JF Ptak Science Books
D.B. Brace and Thomson, J.J. “On Double Refraction in Matter moving through the Aether” in London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science volume 7 pp. 237–265, 1904). 21x13.5, viii, 720pp. Bound in cloth; library call slip paste on front free endpaper. A good copy, only. $950
Also includes J.J. Thomson , “On the Structure of the Atom: an Investigation of the Stability and Periods of Oscillation of a number of Corpuscles arranged at equal intervals around the Circumference of a Circle; with Application of the Results to the Theory of Atomic Structure” . And of course the Brace, “On Double Refraction in Matter moving through the Aether” (pp. 317-329); and H. Nagaoka, "Kinetics of a System of Particles illustrating the Line and the Band Spectrum and the Phenomena of Radioactivity” (pp. 445–455); and Joseph Larmor, “On the ascertained Absence of Effects of Motion through the Aether, in relation to the Constitution of Matter, and on the FitzGerald-Lorentz Hypothesis” (pp. 621–625)
One of the major papers here is by D.B. Brace--the DeWitt Brace experiment: “De Witt Bristol Brace...is best remembered for his experimental test of the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis in 1904 ... In 1904 the opportunity arose for Brace to apply the extremely sensitive optical techniques he had developed to one of the crucial problems of his day. Two years earlier, Lord Rayleigh had proposed that the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction, if it existed, might produce an observable double refraction in a moving transparent medium. Rayleigh made experiments in which he failed to find the predicted effect, but his work was not quite accurate enough to be conclusive. Brace pointed this out and reconducted the investigation in his own laboratory, establishing beyond a doubt the absence of double refraction caused by movement of the refracting medium through the ether.” (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
The other significant paper is by J.J,. Thompson, presenting the "plum pudding" model of the atom:"The plum pudding model is one of several scientific models of the atom. First proposed by J. J. Thomson in 1904 soon after the discovery of the electron, but before the discovery of the atomic nucleus, the model represented an attempt to consolidate the known properties of atoms at the time: 1) electrons are negatively-charged particles and 2) atoms are neutrally-charged."--Wiki
Other interesting papers by Nagaoka, Barkla, J.A. Fleming, C.T.R. Wilson, Rutherford, and many others.