(For some reason I couldn't find a simple listing of Nobel Prize winners listed **alphabetically**--so here one is. This is linked to the Nobel site which of course has an exhaustive listing of winners and reasons for the award; this list is a simple thumbnail of the winners.)

Note: about halfway down is a descending list of recipients with the Nobel Foundation's reasons for the awards. **All text in the descrption for the award is from the Nobel Foundation site. ** (This ends/begins in 1997--I'll get this up to date shortly.)

For videos of the recipients' Nobel lectures, see here.

Abrikosov, Alexei A. 2003

Alferov, Zhores I. 2000

Alfven, Hannes 1970

Alvarez, Luis W. 1968

Anderson, Carl David 1936

Anderson, Philip W. 1977

Appleton, Sir Edward Victor 1947

Bardeen, John 1956

Bardeen, John 1972

Barkla, Charles Glover 1917

Basov, Nicolay Gennadiyevich 1964

Becquerel, Antoine Henri 1903

Bednorz, J. Georg 1987

Bethe, Hans Albrecht 1967

Binnig, Gerd 1986

Blackett, Lord Patrick Maynard Stuart 1948

Bloch,Felix 1952

Bloembergen, Nicolaas 1981

Bohr, Aage 1975

Bohr, Niels 1922

Born, Max 1954

Bothe, Walther 1954

Bragg, Sir William Henry 1915

Bragg, Sir William Lawrence 1915

Brattain, Walter Houser 1956

Braun, Carl Ferdinand 1909

Bridgman, Percy Williams 1946

Brockhouse, Bertram N. 1994

Chadwick, Sir James 1935

Chamberlain, Owen 1959

Chandrasekhar, Subramanyan 1983

Charpak, Georges 1992

Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich 1958

Chu, Steven 1997

Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas 1951

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude 1997

Compton, Arthur Holly 1927

Cooper, Leon N. 1972

Cornell,Eric A. 2001

Cronin, James W. 1980

Curie, Marie 1903 Curie, Pierre 1903

Dalen, Nils Gustaf 1912

Davis, Raymond, Jr. 2002

Davisson, Clinton Joseph 1937

De Broglie, Prince Louis-Victor 1929

De Gennes, Pierre-Gilles 1991

Dehmelt, Hans G. 1989

Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice 1933

Einstein, Albert 1921

Esaki, Leo 1973

Fermi, Enrico 1938

Fert,Albert 2007

Feynman, Richard P. 1965

Fitch, Val L. 1980

Fowler, William A. 1983

Franck, James 1925

Frank, Il'ja Mikhailovich 1958

Friedman, Jerome I. 1990

Gabor,Dennis 1971

Gell-Mann, Murray 1969

Giacconi, Riccardo 2002

Ginzburg, Vitaly L. 2003

Giaever, Ivar 1973

Glaser, Donald A. 1960

Glashow, Sheldon L. 1979

Glauber, Roy J. 2005

Goeppert-Mayer, Maria 1963

Gross, David 2004

Grünberg, Peter 2007

Guillaume, Charles Edouard 1920

Hall, John L. 2005

Hänsch, Theodor W. 2005

Heisenberg, Werner 1932

Hertz, Gustav 1925

Hess, Victor Franz 1936

Hewish, Antony 1974

Hofstadter, Robert 1961

Hooft, Gerardus 't 1999

Hulse, Russell A. 1993

Jensen, J. Hans D. 1963

Josephson, Brian D. 1973

Kamerlingh-Onnes, Heike 1913

Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich 1978

Kastler, Alfred 1966

Kendall, Henry W. 1990

Ketterle, Wolfgang 2001

Kilby, Jack S. 2000

Klitzing, Klaus Von 1985

Koshiba, Masatoshi 2002

Kroemer, Herbert 2000

Kusch, Polykarp 1955

Lamb, Willis Eugene 1955

Landau, Lev Davidovich 1962

Laue, Max Von 1914

Laughlin, Robert B. 1998

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando 1939

Lederman, Leon M. 1988

Lee, David M. 1996

Lee, Tsung-Dao 1957

Leggett, Anthony J. 2003

Lenard, Philipp Eduard Anton 1905

Lippmann, Gabriel 1908

Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon 1902

Marconi, Guglielmo 1909

Mather, John C. 2006

Meer, Simon Van Der 1984

Michelson, Albert Abraham 1907

Millikan, Robert Andrews 1923

Moessbauer, Rudolf Ludwig 1961

Mott, Sir Nevill F. 1977

Mottelson, Ben 1975

Muller, K. Alexander 1987

Neel, Louis 1970

Osheroff, Douglas D. 1996

Paul, Wolfgang 1989

Pauli, Wolfgang 1945

Penzias, Arno A. 1978

Perl, Martin L. 1995

Perrin, Jean Baptiste 1926

Phillips, William D. 1997

Planck, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig 1918

Politzer, H. David 2004

Powell, Cecil Frank 1950

Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich 1964

Purcell, Edward Mills 1952

Rabi, Isidor Isaac 1944

Rainwater, James 1975

Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata 1930

Ramsey, Norman F.1989

Rayleigh, Lord John William Strutt 1904

Reines, Frederick 1995

Richardson, Robert C. 1996

Richardson, Sir Owen Willans 1928

Richter, Burton 1976

Roentgen, Wilhelm Conrad 1901

Rohrer, Heinrich 1986

Rubbia, Carlo 1984

Ruska, Ernst 1986

Ryle, Sir Martin 1974

Salam, Abdus 1979

Schawlow, Arthur L. 1981

Schrieffer, J. Robert 1972

Schroedinger, Erwin 1933

Schwartz, Melvin 1988

Schwinger, Julian 1965

Segre, Emilio Gino 1959

Shockley, William 1956

Shull, Clifford G. 1994

Siegbahn, Kai M. 1981

Siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg 1924

Smoot, George F. 2006

Stark, Johannes 1919

Steinberger, Jack 1988 Stern, Otto 1943

Störmer, Horst 1998

Tamm, Igor Yevgenyevich 1958

Taylor, Joseph H. Jr. 1993

Taylor, Richard E. 1990

Thomson, Sir George Paget 1937

Thomson, Sir Joseph John 1906

Ting, Samuel C. C. 1976

Tomonaga, Sin-Itiro 1965

Townes, Charles H. 1964

Tsui, Daniel C. 1998

Van Der Waals, Johannes Diderik 1910

Veltman, Martinus J. G. 1999

Vleck, John H. Van 1977

Walton, Ernest Thomas Sinton 1951

Weinberg, Steven 1979

Wieman, Carl E. 2001

Wien, Wilhelm 1911

Wigner, Eugene P. 1963

Wilczek, Frank 2004

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees 1927

Wilson, Kenneth G. 1982

Wilson, Robert W. 1978

Yang, Chen Ning 1957

Yukawa, Hideki 1949

Zeeman, Pieter 1902

Zernike, Frits 195

**Descending List of Awards, from the Nobel Foundation site:**

**2012**Serge Haroche, David J. Wineland

*"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"*

**2011**Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt, Adam G. Riess

*"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"*.

**2010**Andre Geim, Konstantin Novoselov

*"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"*

**2009**Charles Kuen Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith

*"for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication"*, the other half jointly to Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith

*"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor"*.

**2008**Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa

*"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"*, the other half jointly to Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa

*"for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"*.

**2006**John C. Mather, George F. Smoot

*"for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"*

**2005**Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodor W. Hänsch

*"for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence"*, the other half jointly to John L. Hall and Theodor W. Hänsch

*"for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique"*.

**2004**David J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek

*"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"*.

**2003**Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Anthony J. Leggett

*"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"*.

**2002**Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo Giacconi

*"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"*and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi

*"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"*.

**2001**Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl E. Wieman

*"for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"*.

**2000**Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby

*"for basic work on information and communication technology"*with one half jointly to Zhores I. Alferov and Herbert Kroemer

*"for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"*and the other half to Jack S. Kilby

*"for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit"*.

**1999**Gerardus 't Hooft, Martinus J.G. Veltman

*"for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics"*

**1998 ** Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui

*"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"*.

**1997**

STEVEN CHU, CLAUDE COHEN-TANNOUDJI and WILLIAM D. PHILLIPS for development of

methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. **1996** DAVID M. LEE, DOUGLAS D. OSHEROFF and ROBERT C. RICHARDSON for

their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3. **1995** The prize was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to

lepton physics, with one half to: MARTIN L. PERL for the discovery of the tau

lepton. and the other half to: FREDERICK REINES for the detection of the

neutrino. **1994** The prize was awarded for pioneering contributions to the

development or neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter

to: BERTRAM N. BROCKHOUSE for the development of neutron spectroscopy CLIFFORD

G. SHULL for the development of the neutron diffraction technique. **1993** RUSSELL A. HULSE and JOSEPH H. TAYLOR JR. for the discovery of a

new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the

study of gravitation. **1992** GEORGES CHARPAK for his invention and development of particle

detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber.**1991** PIERRE-GILLES DE GENNES for discovering that methods developed for

studying order phenomena in simple systems can be of matter, in particular to

liquid crystals and polymers. **1990** JEROME I. FRIEDMAN, HENRY W. KENDALL and RICHARD E. TAYLOR for

their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of

electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential

importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics. **1989** NORMAN F. RAMSEY for the invention of the separated oscillatory

fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks. and

the other half jointly to: HANS G. DEHMELT and WOLFGANG PAUL for the

development of the ion trap technique. **1988** LEON M. LEDERMAN, MELVIN SCHWARTZ and JACK STEINBERGER for the

neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the

leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino. **1987** J. GEORG BEDNORZ and K. ALEXANDER MÜLLER for their important

breakthrough in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials. **1986** ERNST RUSKA for his fundamental work in electron optics, and for

the design of the first electron microscope. GERD BINNIG and HEINRICH ROHRER

for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope. **1985** KLAUS VON KLITZING for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect. **1984 **CARLO RUBBIA and SIMON VAN DER MEER for their decisive

contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field

particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction. **1983** SUBRAMANYAN CHANDRASEKHAR for his theoretical studies of the

physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.

WILLIAM A. FOWLER for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear

reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the

universe. **1982 **KENNETH G. WILSON for his theory for critical phenomena in

connection with phase transitions. **1981** NICOLAAS BLOEMBERGEN and ARTHUR L. SCHAWLOW for their contribution

to the development of laser spectroscopy KAI M. SIEGBAHN for his contribution

to the development of high- resolution electron spectroscopy.**1980** JAMES W. CRONIN and VAL L. FITCH for the discovery of violations of

fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons. **1979** SHELDON L. GLASHOW, ABDUS SALAM and STEVEN WEINBERG for their

contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction

between elementary particles, including inter alia the prediction of the weak

neutral current. **1978** PYOTR LEONIDOVICH KAPITSA for his basic inventions and discoveries

in the area of low-temperature physics ARNO A. PENZIAS and ROBERT W. WILSON for

their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation. **1977** PHILIP W. ANDERSON, SIR NEVILL F. MOTT and JOHN H. VAN VLECK for

their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of

magnetic and disordered systems. **1976** BUTON RICHTER and SAMUEL C. C. TING for their pioneering work in

the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind. **1975** AAGE BOHR, BEN MOTTELSON and JAMES RAINWATER for the discovery of

the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei

and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based

on this connection. **1974** SIR MARTIN RYLE and ANTONY HEWISH for their pioneering research in

radio astrophysics Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of

the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the

discovery of pulsars. **1973** LEO ESAKI and IVAR GIAEVER , for their experimental discoveries

regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors,

respectively,. BRIAN D. JOSEPHSON for his theoretical predictions of the

properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those

phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects. **1972** JOHN BARDEEN, LEON N. COOPER and J. ROBERT SCHRIEFFER for their

jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory. **1971** DENNIS GABOR for his invention and development of the holographic

method. **1970** HANNES ALFVÉN for fundamental work and discoveries in

magneto-hydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma

physics LOUIS NÉEL for fundamental work and discoveries concerning

antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications

in solid state physics.**1969** MURRAY GELL-MANN for his contributions and discoveries concerning

the classification of elementary particles and their interactions. **1968** LUIS W. ALVAREZ for his decisive contributions to elementary

particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance

states, made possible through his development of the technique of using

hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis. **1967 **HANS ALBRECHT BETHE for his contributions to the theory ofnuclear

reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in

stars. **1966** ALFRED KASTLER for the discovery and development of optical methods

for studying hertzian resonances in atoms. **1965 **SIN-ITIRO TOMONAGA, JULIAN SCHWINGER and RICHARD P. FEYNMAN for

their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing

consequences for the physics of elementary particles. **1964 **CHARLES H. TOWNES, with: NICOLAY GENNADIYEVICH BASOV and ALEKSANDR

MIKHAILOVICH PROKHOROV for fundamental work in the field of quantum

electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers

based on the maser-laser principle. **1963** EUGENE P. WIGNER for his contributions to the theory of the atomic

nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and

application of fundamental symmetry principles MARIA GOEPPERT-MAYER and J. HANS

D. JENSEN for their discoveries concerning,nuclear shell structure. **1962** LEV DAVIDOVICH LANDAU for his pioneering theories for condensed

matter, especially liquid helium. **1961** ROBERT HOFSTADTER for his pioneering studies of electron scattering

in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the

stucture of the nucleons RUDOLF LUDWIG MÖSSBAUER for his researches concerning

the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this

connection of the effect which bears his name. **1960** DONALD A. GLASER for the invention of the bubble chamber. **1959** EMILIO GINO SEGRÈ and OWEN CHAMBERLAIN for their discovery of the

antiproton. **1958** PAVEL ALEKSEYEVICH CHERENKOV , IL'JA MIKHAILOVICH FRANK and IGOR

YEVGENYEVICH TAMM for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov

effect. **1957** CHEN NING YANG and TSUNG-DAO LEE for their penetratinginvestigation

of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding

the elementary partic les. **1956 **WILLIAM SHOCKLEY, JOHN BARDEEN and WALTER HOUSER BRATTAIN for their

researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect. **1955** WILLIS EUGENE LAMB for his discoveries concerning the fine

structure of the hydrogen spectrum POLYKARP KUSCH for his precision

determination of the magnetic moment of the electron. **1954** MAX BORN for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics,

especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction WALTHER BOTHE

for the coincidence method and his discoveries made herewith. **1953** FRITS (FREDERIK) ZERNIKE for his demonstration of the phase

contrastmethod, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope. **1952** FELIX BLOCH and EDWARD MILLS PURCELL for their development of new

methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in

connection therewith. **1951** SIR JOHN DOUGLAS COCKCROFT and ERNEST THOMAS SINTON WALTON for

their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially

accelerated atomic particles. **1950** CECIL FRANK POWELL for his development of the photographic method

of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with

this method. **1949** HIDEKI YUKAWA for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the

basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces. **1948** LORD PATRICK MAYNARD STUART BLACKETT for his development of the

Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of

nuclear physics and cosmic radiation. **1947** SIR EDWARD VICTOR APPLETON for his investigations of the physics of

the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton

layer. **1946 **PERCY WILLIAMS BRIDGMAN for the invention of an apparatus to

produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in

the field of high pressure physics. **1945** WOLFGANG PAULI for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also

called the Pauli Principle. **1944** ISIDOR ISAAC RABI for his resonance method for recording the

magnetic properties of atomic nuclei. **1943** OTTO STERN for his contribution to the development of the molecular

ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton. **1942-1940** The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to

the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section. **1939** ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE for the invention and development of the

cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artifi

cial radioactive elements. **1938** ENRICO FERMI for his demonstrations of the existence of new

radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related

discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons. **1937** CLINTON JOSEPH DAVISSON and SIR GEORGE PAGET THOMSON for their

experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals. **1936 **VICTOR FRANZ HESS for his discovery of cosmic radiation and CARL

DAVID ANDERSON for his discovery of the positron. **1935 **SIR JAMES CHADWICK for the discovery of the neutron. **1934** The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the

Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section. **1933** ERWIN SCHRÖDINGER and PAUL ADRIEN MAURICE DIRAC for the discovery

of new productive forms of atomic theory. **1932** WERNER HEISENBERG for the creation of quantum mechanics, the

application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic

forms of hydrogen. **1931** The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the

Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section. **1930** SIR CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN for his work on the scattering of

light and for the discovery of the effect named after him. **1929** PRINCE LOUIS-VICTOR DE BROGLIE for his discovery of the wave nature

of electrons. **1928** SIR OWEN WILLANS RICHARDSON for his work on the thermionic

phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him. **1927** ARTHUR HOLLY COMPTON for his discovery of the effect named after

him CHARLES THOMSON REES WILSON for his method of making the paths of

electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour. **1926 **JEAN BAPTISTE PERRIN for his work on the discontinuous structure of

matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium. **1925** JAMES FRANCK and GUSTAV HERTZ for their discovery of the laws

governing the impact of an electron upon an atom. **1924** KARL MANNE GEORG SIEGBAHN for his discoveries and researchin the

field of X-ray spectroscopy. **1923** ROBERT ANDREWS MILLIKAN for his work on the elementary charge of

electricity and on the photoelectric effect. **1922** NIELS BOHR for his services in the investigation of the structure

of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them. **1921** ALBERT EINSTEIN for his services to Theoretical Physics, and

especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. **1920 **CHARLES EDOUARD GUILLAUME in recognition of the service he has

rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in

nickel steel alloys. **1919** JOHANNES STARK for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal

rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields. **1918** MAX KARL ERNST LUDWIG PLANCK in recognition of the services he

rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta. **1917** CHARLES GLOVER BARKLA for his discovery of the characteristic

Röntgen radiation of the elements. **1916** The prize money for 1916 was allocated to the Special Fund of this

prize section. **1915** SIR WILLIAM HENRY BRAGG and SIR WILLIAM LAWRENCE BRAGG for their

services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays. **1914** MAX VON LAUE for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by

crystals.**1913** HEIKE KAMERLINGH-ONNES for his investigations on the properties of

matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia to the production of liquid

helium. **1912** NILS GUSTAF DALÉN for his invention of automatic regulators for use

in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys. **1911** WILHELM WIEN for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the

radiation of heat. **1910 **JOHANNES DIDERIK VAN DER WAALS for his work on the equation of

state for gases and liquids. **1909** GUGLIELMO MARCONI and CARL FERDINAND BRAUN in recognition of their

contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy. **1908** GABRIEL LIPPMANN for his method of reproducing colours

photographically based on the phenomenon of interference. **1907** ALBERT ABRAHAM MICHELSON for his optical precision instruments and

the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid. **1906** SIR JOSEPH JOHN THOMSON in recognition of the great merits of his

theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by

gases.**1905 **PHILIPP EDUARD ANTON LENARD for his work on cathode rays. **1904** LORD JOHN WILLIAM STRUTT RAYLEIGH for his investigations of the

densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in

connection with these studies. **1903** ANTOINE HENRI BECQUEREL in recognition of the extraordinary

services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity and for:

PIERRE CURIE and MARIE CURIE, née SKLODOWSKA in recognition of the

extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the

radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel. **1902** HENDRIK ANTOON LORENTZ and PIETER ZEEMAN in recognition of the

extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of

magnetism upon radiation phenomena. **1901** WILHELM CONRAD RÖNTGEN in recognition of the extraordinary services

he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named

after him.

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