*The World's First Journal Devoted to the Computer including works by/about Stibitz, Eckert, Zuse Z4*

*Mathematical Tables and Aids to Computation,* Volumes 1-2, 1943-1947, 480+404pp. Octavo. Tight copy, ex-libris with exterior marks to a sturdy spine at foot, library name stamped on page edges, few marks at rear endpaper and pastedown. A fresh, strong copy. Published by the National Research Council, two-volumes-in-one. (Note: there are no original separate wrappers bound in with the publication.) Bound in a sturdy red library cloth. This is a fantastic single-volume resource at a very good price: $550

Includes papers by G. R. Stibitz "Should Automatic Computers be Large or Small?" (in Automatic Computing Machinery; Discussions (1947); AND Stibitz, "Film slide rule", .2:325, 1946-1947; 3 tight pages on the first appearance in English on the Zuse Z4 computer (1947, "This may be the earliest published description of Zuse's early computers available to post-World-War-II researchers outside of Germany and Switzerland. See \cite{Ceruzzi:1981:ECK} in an histcomput.bibliography for many more details)", J. H. Curtiss "A Symposium of Large Scale Digital Calculating Machinery" (April 1947), G. R. Stibitz "Film Slide Rule" (October 1947), L. J. C(omrie), "The Application of Commercial Calculating Machines to Scientific Computing" (April 1946, which is a mjaor paper), H. H. Goldstine and Adele Goldstine "The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC)" (July 1946, another important effort), R. C. A(rchibald) "Conference on Advanced Computation Techniques" (April 1946), W. G. Bickley and N. W. McLachlan "Mathieu functions of integral order and their tabulation" (January 1946), W. J. Eckert "Mathematical Tables on Punched Cards" (October 1945), J. S. Frame "Machines for solving algebraic equations" (January 1945), and more. See math.utah.edu for a very full and link-filled list of the papers of the MTAC, here.

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**Wallace J**. **Eckert, ** "The Printing of Mathematical Tables." Printed in* Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation *(MTAC), volume II, number 17, January 1947. The issue: pp 197-228, with the Eckert article occupying pp 197-202, with one photographic illustration. Very nice, fresh copy in the original wrappers, the previous owner's name rubber stamped twice on front cover top and bottom. Good copy. $200

Eckert was professor of astronomy at Columbia from 1926 to 1970 (!), as well as the Director of the US Naval Observatory Nautical Almanac Office, and founder and Director of the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory at Columbia University).

- "As Director of Watson Lab and IBM's Director of Pure Science, he oversaw construction of the SSEC

(arguably the first true computer) and NORC (less arguably the first supercomputer), the most powerful computers of their day, as well as of the IBM 610 – the world's first "personal computer" – and he installed the first computers at Columbia open to research and instruction,meanwhile initiating what might very well be the first computer science curriculum, in 1946, including his own course, Astronomy 111-112: Machine Methods in Scientific Computing, along with other courses that same year taught by Watson Lab scientists Grosch and Thomas."--http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/eckert.html
- "From 1940 to 1944 Eckert served as director of the United States Nautical Almanac Office (USNAO) at the Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. Eckert devised punched-card methods of generating the tables and a mechanical method of proofreading, using the comparing device on the punched-card reproducer, that insured the absolute accuracy of the tables. " (Hook and Norman, 577).

**Gilbert W. King** “A Method of Plotting on Standard IBM Equipment”, appearing in *Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation,* Volume 3, Number 25, January, 1949. 9x6”, 333-398. Original wrappers faded around edges. Original owner's name rubber stamped twice on front wrapper. $145

*MTAC*, founded by Raymond Archibald of Brown, was the world's first journal dedicated to computer science. It was published by the National Research Council beginning in 1943, and published under this title until it was modernized in 1960 to *Mathematics of Computation *(reflecting the superceeded need for mathematical tables)

This issue includes the following contributions (among others): Frances E. Snyder and Hubert M. Livingston, Coding of a Laplace Boundary Value; Gilbert W. King A Method of Plotting on Standard IBM Equipment; 352—355; Dorrit Hoffleit, A Comparison of Various Computing Machines Used in the Reduction of Doppler Observations (in Automatic Computing Machinery; Discussions), 373—377.

**Florence Koons and Samuel Lubkin**, “Conversion of Numbers from Decimal to Binary Form in the EDVAC (in Automatic Computing Machinery; Discussions)”, appearing on pp 427—431

in: *Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation*,Volume 3, Number 26, April, 1949

pp 399-452. Original wrappers faded around edges. Original owner's name rubber stamped twice on front wrapper. Very Good copy. $125

This issue includes the following contributions (among others): “Conversions of Numbers from Decimal to Binary Form in the EDVAC”, R. A. Fairthorne and J. C. P. Miller “Hilbert's Double Series Theorem and Principal Latent Roots of the Resulting Matrix”, 399—400; Joseph O. Harrison, Jr. Piecewise Polynomial Approximation for Large-Scale Digital Calculators, 400—407; Hugh E. Stelson, “The Accuracy of Linear Interpolation in Tables of the Mathematics of Finance, 408—412; Anonymous, Technical Developments (in Automatic Computing Machinery), 426—426.

**Frank Verzuh**. "The Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations with the Aid of the 602 Calculating Punch", in *Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation,* volume III, number 27, July, 1949, pp453-499, the Verzuh article occupies pp 453-462. Condition: Good+/Very Good, or thereabouts, in original wrappers. The original owner has rubber stamped his name three times on the front wrapper, all of which are half-faded away. Nice copy, overall.

- “Frank M. Verzuh was an electrical engineer, scientist and early pioneer in the computing field. His achievements ranged from showing how punched card equipment of the 1940s, intended only for straightforward business and tabulating functions, could be effectively utilized for scientific computing to the commercial application(s). He was active in the ACM from its beginning, was president of SHARE, one of the largest and earliest computer user groups. His courses in computing were among the first offered at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Before and during World War II he worked under Vannevar Bush on differential analyzers and the Rapid Arithmetic Machine. Together with other leading researchers he attended the renowned Moore School Lectures in 1946. His notes are the only remaining ones for some of those lectures.”--IT History website, roll of honor

**George B. Stibitz,** “S Note on 'Is' and 'Might Be' in Computers”, pp 168-169, appearing in *Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation*, Volume 4, Number 31, July, 1950, pp 65-126. Original wrappers faded around edges. Original owner's name rubber stamped twice on front wrapper. Very Good copy. $150

This issue includes the following contributions (among others): George E. Forsythe and Richard A. Leibler, Matrix Inversion by a Monte Carlo Method 127—129; D. H. Sadler, Maximum-Interval Tables, 129—132; F. J. M. (Francis J. Murray), Planning and Error Considerations for the Numerical Solution of a System of Differential Equations on a Sequence Calculator, 133—144; MDL Staff , Technical Developments: The Incorporation of Subroutines into a Complete Problem on the NBS Eastern Automatic Computer (in Automatic Computing Machinery); 164—168.

**Francis J. Murray.** "Planning and Error Considerations for the Numerical Solution of a Syste, of Differential Equations on a Sequence Calculator" in: Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation (MTAC) vol IV/31, October 1950, pp 127-180, with the Murray article on pp 133-144. Original wrappers, covers a little grubby, with "Library Copy" rubber stamped on front cover, though no other marks (save for a very faded "routing" stamp on the rear cover) are to be found. $50

** J. Jay Wolf,** “The Office of Naval Research Relay Computer”, appearing in: “*Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation* Volume 6, Number 40, October, 1952. Original wrappers, pp 207-268. Nice copy, faded around the edges. $100

“The IBM Naval Ordnance Research Calculator (NORC) was a one-of-a-kind first-generation (vacuum tube) computer built by IBM for the United States Navy's Bureau of Ordnance. It went into service in December 1954 and was likely the most powerful computer at the time. The Naval Ordnance Research Calculator (NORC), was built at the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory under the direction of Wallace Eckert. The computer was presented to the US Navy on December 2, 1954. At the presentation ceremony, it calculated pi to 3089 digits, which was a record at the time. The calculation took only 13 minutes. In 1955 NORC was moved to the Naval Proving Ground at Dahlgren, Virginia. It was their main computer until 1958, when more modern computers were acquired. It continued to be used until 1968. Its design influenced the IBM 701 and subsequent machines in the IBM 700 series of computers.”--Wikipedia

This issue includes the following contributions (among others): J. Jay Wolf, The Office of Naval Research Relay Computer; 207—212; A. M. Ostrowski, On the Rounding Off of Difference Tables for Linear Interpolation; 212—214; Yudell L. Luke, Mechanical Quadrature Near a Singularity, 215—219; Gertrude Blanch On the Numerical Solution of Equations Involving Differential Operators With Constant Coefficients, 219—223; S. Lubkin Asynchronous Signals in Digital Computers (in Automatic Computing Machinery; Discussions), 238—241.

**R. A. Brooker and D. J. Wheeler,** "Floating Operations on the EDSAC (in Automatic Computing Machinery, Discussions)", pp37—47 in *Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to*

Computation, Volume 7, Number 41, January, 1953, containing pp 1-72. Original wrappers. Very Good copy. $100

- Another copy. Library rubber stamp on the front cover. Good/Very Good copy. $75

Also in this issue are: Gertrude Blanch and Everett C. Yowell, Addendum to a Guide to Tables on Punched Cards, 1—6; D. H. L. The Sieve Problem for All-Purpose Computers; 6—14;

L. Fox The Use of Large Intervals in Finite-Difference Equations,14—18; H. P. Edmundson, Monte Carlo Matrix Inversion and Recurrent Events, 18—21; J. J. Stone

Technical Developments: The USAF--Fairchild Specialized Computer (in Automatic Computing Machinery) , 34—37; R. A. Brooker and D. J. Wheeler Floating Operations

on the EDSAC (in Automatic Computing Machinery, Discussions); 37—47; Max G. Scherberg and John F. Riordan Analogue Calculation of Polynomial and Trigonometric

Expansions (in Other Aids to Computation),61—65.

**Burks, Arthur**; and Don W. Warren and Jesse B. Wright. "An Analysis of a Logical Machine Using Parenthesis-Free Notation"; in:* Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation*, VIII/Number 46, 1954. Original printed wrappers. Very good condition, with the previous owner's named rubber stamped at the very top of the front cover. $300

The other contributions to this issue include: Oliver Gross Polynomial-Like Approximation, 58--60 Daniel Shanks A Logarithm Algorithm, 60--64 George B. Dantzig and Wm. Orchard-Hays The Product Form for the Inverse in the Simplex Method, 64--67; Gertrude Blanch On Modified Divided Differences II, 67--75.

ALSO in this issue is another significant paper, **Andrew D. Booth,** "Technical Developments: The Development of A.P.E.(X).C. (in Automatic Computing Machinery)".

**Jan V. Garwick**, “Technical Developments: a Punched Card Machine Especially Equipped for Scientific Computations

(in Automatic Computing Machinery)”, on pp 167—170 in:
*Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation,* Volume 8, Number 47, July, 1954, including pp 125-188. Original wrappers. There is a very faint suggestion of an old fold

in part of the front cover (it is there if you look hard enough), otherwise this is a Very Good copy. $75

Also in this issue are: James D. Riley. Iteration Procedures for the Dirichlet Difference Problem,125—131; Robert L. LaFara,

A Method for Calculating Inverse Trigonometric

Functions, 132—139; Harvey M. Wagner, A Partitioning Method of Inverting Symmetric Definite Matrices on a Card-Programmed Calculator, 139—143; C. W. Clenshaw

Polynomial Approximations to Elementary Functions, 143—147; Jan V. Garwick, Technical Developments: a Punched Card Machine Especially Equipped for Scientific

Computations (in Automatic Computing Machinery), 167—170.