Matthew Moncrieff Pattison Muir, FRSE, FCS, (1848–1931). "Are the Elements Elementary?" A two- part paper in two issues of Nature: (a) October 3, 1878, pp 592-593; and (b) OCtober 10, 1878, pp 625-627. Both are in their original paper wrappers with fine advertisements. The pair: $150
Robert A. Millikan, "Some Facts Bearing on the Structure of Atoms Particularly of the Helium Atom", in the Physical Review, volume 18, number 6, December 1921 pp 456-461. Original wrappers. Good copy, with some bits missing on the spine. See The Historical Development of Quantum Theory, Volumes 1-2 by Jagdish Mehra, Helmut Rechenberg, p 813 in bibliography/references. $125
Richard Tolman, "On the Problem of the Entropy of the Universe as a Whole", in the Physical Review, June 15, 1931, volume 37, number 12, pp 1639-1660, in the original printed wrappers. Very good copy. $195
Geroge Gamow, "Negative Protons and Nuclear Structure", in the Physical Review, volume 45, May 15 1934, pp 728-729. Nice copy, though with a bit of red paint on the wrapper spine.
____. "The Negative Proton", in Nature, volume 135, May 25, 1935, pp. 858-861, in the original printed wrappers and ads, removed from a larger bound volume. Very good copy. Provenance: Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory, with their fading oval stamp on the front cover.
The pair: $300
Interview with George Gamow
by Charles Weiner at Professor Gamow's home in Boulder, Colorado
April 25, 1968 Full text, here.
Prize awarded to Lee and Yang in 1957--the quickest award and recognition in
physics to date, "for their penetrating investigation of the so-called
parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the
T.D. Lee and C.N. Yang. "Questions of Parity Conservation in Weak Interactions". The Physical Review, volume 104, October 1, No. 1, 1956. Article occupies pp. 254-58 in the entire issue of 272pp. Offered in the original wrappers. First owner's name in (small) pen at top right corner of front wrapper, otherwise a FINE copy.
C.S. Wu, with E. Ambler, R.W. Hayward, et alia, "Experimental Test of Parity Conservation in Beta Decay", in the 15 February 1957 issue of the Physical Review, pp 1413-1414.
This is the experimetnal verification of the Lee and Yang paper of 1 October 1956.
Owen Chamberlain, Emilio Segre, Clyde Wiegand, and Thomas Ypsilantis. "Observation and Antiprotons", in the Physical Review, volume 100, #3, pp 947-950 in the issue of pp 763-979. With the original printed wrappers bound in the October-November volume, in a very sturdy and quite fine library binding.
Provenance: National Bureau of Standards, with their identification gilt-stamped on the spine bottom, and a rubber stamp on the front wrappers. Very fine copies, brilliant but for this. $950
The authors (Chamberlain and Segre) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959 for their production (using the new bevatron accelerator) and identification of the antiproton, which had been predicted earlier by PAM Dirac (in 1928) and discussed in his 1933 Nobel acceptance speech. "The antiproton was experimentally confirmed in 1955 by University of California, BerkeleyphysicistsEmilio Segrè and Owen Chamberlain, for which they were awarded the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physics. An antiproton consists of two up antiquarks and one down antiquark (uud).
The properties of the antiproton that have been measured all match the
corresponding properties of the proton, with the exception that the
antiproton has opposite electric charge and magnetic moment than the
proton. The question of how matter is different from antimatter remains
an open problem, in order to explain how our universe survived the Big Bang and why so little antimatter exists today."--Wiki
In the spirit of great scientists writing for the Encyclopedia Britannica, Segre made the entry in 1960 for "proton" for the EB's 14th edition.
J.R. Oppenheimer and Julian Schwinger. "On the Interaction of Mesotrons and Ncueli." In: the Physical Review, volume 60, 15 July 1951. Pp 150-152. Offered in the original green-wrapper issue for 15 July, comprising pp 67-174. Very good copy. $150 [Referenced in Robert Serber's "Partcile Physics in the 193o's" in Laurie Brown's The Birth of Particle Physics.