Grave Folly of Pro-Czech Policy... published by the Militant Christian Patriots, September 1938. Rare. From the Pamphlet Collection of the Library of Congress. 10x8 inches. Old vertical fold. Very good copy. $175
Here's a slathering piece of propaganda published by the Militant Christian Patriots (of London) on how the British government was dealing with the Nazi/Seudeten problem in September 1938. In their gunsights was Anthony Eden, who was seen by this group as a Bolshevist supporter, and who as the Foreign Minister of the United Kingdom under Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was against the appeasement policy of the government towards Nazi territorial acquisitions, particularly in this case with Czechoslovakia. Eden. identified here as "backed by the Zionists, Fabian_Scoailists and "pacifist" League of Nations enthusiasts" was a multiple threat, and seen to be capable of directing national policy towards a confrontation with Germany over the looming Czech problem.
On the other hand, Neville Chamberlain, who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at this time (and from May 1938-May 1940), was seen as a better ideological fit with his issues and policies of appeasement of the German nationalist needs and territorial rape. Chamberlain certainly gave what Christian Militants wanted--a free hand to Hitler in Czechoslovakia (and more), and perhaps an acknowledgement of defeat to the Nazi nation. Winston Churchill certainly thought so:
"We have suffered a total and unmitigated defeat... you will find that in a period of time which may be measured by years, but may be measured by months, Czechoslovakia will be engulfed in the Nazi régime. We are in the presence of a disaster of the first magnitude...we have sustained a defeat without a war, the consequences of which will travel far with us along our road...we have passed an awful milestone in our history, when the whole equilibrium of Europe has been deranged..." Winston Churchill, MP, 1938
The Christian Militants saw it all differently, tending to agree with Hitler on the Czech matter, and seeking to keep the U.K. out of confrontation and thus away from war by giving Hitler (and then Mussolini) what they demanded to satisfy their growing national needs.
"I am asking neither that Germany be allowed to oppress three and a half million Frenchmen, nor am I asking that three and a half million Englishmen be placed at our mercy. Rather I am simply demanding that the oppression of three and a half million Germans in Czechoslovakia cease and that the inalienable right to self-determination take its place." -Adolf Hitler's speech at the NSDAP Congress 1938
Eden resigned his position earlier in the year, in March 1938, but stayed in the fray. As everyone knows things went badly at the end of the month of September, 1938, with Chamberlain letting everything go and appeasing Hitler in the Munich Conference (known to the Czechs as the "Munich Dictates" and worse) in which bits of Czechoslovakia were given to Germany in a series of meetings in which that country was not invited.
And so the P.M. returned to the home country having done nothing in Germany but give away a part of someone else's country, all in a feeble attempt at maintaining peace for Europe's key players. He landed at Heston Aerodrome and held a piece of flimsy paper in his hand, which was battered by a tiny wind, and declared that there would be "peace in our time" because Hitler's signature said it would be so, all of which was a "prelude to peace" in Europe as a whole:
"My good friends, this is the second time there has come back from Germany to Downing Street peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time. We thank you from the bottom of our hearts. Now I recommend you go home, and sleep quietly in your beds."
Less than a year later it would all come crashing down, the appeasement policy (such as it was) a shambles, and the world plunged into war.
Militant Christian Patriots Stand with Sudeten Germans, 1938
The Militant Christian Patriots issued this small (7x5") leaflet in 1938 to pass around at rallies, no doubt, deep in favor of Great Britain not meddling around in the affairs of Europe, especially where Adolf Hitler was concerned. It seems to have slipped out of existence somewhat, located as it is in only one library (Alexander Turnbull Library - National Library of New Zealand) by WorldCat/OCLC. No doubt the Militant Christian Patriots were very pleased with the flimsy piece of paper that Neville Chamberlain held in his hand at the airport later that year. $100
Look Out! (a WARNING ABOUT PROPAGANDA) 5X3". Common Sense Talk, 44C. Published by Men of America, 1939. 6pp. Striking design! And a scarce little bugger! $25
The Rules of Atrocity Propaganda. Printed ca. 1938/1939 at the Falken-Press, Hamburg. 2pp, 11x8 inches. These are original negative photographs of the front and back of the original two-page publication. This was part of a large collection from the Library of Congress, sent to the library in 1946, "source unknown". This is in fine condition, and rare. WorldCat/OCLC locates no copies of this work--at least as a stand-alone title. $195.
As a small cog in the machinery of the Nazi Big Lie, this short sheet (supposedly written by a " Theodore Kesselmeier"1), outlines a campaign of British anti-Nazi psychological warfare, and was written around 1938/9. It is written in a book review format whose aim was the 1938 publication by Sidney Rogerson2, Propaganda in the Next War, which was an alert (described as "brilliant" by John A. Pollard in The Public Opinion Quarterly for Autumn 1945) to the British government to establish central coordinating offices for information and communication for what the author felt to be the impending war with Germany. In many ways Rogerson was responding to an enormous flood of information coming out of Germany about its own impending future, from the election and seizure-of-power by Adolf Hitler, to books like Ewald Barnse Raum und Volk im Welkriege (translated into Germany Prepares for War) of 1933, and on and on, a growing high tide that was without end. (Even from the most base popular study of Germany's desires, for example, looking at every issue of the Illustriete Zeitung (Leipzig) from 1933 to 1939 as I have done, it is overwhelmingly obvious that Germany was preparing for the next war. The case is made constantly and boldly in the magazine, which served in a way as Germany's version of LIFE magazine.)
But the "reviewer" finds the Rogerson work insulting and militaristic, hateful; an attack upon Germany. He/they write(s) that the book is an offense, and part of an effort of "the cold-blooded and unrestricted manner in which Britain has prepared this latest war against Germany". This part is odd because even at this late date, and given what the knew about the German war aims, Great Britain had done very little about preparing for war even until Munich.
I have a number of these propagandistic pieces that came out of Germany at this time, some of which have been written about on this blog, and it seems no surprise now to see how many of them paint Germany as a victim of the war aims of the countries nearby: Poland and Czechoslovakia were both presented as late as 1938 as having designs on Germany. This is just one of many examples of Nazi propaganda on propaganda, issues of lies within lies to the secret house of even-more-inner lies.
1. I suspect that "Kesselmeier" was the nom de plume of a section of writers laboring away in the dream factory of the psych-ops part of the Nazi war machinery. It is much easier to produce reports when you have an entire group of people working on the project without need for the benefit of proof--or, for that matter--of truth.
2. Rogerson's entry in Who's Who: “Publicity and Public Relations Consultant and author. Born 22nd of October 1894. Son of the Reverend S. Rogerson. B.A. in Modern History 1916; Served in the European War;
Commissioned in the West Yorkshire Regiment 1916-1919. Demobilised in 1919. 1923-30 was Publicity Manager for the F.B.I (Federation of British Industry); Joined I.C.I (Imperial Chemical Industries) in 1930; Publicity Controller I.C.I Ltd., 1932-1952. Publicity and Public Relations Advisor to the Army Council, War Office, 1952-3-4. Hon. Col. 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division. Signals Regiment T.A., 1955. Publications: Twelve Days, 1933: Last of the Ebb, 1937: Propaganda in the Next War,1938: Old Enchantment, 1938: Our Bird Book, 1946: Both Sides Of The Road, 1949."