLOCH and EDWARD MILLS PURCELL for their development of new
methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in
1951 SIR JOHN DOUGLAS COCKCROFT and ERNEST THOMAS SINTON WALTON for
their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially
accelerated atomic particles.
1950 CECIL FRANK POWELL for his development of the photographic method
of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with
1949 HIDEKI YUKAWA for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the
basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces.
1948 LORD PATRICK MAYNARD STUART BLACKETT for his development of the
Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of
nuclear physics and cosmic radiation.
1947 SIR EDWARD VICTOR APPLETON for his investigations of the physics of
the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton
1946 PERCY WILLIAMS BRIDGMAN for the invention of an apparatus to
produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in
the field of high pressure physics.
1945 WOLFGANG PAULI for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also
called the Pauli Principle.
1944 ISIDOR ISAAC RABI for his resonance method for recording the
magnetic properties of atomic nuclei.
1943 OTTO STERN for his contribution to the development of the molecular
ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton.
1942-1940 The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to
the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.
1939 ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE for the invention and development of the
cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artifi
cial radioactive elements.
1938 ENRICO FERMI for his demonstrations of the existence of new
radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related
discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons.
1937 CLINTON JOSEPH DAVISSON and SIR GEORGE PAGET THOMSON for their
experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals.
1936 VICTOR FRANZ HESS for his discovery of cosmic radiation and CARL
DAVID ANDERSON for his discovery of the positron.
1935 SIR JAMES CHADWICK for the discovery of the neutron.
1934 The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the
Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.
1933 ERWIN SCHRÖDINGER and PAUL ADRIEN MAURICE DIRAC for the discovery
of new productive forms of atomic theory.
1932 WERNER HEISENBERG for the creation of quantum mechanics, the
application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic
forms of hydrogen.
1931 The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the
Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.
1930 SIR CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN for his work on the scattering of
light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.
1929 PRINCE LOUIS-VICTOR DE BROGLIE for his discovery of the wave nature
1928 SIR OWEN WILLANS RICHARDSON for his work on the thermionic
phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him.
1927 ARTHUR HOLLY COMPTON for his discovery of the effect named after
him CHARLES THOMSON REES WILSON for his method of making the paths of
electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour.
1926 JEAN BAPTISTE PERRIN for his work on the discontinuous structure of
matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium.
1925 JAMES FRANCK and GUSTAV HERTZ for their discovery of the laws
governing the impact of an electron upon an atom.
1924 KARL MANNE GEORG SIEGBAHN for his discoveries and researchin the
field of X-ray spectroscopy.
1923 ROBERT ANDREWS MILLIKAN for his work on the elementary charge of
electricity and on the photoelectric effect.
1922 NIELS BOHR for his services in the investigation of the structure
of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them.
1921 ALBERT EINSTEIN for his services to Theoretical Physics, and
especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.
1920 CHARLES EDOUARD GUILLAUME in recognition of the service he has
rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in
nickel steel alloys.
1919 JOHANNES STARK for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal
rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields.
1918 MAX KARL ERNST LUDWIG PLANCK in recognition of the services he
rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta.
1917 CHARLES GLOVER BARKLA for his discovery of the characteristic
Röntgen radiation of the elements.
1916 The prize money for 1916 was allocated to the Special Fund of this
1915 SIR WILLIAM HENRY BRAGG and SIR WILLIAM LAWRENCE BRAGG for their
services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays.
1914 MAX VON LAUE for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by
1913 HEIKE KAMERLINGH-ONNES for his investigations on the properties of
matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia to the production of liquid
1912 NILS GUSTAF DALÉN for his invention of automatic regulators for use
in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys.
1911 WILHELM WIEN for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the
radiation of heat.
1910 JOHANNES DIDERIK VAN DER WAALS for his work on the equation of
state for gases and liquids.
1909 GUGLIELMO MARCONI and CARL FERDINAND BRAUN in recognition of their
contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy.
1908 GABRIEL LIPPMANN for his method of reproducing colours
photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.
1907 ALBERT ABRAHAM MICHELSON for his optical precision instruments and
the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid.
1906 SIR JOSEPH JOHN THOMSON in recognition of the great merits of his
theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by
1905 PHILIPP EDUARD ANTON LENARD for his work on cathode rays.
1904 LORD JOHN WILLIAM STRUTT RAYLEIGH for his investigations of the
densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in
connection with these studies.
1903 ANTOINE HENRI BECQUEREL in recognition of the extraordinary
services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity and for:
PIERRE CURIE and MARIE CURIE, née SKLODOWSKA in recognition of the
extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the
radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel.
1902 HENDRIK ANTOON LORENTZ and PIETER ZEEMAN in recognition of the
extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of
magnetism upon radiation phenomena.
1901 WILHELM CONRAD RÖNTGEN in recognition of the extraordinary services
he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named