A Daily History of Holes, Dots, Lines, Science, History, Math, the Unintentional Absurd & Nothing |1.6 million words, 7500 images, 4 million hits| Press & appearances in The Times, Le Figaro, MENSA, The Economist, The Guardian, Discovery News, Slate, Le Monde, Sci American Blogs, Le Point, and many other places... 4,200+ total posts
This photograph, taken about five weeks before the end of the war was declared on 11/11/18, shows a group of French and Canadian officers taking cover behind an abandoned German munitions cart, trying to protect themselves from a near-distant bombardment by German guns. (In spite of its size it seems as though this may have been a horse-drawn carriage.) They're on the road leading away from Amiens and Le Quesnoy, and at least one of them seems to have been in the field for a good long time. I like the composition of this photo--the placement of the soldiers suggests something to me, but I can't quite figure out what that is...
[This is stamped "Canadian Official Photograph...Western Newspaper Union, and printed in 1918. Like all of the other WWI photos on this site that do not have a listed source, this one belongs to me.]
The following photos are from a pamphlet entitled The Miracle Workers, a product of the Cheney Silk Company, extolling more the virtues of the considerable workforce and their living conditions more so than the product. My guess is that the pamphlet (with no publishing info) was printed around 1910, evidently when the company was coming towards its zenith after having been in business for 40+ years. I thought it would be worthwhile to share industrial/production images from uncommon sources like this one--especially since the "wrapper" holding the text wouldn't necessarily invite a reader inside. In any event, here are the few photos dealing with the interior of the factory, though there are others (like the one showing a worker's lunch room) that show the school, and church , and other such social buildings that were constructed for the workers by the company. It seems that the company had an unusual trajectory--getting a boost during the Civil War by producing the famous Spencer Rifle, then concentrating on the silk business, and then after suffering through the Depression and the failure of the silk market selling itself off to a company in teh 1950's that switched gears from silk to velvet
I haven't seen very many pro-Jewish soldiers printed during the war--especially one in which states that "Hitler's armies murdered five million civilians in Europe. They killed two million Jews", which is also unusual, especially in 1944. It seemed to me that since there are only six copies located in libraries worldwide (this via WorldCat/OCLC, with only two of those copies in the U.S.) I thought it might be useful to surface the pamphlet.
1,000,000 Jews in the Armies of Freedom. Printed in Melbourne, McLaren, Jewish Council to Combat Fascism and Anti-Semitism ca. 1944, my copy received by the Library of Congress in January 1945) 8x4”, 6pp, (tri-folded sheet of paper).
I do not have the source for this though I believe it is from Science Magazine from 1960. The ad was placed LANL looking for new hires, and employed the artwork of Emil Bisttram (Taos, New Mexico), representing the new ARPA (pre-DARPA) work for the detection of nuclear explosion tests conducted in outer space, Project VELA. ("In a continuation of presidentially directed programs, Eisenhower assigned ARPA in the summer of 1959 the task of developing the technologies necessary for the detection of nuclear tests, what would become Project VELA (Vela means watchman in Spanish). This program would examine technologies for detection space and atmospheric tests by satellites (VELA , undertaken by the High Altitude Detection panel (the Panofsky panel) of PSAC, which recommended that a satellite system be employed to detect atmospheric or space nuclear tests as part of a verification system for a possible nuclear test ban treaty."--"DARPA Space History", here: http://qnet.me/legal/DARPA%20-%20Background.pdf
I found this down in the warehouse this morning, published in Popular Science Monthly, September 1951. It sin't every day that you see a periodic table with drawings showing the employment of the elements, especially the stained glass windows for the element with the atomic number 92. Actually uranium glass was a "thing" once upon a time,, at least until the Cold War kicked in, putting a crimp in the supplies of uranium for glass plates and beads and that sort of thing.
This is the front cover of an impossibly-thin work on social contract and cooperation among the working classes. It was written by a very well-known German (from Stuttgart) liberal social reformer named Victor Aime Huber (1800-1869) and related some of his observations on the conditions of workers during a trip to England and which was published in 1851 in Berlin. I am going to scoot along on this one and not comment on Huber's social or economic work because I just don't know anything about it (at least tonight)--all I wanted to do was comment on the beautiful found-art cover for the none-page pamphlet. Non-representational beauty won't be discovered in the art world for another sixty years or, otherwise sturdy construction of color and drifting text might have been considered artistic. I like it quite a bit for its design--as well as for the very deep and swirling nature of the blue paper wrapper.
(Ueber Association mit besonderer Beziehung auf England. 4. Vortrag, veranstaltet von dem Centralverein fiir das Wohl der arbeitenden Klassen, Berlin, 1851.)
Squidward: What's that horrible smell?! [sees steam coming out of SpongeBob's window] Is Patrick thinking again?
Patrick: [sticking his head out of the window] I'm making art!
Squidward: Patrick, it smells like something crawled into your brain and died!
Patrick: That's the creative process at work!
This is one of those pamphlets with a title that goes on and on, and on, and pretty much tells you everything that there is about the work, and perhaps a little more. It is in the fine tradition of The Era of Enormous Book Titles that was so not-uncommon in the 17th c and Western Dime Novels from the turn of the century. This "newer democracy" really didn't have so much to do with "math" than it did with God being a mathematician, though not invoking much math, per se. I'm not getting into the content very much because it really isn't worthwhile---and unfortunately the pamphlet is not illustrated. But it has a great title and cover, and is also a new entry in the "-ocracy" contingent, including the far more well-known "Technocracy" and the as-obscure "Humanocracy", among others. (Aha! I am reminded of an anti-FDR pamphlet called NewDealOcracy that was a fascist something or other...)
This was a bit of a speculative peep into the future by someone who actually may have been able to see into it--Glenn Martin was on the scene immediately following the Wright Brothers, and would go on to create an aviation company that would become Martin Marietta, and then Lockheed Martin. The article appeared in the September 1942 issue of Popular Mechanics. The plane was a beast, though a pretty one--it was also very restrictive, carrying 100 passengers in spite of its size. Packing people on wasn't the priority at this point (especially at a conceived round-trip ticket of $400 to Europe, real money in those days)--luxury was. When you look at the Bureau of Labor Statistics inflation calculator for that $400, it turns into about $6,000, which is something you might pay for your first-class accommodation to Europe, except with this plane you get a shower or bath, a lounge car, a ping pong table, and a LOT of leg room.
A Picture-Book about the Costs of Medical Care was composed by the Julius Rosenwald Fund in 1932. One of the major data visualizations in the short pamphlet was the distribution of medical care according to income--and it comes as no surprise that during the Depression that the wealthiest people are enjoying more medical care than the other classes. The stats are mostly not displayed in this pamphlet so there's not much that I think I can say about them--except that it seems that the class distinctions/percentage in this chart are similar to the William Thompson & Joseph Hickey (2005) class model.
So from the Rosenwald Fund the numbers are described like so (with the addition of the bureau of Labor Statistic's calculated figures for teh purchasing power of the 1932 dollar in 2016):
<$1,299, 15% of the population, ($20,957 in 2016 dollars)
$1,200-$2,000, 35% of the pop, ($34,938 in 2016 dollars)
$2,000-$3,000, 25% of the population ($52,392 in 2016 dollars)
$3,000-$5,000, 15% of the population, ($87,321 in 2016 dollars)
$5,000-$10,000, 7% of the population, ($174,643 in 2016 dollars)
$10,000+, $2.9% population, (greater than $174,643 in 2016 dollars)
The Thompson/Hickey model
Upper middle class 15%
Lower Middle Class 32%
Working class 32%
Lower classes (including the working poor 20%
The bottom two classes in the Rosenwald could constitute the poor and the working poor, making 50% which is what is most in-line with the Thompson/Hickey model. It is a little more difficult to work the numbers and try to distinguish the super rich, rich, upper middle class, and middle class in other models against the Rosenwald graphic. However when you look at two other models the poor and the working poor add up to about the same as above; the Dennis Gilbert model (2002) finds 55% in this category and the Leonard Beeghley (2005) finds 57%. This is real smashmouth statistical surfing, I know, but it does seem as though there is a good correlation between the Rosenwald working class/working poor/poor numbers from 1932 and more recent models.
Katherine Pollack (b 1905) wrote this informative pamphlet in 1932--it is red though Ms. Pollack wasn't. She did have a solid and liberal background--Ethical Culture School in NYC, economics at Vassar, grad work at Columbia, "tutoring, teaching and writing for the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers (1927-49), Brookwood Labor College (1929-32)...field work in Southern textile mill towns and West Virginia coal camps..."1, and then on to national offices for the CIO and then the AFL-CIO.
I hate to say it, but I was drawn to the pamphlet for the design. It turns out that Ms. Pollack had the Right Stuff, and knew her business, and lived that life. I'm glad to have made her acquaintance.
The pamphlet was published by the Brookwood Labor College (1921-1937) evidently the first U.S. college devoted to the study of labor, and published in 1932.