H.L. Mencken's Copy of a Rare Anti-Lynching Pamphlet
An Appeal to the Conscience of the Civilized World. Published by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, and printed in New York City in 1920. It is 15 pages long (31cm tall), and has a number of illustrations.
Fair condition, front cover detached. $1250 Rare. Only six copies located in WorldCat/OCLC. There is virtually no mention of this pamphlet online.
This is H.L. Mencken's copy, with his stamp on the back of the title page, a gift at one time to the U.S. Library of Congress made in 1927.
This truly is an appeal "to the world" for there to be an understanding about what was happening to Black People in the United States in 1920--and this appeal wasn't about unequal access to education or jobs or Jim Crow laws or any of the social assaults made on those people; it was more basic than that. It was a statement of how thousands of blacks were being lynched, and murdered, and burned. The appeal was extremely basic--to let it be known that these horrors were being committed against a class of people with little capacity to defend itself legally.
It is a roll call of terror, listing "barbarous" practices against "colored Americans", citing 84 persons "murdered or 'lynched' .
Warning: Graphic material below
The pamphlet publishes in full an infamous photograph of the burning of William Brown, of Omaha, Nebraska (September 28, 1919). (When the Chicago Tribune ran the picture it cropped out the burned body, saying it was "too horrendous" for publication.) This evidently was the first photograph of a lynching/burning in progress--the photographer asked the crowd to allow him to make the image, and then the murderers and accomplices got back to business, stoking the fire to consume what was left of Brown's body.
Thge extraordinary headline is an example of other presented by the NAACP--this one extraordinarily announcing the planned burning of an African American, and also how many people would probably attend.
Then there are these incredible lists:
It was a very bleak record, an enormous stain on the country, to be presented with information like this, a horror. But lynching continued for years to come (with 5,000 more lynchings from 1921 to 1931), and the first federal anti-lynching legislation did not appear for another 15 years. (Mr. Mencken spoke at the Van Nuys hearings in 1935, and said that he knew of no civilized person in favor of lynching, and that the legislation was needed whether it was a "good" law or not. He took a strong anti-lynching stand at the Baltimore Sun, and kept it up for years--an unpopular thing to do at the time, though Mencken had the courage to pursue it.)
Evidently the NAACP sent this pamphlet "to 100 leading newspapers in England, Ireland, Scotland, Holland, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Germany...and reported in May 1920 that the foreign appeal had received considerable comment in the press."--Civil Rights and the Making of the Modern American State, Megan Francis, pp 50-1.
The Crime of Being a Negro
[No real title on title page] “Some of the 51 Lynchings [dropped title] which have occurred during the last Six Months—and there are others”NAACP, NYC (20 Vesey Street) ca. 1912.
4pp folded 7 ½ x 10 inch sheet. 2 photos.
The interior unfolds to a broadside-like display, the title running across the two pages being “The Crime of Being a Negro”.
Lists about a dozen different incidents which provoked lynchings.
This is a very graphic, chilling item.
No listings in WorldCat/OCLC. $750
Single sheet, broadside, 1911/1912. 10 x 7 inches. Depicting a postcard received by an anti-lynching speaker from the NAACP.
This item was meant to illustrate the mentality of the lynching population in the South.
The text of the postcard reads: “This is the way we do them down here. The last lynching has not been put on the card yet. Will put you on the mailing list. Expect one a month on the average.” The letter is of course unsigned.
Rare. No listings found in the WorldCat/OCLC. $500
Child's Manuscript Map of the U.S., ca. 1880
It is difficult to find children's art from the 19th century--original work, printed work, published work. Very difficult--perhaps even more so for the published work than the manuscript. It is easy to understand why: first, the children would need access to paper and pencil or pen and ink--items that had some cost, that were not inexpensive, not available to the vast majority of children. Their work was ephemeral, produced on slate, or in horn books, or in charcoal on a wall, or in dust. Then, if the children did manage to record their creativity, then it would have to survive a generation of possessionship within their own lifetimes--to survive from the first part of the 19th century, the paperwork would have to survive five generations or more, 150+ years of house cleanings. Tough odds.
That is why it is also a little special when I come across larger manuscript works that have survived against these odds.
Antique manuscript map, ca. 1880 or so, drawn in colored pancils. 12x15" $500
This map of the United States isn't so simple as it seems--although there are no major cities located in any states, many rivers are, as well as mountain ranges. The coastlines get a very nice treatment with recessive blue lines, giving the map a certain dimensionality, and the lettering of the states is also distinctive, with the terminals of the letters in the state names ending with dots or lines.
I'd guess that the map was done around Centennial time, 1876 to the mid-1880's, the biggest clues being the inclusive of Wyoming (which sets a date after 1868) and the large Dakota Territory, which would become North and South Dakota in 1889.
As maps by kids go, this one is fairly large at 12x15"--it is about the largest single sheet artwork that I have in a 150-odd pieces of antiquarian children's art collection...also I wonder about how the kid in 1880-whatever got her/himself such a large piece of paper to work with, as it seems to me to be not a simple task.
Nutmeg and the Roundabout Creation of New York City
This may be the earliest image of "New York" as it was--that is "New York" instead of "New Amsterdam". From what looks like an extraordinarily bad trade (sitting here in its future with 350-years of hindsight), the Dutch and the English came to terms at the end of the second Dutch-English War (1665-1667) with at least one result that traded the small island of Run in the Banda Islands for another small (but not nearly so small as Run) island in North America: Manhattan.
Manhattan didn't have one thing that Run and the Bandas had, though, and that one thing was enormously valuable--nutmeg trees. From the nutmeg tree came nutmeg and mace; nutmeg was a spice and a supposed medicinal, and traded for more than the price of gold, allowing its producers a phenomenal return on their investment.
The Bandas were in a remote place removed from remote places in Indonesia. In the island group--which rose from great depths of the ocean--the total land mass was about 180 km2. Not much, except if they were the only places on Earth producing a commodity in sensational demand. The Dutch kept control of the islands for a long time, and kept their trade in the spices an abject money-maker. They secured their uncontested control of the island group at the end of that second Anglo-Duch War with the Treaty of Breda, one section of which had the Brits returning Run to the Dutch in exchange for Manhattan, which was at the time still occupied by the Duke of York, who was the brother of Charles II and who would become James II. And thus the island became "New York".
Due to various reasons--not the least of which was the Dutch murder and export of the un-murdered indigenous population of the Bandas, who were the people who actually best knew how to care and administer the nutmeg trees--the great trade in the spices continued with diminishing effect in the Napoleonic Wars, an unpretty story of much bloodshed and enslavement.
Image: "Fort Hollandois de l'Ile de Banda. - Hollands Fort op t' Eiland Banda."Original engraving by J.V. Schley and printed aorund 1750 (39.5x25 cm) for Antoine Prévost's Histoire générale des Voyages published in Paris between 1746 and 1770. The name of the structure was actually Fort Nassau. Good copy. $135
Rare Work on Depression Los Angeles, 1936--No Copies in WorldCat
Reimer, Edward H. and Edward Elliott. The Struggle for Life in Los Angeles County. Published by Edward Reimer (825 West 8th St), L.A. Presumably Reimer printed the document, as well, it just has that homemade feel to it, and it seems to be an early mimeographic reproduction production, and, probably, of very limited distribution. Printed on 11x8.5" sheets in purple ink, 107pp, running about 60,000 words. This is also the Copyright Deposit copy (serial A 208715, July 6, 1936), which then became part of the "Pamphlet Collection" of the Library of Congress before we purchased that collection.
The condition of the document is generally good, though 10% of the text has become very faded and legible only as enhanced scans. That said, this seems to be the only available copy of any interesting report on the conditions and remedies of social and economic conditions in Los Angeles in the mid-1930's. $1750
A Remarkable Recorded Dream
A Remarkable Dream. Manuscript. 4pp. 9x7 inches. Ca. 1800-1825. Old toning. Nice condition. $350
The Dreamworks of Human Beings over the last 10,000 years have generally not directly survived, unless they were painted on a cave wall, or saved in the spoken tradition, or recorded in a painting, or written down as literature or poetry or religious tracts (as "visions", say). The work of human brains while asleep is almost entirely lost, especially so before the year 1900, when disposable writing instruments and more easily found paper supply came into being, making it possible to record personal ephemera like dreams and wishes and posie notions. A vast amount of subconscious thinking and overall brain activity is just simply disappeared.
An off-the-cuff guessitmate is that humans have had the capacity to have dreamt 10x10^25 dreams over the last 10,000 years, and before the year 1900 I'd say that .00000000000000001% of them have ever been recorded, have ever found a stable platform to be carried into the future. (It would be easier to pass a monumental camel through the eye of a nanoneedle than it would be to try and reconstruct these dreams, paraphrasing Luke 10:25 as long as we'ev got 1^25 in our sights.) Even though the human brain spent probably 20% of its time over human history dreaming, there is almost nothing to show for it.
Here's a surviving dream, a manuscript--or rather a copy of a manuscript--called "A Remarkable Dream--Dreamed by B.C. in England 10 Month 30 1762". It is four pages of pretty densely packed recollection of a long dream, 4,000 words strong, recalling fire and brimstone visions of the Bad Land, some sights of Heaven, remarkable animals, strange happenings, and general Ecclesiastical undertones. One unusual thing--there is mention of color, which seems not to be common in dreams in general.
I've found several examples of this dream/story, copied by different hands over the decades--it seems to have been a somewhat popular account, transcribed by (young?) folks as a part of a lesson, perhaps with a Quaker-related bearing (?).
This manuscript copy (available for purchase from our blog bookstore) was made in the very early 19th century, 1800-1820 or thereabouts, and my guess is that it is American.
I've scanned all four pages for the eager reader. It is a little bit of a tough go, but your eyes get used to the writing style after a while.
Everything You Wanted and Need to Know about Operating Movable Bridges in NYC
[LUBIN, Isador] Bridges and Bridge Operating in New York City. 1939. 11x8", 114pp, single-spaced typed and mimeographed document of about 70,000 words. This also seems to be a copyright deposit copy. Very good condition. Ex-libris, Library of Congress (with their small "LC" perforated stamp on front cover, staple-bound. No copies located in the OCLC/WorldCat $500
Lubin discusses the operations and maintenance of movable bridges--and I mean all manner of things, from oiling to fuse boxes and lighting scenarios of control boxes and communicating with landside control; unioforms, courtesies, questions given in promotion examination to bridge operators (with answers), duties of bridge operators and tenders in operating drawbridges, distress signals and on and on.
The Murder of Lee Teep
This is the first Case in New York State in which a White Man was Charged with the Murder of a Chinese. 1881
Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the city and county of New York : The people ... vs. John J. Corcoran / John J Corcoran; Frederick Smyth . 1881. 91 p. ; 23 cm $300 (The Chinese at this point in American jurisprudence were a sub-class and were not afforded the same constitutional rights as other people living in America). Rare. Only 1 copy located in OCLC.
On the Resettlement of Japanese Americans
70,000 American Refugees, Made in U.S.A., by Truman B. Douglass. "The Citizens Committee for Resettlement, 6501 Wydown Blvd., St. Louis 5, Missouri, 25 cents. May also be ordered separately at cost indicated. Reduced price in quantities. Community Preparation for Resettlement of Japanese Americans, published by The Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans, The Federal Council of Churches". Truman B. Douglass Grinnell, Iowa, 1901-1969, was instrumental in the forming of the United Church of Christ in 1957. 7.5x5.5 inches, 20pp. 1 page of photos. Original printed wrappers. A small "LC" perfoated is stamped on the front cover as well as the remnants of a receiving stamp. Bright, crisp copy. Rare. $150
This pamphlet, 70,000 American Refugees, Made in U.S.A., by Truman B. Douglass1, was a sympathetic appeal to the deeply grave situation legislated to 140,000 Americans. They were Americans of Japanese descent, many of them U.S. citizen, who by Executive Order 9066 were ordered to stand down from their lives for the sake of national security and be removed to distant and remote internment camps beginning in May 1942, mostly for the duration of the war. There weren't that many appeals for the primacy of the rights of these people at this time--the war for the United States was newly begun via the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor some months before--and the understanding was to protect the security of the country via the segregation and housing of what were seen to be the potential enemies in the existing Japanese-American population.
Franklin Roosevelt’s February 1942 Executive Order 9066 (issued 19 February 1942) to imprison more than 100,000 American (70,000 of whom were U.S. citizens, including children) for the duration of the war--it was the legal bombshell that gave the War Department the authority to authorize the removal of the Japanese to theoretically prevent those people from engaging in sub rosa and fifth column activities asd wartime terrorists fighting for Imperial Japan.
Given that this pamphlet was in it third edition just a few months past its first appearance in October 1944 says that there was at least some interest in this political/moral anti-Executive Order 90662 position, though how much of that is from a popular groundswell of support it is not possible to say. I imagine that the print runs of this pamphlet were rather small given that there are only ten copies of all three editions in the collections of libraries worldwide. And since there are many collections that should have this pamphlet but don't--copies are found in California State University Northridge, California State Irvine, Yale, Wisconsin Historical, Cornell, Berkeley, Davis, Huntington, according to WorldCat--and no copies seem to pop into the rare book market very often at all, I suspect that not many copies were printed per edition, which means that there was a repetitive demand for the pamphlet that exhausted small print runs, which means maybe there were 2000 copies printed...not exactly "groundswell" support for what was an unpopular position). Third edition, October 1944 (following the first edition of August 1944).Full text available via the California Digital Library, here. (The Library of Congress evidently doesn't have any copies any more--my copy had been in their collection, and it seems as though the back-up copy is no longer there).
The story of the removal and control of the American Japanese population is complex and deep and has been addressed in many places in print and online (and even on this blog several times), and it is not my intent to address that issue in this post. I want to highlight what must have been a largely high-minority and mostly lonely voice of consideration and caution.
1. The printing and publication information for the pamphlet: "The Citizens Committee for Resettlement, 6501 Wydown Blvd., St. Louis 5, Missouri, 25 cents. May also be ordered separately at cost indicated. Reduced price in quantities. Community Preparation for Resettlement of Japanese Americans, published by The Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans, The Federal Council of Churches". Truman B. Douglass Grinnell, Iowa, 1901-1969, was instrumental in the forming of the United Church of Christ in 1957.
A Child’s Image of the 15th President as General during the Seminole Wars, Florida
Graphite on paper, being a very naïve and lovely drawing of Zachary Taylor. 6x 8 inches. $350
Zachary Taylor was born at Montebello, Orange County, Va., on Nov. 24, 1784. Embarking on a military career in 1808, Taylor fought in the War of 1812, the Black Hawk War, and the Seminole War, meanwhile holding garrison jobs on the frontier or desk jobs in Washington. A brigadier general as a result of his victory over the Seminoles at Lake Okeechobee (1837), Taylor held a succession of Southwestern commands and in 1846 established a base on the Rio Grande, where his forces engaged in hostilities that precipitated the war with Mexico. He captured Monterrey in Sept. 1846 and, disregarding Polk's orders to stay on the defensive, defeated Santa Anna at Buena Vista in Feb. 1847, ending the war in the northern provinces.
Though T aylor had never cast a vote for president, his party affiliations were Whiggish and his availability was increased by his difficulties with Polk. He was elected president over the Democrat Lewis Cass. During the revival of the slavery controversy, which was to result in the Compromise of 1850, Taylor began to take an increasingly firm stand against appeasing the South; but he died in Washington on July 9, 1850, during the fight over the Compromise. He married Margaret Mackall Smith in 1810. His bluff and simple soldierly qualities won him the name Old Rough and Ready.
An American Mercenary takes over Nicaragua; Defeated later by The State & Cornelius Vanderbilt
James Buchanan. Nicaragua—Seizure of General Walker… Washington DC, 1858. $50
The Dictionary of American Biography reads the situation in the following way:
"Invited by the leader of a revolutionary faction in Nicaragua, Walker led a small armed band there in 1855. With the help of the Accessory Transit Co., an American concern, he seized control of Nicaragua and, after recognition of his regime by the United States in May 1856, had himself inaugurated as president. Ambitious to unite the Central American republics into a single military empire, he planned an interoceanic canal and attempted to reintroduce African slavery. Undertaking to double-cross Cornelius Vanderbilt in a struggle for the Accessory Transit Co., he was driven from his presidency after a coalition of neighboring republics was formed against him with Vanderbilt's aid. Returning to the United States in 1857, he attempted an invasion of Nicaragua late in the year, but was arrested on landing by Commodore Hiram Paulding of the U.S. Navy and sent back to the United States. Arrested by British authorities after landing in Honduras, 1860, he was condemned to death by a court-martial of Honduran officers and shot."
Rare Piloting Directory to NYC Harbor, 1939
Fisher, H.B. Piloting Directory to New York City Harbor. Philadelphia: self-produced and copyrighted by H.B. Fisher, 1939. 40 leaves Fine condition.
Typed, Offset production, printed on one side only. Contains 8 MAPS. The maps are all offset and colored by hand. Binding: cloth binding with hand printed cover label. THIS IS THE COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT COPY sent by the author to partially fulfill the requirements of securing an American copyright. Contents: fine little production, in fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the "Pamphlet Collection" (as many of the pamphlets are identified in a distinctive and tiny 3mm rubber stamp), this pamphlet bears the "Surplus 1. Library of Congress" 30x50mm rubber stamp on the back cover, the stamp being half faded away. There is a tiny "LC" perforated stamp on the half-title page. There is also a Library of Congress Copyright Deposit bookplate on the front paste down. $500.00
German Report on British Bombing Raid on HydrierekScholven AG--1940
Fliegerangriff in der Nachct vom 17./18.8.40 auf die Hydrierwek Schloven AG.
1940. Fine condition. With 27 original photographs displaying bombing damage
**NOTE: Hdydrierwerk Scholven A.G. was a synthetic petroleum plant and was one of the earliest targets of the British in the Ruhr Valley. It was owned by the Hibernia Mining Company, as a hydrogenation plant in 1935. Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area.
Publication Data: no indication of author/printer or which agency/department was responsible, but this looks like (to me) to be the beginning of a standard protocol on reporting damage from British bombing raids. It seems as though the typing under the captions is first generation. This may be a unique copy or perhaps (at worst) one of several. I would say it was of extremely highly limited distribution.
Size: 11.5 x 8.5 inches. 20 leaves with 27 original photographic images of damage caused by the bombing. Each leave is quite thick—much more stiff and heavy than a 110-lb cover stock sheet. The photos are all 3 x 4.5 inches, and are clear and bright.
Condition: fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” it is identified by a distinctive and tiny 3mm perforated stamp, plus a bookplate at the front pastedown.
Binding: bound in thick cloth boards. $500.00
"Gelsenkirchen in the time of the Third Reich In the time when the Nazis held sway in Germany, Gelsenkirchen, owing to its location in the heart of the Ruhr area, was a centre of wartime industry. In no other time has Gelsenkirchen's industry been so highly productive. This brought about, on the one hand, after the massive job cuts in the 1920s, a short-term boost in mining and heavy-industry jobs. On the other hand, the city naturally became the target of many heavy Allied bombing raids during the Second World War, which destroyed three fourths of Gelsenkirchen. Even today, many old above-ground air-raid shelters can be found in the city, and some of the city's official buildings such as Hans-Sachs-Haus downtown and the town hall in Buer have air-raid shelters still kept more or less in their original form. Two synagogues in Gelsenkirchen were destroyed in the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht in November 1938. The one in Buer was burnt down. The one in downtown Gelsenkirchen was likewise destroyed. Exactly 66 years later, the cornerstone was laid there for a new synagogue. The Institute for City History set up a documentation site: "Gelsenkirchen in National Socialist times". Throughout the time when Hitler was in power, from 1933 to 1945, the city's mayor was Carl Engelbert Böhmer, an NSDAP member..."
Rare Pilot's Directory to NYC Harbor, 1939
Fisher, H.B.. Piloting Directory to New York City Harbor. Philadelphia: self-produced and copyrighted by H.B. Fisher, 1939. 40 leaves Fine condition.
Size: 10 x 8 inches. 40 leaves. Typed, Offset production, printed on one side only. Contains 8 maps. The maps are all offset and colored by hand.
Binding: cloth binding with hand printed cover label. THIS IS THE COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT COPY sent by the author to partially fulfill the requirements of securing an American copyright. Contents: fine little production. Condition: fine condition.
Provenance: ex-library, U.S. Library of Congress. This book was part of a very large collection of 90,000 pamphlets that we bought of the U.S. Library of Congress. Known simply as the “Pamphlet Collection” (as many of the pamphlets are identified in a distinctive and tiny 3mm rubber stamp), this pamphlet bears the “Surplus 1. Library of Congress” 30x50mm rubber stamp on the back cover, the stamp being half faded away. There is a tiny “LC” perforated stamp on the half-title page. There is also a Library of Congress Copyright Deposit bookplate on the front pastedown. $500.00
Two Rare Pamphlets on the Assassination of Hitler
Der 20 Juli 1944.
(Aus Berichte, die dem Vorstand der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutshclands, Sitz London...) No evidence of publisher or date of publication, but OCLC identifies the pub date as 1944. 11pp, 8x6 inches/21cm. [Issued by the London Representative of the German Social Democratic Party]
Provenance: Office of Strategic Services Library (stamped on front cover), and then sent to the Library of Congress in 1947.
Only one copy located in the WorldCat/OCLC: Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
20 July, 1944. The Story of an Attempted Revolt in Germany As above, 11pp, 8x6 inches, 21 cm.
[Issued by the London Representative of the German Social Democratic Party]
Provenance: Office of Strategic Services Library (stamped on front cover), and then sent to the Library of Congress in 1947.
Only one copy located in the WorldCat/OCLC: London Metropolitan Library.
Although only 11pp, they are tightly spaced, typewritten offset productions, about 450 words per page, or about a 5,000 word piece. The section heads include: “History of a Revolutionary Attempt in Hitlerite Germany”; “Preparations for the Coup”; “Connections with Oppositional Officers”; “The Attempt on Hitler”; “Terroristic Nazi Meassures”; “The Attitudes of the Social Democrats”; “The State of Mind of the Population in General”; “The Feelings in the Factories”; “The Prospects of the Communists”.
Rare. The pair: $600
The Face of Defeat, the Philippines, 1907
ITEM: mounted photograph of Papa Faustino, 8x6 inches. Rare. $1250
This is what defeat looks like, or at least so it did in the Philippines in 1907, when the revolt against the Spanish and the Americans was finally at end, for the insurgents.
Ablen Faustino (fl. 1880-1907), Philippine religious and resistance leader, was still fighting against the American government seven years after the U.S. had claimed victory over the Spanish in the Philippines, and represented the last bit of Philippine resistance to American occupation and sovereignty. There are many stories regarding his final disposition—some of which having the man escape into the woods to die an old man—but from the look of Faustino in this picture it seems as though he was going nowhere, except for a short walk into the heart of darkness that would swallow him just after the photo was taken.
On the one Faustino was a terrorist; on the other he was a patriot and holyman fighting for his country. He had fought the Spanish occupiers in the 1880’s until he was captured and imprisoned. After his release and following the American victory, he founded a religious/insurgent group—the Pulahans--whose ultimate religious experience was to defeat the invaders or die trying. (From where I sit it seems as the requisite belief was death in battle for this struggle rather than the actual victory which was the benefit to the followers.) The Pulahans for the most part eschewed firearms and other “modern” weapons, launching themselves into battle with bolos, knives, and little else, hoping for hand-to-hand fighting. It is reported that there were 10,000-15,000 of these troops, making them a formidable army, frightening if you were one of the soldiers that they were going to attack.
These post-war Pulahan Wars lasted from 1902 to 1907, ending with their leader’s capture by Philippine Constabulary and the 8th U.S. Infantry.One of the few official reports on Faustino’s capture was recorded in a legal document regarding jurisprudence in the arrest of the others who were with him that day. In U.S. v. Espiridion Rota et al (found in the Supreme Court Reports of the Philippine Islands, volume IX, published in Manila in 1908), the unfortunate story of the application of law to the other five men is told, as is the mention of Faustino’s capture. It turns out that when the others were taken into custody and the wheels of justice began to turn, they all pleaded guilty, and charged with the crime of brigandage. Rota was sentenced to hanging and the others to imprisonment for 35 (+) years. Plus court costs. Their case was appealed because it was said the men had no idea what the guilty plea would get for them in the punishment phase; the Supreme Court upheld the conviction as well as the discipline, which was a little moot for Rota as he had already been hanged.
What one might infer from this, I think, is that Faustino’s date with his punishment was probably met right there by the hut in which this photo was taken; that his destiny was sealed; and that rather than martyr a religious leader, the troops merely took the severely wounded (and beaten?) man into the woods and disappeared him.
According to the historical sites which have used the other two photos of mine of this event (all done freely and without attribution, unfortunately), these are the only known photos of Faustino’s last times.
Another version of the capture of Faustino is less shining:
“In June 11, 1907, US troops and scouts under Lt. Jones of the 8th infantry reportedly fired on four suspected outlaws. One was wounded and captured. He turned out to be Faustino Ablen. This was according to official reports. But according to Bartolome Ablen, grandson of Faustino's brother Gregorio, American troopers were patrolling in sityo Mahilawon, barangay Mahayag, in Ormoc, when they chanced upon the hut where Faustino lived with his wife and daughter. At that time, Faustino was taking a bath in a nearby spring. When the troopers came upon his wife, they asked her where Faustino was. Because he left word to tell anybody asking for him where he could be found, she told him where he could be found. Near the spring, one of the soldiers took his gun, aimed and fired. Faustino was hit in one of his eyes and fell. The shot was not however fatal. So they had to carry him in a sling down the mountain to Ormoc town where he was displayed to the populace. Then his captors whisked him away in a boat. His family never heard from him again.”
“Ablen's capture ended the campaign. Felipe Ydos surrendered four months later. But pulahanism did not disappear. Some went to Mindanao and started a major uprising of the 1920s known in the Philippine History as "The Colorum Uprising of Surigao".41
“From then on in Leyte, the arena of the struggle for independence shifted to parliamentary venues - the Philippine Assembly, the provincial and municipal governments - which, as later events would show, left the masses completely out of the picture. As in more than one decade of armed struggle, the elite leadership once again played their cards to the hilt and continued to dominate the political landscape as never before.*
See, for example:
Black Iron Mine Workers, Birmingham, Alabama, 1918.
I found this item today out in the warehouse, mixed in for some reason with Hitler Jugend pamphlets and many issues of the 19th century Archiv fuer Anthropologie, just completely out of place. It is an accordion fold multiple panel oversize postcard, I suppose, an advertisement for a meeting of the Rotary Club of Birmingham, Alabama, and probably for 1917/1918.
Which is a detail of the image (below):
Unfolded the obect is 25 inches long and about 9 inches wide, divided by five panels, seven of which have photographic images, one is for the contact information, and one for the addressing and mailing part. It all folds nicely into a somewhat-larger-than-pocket-size object, printed on pretty thick, very stick stock. Nice condition. $125
There are internal clues for the date, not the least of which is the last year for some census information (1917) and a 19123 Irving Berlin song, "When the Midnight Choo-Choo Leaves for Alabama". The "card" was addressed to "The President/White House/Washington, D..C.". It evidently got to Mr. Wilson's house because there is a very faint rubber stamp on the back that reads "by Transfer/White House" , sent by the Executive Office workers to the Library of Congress, and after 80 years or so purchased by me when I brought home the so-called "Pamphlet Collection" from the L.C. surplus. (Those days are over.)
The other images relate mostly to the iron/steel industry, long a staple of the Birmingham economy. Five of the photos relate to the iron mining, blast furnaces, and loading steel rails; the other two are cityscapes of the city. In all of this, why two of the total of seven photos showed Black miners doing some body-breaking work in the mines is a mystery. The two men holding massive rocks in the picture detail is an exceptional thing--my guess is that the rocks weight 75-100 pounds, easy.. And if this is what these men were doing every day, they must've been exceptionally strong in a steel-bar sort of way, with enormously powerful hands. It just a mystery to me.
Collection of Air Warden/Air Raid Precaution Mimeographs
(1) Lecture Manual for Air Raid Warden Instructions, March 9, 1942. Mimeograph, 11x8 inch sheets; 28 leaves and 27 leaves of appendices.Printed by the WPA in San Francisco.
(2) Course Outline, Aerial Bombardment Protection. 11x8 inch mimeograph sheets, printed by New York University, College of Engineering, 1942.
with (2b) Separately printed and bound sections of the above. Chapter XIX (Air Raid Shelters), pp 59-72.
(3) Air Raid Shelter Requirements, by Horace W. Peaslee (Chair, American Institute of Architects). 1942. 16pp. Mimeograph sheets.
All rare. The three: $350.00
From the Pamphlet Collection, the Library of Congress.
Reading Symbolism in Raymond Lull's Portrait
ITEM: engraved portrait of Raymond Lull, ca. 17th century7x4 inches. Some browning. Very good condition. $300
Raymon Lull is perhaps the most famous Catalan given to the world--he is also one of the most famous people in history with the most names. (He was also known as Ramon, Raimundo and Raymond, Raimundus and Raymundus Lull, Lully, Llull, and Lullus and Lulio, among others.) Seriously though, he was a very interesting thinker who went far beyond the norm, and then some, his creativity overmatching the possibilities of the parenthetical sciences of his time, and stretching timeless logic as well as he went along. But so it goes, as they say; he did do aggressive work and at the very least it was for the most part quite pretty-sounding. And as he pushed up and against existing thinking it was up to that confronted thinking to push back--which sometimes happened and sometimes didn't. He studied the law, alchemy, botany, religions, and may well have written the first novel ever to appear in Europe (at least it was the first in Catalan)--I think that you could say, overall, that he was a rationalist.
This engraving is one version of many that I've seen online, and may be the original--this is a pure guess on my part, my reasoning is so mainly because there is so much more added detail than in any other versions of the engraving. the added bits in the corners, and of course the scene revealed by the pulled-back curtain. The engraved lines are also very sharp, very pronounced, not like some of the other version which look a little less defined...this one is razor sharp.
The word balloon (and by the way I wrote a post here two years ago on the history of word balloons) coming from Lull's mouth is Lux mea est ipse dominius "My light is that of the Lord", a claim for divine inspiration, guidance, fortitude. Beyond all else Lull was a Christian, and a Christian to some severe fault--he was very involved in the conversion of Muslims, and was also an (utter) expulsioist in regards to the Jews. The Christian philosophies of Lull are clearly shown in this 17th century portrait of the man.
And in the scene that is not seen in the other reproductions of this portrait online we see a small host of interesting sci-philosophical instruments cluttered around what seems to be a giant working with an astrolabe. (This fellow is a head taller than the other people gathered around him, and he is most definitely sitting down on a high stool, making him taller still.) We see dividers and various measuring devices, plotting instruments, and even a pair of specs, which would've been very uncommon in in the 13th century. I'm happy to see a dog sleeping through the ruckus.
In the sky in place of the sun is a triangular collection of burning candles, or they seem like candles, which continues a very old tradition of symbolizing unity, and in this case, in a Christian theme, a god surrounded by the holy trinity... related symbols appear frequently in images depicting the Old Testament creation cycle.
Continuing this theme, if you look in the right upper corner of the engraving there is another interesting symbol--a hand issuing from a cloud with a book, sourounded by three fleur de lis. This is in obvious reference to the balloon statement, the hand of god issuing a book, or knowledge, to the recipient (which would be the reader or Lull); the fleur de lis, a French lily, was often used in Renaissance and Baroque imaging as a representation of the holy trinity, and of purity and chastity, spirituality. Or perhaps it was just a flower.
My own interest in Lull--aside from the great beauty in which his ideas were encapsulated and presented--is in his idea generator, and the possible influence it had on later thinkers like Leibniz who may have built on his interesting breakthrough to produce one of the earliest arithmetical calculators. Lull's own calculator (which I wrote a little abouthere) is simple and elegant, and may actually be powerful for some--it was a series of discs that when turned would relate ideas and letters and numbers which were by serendipity intended to generate unexpected ideas to think about. For the 13th century this was a major idea, and I like it even today.
Crossing Virginia by Rail
Map of Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Rail Road. Virginia, 1872.
The Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad Company was incorporated under the provisions of an act of the general assembly of the state of Virginia, passed June 17, 1870, and entitled 'An act to authorize the formation of the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad Company. Very good. $350
Earlier History: The predecessor to Norfolk and Western Railway was created in 1838 by William Mahone. Called the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad, it consisted of a single, 10-mile track connecting Petersburg and City Point, VA. After the Civil War, Mahone linked the N&P with two other railroads to form the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad (AM&O).
The AM&O was renamed Norfolk & Western Railroad in 1881, when it was acquired by a Philadelphia banking firm. It subsequently merged with the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. In 1959, it acquired the Virginian Railway - the first in a rash of mergers throughout the industry. Five years later, in one of the most complicated acquisition deals of the era, N&W absorbed two more railways, giving the company a direct line between the Atlantic at one end and the Mississippi and Great Lakes Region on the other.
Original Dustjacket Artwork Featuring a Lynching
Merton Witten (Artist and designer) Illustrated scene of a lynching, being the original dustjacket art for the novel "The Curse at the Door", by Clara Morris Diggs. 15 ½ x 10 inch image on 18 ½ x 12 inch board.
There are printing directions at bottom of the image in the margins.
The board has several defects., some of which extend into the image itsel, though none are fatal.
There is scant info regarding Ms. Diggs, though there are at least two references regarding this work as a novel involving African Americans. Rare. SOLD
The address for Merton Whitten on the back of the board lists 35 Mt. Vernon St-this is Beacon Hill, and is in the same block (today) as the Colonial Society of Massachusetts (a very considerable old structure). Julia Ward Howe lived next door once upon a time. Whitten is listed as a "Commercial Artist" in the 1923 Boston Directory with a business address of 118-A Bowdoin. Provenance: Library of Congress.
Copyright Deposit Copy on Land Swindles in the Rio Grande Valley
HELMS, J. Tip. (1883-1948) Suckers, Land Companies and Grafters in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. (No place of publication, and no publisher) With copyright office processing stamps on the back of the title page. 1935. Printed from a typewritten copy (offset?) on 14"x8.5" sheets. 101 sheets, seemingly complete. Ca. 60,000 words. SOLD
There are no copies located in the OCLC/WorldCat, and there are no other works located there by Mr. Helms (of Monroe, N.C.). The title page is a typed original, and the copyright stamps are on the back of that. There is one Google notice on this work quoting the entry for the copyright office, and the numbers on this document and in the official records are the same.
Provenance: this copy came from the Library of Congress Pamphlet Collection, transferred at some point by the copyright office.
Condition: the title page is very tattered; the last sheet is missing a 2x3" section at the top left, destroying some text. The last three leaves all have a little damage at the top center, mostly just obscuring the page number. Overall though this is a very good copy of what may be a unique and unpublished work.
City Planning for Fort Worth, Texas, 1927
[Harland Bartholomew and Associates, City Plan and Land Engineers, St. Louis, Missouri] A System of Major Streets for Fort Worth, Texas.
11x8.5 inches, looking like third-generation carbon on very light semi-transparent paper (but not onion skin), 93+79 leaves, about 30,000 words. One copy located OCLC/Worldcat (Fort Worth Library). Provenance: Library of Congress "Pamphlet Collection". Nice condition. SOLD
Very comprehensive plan for restructuring Fort Worth, with lots of detail. There are back-out sheets for where the many maps should be, though this copy was not issued with them. (These placeholders are also not paginated and do not count in page totals.) I'm not sure what the purpose of this copy was, but it is still an interesting document, though it would've been great to have the maps.
[DIX, Dorothea Lynde] Memorial of D.L. Dix, Praying a grant of land for teh relief and support of the indigent curable and incurable insane in the United States, June 27, 1848, 30th Congress, 1st Session, Miscellaneous Document No. 150, 32pp. Two very old horizontal folds, some dustwear, and largely uncut. Good copy, from the Library of Congress (though with no stamp) via the Smithsonian Institution. Sold.
Dorothea L(ynde) Dix was an ultratrian, a very-much-practiced humaritarian who for years fought for the stabilized and just treatment of people with disabilities, mainly and for extended periods of time and travel for those suffering from mental diseases and development. The pamphlet that I've reproduced below is a generalized statement for her appeal before the U.S. Congress based on her 30,000 miles of travels throughout the country, visiting nine states and inspecting the ways in which "the indigent curable and incurable insane" were treated. She gathered data on how these people were kept--state by state--and also the reasons for their being admitted to whatever facility they found themselves in. This is pioneering work on behalf of a class of people who really needed the help, and her report in general is not pretty story, a version of the Willowbrook story without the cameras, 120 years earlier.
I've linked the text from the copy from the National Medical Library (located here, though the front page above is from right here) which has a very elegant access to the 32-page document. The Dix above is a decent copy that was once in the library of the Smithsonian Institution before being sent to the Library of Congress, where it slept in a very dusty and unused assembly of odd and odder pamphlets (called The Pamphlet Collection) before coming to me.
I'm including an unlikely image from my copy--the bit of string and the knot that held the pages of this document together. Rather than the stitching normally found in these pamphlets issued by U.S. goverment printers Tippin & Streeper (identified in tiny 3-point print at the bottom of the front page) this one has only a single side-saddled stitch, with a tenuous double knot, holding the sheets of paper together. It was almost as though the thing was constructed for impermanence--it wasn't, of course; it was just bound quickly and with little thought. Somehow it kept itself together.
WOHLSTETTER, Albert. The Delicate Balance of Terror, published by The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, P-2473, 22 August 1958, 11x8 inch mimeographic/offset publication, staple bound, three-ring punched for binding. This is the scarce Rand publication that appeared a year or so before Wholstetter's most influential paper was published in Foreign Affairs. Full text, here. SOLD
The Electrical Nerves of Society and the Beginning of the Grid, 1878
Norman Lockyear. Two papers:
"Social Electric Nerves", pp 305-306. In Nature, February 14, 1878.
"Social Electric Nerves", pp 346-349. In Nature, February 28, 1878
Both are in their original outer wrappers, and both are removed from a larger bound volume. Scarce attention seems to be paid these two interesting papers! Very fresh copies. SOLD (See excerpt at end)
I’m interested to know what anyone might know about the use of metaphors relating large-scale societal techno advances and biological functions? I have no doubt that they go back to modern-ancient times (say to William Gilbert (1544-1603) and his vis electrica)—but I’m stopped today by seeing this paper by J. Norman Lockyer called “Social Electrical Nerves” (in two issues of Nature for 14 and 28 February 1878). In this paper the great astronomer looks at elements of the “grid” as it was and seeing how the new networks of police and fire communications via telegraph interacts with the existing electrical systems. It seems to me an early use of nervous system/electrical grid, in spite of the fact the first “electrical highways” (as Lockyer puts it 120 years before our own “information superhighway”) appeared in England 32 years earlier though apparently without these biological metaphors.
The work pictured above is the electrically-draped world of the future, at least according to the vision of the wonderful Albert Robida, who was actually at work on these visions just at the time of the publication of the Lockyear paper . (Robida produced at least a trio of interesting and lovely and occasionally prescient works: Le Vingtième Siècle (1883); La Guerre au vingtième siècle (1887); and Le Vingtième siècle-- La vie électrique (1890)). Many of Robida’s visions of electrical connectivity seem to me to move beyond the nervous system metaphor and become a kind of societal “skin”—which is not terribly far from the truth, especially when looking at images of congested metropolitan centers ca. 1910, when utility poles fairly well sagged under 20 (!) horizontal crossbars carrying a dozen lines apiece. At the very least, you knew that something or other was happening (fast forward to the massive ductworks of Terry Gilliam’s masterpiece, Brazil. Check this out for a wonderful cameo by De Niro coming to fix the neuronal duct-muck.)