Mrs. Kennedy on the Kennedy-Nixon Wives' Debate, 1960
5x7" sheet, typed, with corrections, 1960. Provenance: Gladys Beauchamp Uhl, former press secretary to Mrs. Kennedy. $1500
Television made a grand, sweeping entrance into the presidential political arena, becoming a tertiary, occasionally biased and highly visible invisible determinant in the contest, 49 years ago yesterday. Nearly half of the country tuned in to watch the first debate on 26 September 1960--which would actually be considerably more than half of the voting population—for a first-ever nationally visual spectacular of seeing two presidential aspirants face each other. Nixon turned from being an aspirant into a perspirent: deciding not to use makeup and sweating badly under the heat of the studio lighting, Nixon looked dark and foreboding compared to the just-returned–from-California Kennedy, tanned and nicely tailored Also of course Kennedy had that charisma bit going on, and spoke very well, was charming, and funny—most of which Nixon was not, though he did have his (version off the) facts under command, had a certain presence because of being Vice President for eight years, and was a formidable debater.
But things did not go well for Nixon in the debates, and probably cost him the election which was determined by a squeaky-small margin of 49.7% to 49.6% (34,220,984 to 34,108,157) of the popular vote. But as we have seen recently the popular vote doesn’t mean anything if you have the electoral college, which Kennedy had reasonably wrapped up 303 to 226. Too bad the Kleig lamps didn’t do their magic in 1968.
What I’d like to address here was the (very little known?) second-tier, non-existent but evidently proposed debates between the candidate’s wives.
I own a small archive of Jacqueline Kennedy-iana that came to me via her first, pre-White House press secretary, Gladys Uhl. Among these 50-odd pieces is this fantastic response from Mrs. Kennedy’s office regarding the proposed wives’ debate.
The edited typed-carbon response reads: “I agree with Mrs. Nixon that a debate between the candidates’ wives would serve no purpose and I also agree that clothes should not be an issue in this campaign.”
The penciled note at top reads: “Clear with Mrs. Kennedy and I will phone to AP – G” (The “G” being Gladys Uhl, the press secretary.) The note at bottom reads: "In answer to your request for comment."
And so ended a truly bad idea, cut to the quick by Mrs. Kennedy and Mrs. Nixon, thankfully sharing the belief that the wives of candidates needn't get officially involved in the presidential contest.
NATIONALITY MAP OF MANHATTAN. Frederick Erastus Pierce (1878-1935), is the creator of the extraordinary The Tenement-House Committee Maps: printed on one sheet of paper for Harper's Weekly in 1895, Pierce presents his data on the distribution of the population of Manhattan with two maps, one showing the densities of Manhattan populations (on top) and the other the distribution of nationalities (at bottom).
The map [ sections are entitled: No. 1. Map of City of New York showing densities of population in the several sanitary districts, June 1, 1894 . And No. 2. Map of City of New York showing the distribution of Principal nationalities by sanitary districts. On verso: text, two smaller maps "Map of the of City of New York", showing density of population by wards, and then an unrelated but interesting A bird's-eye view of the Cotton States and International Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia; image of C.A. Collier, President and Director-General of the International Cotton State Exposition. 2 maps : on 1 sheet ; 14 x 48 cm. and 17 x 48 cm. There are two short tears at the middle of each margin at left and right, otherwise this is a nice copy of a wonderful map, and only the second time that we have had it in stock. $300
Here's an overall view of the maps--this example from the Library of Congress, as I could not make an accurate image of the one I have here--I do include some details of the maps from my own copy, however, which are found just above, with several below.
There's a significant amount of crowded, complex information exhibited here, some somewhat more successfully than others. The population density map is pretty straightforward. The distribution of nationalities, however, is another story--there are eleven groups followed here, each given a bit of a confusing flavor, given that the representations are done in black-and-white. Its difficult data to present, especially considering that the groups shown could vary block-to-block, and that the population of Manhattan at the 1890 showed 76% with foreign-born mothers and 40+% of the city foreign-born themselves. (It should be noted that only the groups with 2/3 of the base of any particular zone has been plotted.)
Here are details of the two halves of the bottom map:
(And the full representation of the bottom map, this image from the Library of Congress:)
Much of this population--a good chunk of the city's 1.9 million people--were housed in tenements, a pre-high-rise pre-elevator version of the highrise. They were six or seven story walk-up buildings that were narrow (usually about 25-35 wide) and long (100-125+ as an average). There were 10-14 rooms per floor, and were generally packed with families. A massive expose on the tenement house was photographically depicted in "The Tenement House Exhibition of 1899", the un-pretty picture described below by Lawrence Veiller in Charities Review in 1901:
"It has shown, step by step, the different changes that have taken place in New York tenement houses, and by means of 1,000 photographs has illustrated nearly all the evils of the present tenement-house system. Special emphasis has been laid upon the terrible evils of the dark, unventilated airshafts, which are the chief characteristic of the present type of buildings. There are over forty-four thousand tenement houses in the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx, and in the year 1899 about two thousand new tenement houses were erected. These, as a rule, are built on lots twenty-five feet wide by one hundred feet deep, and are planned to accommodate four families on a floor. The buildings are six or seven stories high, and each floor generally contains fourteen different rooms."
"Only four of these rooms on each floor have direct light and air from the street or the small yard. The other ten open on a narrow "air-shaft,"which is a well hole closed at both ends, seldom more than five feet wide, when between two buildings, and often only two feet six inches wide, varying in length from forty to sixty feet, and being generally from sixty to seventy-two feet high."
"The first of the accompanying illustrations represent a typical airshaft. As usual, it is closed at both ends. It is two feet ten inches wide, forty-eight feet long, and seventy-two feet high. Forty-two windows open upon it, the sole source of light and air to the rooms. Rents in this building run from$10 a month for three rooms to $17 for four rooms. The baby's bathtub is hung out of the window because the rooms are so small that there is no place to keep it inside. The shaft is only a little wider than the tub."--Charities Review, 10 (1900-1901), 19-25.
Mr. Pierce did a commendable job in exhibiting some difficult quantitative stats in a fairly restrictive medium.
1. The map[ sections are entitled: No. 1. Map of City of New York showing densities of population in the several sanitary districts, June 1, 1894 . And No. 2. Map of City of New York showing the distribution of Principal nationalities by sanitary districts. On verso: text, two smaller maps "Map of the of City of New York", showing density of population by wards, and then an unrelated but interesting A bird's-eye view of the Cotton States and International Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia; image of C.A. Collier, President and Director-General of the International Cotton State Exposition. 2 maps : on 1 sheet ; 14 x 48 cm. and 17 x 48 cm.
[NAZI Bombing Report] The working title of this report is Fliegerangriff in der Nachct vom 17./18.8.40 auf die Hydrierwerk Scholven A.G., and it tells the story of a bombing raid by the R.A.F on the night of June 17/18. 1940. This was a few weeks before the beginning of the Battle of Britain, and another few weeks before the first German bombs began to fall on central London (August 24/5). It is a fairly sumptuous production, hardcover, with original photographs pasted in, and of course with comments about the damage and debris of the raid. Size: 11.5 x 8.5 inches. 20 leaves with 27 original photographic images of damage caused by the bombing. Each leave is quite thick—much more stiff and heavy than a 110-lb cover stock sheet. The photos are all 3 x 4.5 inches, and are clear and bright. Condition: fine. . Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” it is identified by a distinctive and tiny 3mm perforated stamp, plus a bookplate at the front pastedown. Binding: bound in thick cloth boards. $500
Hdydrierwerk Scholven A.G. was a synthetic petroleum plant and was one of the earliest targets of Great Britain in Germany's industrial Ruhr Valley. It was owned by the Hibernia Mining Company, and constructed as a hydrogenation plant in 1935. Located in Gelsenkirchen, a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, it was located in the Ruhr, which was a center of wartime production for Germany.
There is no indication of author/printer or which agency/department was responsible, but this looks like (to me) to be the beginning of a standard protocol on reporting damage from bombing raids. It seems as though the typing under the captions is first generation, original; it is also illustrated by 27 2x4" original photographs of the damage. This may be a unique copy or perhaps one of several--at the very least, I would say it was of extremely highly limited distribution.
"Gelsenkirchen in the time of the Third Reich. In the time when the Nazis held sway in Germany, Gelsenkirchen, owing to its location in the heart of the Ruhr area, was a centre of wartime industry. In no other time has Gelsenkirchen's industry been so highly productive. This brought about, on the one hand, after the massive job cuts in the 1920s, a short-term boost in mining and heavy-industry jobs. On the other hand, the city naturally became the target of many heavy Allied bombing raids during the Second World War, which destroyed three fourths of Gelsenkirchen. Even today, many old above-ground air-raid shelters can be found in the city, and some of the city's official buildings such as Hans-Sachs-Haus downtown and the town hall in Buer have air-raid shelters still kept more or less in their original form. Two synagogues in Gelsenkirchen were destroyed in the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht in November 1938. The one in Buer was burnt down. The one in downtown Gelsenkirchen was likewise destroyed. Exactly 66 years later, the cornerstone was laid there for a new synagogue. The Institute for City History set up a documentation site: "Gelsenkirchen in National Socialist times". Throughout the time when Hitler was in power, from 1933 to 1945, the city's mayor was Carl Engelbert Böhmer, an NSDAP member."--Wikipedia
Rare and Very Early Psychological Report on Hitler, from the Library of the O.S.S.
Murray, Henry A.. Worksheets on Morale. Seminar in Psychological Problems of Morale. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University, 1942 (?). 1st edition. 150 leaves 4to. Original printed wrappers. Very good condition. Published by Harvard University, Department of Psychology. 152 leaves, 15 sections, ca. 90,000 words. (Two copies of this work are located via WorldCat: Harvard and Illinois State University). HOLD
This work by Gordon Allport and Henry A. Murray contains several sections on what has been recently hailed as the earliest psychological profile of Adolf Hitler. Evidently there were only 30 copies of this report made; it is exceptionally rare.
The sections include: (1) Aim of Seminar, 2 lvs; (2) Selected Bibliography, 1941, 3 lvs; (3) Notes on the Definition of Morale, 3+3lvs; (4) Determinants of Good and Bad Morale, 18 lvs; (5) Historical Trends of National Socialist Ideology, 14 lvs; (6) Hitler the Man, Notes for a Case Study, 22 lvs; (7) Education in Nazi Germany, 8 lvs; (9) Strategy and Tactics for anti-Nazi propaganda, 10 lvs; (10) Democratic vs. Totalitarian Morale in Groups, 5 lvs; (11) Standards of Democratic Morale-Building in the U.S., 6 lvs; (12) Civilian Morale Building Techniques, 7pp; (13) Psychology of Influence (Education Persuasion) Applied to Morale Building in America, 16 lvs; (14) Long-term Aspects of Democratic Morale-Building, 7 lvs; (15) Analysis and Execution of Propaganda Campaigns, 18 lvs.
The portions of this publication concerning the psychological profile of Hitler seem to pre-date the very recent re-publication of Murray's very obscure 1943 work again published for the OSS on the psychological composition of Hitler. The date of publication of these sheets is somewhat uncertain, although there are no references dated after 1941.
These sheets were obviously not intended for a wide distribution. It is interesting to note the circulation card in the pocket at the rear of this work as it bears the signature of David N. Yerkes. I spoke with Mr. Yerkes a dozen years ago and inquired after his interest in this work (taken out on 7 June 1944 and returned 14 June 1944), and he told the story that Henry Murray was a pupil of his father's, who was Robert Yerkes, former president of the American Psychological Association, Professor of Psychology at Harvard and innovator in the use of psychological testing and training of American servicemen during WWI.
Japanese Propaganda Enlisting the Aid of the Philippine People 1942
Propaganda Corps, Ideals of the New Philippines--Japanese Army Propaganda on Liberating the Philippines. 1941/2. 37pp, 12mo. Printed wrappers. Very good condition. Year: 1942 (no place of publication listed).
There are several essays in this work, all of them address the victory of the Japanese army over the United States and allies (USAFFE), and calling for Filipinos to accept their new responsibilities in rebuilding their country according to Japanese and "Asiatic" ideals. In general the approach to the newly-captive population was that of a liberator, helping the Philippines to "escape from the captivity of the United States". The Japanese call for a "Marshall Petain" model of rehabilitation: "...you must surmount tremendous difficulties everywhere you go".
There is no escaping the very determined, strict approach: "Filipinos *must* follow the Japanese way or they will be deemed a traitor to the Philippines and to the Japanese Imperial Army. Those who spread rumors about the return of the US Army to the Philippines are unpardonable criminals because they disturb the tranquility of the country". And "You shall never regret your collaborations with us."
Yosihide Hayasi (Director General of the Japanese Occupation) writes strongly of the anti-Imperialist efforts of Japan and their Army's liberating efforts, and the plan to spring about a great Asiatic Asia, free of Western influences "and the eradication of Anglo Saxon and Western imperialism". "Believing in the superior blood of Asiatic people" the Filipinos will wash away the defects of the Anglo Saxons. There is a further short essay by Jorge Vargas ("Chairman of the Executive Committee), entitled "Philippine Islands Grateful to Japanese". There is also appended (from pp 28-37) the Field Service Code of the Japanese Army, heavy belief in strength, discipline, honor, obedience.
Binding: self wrappers. Scarce: there are 14 copies of this work found in the massive and tremendously useful librarians' and bibliographic tool, the OCLC/WorldCat, nearly all in superior research libraries. $200
[LOS ANGELES] Reimer, Edward H. and Edward Elliott. The Struggle for Life in Los Angles County. Published by Edward Reimer (825 West 8th St), L.A. Presumably Reimer printed the document, as well--this is an early mimeographic reproduction production, and, probably, of very limited reproduction. Printed on 11x8.5" sheets in purple ink, 107pp, running about 60,000 words. This is also the Copyright Deposit copy (serial A 208715, July 6, 1936), which then became part of the "Pamphlet Collection" of the Library of Congress before we purchased that collection some time ago.
The condition of the document is generally good, though 10% of the text has become very faded and legible only as enhanced scans. That said, this seems to be the only available copy of any interesting report on the conditions and remedies of social and economic conditions in Los Angeles in the mid-1930's. $3500
“The object of this work is to awaken the proAducers to a consciousness of their industrial power. It is dedicated, not to those who advocate but to those who use sabotage.”--Walker C. Smith, in the second of his miniature two-paragraph foreword in Sabotage (1917 edition)
SMITH, Walker C. Sabotage, its History, Philosophy & Function. (no place or date of publication, though the IWW website identifies this printing as 1917). 6x4", 32pp. Fine copy, very bright. Ont he bottom of the first page is a stamped "By transfer, Jul 20, 1925", which may be from the Copyright Office, as this copy did come from The Pamphlet Collection of the Library of Congress. This doesn't necessariyl date the pamphlet as 1925, however; I have seen examples where the transfer happened years following copyright.) $200
Also it should be noted that WorldCat doesn't identify any other years for printings between 1913 and 1935; and that given what must have been a fairly wide distribution, there weren't all that many copies located in libraries that weren't ' identified as an "internet resource".
Walker Conger Smith (born 1885 on the same day that Babe Ruth and Elvis Pressley died in later years) was a hard line political seer, a magical agitator and writer for the Wobblies, officially known as the Industrial Workers of the World (and the I.W.W.) He lived a busy 41 years, and in his time raised a lot of attention to the IWW's Socialist vehemently pro-Union organizing, during a time (1910-1927 or so) when big business would respond with their won police/strikebreakers/armies to disrupt and dispel (and trounce) strikers and strikes.
One of Walker's best known works was Sabotage, its History, Philosophy & Function. First published in 1913 and then widely reprinted, it made the case for poor pay for poor work, and that in the long run the wealth produced by the workers belonged to them, and so work slowdowns and then destruction of the means of production was well within the rights of the wronger worker.
The pamphlet certainly found a readers--on both sides of the issue. It was regularly used in legal actions against Unions as proof of their criminal syndicationism and of organized destruction of business/factory property.
The pamphlet ends with these very strong statements:
"Its [Sabotage's] advocacy and use help to destroy the property illusion"...
"Is the machine more than its makers? Sabotage says "No!"
"Is the product greater than the producers? Sabotage says "No!"
"Sabotage places human life--and especially the life of the only useful class--higher than all else in the universe."
...."For Sabotage or for slavery? Which?"
The pamphlet ends with a salutation from Jack London:
"Dear Comrade Smith:
Just a line to tell you that I have finished reading your pamphlet SABOTAGE. I do not find a point in it on which I disagree with you. It strikes me as a straight-from-the-shoulder, clear, convincing, revolutionary statement of the meaning and significance of sabotage.
Yours for the revolution,
Full text here.
The IWW website identifies this printing as 1917. http://www.iww.org/sr/history/library/WCSmith/sabotage
A Very Sympathetic Statement on the American Indian, 1880
LONG, John D. The Indian Question., Report of the Committee appointed by Honorable John D. Long, Governor of Massachusetts. Boston; Frank Wood, 1880. 8vo, 26, 47pp. Original wrappers, institutional stamp on rear wrapper from the Library of Congress; U.S. Geological Survey rubber stamp on back of the title page. $150 Half-faint inscription on the front wrapper reads "Committee to investigate the removal of the Ponca Indians".
Discussion on the ill-treatment of the American Indian, divided into two sections, with the Appendix of 47pp containing quotes from Indian agents under sections headings like "unsuitable reservations", "the way the government robs the Indian", "evils of the present system", "Indian children equal to the white in capacity", "rapid advancement of Indians", "robbery of property of Indians", "gross mismanagement and cruel treatment of Indians, "the punishment of murderers of Indians" (none), "violation of treaties by the U.S. government", "inexcusable neglect of Indian Department", and such. The sections all have documented observations for their pronouncements. Here's the entire doc: https://archive.org/stream/indianquestionr00indigoog#page/n10/mode/2up
A Really, Really Good Radio Show (1938-1941)
America's Town Meeting of the Air. 1938-1941. 85 issues. 11x8.5". Each issue 3 leaves, or 6pp, offset printed, stapled in upper left corner. Provenance: U.S. Copyright Deposit copies, via the Pamphlet Collection of the Library of Congress. $750
It turns out that I own a good stack of guideline publications for what was America's first news talk show: "America's Town Meeting of the Air", produced by the Town Hall Advisory board between 1935 and 1955. [("The NBC Radio Network program America's Town Meeting of the Air was an early form of electronic "townhall" democracy--perhaps the very first such electronic forum. In May of 1935 the program began what would become a 21-year run. (In later years the program would be broadcast on the ABC network."--Social Security Administration, http://www.ssa.gov/history/1935radiodebate.html)] The format of the broadcasts pitted two prominent experts in a debate of some aspect of public policy. The program was unique for its time in that it also featured questions from both the live audience and from the listening audience around the country. It was a weekly show, and in general--at least for the 90 examples I have for the 1938-1941 period)--each broadcast came with a three-sheet guideline. The first sheet was a general statement of the show's interest--for example, "What Shall We Do With the Joads?", for March 7, 1940 (the Joads being the family in the Steinbeck mega-epic The Grapes of Wrath). These intro pages are usually very concise, very well written, logical, and provocative.
The second sheet is really what surprised me so--a bibliography and suggested reading for the discussion. That means that before the radio program was broadcast the producers provided listeners a handy sheet with material to read so that they could better follow the discussion--this seems truly exceptional by today's sub-standards of a great chunk of radio political discussion, where volume/noise dictates correctness over recognized references. I wondered before looking at the list if The Grapes of Wrath would be there, because, well, it wasn't necessarily a popular read everywhere in spite of the book's critical reception. It was there, along with (shockingly) Dorothea Lange and Paul Taylor's (her husband) An American Exodus; Carey McWilliams' Factories in the Field the Story of Migratory Farm Labor in California; and You Have Seen Their Faces, by Erskine Caldwell and Margaret Bourke-White (described as "the Southern sharecropper in photographs and prose"). Actually all of the books and articles are given a similarly very-short description like this, in spite of their Great Classic status of today--the photographs by Bourke-White and Lange and McWilliams and their accompanying texts are really nothing short of masterpieces, difficult and challenging exposes of a national tragedy --and here they are, suggested reading for listeners of a radio talk show.
The third sheet was a "Who's Who" of the speakers for the show. In this case, they included Rexford Tugwell (an economist and former Director of the Resettlement Administration); Hugh Bennett (Chief, U.S. Soil Conservation Service); Carey McWilliams (the author of Factories in the Fields and at the time Chief, Division of Immigration and Housing for the state of California); and Philip Bancroft (a member of the executive committee of the Associated Farmers of California, the farmers of that state being a particular target of Steinbeck's in The Grapes of Wrath). There were serious people. And this was a serious radio show. Each week six pages of tight typescript on 11x8.5" sheets would be sent out, and each we the shows were of similar quality...just very impressive stuff.
The topics for conversation make for interesting discussion in themselves, and pretty much serve as a social barometer for the period. Here's a sample:
- Where Will the Munich Settlement Lead?
- How Can the American Nations Cooperate for World Peace?
- What Does Free Speech Mean Today? (Norman Thomas and Hamilton Fish)
- Should the Neutrality Act be Repealled?
- How Should Religion Deal with Totalitarianism?
- Is America Menaced by Propaganda?
- Do We Have a Free Press? (Harold Ickes and Frank Gannett)
- How Can Europe Avoid War? (With Masaryk)
- Has America a Stake in the Far East?
- What Should be our National Defense Policy?
- Is the South our Number One Economic Problem?
- Should We Limit the RIghts of Political Groups with Alien Ties?
- Can Europe Escape War Now?
- Should We Have a War Referendum?
- Third Term for Roosevelt?
- What are the Real Issues of the European War? (October 19, 1939)
- Should WE Ignore Racial Diffrences? (With Ashley Montague)
- How Should Democracies Deal with Dictatorships?
- Should the Arms Embargo Be Lifted?
- Is Our Constitutional Government in Danger? (WIth Robert H. Jackson)
- What Kind of a Peace Can Europe Make?
- Does America Need Cumpulsory HEalth Insurance? (WIth Henry Sigerist)
- SHould We Stay in the Philippines?
- IS There a Revolution in the Arts? (With Aaron Copeland)
- What Should America Do For the Joads?
- How Can Philosophy and Religion Meet Today's Needs? (With Reinhold Niebuhr)
- Are We on the Road to War?
- Is This Our War? (With Eddie Rickenbacker, who was an America Firster; Col. Henry Breckinridge, of the "Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies"; and Mary Hillyer (a woman waaay out in front on this one, present when France and the Low Countries were invaded, and organizer of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, and the Amalgamated Clothing workers of America).
- What Kind of World Order Do We Want? (WIth H.G. Wells and Dr. Hu SHih, CHinese Ambassador to the U.S.)
- Must America and Japan Clash?
- What Are We Preparing to Defend?
- Is a Hitler Defeat Essential to the United States?
- Should We Adopt the Preseident's Lend-Lease Program?
- Does Our Future Welfare Demand British Victory?
- Should the English-Speaking Democracies Unite Now? (With Dorothy Thompson)
- Are We a United People? (With Erskine Caldwell)
- How Should the Movies Aid National Defense? (With Rosalind Russell and three others)
- Is War with Japan Inevitable?
- Should Our Ships Convoy Arms to Britain?
- Should Britain Relax Her Food Blockade for Hitler's Victims?
- Are Schoolbooks Dangerous?
- Should the President Declare a Full National Emergency?
- Should America Enter the War Actively Now?
One of the First American Race Riots: Harlem, 1935.
The Report of Subcommittee Which Investigated the Disturbances of March 19th. Report to New York City Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, issued before August 15, 1935. 8pp. Complete. Offset printed. Rare. $1250
"The Harlem riot of 1935, now the subject of a comprehensive report, demonstrated that 'the Negro is not merely the man who shouldn't be forgotten; he is the man who cannot safely be ignored'." Alain Locke, Survey Graphic, 1936.*
This is a report to Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia (mayor of NYC from 1934-1945, a liberal Republican who was exactly what was needed in the city at exactly the right time) on what has come to be recognized as America’s first race riot..1 The damage was widespread, with hundreds of people injured, three killed, and $2 million 1935 dollars lost in during the Harlem event. The action started at the S.H. Kress dime store on 256 W. 125th St. (just across from the Apollo Theater) in Harlem, where a 16-year-old boy named Lino (described int his report as a “young Negro” though he was Puerto Rican) was detained by authorities in the store for shoplifting. He was taken to the store’s basement and released to the backstreet unharmed, but a rumor spread violently and quickly that a young child had been taken to the basement of the store and beaten (or killed) for stealing a piece of candy. Complications arose when the police arrived and when civic leaders’ questions went unanswered. An odd and unfortunate twist of faith placed a hearse in front of the store during this build-up (from the business across the street from the store), inspiring outrage and “proof:” that the boy had been killed.2
In addition to the missing boy, the hearse, the police, and bad communications, were handbills distributed in the neighborhood printed by the Young Communist League and the black semi-militant Young Liberators, all helping to fan the flames of the crowds by the Kress store, which had swelled to several thousand people after just two hours--the riot came soon thereafter.
The Report of Subcommittee Which Investigated the Disturbances of March 19th3 (and issued before August 15, 1935), was chaired by Arthur Garfield Hayes,analyzed the event in a surprisingly sympathetic way, recognizing that there was no organized response to the event, and finding that the response was understood to be a reaction to the long history of abuse of African Americans and poor governmental/police relations--and this all in eight quick pages. LaGuardia said "We cannot be expected to correct in a day the mistakes and omissions of the past fifty years. But we are going places and carrying out a definite program. While the critics have been throwing stones, I have been laying bricks." It was surprising top me that the report was bi-racial, and that there was some real attempt to understand the problem and "do" something about it, rather than just chalk the whole thing up as something that could be simply solved with pure force.
As Locke wrote (below) the Riot of 1935 was the end of the Harlem Renaissance, and that a new era had begun. For his part, LaGuardia at least opened a way to communicate about how to address the causes of such vast and repellent circumstances that eventually turned into the riot.
* Locke continues: "Eleven brief years ago Harlem was full of the thrill and ferment of sudden progress and prosperity; and Survey Graphic sounded the tocsin of the emergence of a "new Negro" and the onset of a "Negro renaissance." Today, with that same Harlem prostrate in the grip of the depression and throes of social unrest, we confront the sobering facts of a serious relapse and premature setback; indeed, find it hard to believe that the rosy enthusiasms and hopes of 1925 were more than bright illusions or a cruelly deceptive mirage. Yet after all there was a renaissance, with its poetic spurt of cultural and spiritual advance, vital with significant but uneven accomplishments; what we face in Harlem today is the first scene of the next act—the prosy ordeal of the reformation with its stubborn tasks of economic reconstruction and social and civic reform..."
1. Sociologist Allen D. Grimshaw called the Harlem Riot of 1935 "the first manifestation of a 'modern' form of racial rioting," citing three criteria: "violence directed almost entirely against property"; "the absence of clashes between racial groups", and "struggles between the lower-class Negro population and the police forces". "Harlem Renaissance". Online Newshour Forum. PBS. February 20, 1998. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/forum/february98/harlem5.html.
Another commission set to investigate the riot was headed by E. Franklin Frazier which produced a report, "The Negro in Harlem: A Report on Social and Economic Conditions Responsible for the Outbreak of March 19, 1935," which found that the riot was not a controlled event and had happened spontaneously as a result of prolonged "injustices of discrimination in employment, the aggressions of the police, and the racial segregation".
2. Locke continues his observation on the Riot: "Curtain-raiser to the reformation was the Harlem riot of March 19 and 20, 1935; variously diagnosed as a depression spasm, a Ghetto mutiny, a radical plot and dress rehearsal of proletarian revolution. Whichever it was, like a revealing flash of lightning it etched on the public mind another Harlem than the bright surface Harlem of the night clubs, cabaret tours and arty magazines, a Harlem that the social worker knew all along but had not been able to dramatize—a Harlem, too, that the radical press and street-corner orator had been pointing out but in all too incredible exaggerations and none too convincing shouts."
3. The commission was headed by Arthur Garfield Hayes and Charles H. Roberts, and was a bi-racial affair. "IMMEDIATELY after the March riot, Mayor La Guardia appointed a representative bi-racial Commission of Investigation, headed by an esteemed Negro citizen, Dr. Charles H. Roberts. After 21 public and 4 closed hearings conducted with strategic liberality by Arthur Garfield Hays..."
Allied Bombing and a Report on Damage to German Industry-- Fliegerangriff in der Nachct vom 17./18.8.40 auf die Hydrier. 1940. Fine condition. With 27 original photographs displaying bombing damage Title: : Fliegerangriff in der Nachct vom 17./18.8.40 auf die Hydrierwerk Scholven A.G. $750.
This may be a unique copy or perhaps (at worst) one of several. I would say it was of extremely highly limited distribution. Size: 11.5 x 8.5 inches. 20 leaves with 27 original photographic images of damage caused by the bombing. Each leave is quite thick—much more stiff and heavy than a 110-lb cover stock sheet. The photos are all 3 x 4.5 inches, and are clear and bright. Condition: fine condition. Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress.
This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” it is identified by a distinctive and tiny 3mm perforated stamp, plus a bookplate at the front pastedown. Binding: bound in thick cloth boards.
"Gelsenkirchen in the time of the Third Reich In the time when the Nazis held sway in Germany, Gelsenkirchen, owing to its location in the heart of the Ruhr area, was a centre of wartime industry. In no other time has Gelsenkirchen's industry been so highly productive. This brought about, on the one hand, after the massive job cuts in the 1920s, a short-term boost in mining and heavy-industry jobs. On the other hand, the city naturally became the target of many heavy Allied bombing raids during the Second World War, which destroyed three fourths of Gelsenkirchen. Even today, many old above-ground air-raid shelters can be found in the city, and some of the city's official buildings such as Hans-Sachs-Haus downtown and the town hall in Buer have air-raid shelters still kept more or less in their original form. Two synagogues in Gelsenkirchen were destroyed in the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht in November 1938. The one in Buer was burnt down. The one in downtown Gelsenkirchen was likewise destroyed. Exactly 66 years later, the cornerstone was laid there for a new synagogue. The Institute for City History set up a documentation site: "Gelsenkirchen in National Socialist times". Throughout the time when Hitler was in power, from 1933 to 1945, the city's mayor was Carl Engelbert Böhmer, an NSDAP.
The Confederate Veteran
[Volume one not displayed in photo.]
10 3/4 x 7 3/4 inches. Each volume has about 350-400 pp Almost all o fte original wrappers are bound-in, as are the rear wrappers with the ads (!).
The magazine ran from 1893-1932; I have the first 15 volumes, 1893-1907, in a good sturdy publisher's binding. The volumes are all ex-library, but barely so--there are occasional library stamps but no writing in the text and the contents are generally at least VERY GOOD, as are the bindings.
The originals of this journal are very scarce, rare even--they have been reprinted at least three times, and full sets of the reprints will sell from 500-1500.
The full text is available if you search on the Internet Archive.
The series is simply fascinating--jam-packed with interesting stuff. Even the ads are good.
Elements for a Whiskey Alphabet Drawn from an Early Bible of Booze Names
It may or may no be the case, but this large, flaking book that is balanced on top of a petulant pile of paper, Registered Beverage Trade Marks Covering the Period from 1881 to 1939 Compiled from the records in the United States Patent Office (Distilled Alcoholic Liquors) may be the keys to the kingdom of names of booze(s) trademarked in this country. 15" tall, and inch thick, and 296 sheets big, this work (copyrighted y the Trade Mark records Bureau (in the National Press Club Building in DC, the one with the problematic parking garage) lists some 7,500 names of whiskey, cordials, gin, rye, bourbon and who knows what else. I cannot find the book in any online database, big or small, and I'm not sure where this info might be housed and housed in one spot. I have no doubt that people somewhere need this data, unwieldy and unusable as it might be--you see, it is organized only according to a six/seven digit number which I guess is the trademark filing number, or something; there is nothing else useful about the thing, the data floating around without regard to year or place or liquor type.
RARE. I cannot find another copy. No copies are located in WorldCat/OCLC Ex-library from th eLibrary of Congress. It seems that this may have been one of the copyright deposit copies. $1500
So I sat down with the book for an hour pulling out interesting, odd, out-of-place, from-another time and bizarre names, inlcuding all manner of expected animal names like bull and elk, and then unicorn; and lots of sunny this-and-that, sloping/sunny/grassy hills, mountains, clubs; and of course the Old _____ category seem fairly filled up.
If I spent a little more time on this entire alphabets could be produced relating to nothing but names from the animal kingdom, flora, the sciences, professions, religion, states of mind, altered states, literature, and the labels that suggest a possible medical benefit. One of my favorite categories is the "conversational liquor label", the label that speaks to you, invites you, tells you what to do with the bottle of booze: Hava Cocktail and Uneeda Whiskey are good examples of that, as are You're Lookin Good, Uvanta and Yugeta whiskeys. Another is the liquor name ending in "o", like the beautiful Famo, from St. Jo, MO, which unfortunately wasn't trademarked in '00. The label of suggested promise and outcome is another good one: Kentucky Courage, Pleasant Dreams, Invincible Rye, Solace Whiskey and Ready Moneyare all good examples of the implied end-of-bottle pillow-fluffer...maybe, espcially, The Old Solution whiskey.
And then of course, there are those where the (creative) spirit has just flown away, like the lumpily-named Standard Spirits Whiskey, its hometown of New Orleans embarrassed by the lack of effort--especially in the light of some many hundreds of imaginative creations, like the fabulous Bone Factor Whiskey (1903), which like som many other great names (Yellow Hammer Whiskey) comes from Louisville, Kentucky.
Antediluvium Whiskey, NYC, 1898; Anti-Grippine Whiskey, Philadelphia, 1906; Ash Cake Whiskey, Lynchburg, VA. 1899, Auto Crat Whiskey (St. Louis, MO), 1905
Bank Check Whiskey, Boston, 1900; Bone Factor, 1903;
Caloric Whiskey, 1904; Cremo Whiskey, 1902; and the confusing Chickencock "potable spirits", 1929
Devil's Island Benefactor Gin, 1905; Daily Mash Whiskey, 1935; Dandilyon Whiskey, Columbus, OH, 1906;
Electric Whiskey, Cincinnati, 1890;
Flow Whiskey, Pittsburgh, 1908; Famo Whiskey, St. Jo, Mo 1894; Faust's Own Whiskey, Phila, 1900.
Gopher Gin, St. Paul, 1902; Gas Away, Columbus OH, 1902; Galoxy Whiskey, NYC, 1905; Gong "ethyl alcohol, etc," 1932' Georgia Watermelon, 1911
Hen Bolt Whiskey, 1889; Hava Cocktail, NYC, 1933; Hospitality Gin, Louisville, KY, 1900
Index Whiskey, Cincinnati, 1906; Invincible Rye, 1900
Jupiter Gin, Boston, 1905; Judge's Preference, Boston, 1905;
Kentucky Courage Whiskey, Lexington, 1900
Marconi Whiskey, Birmingham, 1903
Old Tom Gin, 1887 (There are any number of Old ____ labels: Old Crow, Old Man River, Old Count, Old Court, Old Coon, Old King Cole, Old Rock, Old Moss, Old Soldier, and so on--there's a specialized sub-alphabet in this category, alone.) Perhaps my favorite "old" is The Old Solution, Baltimore, 1900.
Peeper Whiskey, Lexington, KY, 1880; Pen and Pencil Club Rye, Phila, 1894; Pleasant Dreams Whiskey
Radium Whiskey, Terre Haute, 1905; Rolling Fork Whiskey, Lexington, KY, 1876; Ready Money Whiskey
Sun Shot Cordial, Birmingham, AL, 1901; [SWASTIKA emblem, no name] Whiskey, Frankfort, KY, 1902;Suburban Whiskey, Boston, 1909; Solace Whiskey, Balto, 1900
Tidal Wave Whiskey, Houston, 1905
Uncle Tom Whiskey, Cincinnati, 1905; Uneedda Whiskey, Davenport IA, 1899; Uvanta Whiskey, Louisville, KY, 1905
Vitoline Brandy, St. Paul, 1897
Yugeta Whiskey, Plymouth, PA, 1906; You're Lookin Good Whiskey, D.C., 1902; Yellow Hammer Whiskey, Louisville, 1905
Zeno, Ace of Clubs Whiskey
And to sew up the specialty market in school-named liquors, Lawrence McCormick of Baltimore trademarked whiskey names for Brown, Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Cambridge, Cornell, Swarthmore, Chicago, Oxford and of course Lehigh University, not to mention various label designs that featured books and "philosophical instruments" emblazoned on shields and rocks and such, all perhaps for those in search of higher education.
Original and Carbon Material from the U.S. Navy Bombardment Survey, July 1945
This small archive—from the estate of J.D. Coker, who served in the U.S. Navy on the US Strategic Bombing Survey Ships' Bombardment section, and who later became a leading official in the U.S. Atomic Preparedness programs (such as the President's Committee on Emergency Preparedness)—are mimeographs and manuscripts that comprise what seems to be the summary of the Navy's bombardment of Kamaishi, Muroran, Hitachi, Kushimoto, Shimizu and Hamamatsu. This was about the extent of the Allied naval bombardments against Japan, as it was not possible for battleships to maneuver close enough to the Japanese homeland to fire against industrial and production centers. (It may have also been the case that the aircraft used to protect the assaulting ships could have perhaps done as much damage to the targets as the ships themselves.)
The archive includes:
The following quotes are all taken from a Wiki article on the ships' bombardment survey:
“On 1 July 1945, the U.S 3rd Fleet sortied from Leyte Gulf in the Philippines under the command of Admiral William Halsey to attack the Japanese Home Islands. Halsey's plans included the use of battleships and cruisers to bombard military facilities and factories, and in preparation for these attacks U.S. Navy submarines sailed into inshore waters to search for naval mines. United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress and B-24 Liberators also conducted photo reconnaissance flights over much of Japan in search of airfields and facilities which could be attacked by the Third Fleet.”
[Major Allied naval air attacks and bombardments of targets in Japan in July-August 1945]
“On the night of 14/15 July, another bombardment unit — TU 34.8.2 — was detached from TF 38 to attack the town ofMuroran on the south-east coast of Hokkaido. TU 34.8.2 comprised the battleships USS Iowa, Missouri and Wisconsin,light cruisers USS Atlanta and Dayton as well as eight destroyers and was commanded by Rear Admiral Oscar C. Badger. Admiral Halsey accompanied this force onboard Missouri.The targets of this attack were the Japan Steel Company's facility and the Wanishi Iron Works. That night, a force of four cruisers and six destroyers also sailed near the east coast of Honshu to attack Japanese shipping but did not locate any targets."
“The attacks on Hokkaido and northern Honshu ended on 15 July, and TF 38 sailed away from the Japanese coast to refuel and rendezvous with the main body of the British Pacific Fleet, which was designated Task Force 37 (TF 37). On the morning of 17 July, the British and U.S. carriers attacked targets to the north of Tokyo. Later that day, TU 34.8.2 and the British battleship HMS King George V and her two escorting destroyers detached from the carrier force to bombard targets around the city of Hitachi, which is located about 80 mi (130 km) northeast of Tokyo. This force was commanded by Rear Admiral Badger and comprised the battleships Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, North Carolina,Alabama and HMS King George V, light cruisers Atlanta and Dayton and eight U.S. and two British destroyers. King George V and her two escorts sailed astern of the U.S. force but operated independently. Halsey again accompanied this force on board.”
Nojima Saki and Shionomisaki
"On 18 July, TFs 37 and 38 conducted further air strikes in the Tokyo area, with the U.S. Navy's main effort being an attempt to sink the Japanese battleship Nagato in Yokosuka Naval Base. That night, Cruiser Division 18 (CruDiv 18), which comprised the light cruisers USS Topeka, Oklahoma City , Atlanta and Dayton under the command of Rear Admiral Carl F. Holden, USN, and DesRon 62 Captain John M.Higgins commanding, steaming as Task Group 35.4 made an anti-shipping sweep across the entrance of Sagama-nada into Tokyo Bay. No shipping was found and a target of opportunity was engaged. The cruisers opened fire at 2352 at radar installations firing 240 6 in (150 mm) main battery projectiles on Cape Nojima in a five-minute period at a range of approximately 5,000 yards. "One large explosion was seen but complete report on the effect of gunfire was not immediately available." Incorrect reference to this action is contained in Morison (1960), pp. 313 and 316. This correction was submitted by a former main battery turret officer aboard the Atlanta.”
“On 29 July, a group of warships was detached from the main body of the Allied fleet to bombard the city ofHamamatsu. This force comprised the same ships which had attacked Kamaishi on 14 July with the addition of HMSKing George V and the destroyers HMS Ulysses, Undine and Urania; the four British ships were designated Task Unit 37.1.2 (TU 37.1.2). The city had previously suffered extensive damage from air attacks.”
“The next bombardment of Japan took place on the night of 30/31 July. On that night Destroyer Squadron 25 (DesRon 25), which was commanded by Captain J.W. Ludewig aboard USS John Rodgers, swept Suruga Gulf looking for Japanese shipping to attack. No Japanese ships were located, however, and in the early hours of 31 July the squadron sailed deep into the gulf and fired 1,100 rounds of 5 in (130 mm) shells in seven minutes at a railway yard and aluminium plant in the town of Shimizu. While the aluminium plant was hit, this was of little importance as it had almost ceased production due to a shortage of raw materials. No damage was caused to the rail yard.
During the last days of July and into early August, the Allied fleet sailed away from the Japanese coast to avoid atyphoon and allow the ships to replenish their stocks of fuel and ammunition. Following this the fleet sailed north, and on both 9 and 10 August the carrier aircraft attacked a large concentration of Japanese aircraft on airfields in northern Honshu. The carrier pilots claimed to have destroyed 720 Japanese aircraft in this operation.”
Unique (?) Copy of a WWI History
History of the Second Division (Regular) AEF. Text. -AND- History of the Second Division (Regular) AEF, Notes. "Copyright 1936, The Second Division Historical Committee, Major General Preston Brown, Chairman." 13.5x8", two volumes, 282+156pp.Copies of typed sheets, three-hole-punch-bound at left. Nice copies.
This is evidently what would be published as the The Second Division, American Expeditionary Force in France, 1917-1919, by J.W. Wright (text) and Oliver L. Spaulding (Notes), as the work above and this share the same copyright number. The authors are not identified in this work.
This copy is a Copyright Deposit copy--or, rather, one of them--and was purchased from the Library of Congress. Both volumes were issued with stiffer, larger paper wrappers, but these are now detached and chipped. The text however is in excellent condition.
From Wikipedia: "The 2nd Infantry Division was first constituted on 21 September 1917 in the Regular Army. It was organized on 26 October 1917 at Bourmont, Haute Marne, France. At the time of its activation, the Indianhead Division was composed of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, which included the 9th Infantry Regiment and the 23rd Infantry Regiment; the 4th Marine Brigade, which consisted of the 5th Marine Regiment, the 6th Marine Regiment and the 6th Machine Gun Battalion; a battalion of field artillery; and various supporting units. Twice during World War I the division was commanded by US Marine Corps generals, Brigadier General Charles A. Doyen and Major General John A. Lejeune, the only time in U. S. Military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division."
Philippine Announcement of one of the Last Japanese Surrenders, 15 September 1945
This announcement comes from the U.S. Army public relations office in Manila ("General Relsease - 40") and dated 18 September 1945. It states that "what remains of the Japanese 10th Imperial Division was surrendered September 15th by Lt. Gen. Okamoto to Brig. Gen. Leo M. Kreber", this coming weeks after the formal signing of the Instrument of Surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri on 2 September 1945.
The 10th Division of the Imperial Japanese Army (formed 1898) was transferred to the Japanese 14th Area Army in the Philippines from China. There it was involved in the Battle of Luzon (9 January to 15 August 1945), where the "what remains" of it statement comes from. In that battle, more than 250,000 Japanese troops were engaged, with more than 205,000 killed (with only 9,000 captured). On the Allied side, 175,000 troops were engaged, with 8,000 killed and 29,000 wounded.
The surrender of the Japanese forces in Manila was one of the last of the major surrenders of armies and army groups would surrender: the Japanese army would surrender at Singapore on 12 September, Saigon on 13th September, and Hong Kong on 14th September. There were pockets of resistance that would hold out for years afterwards, but so far as large organized forces were concerned, this was pretty much the end of the fighting.
Single sheet, rare. $450
Abbreviating Auschwitz: a Construction Agreement for teh Construction of the Buna Works
Contratto per l’escusione di lavori di construzione in partecipazione con imprese germaniche, nei cantieri di Heydebrek, Blechhammer e Auscwitz. It was printed by Tipografia del Gianicolo, in Rome, 1942, by the Confederzione Fascista degli Industriali, Federazione Nazionale Fascista Raggruppamento Germania. The document measures a fragile 30.5 x 21 cm, and is 29 pages long. Like dozens of thousands of other things here at the store, this was formerly in the “Pamphlet Collection” of the Library of Congress (which received the publication 12 July 1945) until we purchased the collection at the end of 1999. Good condition, though fragile. RARE. $4500.
This document of death, this pamphlet is the Auschwitz III Construction Contract between IG Farben and the Confederazione Fascista degli Industriali for Construction of the Buna Works at Auschwitz III, as well as construction at Heydebrek and Blechhammer, and was printed in 1942. I've only been able to scan five pages as the document is fairly weak and I have a flat bed scanner--I just don't think it would take much more abuse without falling out of its binding. But I have scanned some of it, notably the participatory Italian companies and some of the allocation of workers to the different concentration camps--I'll just have to return top scanning the rest of the document when I find a better (inclinded) scanner.
The full title reads of the work reads:
Contratto per l’escusione di lavori di construzione in partecipazione con imprese germaniche, nei cantieri di Heydebrek, Blechhammer e Auscwitz. It was printed by Tipografia del Gianicolo, in Rome, 1942, by the Confederzione Fascista degli Industriali, Federazione Nazionale Fascista Raggruppamento Germania. The document measures a fragile 30.5 x 21 cm, and is 29 pages long. Like dozens of thousands of other things here at the store, this was formerly in the “Pamphlet Collection” of the Library of Congress (which received the publication 12 July 1945) until we purchased the collection at the end of 1999.
This is also probably the most awful thing I own. Its like looking at those blueprints for the crematoria and the barracks--so precise, swimming in their blue pool, these concise, sure, white lines; designs for one of the worst things built in the 20th century--just drawings, lines on a long sheet of paper, for building something. Completely removed from the breathing world, just cold logical constructions for someone else's end. That's the feeling I get from handling this thing--the Italians and Germans figuring out where to put the thousands of workers, making sure
that they get paid, providing for some sort of maintenance for the workers' health, salaries, benefits, work schedules, breaks, vacations, incentives, mailing and the post, and so on. All of the bits of the most mundane things that go into a large construction projects, like building a highrise, or a tunnel, or a highway, or a bridge to hell. This contract could've been for just about anything at all. But it isn't. Its for building a part of Auschwitz when anyone with any sense whatsoever knew what was already going on there.
Of the many terible things in this document I was really bothered to see Heydebrek, Blechhammer and Auschwitzabbreviated at the top of some of these pages. This is just so wrong. Wrong on every level, being an attribute of the nothingness, of the emptiness, of this document.
It is a simple, basic document on one of the least simple and basic things of the 20th century. The contract detailed labor expectations, needs and regulations from both the German and laboring Italian sides for the construction of these three concentration and slave labor camps in 1942. Subjects of interest in this document include salaries, housing, vacations, health care and insurance, as well as the application of German laws to the workers, qualifications, and classification of occupations.
Perhaps the part of most interest is the short list—reprinted below—on pages 3 & 4 of the firms and engineers taking part in this agreement..
The names that are attached to this document and signing off on the contract of this agreement (of 2 March 1942 which provided 8,636 Italian laborers for this construction) include:
1) for IG Farbenindustrie AG, Heydebreck, Heydebreck OS
Adolf Mueller and (Hans) Deichmann
Hans Deichmann served as (senior) legal representative for IG Farbenindustrie in Rome and Milan from 1942 to 1945 and in 1942 was responsible for recruiting Italian workers for construction in the above-named concentration camps.
2) for Oberschleische Hydrierwerke AG, Blechhammer, Kreis-Consei
3) for IG Farbenindustrie AG Auschwitz, Auschwitz OS
Adolf Mueller and (Hans) Deichmann
The signatures representing Italian interests include:
[GOLD, California] McCULLOCH, Richard S. Memorial to the Congress of the United States Requesting an Investigation and Legislation in Relation to the New Method for Refining Gold. Princeton, N.J., printed by John T. Robinson, 1851. 80pp. In wrappers, a remnant whisper of the outer wrappers present but accounting for almost nothing. A good solid copy. NO copies located in WorldCat/OCLC $500
This copy is from the Library of Congress, with an original card catalog entry card (in manuscript) laid in.
There is another slip of old paper with a tiny annotation, "McCulloch/not in L.C." It was, for 100+ years, but not any more.
- From a book sale at the Anderson Galleries, sale 1427, a Choice Selection of Rare Americana, held in 1919:
- And from the Baltimore American a statement about McCulloch's proves for which he fought for acceptance, appearing in the Banker's Magazine, 1851:
[MINING--Black Hills] Chance, H.M. "The Resources of the Black Hills and Big Horn Country, Wyoming", a paper read before the American Institute of Mining Engineers, New York, September 1890. Offprint, in original printed wrappers. Ex-library, U.S Geological Survey , with their half-faded overall rubber stamp on the cover; and a small perforated stamp "LC" for the Library of Congress, with their rubber stamped surplus stamp at top right wrapper. 10pp. Some chipping along the top edge--a good copy, and scarce. $150 Only two copies located in OCLC/World Cat: Yale, and Denver Public.
Abstract: "By courtesy of the officials of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, I am permitted to publish the results of an examination made in 1887 and 1888 of' the country west of the Black Hills, and lying between the Black Hills and the foot-hills of the Big Horn Mountains in the northeastern part of Wyoming. With the exception of the country constituting the foot-hills, or the encircling ridge or rim of the Black Hills proper, all of this area is occupied by rocks of Cretaceous age. In the central part of the Black Hills are found the tin-bearing granites, the mica-schists, and gold-bearing slates, already so well known. Surrounding this central area of older rocks (which should be considered as the "Hills" proper) are the attenuated representatives of the Palzeozoic, dipping gently away from the Hills in every direction, overlaid by the gypsum-bearing Mesozoic, which here forms a bold high ridge or rim, completely encircling the Black Hills, and known as the inner ridge. Overlying, and apparently conformable to this, we find the Dakota sandstone, which likewise forms a prominent ridge or rim, known as the first or outer ridge. This is the formation which contains the coal now worked at the mines near Newcastle. It is also the formation in which the best oil-wells have been obtained in the "Stoakdale," or "Beaver," and the " Belle Fourche " oil-districts. Overlying it are the Colorado shales, forming the great plains drained by Beaver creek and the south fork of the Cheyenne river, and extending west to the Belle Fourche, near Donkey creek, where the overlying Fox Hill formation (thin) and the Laramie group, the great lignite-formation, are first seen. The Laramie group occupies the surface from the Belle Fourche at Donkey creek west to the foothills of the Big Horn mountains at Buffalo, an air-line distance of some seventy or eighty miles.
H.L. Mencken's Copy of a Rare Anti-Lynching Pamphlet
An Appeal to the Conscience of the Civilized World. Published by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, and printed in New York City in 1920. It is 15 pages long (31cm tall), and has a number of illustrations.
Fair condition, front cover detached. $1250 Rare. Only six copies located in WorldCat/OCLC. There is virtually no mention of this pamphlet online.
This is H.L. Mencken's copy, with his stamp on the back of the title page, a gift at one time to the U.S. Library of Congress made in 1927.
This truly is an appeal "to the world" for there to be an understanding about what was happening to Black People in the United States in 1920--and this appeal wasn't about unequal access to education or jobs or Jim Crow laws or any of the social assaults made on those people; it was more basic than that. It was a statement of how thousands of blacks were being lynched, and murdered, and burned. The appeal was extremely basic--to let it be known that these horrors were being committed against a class of people with little capacity to defend itself legally.
It is a roll call of terror, listing "barbarous" practices against "colored Americans", citing 84 persons "murdered or 'lynched' .
Warning: Graphic material below
The pamphlet publishes in full an infamous photograph of the burning of William Brown, of Omaha, Nebraska (September 28, 1919). (When the Chicago Tribune ran the picture it cropped out the burned body, saying it was "too horrendous" for publication.) This evidently was the first photograph of a lynching/burning in progress--the photographer asked the crowd to allow him to make the image, and then the murderers and accomplices got back to business, stoking the fire to consume what was left of Brown's body.
Thge extraordinary headline is an example of other presented by the NAACP--this one extraordinarily announcing the planned burning of an African American, and also how many people would probably attend.
Then there are these incredible lists:
It was a very bleak record, an enormous stain on the country, to be presented with information like this, a horror. But lynching continued for years to come (with 5,000 more lynchings from 1921 to 1931), and the first federal anti-lynching legislation did not appear for another 15 years. (Mr. Mencken spoke at the Van Nuys hearings in 1935, and said that he knew of no civilized person in favor of lynching, and that the legislation was needed whether it was a "good" law or not. He took a strong anti-lynching stand at the Baltimore Sun, and kept it up for years--an unpopular thing to do at the time, though Mencken had the courage to pursue it.)
Evidently the NAACP sent this pamphlet "to 100 leading newspapers in England, Ireland, Scotland, Holland, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Germany...and reported in May 1920 that the foreign appeal had received considerable comment in the press."--Civil Rights and the Making of the Modern American State, Megan Francis, pp 50-1.
The Crime of Being a Negro
[No real title on title page] “Some of the 51 Lynchings [dropped title] which have occurred during the last Six Months—and there are others”NAACP, NYC (20 Vesey Street) ca. 1912.
4pp folded 7 ½ x 10 inch sheet. 2 photos.
The interior unfolds to a broadside-like display, the title running across the two pages being “The Crime of Being a Negro”.
Lists about a dozen different incidents which provoked lynchings.
This is a very graphic, chilling item.
No listings in WorldCat/OCLC. $750
Single sheet, broadside, 1911/1912. 10 x 7 inches. Depicting a postcard received by an anti-lynching speaker from the NAACP.
This item was meant to illustrate the mentality of the lynching population in the South.
The text of the postcard reads: “This is the way we do them down here. The last lynching has not been put on the card yet. Will put you on the mailing list. Expect one a month on the average.” The letter is of course unsigned.
Rare. No listings found in the WorldCat/OCLC. $500
The Great Passaic Textile Strike of 1926--H.L. Mencken's copy
[Item: Passaic Strike relief broadside. 13x8.5 inches. Ca. early 1926. H.L. Mencken's copy, with his stamp of gift on the reverse. Very good condition. $250.]
This broadside was an appeal to like-minded people to contribute to a fund to help relieve thew dire conditions of textile worker strikers in Passaic, New Jersey, in 1926. There were more than 16,000 people involved in this sometimes-brutal strike, people who were trying to stay even in their lives, looking for a little more money and a little better working conditions than what they had. The Passiac (a working city just south of Patterson in an industrial triangle section of the state) strikers were moving against a number of textile (wool and silk) mills there, trying to force management to pay them something closer to the $1400 annual income for a family of four to survive.
Most workers there were making $1,000-$1,200 a year ($800-$1,000 if the worker was a woman, and about half of them were) for 50+ hours of labor per week. The result was that the workers could not afford good housing and food, and those disadvantages paid off in high rates of tuberculosis, very high incidence of child mortality, and a low average life expectancy. The strike began slowly in January 1926, with the mills responding with vicious attacks by paid thugs and by police. IT was a long and involved process for the strikers, with the strike lasting its way for another 14 months, finally getting choked out in March 1927. It looks like there were some victories, but those seem mainly pyrrhic to me--at the end of the process many of the strikers were hired back but soon terminated, replaced by other workers who agreed to work for less.
There's quite a bit written on this strike, and most seem to say that it was an important event in the history of "labor relations", and that it was the first time that a Communist-led strike succeeded in the United States, (There is a complex legacy as to who the leadership was for this strike, but the end result is that, at the end, the Communists were in charge.)
But what I wanted to say here about this broadside was the communal effort involved with keeping the strikers (and the strike) going. The strikers needed money to live, as there was certainly no money coming in, and since there was obviously no union, there was no general fund from which any of these families could draw food money from). they needed money just to buy food and pay for housing. SO the call for "Give all you can!" and "Give right away!" were as desperate as they sounded. My guess is that there would be a representative of the International Workers Aid society national office going from factory to factory, or door-to-door, soliciting for money for the Passaic workers' relief. The strike was no doubt a very nasty business, with a victory only a victory once there was more food on the table, less illness, and far fewer babies dying from preventable causes. Probably this looked like a victory to others so far as the future of fair labor/pay was concerned, but not so much for the strikers who brought this about.
It is also interesting to note that this copy was given at some point to H.L. Mencken, who gave it right away to the Library of Congress, where it wound up in a forgotten "Pamphlet Collection", and then sold to me (years afterwards).
Collection of Police-Sponsored Anti-Crime, Bunko-Squad Pamphlets, published by the Boston Better Business Bureau. All in the same format, printed via offset on 8.5x11 inch sheets. [Title in pencil: "Pamphlets on Fraudulent Business Methods and Schemes".] 1936. There are 34 in all, stapled sheets at left-top, each about 10pp long (making for about 350 leaves), with each having an example of a conversation between the consumer and the grifter. These are ex-library with the occasional stamp from the Library of Congress ("Pamphlet Collection"), via the U.S. Copyright Office. Good condition, if a bit dusty. $350 (If you were writing period crime novels of the 1930's, this would be prime resource material fo rcrimes of confience.)
They include: Bait Advertising (Window); Free Permanent Wave Scheme, Smuggled Goods Scheme, Bait Advertising Scheme, Business Opportunity Scheme, the Re-load Scheme, A Switch and Sell Scheme, Bucket Shop Scheme, Tipster Sheet Scheme, Sewing Machine Scheme, Memorial Park Cemetery Scheme, Heir Scheme, Bait Advertising Scheme, Song Writing Scheme, Is It Bait?, Action Sale Scheme, Stuffed Plate Scheme, Stuffed Flats (Furs), Buy Wholesale Scheme, Insurance Association Scheme, Partner Wanted Scheme, Long Distance Tailoring Scheme, Bait Advertising (T.C. System), Free Lot Scheme, Home Work Scheme, Furniture Club Lottery Scheme, Charity Merchandise Scheme, Suit Club Scheme, Picture Enlargement Scheme, Puff Sheet Scheme, Territorial Rights Scheme, Obesity Cure Scheme, Territorial Rights Scheme, Cash Bond Scheme, Unordered Merchandise Scheme.
These do describe crimes and there were victims involved, but the description of it all is quite delightful.
Child's Manuscript Map of the U.S., ca. 1880
It is difficult to find children's art from the 19th century--original work, printed work, published work. Very difficult--perhaps even more so for the published work than the manuscript. It is easy to understand why: first, the children would need access to paper and pencil or pen and ink--items that had some cost, that were not inexpensive, not available to the vast majority of children. Their work was ephemeral, produced on slate, or in horn books, or in charcoal on a wall, or in dust. Then, if the children did manage to record their creativity, then it would have to survive a generation of possessionship within their own lifetimes--to survive from the first part of the 19th century, the paperwork would have to survive five generations or more, 150+ years of house cleanings. Tough odds.
That is why it is also a little special when I come across larger manuscript works that have survived against these odds.
Antique manuscript map, ca. 1880 or so, drawn in colored pancils. 12x15" $500
This map of the United States isn't so simple as it seems--although there are no major cities located in any states, many rivers are, as well as mountain ranges. The coastlines get a very nice treatment with recessive blue lines, giving the map a certain dimensionality, and the lettering of the states is also distinctive, with the terminals of the letters in the state names ending with dots or lines.
I'd guess that the map was done around Centennial time, 1876 to the mid-1880's, the biggest clues being the inclusive of Wyoming (which sets a date after 1868) and the large Dakota Territory, which would become North and South Dakota in 1889.
As maps by kids go, this one is fairly large at 12x15"--it is about the largest single sheet artwork that I have in a 150-odd pieces of antiquarian children's art collection...also I wonder about how the kid in 1880-whatever got her/himself such a large piece of paper to work with, as it seems to me to be not a simple task.
Nutmeg and the Roundabout Creation of New York City
This may be the earliest image of "New York" as it was--that is "New York" instead of "New Amsterdam". From what looks like an extraordinarily bad trade (sitting here in its future with 350-years of hindsight), the Dutch and the English came to terms at the end of the second Dutch-English War (1665-1667) with at least one result that traded the small island of Run in the Banda Islands for another small (but not nearly so small as Run) island in North America: Manhattan.
Manhattan didn't have one thing that Run and the Bandas had, though, and that one thing was enormously valuable--nutmeg trees. From the nutmeg tree came nutmeg and mace; nutmeg was a spice and a supposed medicinal, and traded for more than the price of gold, allowing its producers a phenomenal return on their investment.
The Bandas were in a remote place removed from remote places in Indonesia. In the island group--which rose from great depths of the ocean--the total land mass was about 180 km2. Not much, except if they were the only places on Earth producing a commodity in sensational demand. The Dutch kept control of the islands for a long time, and kept their trade in the spices an abject money-maker. They secured their uncontested control of the island group at the end of that second Anglo-Duch War with the Treaty of Breda, one section of which had the Brits returning Run to the Dutch in exchange for Manhattan, which was at the time still occupied by the Duke of York, who was the brother of Charles II and who would become James II. And thus the island became "New York".
Due to various reasons--not the least of which was the Dutch murder and export of the un-murdered indigenous population of the Bandas, who were the people who actually best knew how to care and administer the nutmeg trees--the great trade in the spices continued with diminishing effect in the Napoleonic Wars, an unpretty story of much bloodshed and enslavement.
Image: "Fort Hollandois de l'Ile de Banda. - Hollands Fort op t' Eiland Banda."Original engraving by J.V. Schley and printed aorund 1750 (39.5x25 cm) for Antoine Prévost's Histoire générale des Voyages published in Paris between 1746 and 1770. The name of the structure was actually Fort Nassau. Good copy. $135
The World of Tomorrow
Monaghan, Frank. The World of Yesterday and the World of Tomorrow. 1938. 11 laves Offset type collected leaves Address of Dr. Frank Monaghan, Professor of History, Yale University, and Director of Research of the New York World's Fair 1939, before the Members of the Robert E. Lee Memorial Foundation, October 12, 1938.
Contents: on history, the future, and the work of the 1939 New York World's Fair.
"I would like to say that many of the persons most responsible for the planning and the building of the Fair ¦have a keen sense and lively appreciation of these ¦values...If we in the Fair talk frequently of the World of Tomorrow it is because we are intensely interested and concerned with making a lasting contribution to it."
Binding: none. This is a gathering of 11 offset sheets, gathered by a paper clip. Size & Pages: 11 x 8 inches 11 pp, printed on one side only. Conservative condition grade: a sold, and retrospective, VERY GOOD (say, a conservative 6.5 on a 1-10 scale (ten being Mint)). There is some overall browning and dusting to the front and back sheets. The interior sheets however are in fine condition with just a little ageing/browning. The paper is still crisp. $195
A Remarkable Recorded Dream
A Remarkable Dream. Manuscript. 4pp. 9x7 inches. Ca. 1800-1825. Old toning. Nice condition. $350
The Dreamworks of Human Beings over the last 10,000 years have generally not directly survived, unless they were painted on a cave wall, or saved in the spoken tradition, or recorded in a painting, or written down as literature or poetry or religious tracts (as "visions", say). The work of human brains while asleep is almost entirely lost, especially so before the year 1900, when disposable writing instruments and more easily found paper supply came into being, making it possible to record personal ephemera like dreams and wishes and posie notions. A vast amount of subconscious thinking and overall brain activity is just simply disappeared.
An off-the-cuff guessitmate is that humans have had the capacity to have dreamt 10x10^25 dreams over the last 10,000 years, and before the year 1900 I'd say that .00000000000000001% of them have ever been recorded, have ever found a stable platform to be carried into the future. (It would be easier to pass a monumental camel through the eye of a nanoneedle than it would be to try and reconstruct these dreams, paraphrasing Luke 10:25 as long as we'ev got 1^25 in our sights.) Even though the human brain spent probably 20% of its time over human history dreaming, there is almost nothing to show for it.
Here's a surviving dream, a manuscript--or rather a copy of a manuscript--called "A Remarkable Dream--Dreamed by B.C. in England 10 Month 30 1762". It is four pages of pretty densely packed recollection of a long dream, 4,000 words strong, recalling fire and brimstone visions of the Bad Land, some sights of Heaven, remarkable animals, strange happenings, and general Ecclesiastical undertones. One unusual thing--there is mention of color, which seems not to be common in dreams in general.
I've found several examples of this dream/story, copied by different hands over the decades--it seems to have been a somewhat popular account, transcribed by (young?) folks as a part of a lesson, perhaps with a Quaker-related bearing (?).
This manuscript copy (available for purchase from our blog bookstore) was made in the very early 19th century, 1800-1820 or thereabouts, and my guess is that it is American.
I've scanned all four pages for the eager reader. It is a little bit of a tough go, but your eyes get used to the writing style after a while.
Everything You Wanted and Need to Know about Operating Movable Bridges in NYC
[LUBIN, Isador] Bridges and Bridge Operating in New York City. 1939. 11x8", 114pp, single-spaced typed and mimeographed document of about 70,000 words. This also seems to be a copyright deposit copy. Very good condition. Ex-libris, Library of Congress (with their small "LC" perforated stamp on front cover, staple-bound. No copies located in the OCLC/WorldCat $500
Lubin discusses the operations and maintenance of movable bridges--and I mean all manner of things, from oiling to fuse boxes and lighting scenarios of control boxes and communicating with landside control; unioforms, courtesies, questions given in promotion examination to bridge operators (with answers), duties of bridge operators and tenders in operating drawbridges, distress signals and on and on.
The Murder of Lee Teep
This is the first Case in New York State in which a White Man was Charged with the Murder of a Chinese. 1881
Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the city and county of New York : The people ... vs. John J. Corcoran / John J Corcoran; Frederick Smyth . 1881. 91 p. ; 23 cm $300 (The Chinese at this point in American jurisprudence were a sub-class and were not afforded the same constitutional rights as other people living in America). Rare. Only 1 copy located in OCLC.
On the Resettlement of Japanese Americans
70,000 American Refugees, Made in U.S.A., by Truman B. Douglass. "The Citizens Committee for Resettlement, 6501 Wydown Blvd., St. Louis 5, Missouri, 25 cents. May also be ordered separately at cost indicated. Reduced price in quantities. Community Preparation for Resettlement of Japanese Americans, published by The Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans, The Federal Council of Churches". Truman B. Douglass Grinnell, Iowa, 1901-1969, was instrumental in the forming of the United Church of Christ in 1957. 7.5x5.5 inches, 20pp. 1 page of photos. Original printed wrappers. A small "LC" perfoated is stamped on the front cover as well as the remnants of a receiving stamp. Bright, crisp copy. Rare. $150
This pamphlet, 70,000 American Refugees, Made in U.S.A., by Truman B. Douglass1, was a sympathetic appeal to the deeply grave situation legislated to 140,000 Americans. They were Americans of Japanese descent, many of them U.S. citizen, who by Executive Order 9066 were ordered to stand down from their lives for the sake of national security and be removed to distant and remote internment camps beginning in May 1942, mostly for the duration of the war. There weren't that many appeals for the primacy of the rights of these people at this time--the war for the United States was newly begun via the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor some months before--and the understanding was to protect the security of the country via the segregation and housing of what were seen to be the potential enemies in the existing Japanese-American population.
Franklin Roosevelt’s February 1942 Executive Order 9066 (issued 19 February 1942) to imprison more than 100,000 American (70,000 of whom were U.S. citizens, including children) for the duration of the war--it was the legal bombshell that gave the War Department the authority to authorize the removal of the Japanese to theoretically prevent those people from engaging in sub rosa and fifth column activities asd wartime terrorists fighting for Imperial Japan.
Given that this pamphlet was in it third edition just a few months past its first appearance in October 1944 says that there was at least some interest in this political/moral anti-Executive Order 90662 position, though how much of that is from a popular groundswell of support it is not possible to say. I imagine that the print runs of this pamphlet were rather small given that there are only ten copies of all three editions in the collections of libraries worldwide. And since there are many collections that should have this pamphlet but don't--copies are found in California State University Northridge, California State Irvine, Yale, Wisconsin Historical, Cornell, Berkeley, Davis, Huntington, according to WorldCat--and no copies seem to pop into the rare book market very often at all, I suspect that not many copies were printed per edition, which means that there was a repetitive demand for the pamphlet that exhausted small print runs, which means maybe there were 2000 copies printed...not exactly "groundswell" support for what was an unpopular position). Third edition, October 1944 (following the first edition of August 1944).Full text available via the California Digital Library, here. (The Library of Congress evidently doesn't have any copies any more--my copy had been in their collection, and it seems as though the back-up copy is no longer there).
The story of the removal and control of the American Japanese population is complex and deep and has been addressed in many places in print and online (and even on this blog several times), and it is not my intent to address that issue in this post. I want to highlight what must have been a largely high-minority and mostly lonely voice of consideration and caution.
1. The printing and publication information for the pamphlet: "The Citizens Committee for Resettlement, 6501 Wydown Blvd., St. Louis 5, Missouri, 25 cents. May also be ordered separately at cost indicated. Reduced price in quantities. Community Preparation for Resettlement of Japanese Americans, published by The Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans, The Federal Council of Churches". Truman B. Douglass Grinnell, Iowa, 1901-1969, was instrumental in the forming of the United Church of Christ in 1957.
A Child’s Image of the 15th President as General during the Seminole Wars, Florida
Graphite on paper, being a very naïve and lovely drawing of Zachary Taylor. 6x 8 inches. $350
Zachary Taylor was born at Montebello, Orange County, Va., on Nov. 24, 1784. Embarking on a military career in 1808, Taylor fought in the War of 1812, the Black Hawk War, and the Seminole War, meanwhile holding garrison jobs on the frontier or desk jobs in Washington. A brigadier general as a result of his victory over the Seminoles at Lake Okeechobee (1837), Taylor held a succession of Southwestern commands and in 1846 established a base on the Rio Grande, where his forces engaged in hostilities that precipitated the war with Mexico. He captured Monterrey in Sept. 1846 and, disregarding Polk's orders to stay on the defensive, defeated Santa Anna at Buena Vista in Feb. 1847, ending the war in the northern provinces.
Though T aylor had never cast a vote for president, his party affiliations were Whiggish and his availability was increased by his difficulties with Polk. He was elected president over the Democrat Lewis Cass. During the revival of the slavery controversy, which was to result in the Compromise of 1850, Taylor began to take an increasingly firm stand against appeasing the South; but he died in Washington on July 9, 1850, during the fight over the Compromise. He married Margaret Mackall Smith in 1810. His bluff and simple soldierly qualities won him the name Old Rough and Ready.
An American Mercenary takes over Nicaragua; Defeated later by The State & Cornelius Vanderbilt
James Buchanan. Nicaragua—Seizure of General Walker… Washington DC, 1858. $50
The Dictionary of American Biography reads the situation in the following way:
"Invited by the leader of a revolutionary faction in Nicaragua, Walker led a small armed band there in 1855. With the help of the Accessory Transit Co., an American concern, he seized control of Nicaragua and, after recognition of his regime by the United States in May 1856, had himself inaugurated as president. Ambitious to unite the Central American republics into a single military empire, he planned an interoceanic canal and attempted to reintroduce African slavery. Undertaking to double-cross Cornelius Vanderbilt in a struggle for the Accessory Transit Co., he was driven from his presidency after a coalition of neighboring republics was formed against him with Vanderbilt's aid. Returning to the United States in 1857, he attempted an invasion of Nicaragua late in the year, but was arrested on landing by Commodore Hiram Paulding of the U.S. Navy and sent back to the United States. Arrested by British authorities after landing in Honduras, 1860, he was condemned to death by a court-martial of Honduran officers and shot."
Rare Piloting Directory to NYC Harbor, 1939
Fisher, H.B. Piloting Directory to New York City Harbor. Philadelphia: self-produced and copyrighted by H.B. Fisher, 1939. 40 leaves Fine condition.
Typed, Offset production, printed on one side only. Contains 8 MAPS. The maps are all offset and colored by hand. Binding: cloth binding with hand printed cover label. THIS IS THE COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT COPY sent by the author to partially fulfill the requirements of securing an American copyright. Contents: fine little production, in fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the "Pamphlet Collection" (as many of the pamphlets are identified in a distinctive and tiny 3mm rubber stamp), this pamphlet bears the "Surplus 1. Library of Congress" 30x50mm rubber stamp on the back cover, the stamp being half faded away. There is a tiny "LC" perforated stamp on the half-title page. There is also a Library of Congress Copyright Deposit bookplate on the front paste down. $500.00
German Report on British Bombing Raid on HydrierekScholven AG--1940
Fliegerangriff in der Nachct vom 17./18.8.40 auf die Hydrierwek Schloven AG.
1940. Fine condition. With 27 original photographs displaying bombing damage
**NOTE: Hdydrierwerk Scholven A.G. was a synthetic petroleum plant and was one of the earliest targets of the British in the Ruhr Valley. It was owned by the Hibernia Mining Company, as a hydrogenation plant in 1935. Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area.
Publication Data: no indication of author/printer or which agency/department was responsible, but this looks like (to me) to be the beginning of a standard protocol on reporting damage from British bombing raids. It seems as though the typing under the captions is first generation. This may be a unique copy or perhaps (at worst) one of several. I would say it was of extremely highly limited distribution.
Size: 11.5 x 8.5 inches. 20 leaves with 27 original photographic images of damage caused by the bombing. Each leave is quite thick—much more stiff and heavy than a 110-lb cover stock sheet. The photos are all 3 x 4.5 inches, and are clear and bright.
Condition: fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” it is identified by a distinctive and tiny 3mm perforated stamp, plus a bookplate at the front pastedown.
Binding: bound in thick cloth boards. $500.00
"Gelsenkirchen in the time of the Third Reich In the time when the Nazis held sway in Germany, Gelsenkirchen, owing to its location in the heart of the Ruhr area, was a centre of wartime industry. In no other time has Gelsenkirchen's industry been so highly productive. This brought about, on the one hand, after the massive job cuts in the 1920s, a short-term boost in mining and heavy-industry jobs. On the other hand, the city naturally became the target of many heavy Allied bombing raids during the Second World War, which destroyed three fourths of Gelsenkirchen. Even today, many old above-ground air-raid shelters can be found in the city, and some of the city's official buildings such as Hans-Sachs-Haus downtown and the town hall in Buer have air-raid shelters still kept more or less in their original form. Two synagogues in Gelsenkirchen were destroyed in the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht in November 1938. The one in Buer was burnt down. The one in downtown Gelsenkirchen was likewise destroyed. Exactly 66 years later, the cornerstone was laid there for a new synagogue. The Institute for City History set up a documentation site: "Gelsenkirchen in National Socialist times". Throughout the time when Hitler was in power, from 1933 to 1945, the city's mayor was Carl Engelbert Böhmer, an NSDAP member..."
Rare Pilot's Directory to NYC Harbor, 1939
Fisher, H.B.. Piloting Directory to New York City Harbor. Philadelphia: self-produced and copyrighted by H.B. Fisher, 1939. 40 leaves Fine condition.
Size: 10 x 8 inches. 40 leaves. Typed, Offset production, printed on one side only. Contains 8 maps. The maps are all offset and colored by hand.
Binding: cloth binding with hand printed cover label. THIS IS THE COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT COPY sent by the author to partially fulfill the requirements of securing an American copyright. Contents: fine little production. Condition: fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” (as many of the pamphlets are identified in a distinctive and tiny 3mm rubber stamp), this pamphlet bears the “Surplus 1. Library of Congress” 30x50mm rubber stamp on the back cover, the stamp being half faded away. There is a tiny “LC” perforated stamp on the half-title page. There is also a Library of Congress Copyright Deposit bookplate on the front pastedown. $500.00
Two Rare Pamphlets on the Assassination of Hitler
Der 20 Juli 1944.
(Aus Berichte, die dem Vorstand der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutshclands, Sitz London...) No evidence of publisher or date of publication, but OCLC identifies the pub date as 1944. 11pp, 8x6 inches/21cm. [Issued by the London Representative of the German Social Democratic Party]
Provenance: Office of Strategic Services Library (stamped on front cover), and then sent to the Library of Congress in 1947.
Only one copy located in the WorldCat/OCLC: Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
20 July, 1944. The Story of an Attempted Revolt in Germany As above, 11pp, 8x6 inches, 21 cm.
[Issued by the London Representative of the German Social Democratic Party]
Provenance: Office of Strategic Services Library (stamped on front cover), and then sent to the Library of Congress in 1947.
Only one copy located in the WorldCat/OCLC: London Metropolitan Library.
Although only 11pp, they are tightly spaced, typewritten offset productions, about 450 words per page, or about a 5,000 word piece. The section heads include: “History of a Revolutionary Attempt in Hitlerite Germany”; “Preparations for the Coup”; “Connections with Oppositional Officers”; “The Attempt on Hitler”; “Terroristic Nazi Meassures”; “The Attitudes of the Social Democrats”; “The State of Mind of the Population in General”; “The Feelings in the Factories”; “The Prospects of the Communists”.
Rare. The pair: $600
The Face of Defeat, the Philippines, 1907
ITEM: mounted photograph of Papa Faustino, 8x6 inches. Rare. $1250
This is what defeat looks like, or at least so it did in the Philippines in 1907, when the revolt against the Spanish and the Americans was finally at end, for the insurgents.
Ablen Faustino (fl. 1880-1907), Philippine religious and resistance leader, was still fighting against the American government seven years after the U.S. had claimed victory over the Spanish in the Philippines, and represented the last bit of Philippine resistance to American occupation and sovereignty. There are many stories regarding his final disposition—some of which having the man escape into the woods to die an old man—but from the look of Faustino in this picture it seems as though he was going nowhere, except for a short walk into the heart of darkness that would swallow him just after the photo was taken.
On the one Faustino was a terrorist; on the other he was a patriot and holyman fighting for his country. He had fought the Spanish occupiers in the 1880’s until he was captured and imprisoned. After his release and following the American victory, he founded a religious/insurgent group—the Pulahans--whose ultimate religious experience was to defeat the invaders or die trying. (From where I sit it seems as the requisite belief was death in battle for this struggle rather than the actual victory which was the benefit to the followers.) The Pulahans for the most part eschewed firearms and other “modern” weapons, launching themselves into battle with bolos, knives, and little else, hoping for hand-to-hand fighting. It is reported that there were 10,000-15,000 of these troops, making them a formidable army, frightening if you were one of the soldiers that they were going to attack.
These post-war Pulahan Wars lasted from 1902 to 1907, ending with their leader’s capture by Philippine Constabulary and the 8th U.S. Infantry.One of the few official reports on Faustino’s capture was recorded in a legal document regarding jurisprudence in the arrest of the others who were with him that day. In U.S. v. Espiridion Rota et al (found in the Supreme Court Reports of the Philippine Islands, volume IX, published in Manila in 1908), the unfortunate story of the application of law to the other five men is told, as is the mention of Faustino’s capture. It turns out that when the others were taken into custody and the wheels of justice began to turn, they all pleaded guilty, and charged with the crime of brigandage. Rota was sentenced to hanging and the others to imprisonment for 35 (+) years. Plus court costs. Their case was appealed because it was said the men had no idea what the guilty plea would get for them in the punishment phase; the Supreme Court upheld the conviction as well as the discipline, which was a little moot for Rota as he had already been hanged.
What one might infer from this, I think, is that Faustino’s date with his punishment was probably met right there by the hut in which this photo was taken; that his destiny was sealed; and that rather than martyr a religious leader, the troops merely took the severely wounded (and beaten?) man into the woods and disappeared him.
According to the historical sites which have used the other two photos of mine of this event (all done freely and without attribution, unfortunately), these are the only known photos of Faustino’s last times.
Another version of the capture of Faustino is less shining:
“In June 11, 1907, US troops and scouts under Lt. Jones of the 8th infantry reportedly fired on four suspected outlaws. One was wounded and captured. He turned out to be Faustino Ablen. This was according to official reports. But according to Bartolome Ablen, grandson of Faustino's brother Gregorio, American troopers were patrolling in sityo Mahilawon, barangay Mahayag, in Ormoc, when they chanced upon the hut where Faustino lived with his wife and daughter. At that time, Faustino was taking a bath in a nearby spring. When the troopers came upon his wife, they asked her where Faustino was. Because he left word to tell anybody asking for him where he could be found, she told him where he could be found. Near the spring, one of the soldiers took his gun, aimed and fired. Faustino was hit in one of his eyes and fell. The shot was not however fatal. So they had to carry him in a sling down the mountain to Ormoc town where he was displayed to the populace. Then his captors whisked him away in a boat. His family never heard from him again.”
“Ablen's capture ended the campaign. Felipe Ydos surrendered four months later. But pulahanism did not disappear. Some went to Mindanao and started a major uprising of the 1920s known in the Philippine History as "The Colorum Uprising of Surigao".41
“From then on in Leyte, the arena of the struggle for independence shifted to parliamentary venues - the Philippine Assembly, the provincial and municipal governments - which, as later events would show, left the masses completely out of the picture. As in more than one decade of armed struggle, the elite leadership once again played their cards to the hilt and continued to dominate the political landscape as never before.*
See, for example:
Black Iron Mine Workers, Birmingham, Alabama, 1918.
I found this item today out in the warehouse, mixed in for some reason with Hitler Jugend pamphlets and many issues of the 19th century Archiv fuer Anthropologie, just completely out of place. It is an accordion fold multiple panel oversize postcard, I suppose, an advertisement for a meeting of the Rotary Club of Birmingham, Alabama, and probably for 1917/1918.
Which is a detail of the image (below):
Unfolded the obect is 25 inches long and about 9 inches wide, divided by five panels, seven of which have photographic images, one is for the contact information, and one for the addressing and mailing part. It all folds nicely into a somewhat-larger-than-pocket-size object, printed on pretty thick, very stick stock. Nice condition. $125
There are internal clues for the date, not the least of which is the last year for some census information (1917) and a 19123 Irving Berlin song, "When the Midnight Choo-Choo Leaves for Alabama". The "card" was addressed to "The President/White House/Washington, D..C.". It evidently got to Mr. Wilson's house because there is a very faint rubber stamp on the back that reads "by Transfer/White House" , sent by the Executive Office workers to the Library of Congress, and after 80 years or so purchased by me when I brought home the so-called "Pamphlet Collection" from the L.C. surplus. (Those days are over.)
The other images relate mostly to the iron/steel industry, long a staple of the Birmingham economy. Five of the photos relate to the iron mining, blast furnaces, and loading steel rails; the other two are cityscapes of the city. In all of this, why two of the total of seven photos showed Black miners doing some body-breaking work in the mines is a mystery. The two men holding massive rocks in the picture detail is an exceptional thing--my guess is that the rocks weight 75-100 pounds, easy.. And if this is what these men were doing every day, they must've been exceptionally strong in a steel-bar sort of way, with enormously powerful hands. It just a mystery to me.
Collection of Air Warden/Air Raid Precaution Mimeographs
(1) Lecture Manual for Air Raid Warden Instructions, March 9, 1942. Mimeograph, 11x8 inch sheets; 28 leaves and 27 leaves of appendices.Printed by the WPA in San Francisco.
(2) Course Outline, Aerial Bombardment Protection. 11x8 inch mimeograph sheets, printed by New York University, College of Engineering, 1942.
with (2b) Separately printed and bound sections of the above. Chapter XIX (Air Raid Shelters), pp 59-72.
(3) Air Raid Shelter Requirements, by Horace W. Peaslee (Chair, American Institute of Architects). 1942. 16pp. Mimeograph sheets.
All rare. The three: $350.00
From the Pamphlet Collection, the Library of Congress.
Reading Symbolism in Raymond Lull's Portrait
ITEM: engraved portrait of Raymond Lull, ca. 17th century7x4 inches. Some browning. Very good condition. $300
Raymon Lull is perhaps the most famous Catalan given to the world--he is also one of the most famous people in history with the most names. (He was also known as Ramon, Raimundo and Raymond, Raimundus and Raymundus Lull, Lully, Llull, and Lullus and Lulio, among others.) Seriously though, he was a very interesting thinker who went far beyond the norm, and then some, his creativity overmatching the possibilities of the parenthetical sciences of his time, and stretching timeless logic as well as he went along. But so it goes, as they say; he did do aggressive work and at the very least it was for the most part quite pretty-sounding. And as he pushed up and against existing thinking it was up to that confronted thinking to push back--which sometimes happened and sometimes didn't. He studied the law, alchemy, botany, religions, and may well have written the first novel ever to appear in Europe (at least it was the first in Catalan)--I think that you could say, overall, that he was a rationalist.
This engraving is one version of many that I've seen online, and may be the original--this is a pure guess on my part, my reasoning is so mainly because there is so much more added detail than in any other versions of the engraving. the added bits in the corners, and of course the scene revealed by the pulled-back curtain. The engraved lines are also very sharp, very pronounced, not like some of the other version which look a little less defined...this one is razor sharp.
The word balloon (and by the way I wrote a post here two years ago on the history of word balloons) coming from Lull's mouth is Lux mea est ipse dominius "My light is that of the Lord", a claim for divine inspiration, guidance, fortitude. Beyond all else Lull was a Christian, and a Christian to some severe fault--he was very involved in the conversion of Muslims, and was also an (utter) expulsioist in regards to the Jews. The Christian philosophies of Lull are clearly shown in this 17th century portrait of the man.
And in the scene that is not seen in the other reproductions of this portrait online we see a small host of interesting sci-philosophical instruments cluttered around what seems to be a giant working with an astrolabe. (This fellow is a head taller than the other people gathered around him, and he is most definitely sitting down on a high stool, making him taller still.) We see dividers and various measuring devices, plotting instruments, and even a pair of specs, which would've been very uncommon in in the 13th century. I'm happy to see a dog sleeping through the ruckus.
In the sky in place of the sun is a triangular collection of burning candles, or they seem like candles, which continues a very old tradition of symbolizing unity, and in this case, in a Christian theme, a god surrounded by the holy trinity... related symbols appear frequently in images depicting the Old Testament creation cycle.
Continuing this theme, if you look in the right upper corner of the engraving there is another interesting symbol--a hand issuing from a cloud with a book, sourounded by three fleur de lis. This is in obvious reference to the balloon statement, the hand of god issuing a book, or knowledge, to the recipient (which would be the reader or Lull); the fleur de lis, a French lily, was often used in Renaissance and Baroque imaging as a representation of the holy trinity, and of purity and chastity, spirituality. Or perhaps it was just a flower.
My own interest in Lull--aside from the great beauty in which his ideas were encapsulated and presented--is in his idea generator, and the possible influence it had on later thinkers like Leibniz who may have built on his interesting breakthrough to produce one of the earliest arithmetical calculators. Lull's own calculator (which I wrote a little abouthere) is simple and elegant, and may actually be powerful for some--it was a series of discs that when turned would relate ideas and letters and numbers which were by serendipity intended to generate unexpected ideas to think about. For the 13th century this was a major idea, and I like it even today.
Crossing Virginia by Rail
Map of Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Rail Road. Virginia, 1872.
The Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad Company was incorporated under the provisions of an act of the general assembly of the state of Virginia, passed June 17, 1870, and entitled 'An act to authorize the formation of the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad Company. Very good. $350
Earlier History: The predecessor to Norfolk and Western Railway was created in 1838 by William Mahone. Called the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad, it consisted of a single, 10-mile track connecting Petersburg and City Point, VA. After the Civil War, Mahone linked the N&P with two other railroads to form the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad (AM&O).
The AM&O was renamed Norfolk & Western Railroad in 1881, when it was acquired by a Philadelphia banking firm. It subsequently merged with the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. In 1959, it acquired the Virginian Railway - the first in a rash of mergers throughout the industry. Five years later, in one of the most complicated acquisition deals of the era, N&W absorbed two more railways, giving the company a direct line between the Atlantic at one end and the Mississippi and Great Lakes Region on the other.
Original Dustjacket Artwork Featuring a Lynching
Merton Witten (Artist and designer) Illustrated scene of a lynching, being the original dustjacket art for the novel "The Curse at the Door", by Clara Morris Diggs. 15 ½ x 10 inch image on 18 ½ x 12 inch board.
There are printing directions at bottom of the image in the margins.
The board has several defects., some of which extend into the image itsel, though none are fatal.
There is scant info regarding Ms. Diggs, though there are at least two references regarding this work as a novel involving African Americans. Rare. SOLD
The address for Merton Whitten on the back of the board lists 35 Mt. Vernon St-this is Beacon Hill, and is in the same block (today) as the Colonial Society of Massachusetts (a very considerable old structure). Julia Ward Howe lived next door once upon a time. Whitten is listed as a "Commercial Artist" in the 1923 Boston Directory with a business address of 118-A Bowdoin. Provenance: Library of Congress.
Copyright Deposit Copy on Land Swindles in the Rio Grande Valley
HELMS, J. Tip. (1883-1948) Suckers, Land Companies and Grafters in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. (No place of publication, and no publisher) With copyright office processing stamps on the back of the title page. 1935. Printed from a typewritten copy (offset?) on 14"x8.5" sheets. 101 sheets, seemingly complete. Ca. 60,000 words. SOLD
There are no copies located in the OCLC/WorldCat, and there are no other works located there by Mr. Helms (of Monroe, N.C.). The title page is a typed original, and the copyright stamps are on the back of that. There is one Google notice on this work quoting the entry for the copyright office, and the numbers on this document and in the official records are the same.
Provenance: this copy came from the Library of Congress Pamphlet Collection, transferred at some point by the copyright office.
Condition: the title page is very tattered; the last sheet is missing a 2x3" section at the top left, destroying some text. The last three leaves all have a little damage at the top center, mostly just obscuring the page number. Overall though this is a very good copy of what may be a unique and unpublished work.
City Planning for Fort Worth, Texas, 1927
[Harland Bartholomew and Associates, City Plan and Land Engineers, St. Louis, Missouri] A System of Major Streets for Fort Worth, Texas.
11x8.5 inches, looking like third-generation carbon on very light semi-transparent paper (but not onion skin), 93+79 leaves, about 30,000 words. One copy located OCLC/Worldcat (Fort Worth Library). Provenance: Library of Congress "Pamphlet Collection". Nice condition. SOLD
Very comprehensive plan for restructuring Fort Worth, with lots of detail. There are back-out sheets for where the many maps should be, though this copy was not issued with them. (These placeholders are also not paginated and do not count in page totals.) I'm not sure what the purpose of this copy was, but it is still an interesting document, though it would've been great to have the maps.
[DIX, Dorothea Lynde] Memorial of D.L. Dix, Praying a grant of land for teh relief and support of the indigent curable and incurable insane in the United States, June 27, 1848, 30th Congress, 1st Session, Miscellaneous Document No. 150, 32pp. Two very old horizontal folds, some dustwear, and largely uncut. Good copy, from the Library of Congress (though with no stamp) via the Smithsonian Institution. Sold.
Dorothea L(ynde) Dix was an ultratrian, a very-much-practiced humaritarian who for years fought for the stabilized and just treatment of people with disabilities, mainly and for extended periods of time and travel for those suffering from mental diseases and development. The pamphlet that I've reproduced below is a generalized statement for her appeal before the U.S. Congress based on her 30,000 miles of travels throughout the country, visiting nine states and inspecting the ways in which "the indigent curable and incurable insane" were treated. She gathered data on how these people were kept--state by state--and also the reasons for their being admitted to whatever facility they found themselves in. This is pioneering work on behalf of a class of people who really needed the help, and her report in general is not pretty story, a version of the Willowbrook story without the cameras, 120 years earlier.
I've linked the text from the copy from the National Medical Library (located here, though the front page above is from right here) which has a very elegant access to the 32-page document. The Dix above is a decent copy that was once in the library of the Smithsonian Institution before being sent to the Library of Congress, where it slept in a very dusty and unused assembly of odd and odder pamphlets (called The Pamphlet Collection) before coming to me.
I'm including an unlikely image from my copy--the bit of string and the knot that held the pages of this document together. Rather than the stitching normally found in these pamphlets issued by U.S. goverment printers Tippin & Streeper (identified in tiny 3-point print at the bottom of the front page) this one has only a single side-saddled stitch, with a tenuous double knot, holding the sheets of paper together. It was almost as though the thing was constructed for impermanence--it wasn't, of course; it was just bound quickly and with little thought. Somehow it kept itself together.
WOHLSTETTER, Albert. The Delicate Balance of Terror, published by The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, P-2473, 22 August 1958, 11x8 inch mimeographic/offset publication, staple bound, three-ring punched for binding. This is the scarce Rand publication that appeared a year or so before Wholstetter's most influential paper was published in Foreign Affairs. Full text, here. SOLD
The Electrical Nerves of Society and the Beginning of the Grid, 1878
Norman Lockyear. Two papers:
"Social Electric Nerves", pp 305-306. In Nature, February 14, 1878.
"Social Electric Nerves", pp 346-349. In Nature, February 28, 1878
Both are in their original outer wrappers, and both are removed from a larger bound volume. Scarce attention seems to be paid these two interesting papers! Very fresh copies. SOLD (See excerpt at end)
I’m interested to know what anyone might know about the use of metaphors relating large-scale societal techno advances and biological functions? I have no doubt that they go back to modern-ancient times (say to William Gilbert (1544-1603) and his vis electrica)—but I’m stopped today by seeing this paper by J. Norman Lockyer called “Social Electrical Nerves” (in two issues of Nature for 14 and 28 February 1878). In this paper the great astronomer looks at elements of the “grid” as it was and seeing how the new networks of police and fire communications via telegraph interacts with the existing electrical systems. It seems to me an early use of nervous system/electrical grid, in spite of the fact the first “electrical highways” (as Lockyer puts it 120 years before our own “information superhighway”) appeared in England 32 years earlier though apparently without these biological metaphors.
The work pictured above is the electrically-draped world of the future, at least according to the vision of the wonderful Albert Robida, who was actually at work on these visions just at the time of the publication of the Lockyear paper . (Robida produced at least a trio of interesting and lovely and occasionally prescient works: Le Vingtième Siècle (1883); La Guerre au vingtième siècle (1887); and Le Vingtième siècle-- La vie électrique (1890)). Many of Robida’s visions of electrical connectivity seem to me to move beyond the nervous system metaphor and become a kind of societal “skin”—which is not terribly far from the truth, especially when looking at images of congested metropolitan centers ca. 1910, when utility poles fairly well sagged under 20 (!) horizontal crossbars carrying a dozen lines apiece. At the very least, you knew that something or other was happening (fast forward to the massive ductworks of Terry Gilliam’s masterpiece, Brazil. Check this out for a wonderful cameo by De Niro coming to fix the neuronal duct-muck.)